Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University, Bhilai
Semester: 6th Branch: Civil Engineering
Subject: GIS and Its Applications Code: 320637 (20)
Basic Concept of GIS
Introduction, Information systems, spatial and non-spatial information, Geographical concepts and
terminology, Advantages of GIS, Basic components of GIS, Commercially available GIS hardware and
software, organisation of data in GIS.
Input data, Field data, Statistical data, Maps, Aerial photographs, Satellite data, Points, lines and areas
features, Vector and Raster data, Advantages and Disadvantages, Data entry through keyboard, digitizers
and scanners, Digital data, GIS data formats and standards.
Data Management, Data Base Management System (DBMS), Various data Models, Run – length encoding,
Quadtrees, Data Analysis – Data layers, analysis of spatial and non-spatial data, Data overlay and modelling,
smart features of DBMS.
Applications of GIS
Applications of GIS in Map Revision, Landuse, Agriculture, Forestry, Archaeology, Municipal, Geology, Water
Resources, Soil Erosion, Land suitability analysis, Change detection.
A case study in GIS implementation, the consultant, the client, the initial applications, types of GIS analysis
used for case study.
Name of Text Books:
Introduction to Remote Sensing – Campbell, J.B. (The Guilford Press, London, 1986)
Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems – Legg, C.A. (Ellis Horwood, London, 1992)
Name of Reference Books:
Principles of Geographic Information System for Land Resources Assessment – Burrough, P.A. (Monograph
on Soil Resources Survey No. 12, Claredon, Press, Oxford, 1988)
Remote Sensing in Hydrology – Engaman, E.T. and Gurney, R.J. (Chapman and Hall, London, 1991)