CA Final Exam Paper Corporate Law and Secretarial Practice May 03
This Paper has 22 answerable questions with 0 answered.
Total No. of Questions— 9]
Time Allowed : 3 Hours
Maximum Marks : 100
Answers to questions are to be given only in English except in the cases of candidates who have opted for Hindi medium. If a candidate who has not opted for Hindi medium, answers in Hindi, his answers in Hindi will not be valued.
Questions 1,2 and 3 are compulsory.
Answer any four questions from the rest.
1. Answer any two of the following:
(a) Mr. Busybody has been appointed as a Director of ACE Automobiles Limited on 2nd April, 2002. The articles of association of the company provides that the qualification of a director shall be holding of at least 10 shares in the company. Mr. Busybody applied for 10 quity shares of the company on 31st May, 2002. But the shares were allotted only at the Board meeting held on 19th August, 2002. Examine with reference to the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 whether Mr. Busybody has complied with the requirements relating to qualification shares. If not, what are the consequences? 5 (0)
(b) M/s AB & Company, a member of a recognised stock exchange propose to buy and sell shares of a particular company on behalf of investors as well as on their own account. They seek your advice as to restrictions, if any, under Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 for dealing in securities on their own account. Advise. 5 (0)
(c) Rampur Stock Exchange wants to get itself recognized Explain:
(i) Who enjoys the power to recognize stock exchange?
(ii) What information will have to be provided with the application for recognition?
2. Answer any two of the following:
(a) Examine whether the following branches can be considered as a ‘Person resident in India’ under Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999:
(i) ABC Limited, a company incorporated in India established a branch at London on 1st January, 2003.
(ii) M/s XYZ, a foreign company, established a branch at New Delhi on 1st January, 2003. The branch at New Delhi controls a branch at Colombo.
(b) Mr. Ramesh is an exporter of goods and services. Explain briefly his duties under Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 with regard to the following:
(i) Furnishing of information relating to such exports.
(ii) Realisation and repatriation of foreign exchange on such exports.
(c) Explain the circumstances under which a Director retiring at an annual general meeting shall be deemed to have been re-appointed even though no such appointment has been made. 7 (0)
3. Answer any two of the following:
(a) SEBI received a complaint from an investor that he has not received the payment due to him from a registered stock broker. Explain the action that can be taken by SEBI against the stock broker under the provisions of Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 and the factors that will be taken into account while taking such action. 8 (0)
(b) Super Chemicals Limited, a closely held unlisted company, is in need of about Rs. 20 crores for financing its expansion programme. The company has not declared and dividend so far though it has made good profits from the commencement of commercial operations on 1st January, 1995. The paid–up capital of the company was increased to Rs. 3.5 crores on 1st April, 1998. The net worth of the company as per latest audited Balance Sheet as at 31st March, 2002 is Rs. 5 crores. The company seeks your advise as to its eligibility to raise Rs. 20 crores through public issue of equity shares at a premium. Advise with reference to relevant guidelines issued by SEBI. 8 (0)
(c) Explain the rules relating to interpretation of the terms ‘subject to’ and ‘notwithstanding’ used in the provisions of an Act. State the effect of the term ‘notwithstanding anything contained in this Act’ used in Section 408 of the Companies Act empowering the Central Government to prevent oppression or mismanagement. 8 (0)
4. (a) Mr. Ram is a Director of ABC Limited, XYZ Limited and PQR Limited. ABC Limited was regular in filing annual returns, but did not file annual accounts for the year ended 31st March, 2002. Further ABC Limited failed to pay interest on loans taken from a public financial institution from 1st January, 2002 onwards and also failed to repay the matured deposits on due date from 1st April, 2002 onwards.
Mr. Ram is proposed to be appointed as additional director of MN Limited on 1st June, 2003. MN Limited has sought a declaration from Mr. Ram to the effect that the disqualification specified in Section 274(1)(g) of the Companies Act, 1956 is not applicable in his case. Mr. Ram seeks your advise on the following:
(i) Whether it is in order for him to give the declaration sought by MN Limited in view of the defaults committed by ABC Limited.
(ii) Whether he can continue as a Director in XYZ Limited and PQR Limited and also seek reappointment when he retires by rotation at the annual general meetings of respective companies to be held in September, 2003.
Advise explaining the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Would your answerbe different, if Mr. Ram resigned his office of director in ABC Limited on 31st December, 2002?
(b) A private company having a paid–up capital of Rs. 6 crores has been converted into a public company. The company proposes to constitute an Audit Committee. Draft a board resolution covering the following matters taking into account the provisions of the Companies Act, if any, in this regard:
(i) Members of the audit committee
(ii) Chairman of the audit committee
(iii) Quorum for a meeting of the audit committee
(iv) Any two main functions of the committee.
