CSVTU B.E. VIII Semester Mechanical Engineering Cryogenic Engineering Syllabus

Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University, Bhilai

Semester: B.E. VIII Sem. Branch: Mechanical Engg.

Subject: Cryogenic Engineering

UNIT-I

Introduction to Cryogenic Systems

Properties of materials at low temperature, Properties of Cryogenic Fluids.

Air and Gas Liquefication Systems:

Thermodynamically ideal system, Production of low temperatures

Liquefication systems for gases other than Neon, Hydrogen and Helium, liquefication systems for Neon,

Hydrogen and Helium.

Cryogenic Refrigeration System

UNIT – II

Gas Separation and Gas Purification Systems

The thermodynamically ideal separation system properties of mixtures, Principles of gas separation, air

separation systems, Hydrogen, Argon, Helium air separation systems, Gas purification methods.

UNIT – III

Vacuum Techniques

System for production of high vacuum such as mechanical, diffusion, ion and cryopumps.

Cryogenics measurement systems

Temperature pressure, flow rate, liquid level measurement, Introduction to Cryocoolers.

UNIT – IV

Cryogenic Fluid Storage Systems

Introduction, Basic Storage vessels, inner vessel, outer vessel design, piping, access manways, safety

device.

Cryogenic insulations

Vacuum insulation, gas filled powders and fibrous materials, solid foam, selection and comparison of

insulations. Cryogenic fluid transfer systems. Transfer through uninsulated lines, vacuum insulated

lines, porous insulated lines etc.

UNIT – V

Advances in Cryogenics

Vortex tube and applications, Pulse tube refrigerator, Cryogenic Engine for space vehicles.

Cryogenic Applications

Applications in gas industry, cryogenic fluids, space research, Cryobiology, food processing,

electronics, nuclear and high energy physics, chemical processing, metal manufacturing, cryogenic

power generation, medicine, analytical physics and chemistry.

TEXT BOOKS

1. Cryogenic Systems – R.F. Barron

2. Cryogenic Engineering – R.B. Scott – D.Van Nostrand Company, 1959

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Cryogenic Process Engineering – K.D. Timmerhaus and T.M. Flynn, Plenum Press, New York,

1989

2. High Vacuum Technology – A. Guthree – New Age International Publication

3. Experimental Techniques in Low Temperature Physics – G.K. White – Osford University Press,

England, 1959

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