# BPUT B.Tech 3rd Semester Information Technology Syllabus

**Information Technology**

**Mathematics – III**

**Module-I** **(18 hours)**

Partial differential equation of first order, Linear partial differential equation, Non-linear partial differential equation, Homogenous and non-homogeneous partial differential equation with constant co-efficient, Cauchy type, Monge’s method, Second order partial differential equation. The vibrating string, the wave equation and its solution, the heat equation and its solution, Two dimensional wave equation and its solution, Laplace equation in polar, cylindrical and spherical coordinates, potential.

**Module-II** **(12 hours)**

Complex Analysis: Analytic function, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Laplace equation, Conformal mapping,

Complex integration: Line integral in the complex plane, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, Derivatives of analytic functions

**Module –III** **(10 hours)**

Power Series, Taylor’s series, Laurent’s series, Singularities and zeros, Residue integration method, evaluation of real integrals.

**Text books:**

- Kreyszig,” Advanced Engineering Mathematics:, Eighth Edition, Wiley India Reading Chapters: 11,12(except 12.10),13,14,15
- V. Ramana, “ Higher Engineering Mathematics”, McGraw Hill Education, 2008 Reading chapter: 18

**Reference books:**

- B. Saff, A.D.Snider, “ Fundamental of Complex Analysis”, Third Edition, Pearson Education, New Delhi
- V. O’Neil, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, CENGAGE Learning, New Delhi

**Network Theory**

**MODULE- I** **(14 Hrs)**

__NETWORK TOPOLOGY__: Graph of a network, Concept of tree, Incidence matrix, Tie-set matrix, Cut-set matrix, Formulation and solution of network equilibrium equations on loop and node basis.__NETWORK THEOREMS & COUPLED CIRCUITS__: Substitution theorem, Reciprocity theorem, Maximum power transfer theorem, Tellegen’s theorem, Millman’s theorem, Compensation theorem, Coupled Circuits, Dot Convention for representing coupled circuits, Coefficient of coupling, Band Width and Q-factor for series and parallel resonant circuits.

**MODULE- II** **(13 Hrs)**

__LAPLACE TRANSFORM & ITS APPLICATION__: Introduction to Laplace Transform, Laplace transform of some basic functions, Laplace transform of periodic functions, Inverse Laplace transform, Application of Laplace transform: Circuit Analysis (Steady State and Transient).__TWO PORT NETWORK FUNCTIONS & RESPONSES__: z, y, ABCD and h-parameters, Reciprocity and Symmetry, Interrelation of two-port parameters, Interconnection of two-port networks, Network Functions, Significance of Poles and Zeros, Restriction on location of Poles and Zeros, Time domain behaviour from Pole-Zero plots.

**MODULE- III** **(13 Hrs)**

__FOURIER SERIES & ITS APPLICATION__: Fourier series, Fourier analysis and evaluation of coefficients, Steady state response of network to periodic signals, Fourier transform and convergence, Fourier transform of some functions, Brief idea about network filters (Low pass, High pass, Band pass and Band elimination) and their frequency response.__NETWORK SYNTHESIS__: Hurwitz polynomial, Properties of Hurwitz polynomial, Positive real functions and their properties, Concepts of network synthesis, Realization of simple R-L, R-C and L-C functions in Cauer-I, Cauer-II, Foster-I and Foster-II forms.

**Text Book:**

- Network Theory – P K Satpathy, P Kabisatpathy, S P Ghosh and A K Chakraborty – Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.

**Reference Book(s):**

- Network Analysis – M E Van Valkenburg – Pearson Education.
- Network Synthesis – M E Van Valkenburg – Pearson Education.
- Network Analysis and Synthesis – Franklin F. Kuo – Wiley Student Edition.
- Fundamentals of Electric Circuits – Alexander & Sadiku – Tata McGraw Hill.
- Linear Circuits Analysis and Synthesis – A Ramakalyan – Oxford University Press.
- Problems & Solutions in Electric Circuit Analysis – Sivananda & Deepa – Jaico Book.
- Network Theory, Smarajit Ghosh, PHI.

