GITAM University Biomedical Instrumentation Syllabus

GITAM University Biomedical Instrumentation Syllabus

 

 

 

UNIT I:
Bioelectric Signals and Electrodes: Origin of bioelectric signals – action potentials, Recording electrodes – Skin – contact impedance – Electrodes for ECG – Electrodes for EEG – Electrode for EMG – Electrical conductivity of electrode jellies and creams – microelectrodes.
UNIT II:
Physiological Transducers: Pressure transducers, Transudcers for body temperature measurement – Pulse sensors – Respiration sensors.
UNIT III:
Biomedicals recorders: Electrocardiograph – Block diagram, ECG leads, effects of artifacts on ECG recordings; Phonocardiograph; Electroencephalograph – Electromyograph – Preamplifier, filters, delay circuits, stimulators.
UNIT IV:
Biomedical telemetry: Wireless telemetry – single channel telemetry systems – Temperature telemetry system – Multichannel wireless telemetry system – Multipatient telemetry – Implantable telemetry systems – Transmission of analog physiological signals over telephone lines.
UNIT V:
Patient safety: Electric shock hazards – Leakage currents – Test instruments for checking safety parameters of biomedical equipments.
Text Books:
1. R.S.Khandpur, Hand Book of Biomedical Instrumentation, TMH, New Delhi, 2001
2. Cromwell, Weibell and Pfeiffer, Biomedical instrumentation and measurements, Pearson Education 2003.
Reference:
John. G. Webster., Medical Instrumentation application and design, John Wiley & sons onc., 3rd edition, 1999.

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