CA Final Question Papers Group I Management Accounting and Financial Analysis May 2007

CA Final Question Papers Group I

Management Accounting and Financial Analysis May 2007

This Paper has 18 answerable questions with 0 answered.


Total No. of Questions— 6]
Time Allowed : 3 Hours

Maximum Marks : 100
Answers to questions are to be given only in English except in the cases of candidates who have opted for Hindi medium. If a candidate who has not opted for Hindi medium, answers in Hindi, his answers in Hindi will not be valued.
Question No. 1 is compulsory.
Answer any four Questions from the rest. Figures in the margin indicate marks allotted to each question.
Working notes should form part of the answer.
Marks
1. (a) XYZ Ltd. is considering a project for which the following estimates are available:
Initial Cost of the project
Sales price/unit
Cost/unit
Sales volume
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3 10,00,000
60
40

20000 units
30000 units
30000 units
Discount rate 10% p.a.

You are required to measure the sensitivity of the project in relation to each of the following parameters.

(a) Sales Price/unit

(b) Unit cost

(c) Sales volume

(d) Initial qutlay and

(e) Project lifetime

Taxation may be ignored.

16 (0)
(b) Write short notes on the role of Financial Advisor in a Public Sector undertaking. 4 (0)
2. (a) XYZ Ltd. a US firm will need £ 3,00,000 in 180 days. In this connection, the following information is available:
Spot rate 1 £ = $ 2.00

180 day forward rate of £ as of today = $1.96

Interest rates are as follows:

UK US
180 days deposit rate
180 day borrowing rate 4.5%
5% 5%
5.5%
A call option on £ that expires in 180 days has an exercise price of $ 1.97 and a premium of $ 0.04.

XYZ Ltd. has forecast the spot rates 180 days hence as below:

Future rate Probability
$ 1.91
$ 1.95
$ 2.05 25%
60%
15%
Which of the following strategies would be most preferable to XYZ Ltd.?

(a) a forward contract

(b) a money market hedge

(c) an option contract

(d) no hedging

Show calculations in each case.

8 (0)
(b) Expected returns on two stocks for particular market returns are given in the following table:
Market
Return Aggressive
Stock Defensive
Stock
7%
25% 4%
40% 9%
18%
You are required to calculate:

(a) The Betas of the two stocks.
(b) Expected return of each stock, if the market return is equally likely to be 7% or 25%.
(c) The Security Market Line (SML), if the risk free rate is 7.5% and market return is equally likely to be 7% or 25%.
(d) The Alphas of the two stocks.
8 (0)
(c) Explain briefly the advantages of investing in mutual funds. 4 (0)
3. (a) AFC Ltd. wishes to acquire BCD Ltd. The shares issued by the two companies are 10,00,000 and 5,00,000 respectively.
(i) Calculate the increase in the total value of BCD Ltd. resulting from the acquisition on the basis of the following conditions:
Current expected growth rate of BCD Ltd.
Expected growth rate under control of AFC Ltd. 7%
(without any additional capital investment and
without any change in risk of operations)
8%
Current Market price per share of AFC Ltd.
Current Market price per share of BCD Ltd.
Current Dividend per share of BCD Ltd. Rs.
Rs.
Rs. 100
20
0.60
(ii) On the basis of aforesaid conditions calculate the gain or loss to shareholders of both the companies, if AFC Ltd. were to offer one of its share for every four shares of BCD Ltd.
(iii) Calculate the gain to the shareholders of both the Companies, if AFC Ltd. pays Rs. 22 for each share of BCD Ltd., assuming the P/E Ratio of AFC Ltd. does not change after the merger. EPS of AFC Ltd. is Rs. 8 and that of BCD is Rs. 2.50. It is assumed that AFC Ltd. invests its cash to earn 10%.
8 (0)
(b) AMK Ltd. an India based company has subsidiaries in U.S. and UK.
Forecasts of surplus funds for the next 30 days from two subsidiaries are as below:

U.S.
U.K $12.5 million
£ 6 million
Following exchange rate informations are obtained:

$/Rs. £/Rs.
Spot
30 days forward 0.0215
0.0217 0.0149
0.0150
Annual borrowing/deposit rates (simple) are available.

