CHHATTISGARH SWAMI VIVEKANAND TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, BHILAI (CG)
Semester : B.E. Third Semester Branch : Mechanical Engineering
Sub : FLUID MECHANICS
Properties of fluid
Fluid, ideal and real fluid, properties of fluid : mass density, weight density, specific volume, specific
gravity, viscosity, surface tension, capillarity, vapour pressure, compressibility and bulk modulus.
Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids
Pressure, Pascal’s law, Hydrostatic law, Pressure measurement, Hydrostatic force on submerged plane
and curved surface, Buoyancy and Flotation, Liquid in relative equilibrium.
UNIT – II
Description of fluid motion, Langragian and Eulerian approach, Type of fluid flow, Type of flow lines-path
line, streak line, stream line, stream tube.Continuity equation, acceleration of a fluid particle, motion of
fluid particle along curved path, Normal and tangential acceleration, Rotational flow, Rotation and
Vorticity, circulation, stream and potential function, flow net ,its characteristics and utilities.
UNIT – III
Euler’s Equation, Bernoulli’s equation and its practical application, Venturimeter, Orifice meter, Nozzle ,
Pitot tube. Impulse momentum equation, Momentum of Momentum equation, Kinetic energy and
Momentum correction factor, Vortex motion, Radial flow.
UNIT – IV
Reynold’s experiment, shear stress and pressure gradient relationship, flow of viscous fluids in circular
pipe, and between two parallel plates, coutte flow.
Effect of turbulence, friction loss in pipe flow, shear stress, velocity distribution.
Flow through pipe
Loss of energy in pipes, Hydraulic gradient and total energy line, pipe in series and parallel, equivalent
pipe power transmission through pipe, water hammer in pipes.
UNIT – V
Methods of dimensional analysis, Rayleigh’s method, Buckingham’s theorem, Limitations.
Dimensionless number and their significance, model laws, Reynolod’s model law, Fraude’s model law,
Euler’s model law, Weber’s model law, Mach’s Model law, Type of models, scale effect in model,
limitation of hydraulic similitude.
1. Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering – D.S. Kumar– Kataria & Sons – New Delhi
2. A text of Fluid Mechanics – R. K. Rajput – S. Chand & Company Ltd., Delhi
1. Fluid Mechanics – A.K. Mohanty – Prentice Hall Pub.
2. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines – S.K. Som and G. Biswas- TMH
3. Mechanics of Fluid – B.S. Massey – English Language Book Society (U.K.)