**Physics of Semiconductor Devices**

__Module-I (10 Hours)__

**Introduction to the quantum theory of solids**: Formation of energy bands, The k-space diagram (two and three dimensional representation), conductors, semiconductors and insulators.**Electrons and Holes in semiconductors:**Silicon crystal structure, Donors and acceptors in the band model, electron effective mass, Density of states, Thermal equilibrium, Fermi-Dirac distribution function for electrons and holes, Fermi energy. Equilibrium distribution of electrons & holes: derivation of*n*and*p*from D(E) and f(E), Fermi level and carrier concentrations, The*np*product and the intrinsic carrier concentration. General theory of*n*and*p*, Carrier concentrations at extremely high and low temperatures: complete ionization, partial ionization and freeze-out. Energy-band diagram and Fermi-level, Variation of E_{F}with doping concentration and temperature.**Motion and Recombination of Electrons and Holes:**Carrier drift: Electron and hole mobilities, Mechanism of carrier scattering, Drift current and conductivity.

__Module II (11 Hours)__

**Motion and Recombination of Electrons and Holes (continued):**Carrier diffusion: diffusion current, Total current density, relation between the energy diagram and potential, electric field. Einstein relationship between diffusion coefficient and mobility. Electron-hole recombination, Thermal generation.**PN Junction:**Building blocks of the pn junction theory: Energy band diagram and depletion layer of a pn junction, Built-in potential; Depletion layer model: Field and potential in the depletion layer, depletion-layer width; Reverse-biased PN junction; Capacitance-voltage characteristics; Junction breakdown: peak electric field. Tunneling breakdown and avalanche breakdown; Carrier injection under forward bias-Quasi-equilibrium boundary condition; current continuity equation; Excess carriers in forward-biased pn junction; PN diode I-V characteristic, Charge storage.**The Bipolar Transistor:**Introduction, Modes of operation, Minority Carrier distribution, Collector current, Base current, current gain, Base width Modulation by collector current, Breakdown mechanism, Equivalent Circuit Models – Ebers -Moll Model.

__Module III (12 Hours)__

**Metal-Semiconductor Junction:**Schottky Diodes: Built-in potential, Energy-band diagram, I-V characteristics, Comparison of the Schottky barrier diode and the pn-junction diode. Ohmic contacts: tunneling barrier, specific contact resistance**.****MOS Capacitor:**The MOS structure, Energy band diagrams, Flat-band condition and flat-band voltage, Surface accumulation, surface depletion, Threshold condition and threshold voltage, MOS C-V characteristics, Q_{inv}in MOSFET.**MOS Transistor:**Introduction to the MOSFET, Complementary MOS (CMOS) technology, V-I Characteristics, Surface mobilities and high-mobility FETs, JFET, MOSFET V_{t}, Body effect and steep retrograde doping, pinch-off voltage,

__Text Books:__

- Modern Semiconductor Devices for Integrated Circuits, Chenming Calvin Hu, Pearson Education/Prentice Hall, 2009.
- Semiconductor Physics and Devices, 3
^{rd}Edition, Donald A. Neamen, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi.

__Reference Books:__

- Fundamentals of Semiconductor Devices, M.K. Achuthan and K.N. Bhatt, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi.
- Solid State Electronics Devices, 6
^{th}Edition, Ben. G. Stretman and Sanjay Banarjee, Pearson Education, New Delhi. - Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 3
^{rd}Edition, S.M. Sze and Kwok K. Ng, Wiley India Pvt. Limited, New Delhi. - Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2
^{nd}Edition, Dillip K. Roy, University Press (India) Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad. - Solid State Electronics Devices, D.K. Bhattacharya and Rajnish Sharma, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

**Object Oriented Programming**

**Module I (08 hrs)**

Introduction to object oriented programming, polymorphism, encapsulation. Getting started strings, functions, default values in functions, control, arrays and pointers. user defined types, structures, unions, with C++ syntax, data-type, variables, recursion, namespaces, operators, flow.

**Module II** **(16 hrs)**

Abstraction mechanism: Classes, private, public, constructors, destructors, member data, member functions, inline function, friend functions, static members, and references. Inheritance: Class hierarchy, derived classes, single inheritance, multiple, multilevel, hybrid inheritance, role of virtual base class, constructor and destructor execution, base initialization using derived class constructors.

