GITAM University Water Resource Engineering I Syllabus

GITAM University Water Resource Engineering I Syllabus

 UNIT–I:
Surface Water Hydrology: Water Resources in India, Hydrology in water Resources Planning –
Precipitation – Types, Measurement of rainfall, Average depth of rainfall over an area, Mean annual
rainfall, consistency of rainfall record – Double mass curve, Infiltration – Factors affecting and its
determination, Evaporation and Evapo – Transpiration. Runoff – factors affecting runoff, methods
of determination of runoff, stream gauging, hydrograph analysis, base flow separation, unit
hydrograph – Hydrograph of different durations, applications of unit hydrograph, S-hydrograph,
Flood Forecasting Techniques.
UNIT-II:
Ground Water Hydrology: Mechanics of interstitial flow, definitions, sub surface distribution of
water, ground water movement, Darcy’s law–permeability. Well hydraulics – steady flow into
different types of aquifers and wells – determination of hydraulic properties of aquifer, well losses,
specific capacity of well, and well efficiency, pumping test and recovery test methods for
determination of well yield.
UNIT-III:
Reservoir Planning: Types of reservoir investigations for reservoir planning, selection of site for a
reservoir, zones of storage in a reservoir, purpose of reservoir, reservoir yield, mass curve and
demand curve, determination of reservoir capacity, yield from a reservoir of given capacity,
operating schedules, guide curve for reservoir operation, apportionment of total cost of a multi
purpose project. Reservoir sedimentation, control of reservoir sedimentation, life of reservoir.
UNIT-IV:
Irrigation: Definition of irrigation, types of irrigation systems – direct and indirect, lift and
inundation irrigation system, methods of irrigation – surface and sprinkler methods, drip irrigation,
Soil moisture constants, depth of water held by soil in root – zone. Water requirements of crops,
duty, delta and base period their relationship, crops – seasons, factors affecting duty and methods of
improving duty, consumptive use of water – determination of canal capacities for cropping patterns.
UNIT-V:
Canal Systems: Classification of irrigation canals – canal alignment, design of unlined canals,
regime theories – Kennedy’s and lacey’s theories, tractive force method, design problems –
balancing depth.
Reference Books:
1. P.N.Modi, Irrigation, Water Resources and Water Power Engg., Standard Book House, Delhi,
6th edition, 2004
2. B.C. Punmia and Pande B.B.Lal, Irrigation and Water Power Engg., Laxmi Publications Pvt.
Ltd., New Delhi, 12th edition, 1992.
3. S.K. Garg, Irrigation Engineering and Hydrology Structures, Khanna Publishers, Delhi-6, 14th
revised edition 1999.
4. Dr. P. Jayarami Reddy, A Text book of Hydrology, Laxmi Publication, Delhi, reprint, 1999.
5. K. Subramanya, Engineering Hydrology, Tata-Mc Graw Hill Publishing, Delhi, 1st Revised
edition.

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