5. (a) M/s Supreme Technologies Limited propose to appoint Mr. E and Mr. F as whole–time directors for a period of three years with effect from 1st June, 2003. The company proposes to pay a consolidated salary of Rs. 80,000 per month to each of them.
Mr. D, the managing director of the company, has been appointed for a period of five years with effect from 1st January, 2001 on a remuneration payable in the form of commission at the rate of five per cent of net profit subject to a minimum remuneration of Rs. 80,000 per month.
The effective capital of the company at the end of the financial year ending 31st December, 2002 is Rs. 4.5 crores and it has been increased to Rs. 5.5 crores on 1st April, 2003 by way of right issue of equity shares. The company did not repay public deposits on the date of maturity from 1st January, 2003 onwards, but the default was made good on 1st April, 2003.
The company seeks your advise on the steps to be taken to comply with the requirements of Section 269 read with Schedule XIII to the Companies Act, 1956 with regard to the proposed appointment of Mr. E and Mr. F as whole time directors. Advise explaining the relevant provisions.
(b) (i) what is the liability of an additor for failure to point out in his report that dividend is paid out of capital? 7 (0)
(ii) Can an auditor be disqualified for indebtedness in the following cases?
(a) Where he is recovering his fees on a progressive basis even though the job is not complete.
(b) Where the auditor’s firm has purchased goods from the auditee company and not paid for them for over six months.
6. (a) The Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet of a listed company have not been prepared in accordance with some of the applicable accounting standards. Examine the responsibility of the directors and auditors in this regard under the Companies Act, 1956. 8 (0)
(b) Examine with reference to the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 whether the following companies can be treated as foreign companies:
(i) A company incorporated outside India having a share registration office at Mumbai.
(ii) Indian citizens incorporated a company in Singapore for the purpose of carrying on business there.
7. (a) M/s XYZ Limited is being wound up by the Court. The official liquidator after realisation of the assets has an amount of Rs. 56,00,000 at his disposal towards payment of creditors of the company. Details of creditors are as under:
Dues to secured creditors 40,00,000
Dues to workers 30,00,000
Taxes and duties payable to Government authorities 4,00,000
Unsecured creditors 80,00,000
Since the available amount is insufficient to meet the claims of all the creditors, explain the procedure to be followed for payment of dues as provided in the Companies Act, 1956, assuming that the company has created a charge on all the assets of the company in favour of the secured creditors.
(b) Advise the company with reference to the relevant provisions of the Companies Act about sending notice of board meetings to the following directors:
(i) Mr. Rohit, a director, who intimates his inability to attend the next board meeting.
(ii) Mr. Bipin Ram, who has gone abroad for four months and an alternate director has been appointed in his place.
(iii) Mr. James is a director residing abroad representing the foreign collaborator and the Articles of Association of the company provide for sending notice to such directors.
8. (a) Overambitious Limited became sick. The shareholders and creditors of the company passed resolutions in meetings convened by the company approving a scheme of reconstruction of the company. The scheme provides for sale of vacant land and utilisation of the sale proceeds for payment of outstanding wages, sales tax dues and repayment of part of the loan taken from the bank. The unsecured creditors will have to forego 50% of their claims against the company and receive debentures for the balance amount. Advise the directors about the steps to be taken to give effect to the proposed scheme in spite of objections raised by a few shareholders and creditors. 8 (0)
(b) XYZ Company Ltd. in its annual general meeting appointed all its directors by passing one single resolution. No objection was made to the resolution. Examine the validity of appointment of directors explaining the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Will it make any difference, if XYZ Company was a private company? 7 (0)
9. (a) Ram and Co. Ltd. having paid up share capital of Rs. 40 lakhs appointed on 1st January, 1995 Lakshman and Co. Pvt. Ltd. as sole selling agent for a period of 5 years with effect from 1st January, 1995 with the approval of the company in general meeting. The directors of Lakshman and Co. Pvt. Ltd. were holding 40,000 equity shares of Rs. 10 each fully paid–up in Ram and Co. Ltd. since 1st December 1994.
State with reason whether the appointment is valid. Will your answer be different, if Lakshman and Co. Pvt. Ltd. had acquired the aforesaid shares only on 1st December, 1995?
(b) Advise the Board of Directors of a public company about their powers in respect of the following proposals explaining the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956:
(i) Donation of Rs. 5,00,000 to a hospital established exclusively for the benefit of employees.
(ii) Buy–back of shares of the company for the first time upto 10% of the paid–up equity share capital.
(iii) Delegating to the managing director of the company the power to invest surplus funds of the company in the shares of some companies.