Polymorphism: Binding, Static binding, Dynamic binding, Static polymorphism: Function Overloading, Ambiguity in function overloading, Dynamic polymorphism: Base class pointer, object slicing, late binding, method overriding with virtual functions, pure virtual functions, abstract classes.

Operator Overloading: This pointer, applications of this pointer, Operator function, member and non member operator function, operator overloading, I/O operators. Exception handling: Try, throw, and catch, exceptions and derived classes, function exception declaration, unexpected exceptions, exception when handling exceptions, resource capture and release.

**Module III** **(16 hrs)**

Dynamic memory management, new and delete operators, object copying, copy constructor, assignment operator, virtual destructor. Template: template classes, template functions.

Standard Template Library: Fundamental idea about string, iterators, hashes, iostreams and other types.

Namespaces: user defined namespaces, namespaces provided by library.

Object Oriented Design, design and programming, role of classes.

**Text Books:**

- Object Oriented Programming with C++ by E. Balagurusamy, McGraw-Hill Education (India)
- ANSI and Turbo C++ by Ashoke N. Kamthane, Pearson Education

**Reference Books:**

- Big C++ – Wiley India
- C++: The Complete Reference- Schildt, McGraw-Hill Education (India)
- C++ and Object Oriented Programming – Jana, PHI Learning.
- Object Oriented Programming with C++ – Rajiv Sahay, Oxford
- Mastering C++ – Venugopal, McGraw-Hill Education (India)

**Analog Electronics Circuit**

**MODULE – I (12 Hours)**

**MOS Field-Effect Transistor:**Principle and Physical Operation of FETs and P-Channel and N-Channel MOSFET, Complimentary MOS, V-I Characteristics of E- MOSFETS and D-MOSFETS, MOSFETS as an Amplifier and a switch. (4 Hours)**Biasing of BJTs:**Load lines (AC and DC), Operating Points, Fixed Bias and Self Bias, DC Bias with Voltage Feedback, Bias Stabilization, Design Operation. (4 Hours)**Biasing of FETs and MOSFETs:**Fixed Bias Configuration and Self Bias Configuration, Voltage Divider Bias and Design. (4 Hours)

__MODULE – II (17 Hours)__

**Small Signal Analysis of BJTs:**Small-Signal Equivalent-Circuit Model, Graphical Determination of h-parameters Small Signal Analysis of CE, CC, CB Amplifier with and without R_{E}. Effect of R_{S}and R_{L}on CE Amplifier, Emitter Follower, Analysis of Cascade, Darlington Connection and Current Mirror Circuits using BJTs. (6 Hours)**Small Signal Analysis of FETs:**Small-Signal Equivalent-Circuit Model, Small Signal Analysis of CS, CD, CG Amplifier with and without R_{S}. Effect of R_{SIG}and R_{L}on CS Amplifier, Analysis of Source Follower and Cascaded System using FETs. (6 Hours)**High Frequency Response of FETs and BJTs:**Low and High Frequency Response of BJTs and FETs, The Unit gain – frequency (f_{t}), Frequency Response of CS Amplifier, Frequency Response of CE Amplifier, Multistage Frequency Effects, Miller Effect Capacitance, Square Wave Testing. (5 Hours)

__MODULE – III (12 hours)__

**Feedback and Oscillators:**Feedback Concepts, Four Basic Feedback Topologies, Practical Feedback Circuits, Feedback Amplifier Stability using Nyquist Plot, Basic Principle of Sinusoidal Oscillator, Wein-Bridge, Phase Shift and Crystal Oscillator Circuits. (4 Hours)**Operational Amplifier:**Ideal Op-Amp, Differential Amplifier, Op-Amp Parameters, Slew rate, Non-inverting Configurations, Effect of Finite Open-loop and Closed-loop Gain, Differentiator and Integrator, Instrumentation amplifier, µA 741-Op-Amp . (5 Hours)**Power Amplifier:**Classifications, Class-A and Class-B Amplifier Circuits, Transfer Characteristics, Power Dissipation and Conversion Efficiency of Power Amplifiers. (3 Hours)

