Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University, Bhilai
Semester: B.E. VIII Sem. Branch: Mechanical Engg.
Subject: Cryogenic Engineering
Introduction to Cryogenic Systems
Properties of materials at low temperature, Properties of Cryogenic Fluids.
Air and Gas Liquefication Systems:
Thermodynamically ideal system, Production of low temperatures
Liquefication systems for gases other than Neon, Hydrogen and Helium, liquefication systems for Neon,
Hydrogen and Helium.
Cryogenic Refrigeration System
UNIT – II
Gas Separation and Gas Purification Systems
The thermodynamically ideal separation system properties of mixtures, Principles of gas separation, air
separation systems, Hydrogen, Argon, Helium air separation systems, Gas purification methods.
UNIT – III
System for production of high vacuum such as mechanical, diffusion, ion and cryopumps.
Cryogenics measurement systems
Temperature pressure, flow rate, liquid level measurement, Introduction to Cryocoolers.
UNIT – IV
Cryogenic Fluid Storage Systems
Introduction, Basic Storage vessels, inner vessel, outer vessel design, piping, access manways, safety
Vacuum insulation, gas filled powders and fibrous materials, solid foam, selection and comparison of
insulations. Cryogenic fluid transfer systems. Transfer through uninsulated lines, vacuum insulated
lines, porous insulated lines etc.
UNIT – V
Advances in Cryogenics
Vortex tube and applications, Pulse tube refrigerator, Cryogenic Engine for space vehicles.
Applications in gas industry, cryogenic fluids, space research, Cryobiology, food processing,
electronics, nuclear and high energy physics, chemical processing, metal manufacturing, cryogenic
power generation, medicine, analytical physics and chemistry.
1. Cryogenic Systems – R.F. Barron
2. Cryogenic Engineering – R.B. Scott – D.Van Nostrand Company, 1959
1. Cryogenic Process Engineering – K.D. Timmerhaus and T.M. Flynn, Plenum Press, New York,
2. High Vacuum Technology – A. Guthree – New Age International Publication
3. Experimental Techniques in Low Temperature Physics – G.K. White – Osford University Press,