Rs.
$
£ 6.4%/6.2%
1.6%/1.5%
3.9%/3.7%
The Indian operation is forecasting a cash deficit of Rs. 500 million.

It is assumed that interest rates are based on a year of 360 days.

(i) Calculate the cash balance at the end of 30 days period in Rs. for each company under each of the following scenarios ignoring transaction costs and taxes:
(a) Each company invests/finances its own cash balances/deficits in local currency independently.
(b) Cash balance are pooled immediately in India and the net balances are invested/borrowed for the 30 days period.
(ii) Which method do you think is preferable from the parent company’s point of view?
8 (0)
(c) A money market instrument with face value of Rs. 100 and discount yield of 6% will mature in 45 days. You are required to calculate:
(i) Current price of the instrument
(ii) Bond equivalent yield
(iii) Effective annual return.
4 (0)
4. (a) ABC Co. is considering a new sales strategy that will be valid for the next 4 years. They want to know the value of the strategy. Following information relating to the year which has just ended, is available:
Income Statement Rs.
Sales
Gross margin (20%)
Administration, Selling & distribution expense (10%)
PBT
Tax (30%)
PAT 20,000
4,000
2,000
2,000
600
1,400
Balance Sheet Information
Fixed Assets
Current Assets
Equity
8,000
4,000
12,000
If it adopts the new strategy, sales will grow at the rate of 20% per year for three years. The gross margin ratio, Assets turnover ratio, the Capital structure and the income tax tate will remain unchanged.

Depreciation would be at 10% of net fixed assets at the beginning of the year.

The Company’s target rate of return is 15%.

Determine the incremental value due to adoption of the strategy.

8 (0)
(b) Discuss the major sources available to an Indian Corporate for raising foreign currency finances. 8 (0)
(c) (i) What are Stock futures? 4 (0)
(ii) What are the opportunities offered by Stock futures? (0)
(iii) How are Stock futures settled? (0)
5. (a) A Company is planning to acquire a machine costing Rs. 5,00,000. Effective life of the machine is 5 years. The Company is considering two options. One is to purchase the machine by lease and the other is to borrow Rs. 5,00,000 from its bankers at 10% interest p.a. The principal amount of loan will be paid in 5 equal installments to be paid annually. The machine will be sold at Rs. 50,000 at the end of 5th year. Following further informations are given:
(a) Principal, interest, lease rentals are payable on the last day of each year.
(b) The machine will be fully depreciated over its affective life.
(c) Tax rate is 30% and after tax. Cost of Capital is 8%.
Compute the lease rentals payable which will make the firm indifferent to the loan option.

12 (0)
(b) The following informations are supplied to you:
Rs.
Total Earnings
No. of equity shares (of Rs. 100 each)
Dividend paid
Price/Earning ratio 2,00,000
20,000
1,50,000
12.5
(i) Ascertain whether the company is the following an optimal dividend policy.
(ii) Find out what should be the P/E ratio at which the dividend policy will have no effect on the value of the shares.
(iii) Will your decision change, if the P/E ratio is 8 instead of 12.5?
8 (0)
6. (a) The historical rates of return of two securities over the past ten years are given.Calculate the Covariance and the Correlation coefficient of the two securities:
Year:
Security:
(return per cent)
Security:
(Return per cent) 1
12

20 2
8

22 3
7

24 4
14

18 5
16

15 6
15

20 7
18

24 8
20

25 9
16

22 10
22

20
8 (0)
(b) Write brief notes on Leveraged Buyouts (LBOs). 4 (0)
(c) Find the Current market price of a bond having face value Rs. 1,00,000 redeemable after 6 year maturity with YTM at 16% payable annually and duration 4.3202 years. Given 1.166 = 2.4364. 6 (0)

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