__Text Books:__

- Electronic Devices and Circuits theory, 9
^{th}/10^{th}Edition, R.L. Boylestad and L.Nashelsky (Selected portions of Chapter 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 14), Pearson Education, New Delhi. - Microelectronics Circuits, 5
^{th}Edition, International Student Edition Sedra and Smith (Selected portion of Chapter 2,4, 5, 6, 8, 13, and 14), Oxford University Press, New Delhi. - Electronic Devices and Circuits, 3
^{rd}Edition, Jimmie J. Cathey adapted by Ajay Kumar Singh, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi.**(***For Problem Solving*)

__Reference Books:__

- Electronics Circuits Analysis and Design, 3
^{rd}Edition, Donald A. Neamen, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi. - Milliman’s Electronics Devices and Circuits, 2
^{nd}Edition, J. Milliman, C. Halkias, S. Jit., Tata McGraw Hill Education Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi - Integrated Electronics: Analog and Digital Circuits and Systems, J. Milliman, C. Halkias, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi.
- Microelectronic Circuits: Analysis and Design, India Edition, M.H. Rashid, PWS Publishing Company, a division of Thomson Learning Inc.

**Engineering Economics & Costing**

**Module-I:** **(12 hours)**

Engineering Economics – Nature and scope, General concepts on micro & macro economics. The Theory of demand, Demand function, Law of demand and its exceptions, Elasticity of demand, Law of supply and elasticity of supply. Determination of equilibrium price under perfect competition (Simple numerical problems to be solved). Theory of production, Law of variable proportion, Law of returns to scale.

**Module-II:** **(12 hours)**

Time value of money – Simple and compound interest, Cash flow diagram, Principle of economic equivalence. Evaluation of engineering projects – Present worth method, Future worth method, Annual worth method, internal rate of return method, Cost-benefit analysis in public projects. Depreciation policy, Depreciation of capital assets, Causes of depreciation, Straight line method and declining balance method.

**Module-III:** **(12 hours)**

Cost concepts, Elements of costs, Preparation of cost sheet, Segregation of costs into fixed and variable costs. Break-even analysis-Linear approach. (Simple numerical problems to be solved)

Banking: Meaning and functions of commercial banks; functions of Reserve Bank of India. Overview of Indian Financial system.

**Text Books:**

- Riggs, Bedworth and Randhwa, “Engineering Economics”, McGraw Hill Education India.
- D. Mithani, Principles of Economics.

**Reference Books **:

- Sasmita Mishra, “Engineering Economics & Costing “, PHI
- Sullivan and Wicks, “ Engineering Economy”, Pearson
- Paneer Seelvan, “ Engineering Economics”, PHI
- Gupta, “ Managerial Economics”, TMH
- Lal and Srivastav, “ Cost Accounting”, TMH

**Organizational Behaviour**

**Module I :**

The study of Organizational Behaviour : Defination and Meaning, Why Study OB Learning – Nature of Learning, How Learning occurs, Learning and OB.

Foundations of Individual Behaviour : Personality – Meaning and Defination, Determinants of Personality, Personality Traits, Personality and OB.

Perception – Meaning and Definition, Perceptual Process, Importance of Perception in OB. Motivation – Nature and Importance, Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory, Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory, Alderfer’s ERG Theory, Evaluations.

**Module II :**

Organizational Behaviour Process : Communication – Importance, Types, Gateways and Barriers to Communication, Communication as a tool for improving Interpersonal Effectiveness, Groups in Organizations – Nature, Types, Why do people join groups, Group Cohesiveness and Group Decision-making Managerial Implications, Effective Team Building. Leadership-Leadership & Management, Theories of Leadership -Trait theory, Leader Behaviour theory, Contingency Theory, Leadership and Followership, How to be an effective Leader, Confict-Nature of Conflict and Conflict Resolution. An Introduction to Transactional Analysis (TA).

**Module-III :**

Organization : Organizational Culture – Meaning and Definition, Culture and Organizational Effectiveness. Introduction to Human Resource Management-Selection, Orientation, Training and Development, Performance Appraisal, Incentives Organizational Change – Importance of Change, Planned Change and OB techniques. International Organisational Behaviour – Trends in International Business, Cultural Differences and Similarities, Individual and Interpersonal Behaviour in Global Perspective.

