GITAM University Biomedical Instrumentation Syllabus
Bioelectric Signals and Electrodes: Origin of bioelectric signals – action potentials, Recording electrodes – Skin – contact impedance – Electrodes for ECG – Electrodes for EEG – Electrode for EMG – Electrical conductivity of electrode jellies and creams – microelectrodes.
Physiological Transducers: Pressure transducers, Transudcers for body temperature measurement – Pulse sensors – Respiration sensors.
Biomedicals recorders: Electrocardiograph – Block diagram, ECG leads, effects of artifacts on ECG recordings; Phonocardiograph; Electroencephalograph – Electromyograph – Preamplifier, filters, delay circuits, stimulators.
Biomedical telemetry: Wireless telemetry – single channel telemetry systems – Temperature telemetry system – Multichannel wireless telemetry system – Multipatient telemetry – Implantable telemetry systems – Transmission of analog physiological signals over telephone lines.
Patient safety: Electric shock hazards – Leakage currents – Test instruments for checking safety parameters of biomedical equipments.
1. R.S.Khandpur, Hand Book of Biomedical Instrumentation, TMH, New Delhi, 2001
2. Cromwell, Weibell and Pfeiffer, Biomedical instrumentation and measurements, Pearson Education 2003.
John. G. Webster., Medical Instrumentation application and design, John Wiley & sons onc., 3rd edition, 1999.