**Text Books :**

- Keith Davis, Organisational Behaviour, McGraw-Hill.
- Aswathappa, Organisational Behaviour, Himalaya Publishing House.

**Reference Books :**

- Stephen P. Robbins, Organisational Behaviour, Prentice Hall of India
- Pradip N. Khandelwal, Organizational Behaviour, McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.
- Uma Sekaran, “Organizational Behaviour”, TATA McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.
- Steven L McShane, Mary Ann Von Glinow, Radha R Sharma” Organizational Behaviour” , TATA McGraw- Hill.
- K. Bhattachayya, “Organizational Behaviour”, Oxford University Press
- B.L.Srivastava & A.K.Samantaray, “Organizational Behaviour” India Tech

**Communication & Interpersonal skills for ****Corporate Readiness Lab.**

**Lab** **30 hours**

This course will focus on communication in professional (work-related) situations of the kind that BPUT graduates may expect to encounter on entering the professional domain.

Some typical forms of work-related communication, oral or written, are listed below. Practice activities for all four skills can be designed around these or similar situations.

- Gaining entry into an organization

- Preparing job-applications and CVs
- Facing an interview
- Participating in group discussion (as part of the recruitment process)

2. In-house communication

- Superior/ Senior Î subordinate / junior (individual
**Î**individual / group)

- Welcoming new entrants to the organization, introducing the workplace culture etc
- Briefing subordinates / juniors : explaining duties and responsibilities etc.
- Motivating subordinates / juniors (‘pep talk’)
- Instructing/ directing subordinates/ juniors
- Expressing / recording appreciation, praising / rewarding a subordinate or junior
- Reprimanding / correcting / disciplining a subordinate/junior (for a lapse) ; asking for an explanation etc.

- Subordinate / Junior Î Superior / Senior

- Responding to the above
- Reporting problems / difficulties / deficiencies
- Offering suggestions

**Analog Electronics Lab**

__List of Experiments__

**(At least 10 out of 13 experiments should be done)**

- BJT bias circuit – Design, assemble and test.
- JEET/MOSFET bias circuits – Design, assemble and test.
- Design, assemble and test of BJT common-emitter circuit – D.C and A.C performance: Voltage gain, input impedance and output impedance with bypassed and un-bypassed emitter resistor.
- Design, assemble and test of BJT emitter-follower – D.C and A.C performance: A.C. voltage gain, input impedance and output impedance.
- Design, assemble and Test of JFET/MOSFET common-source and common-drain amplifiers – D.C and A.C performance: Voltage gain, input impedance and output impedance.
- Frequency response of a common-emitter amplifier: low frequency, high frequency and mid frequency response.
- Differential amplifiers circuits: D.C bias and A.C operation without and with current source.
- Study of Darlington connection and current mirror circuits.
- OP-Amp Frequency Response and Compensation.
- Application of Op-Amp as differentiator, integrator, square wave generator.
- Square wave testing of an amplifier.
- C phase shift oscillator/Wien-Bridge Oscillator using OP-Amp/Crystal Oscillator.
- Class A and Class B Power Amplifier.

**Object Oriented Programming Lab**

- Programs on concept of classes and objects. (1 class)
- Programs using inheritance. (1 class)

- Single inheritance
- Multiple inheritance
- Multi level inheritance
- Use of virtual base classes

- Programs using static polymorphism. (1 class)

(i) Function overloading

(ii) Ambiguities while dealing with function overloading

- Programs on dynamic polymorphism. (1 class)

(i) Use of virtual functions

(ii) Use of abstract base classes

- Programs on operator overloading.(1 class)

- Operator overloading using member operator functions.
- Operator overloading using non member operator functions.
- Advantages of using non member operator functions.

- Programs on dynamic memory management using new, delete operators. (1 class)
- Programs on copy constructor and usage of assignment operator. (1 class)
- Programs on exception handling. (1 class)
- Programs on generic programming using template function and template class. (1 class)
- Programs on file handling. (1 class)

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