DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE & BRICK MASONRY STRUCTURES
UNIT I RETAINING WALLS
Design of cantilever and counterfort retaining walls
UNIT II WATER TANKS
Underground rectangular tanks – Domes – Overhead circular and rectangular tanks – Design of staging and foundations
UNIT III SELECTED TOPICS
Design of staircases (ordinary and doglegged) – Design of flat slabs – Design of Reinforced concrete walls – Principles of design of mat foundation, box culvert and road bridges
UNIT IV YIELD LINE THEORY
Application of virtual work method to square, rectangular, circular and triangular slabs
UNIT V BRICK MASONRY
Introduction, Classification of walls, Lateral supports and stability, effective height of wall and columns, effective length of walls, design loads, load dispersion, permissible stresses, design of axially and eccentrically loaded brick walls.
1. Krishna Raju, N., “Design of RC Structures”, CBS Publishers and Distributors, Delhi, 2006
2. Dayaratnam, P., “Brick and Reinforced Brick Structures”, Oxford & IBH Publishing House, 1997
3. Varghese, P.C., “Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures ”Prentice hall of India
Pvt Ltd New Delhi, 2007.
1. Mallick, D.K. and Gupta A.P., “Reinforced Concrete”, Oxford and IBH Publishing Company
2. Syal, I.C. and Goel, A.K., “Reinforced Concrete Structures”, A.H. Wheelers & Co. Pvt. Ltd. 1994
3. Ram Chandra.N. and Virendra Gehlot, “Limit State Design”, Standard Book House.2004.
ESTIMATION AND QUANTITY SURVEYING
UNIT I ESTIMATE OF BUILDINGS
Load bearing and framed structures – Calculation of quantities of brick work, RCC, PCC, Plastering, white washing, colour washing and painting / varnishing for shops, rooms, residential building with flat and pitched roof – Various types of arches – Calculation of brick work and RCC works in arches – Estimate of joineries for panelled and glazed doors, windows, ventilators, handrails etc.
UNIT II ESTIMATE OF OTHER STRUCTURES
Estimating of septic tank, soak pit – sanitary and water supply installations – water supply pipe line – sewer line – tube well – open well – estimate of bituminous and cement concrete roads – estimate of retaining walls – culverts – estimating of irrigation works – aqueduct, syphon, fall.
UNIT III SPECIFICATION AND TENDERS
Data – Schedule of rates – Analysis of rates – Specifications – sources – Detailed and general specifications – Tenders – Contracts – Types of contracts – Arbitration and legal requirements.
UNIT IV VALUATION
Necessity – Basics of value engineering – Capitalised value – Depreciation – Escalation – Value of building – Calculation of Standard rent – Mortgage – Lease
UNIT V REPORT PREPARATION
Principles for report preparation – report on estimate of residential building – Culvert – Roads – Water supply and sanitary installations – Tube wells – Open wells.
1. Dutta, B.N., “Estimating and Costing in Civil Engineering”, UBS Publishers & Distributors Pvt. Ltd., 2003
2. Kohli, D.D and Kohli, R.C., “A Text Book of Estimating and Costing (Civil)”, S.Chand & Company Ltd., 2004
1. PWD Data Book.
BASICS OF DYNAMICS AND ASEISMIC DESIGN
UNIT I THEORY OF VIBRATIONS
Concept of inertia and damping – Types of Damping – Difference between static forces and dynamic excitation – Degrees of freedom – SDOF idealisation – Equations of motion of SDOF system for mass as well as base excitation – Free vibration of SDOF system – Response to harmonic excitation – Impulse and response to unit impulse – Duhamel integral
UNIT II MULTIPLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEM
Two degree of freedom system – Normal modes of vibration – Natural frequencies – Mode shapes – Introduction to MDOF systems – Decoupling of equations of motion – Concept of mode superposition (No derivations).
UNIT III ELEMENTS OF SEISMOLOGY
Causes of Earthquake – Geological faults – Tectonic plate theory – Elastic rebound – Epicentre – Hypocentre – Primary, shear and Raleigh waves – Seismogram – Magnitude and intensity of earthquakes – Magnitude and Intensity scales – Spectral Acceleration – Information on some disastrous earthquakes
UNIT IV RESPONSE OF STRUCTURES TO EARTHQUAKE
Response and design spectra – Design earthquake – concept of peak acceleration – Site specific response spectrum – Effect of soil properties and damping – Liquefaction of soils – Importance of ductility – Methods of introducing ductility into RC structures.
UNIT V DESIGN METHODOLOGY
IS 1893, IS 13920 and IS 4326 – Codal provisions – Design as per the codes – Base isolation techniques – Vibration control measures – Important points in mitigating effects of earthquake on structures.
1. Chopra, A.K., “Dynamics of Structures – Theory and Applications to Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education
1. Biggs, J.M., “Introduction to Structural Dynamics”, McGraw–Hill Book Co., N.Y., 1964
2. Dowrick, D.J., “Earthquake Resistant Design”, John Wiley & Sons, London, 1977
3. Paz, M., “Structural Dynamics – Theory & Computation”, CSB Publishers & Distributors, Shahdara, Delhi, 1985
PRESTRESSED CONCRETE STRUCTURE
UNIT I INTRODUCTION – THEORY AND BEHAVIOUR
Basic concepts – Advantages – Materials required – Systems and methods of prestressing – Analysis of sections – Stress concept – Strength concept – Load balancing concept – Effect of loading on the tensile stresses in tendons – Effect of tendon profile on deflections – Factors influencing deflections – Calculation of deflections – Short term and long term deflections – Losses of prestress – Estimation of crack width.
UNIT II DESIGN CONCEPTS
Flexural strength – Simplified procedures as per codes – strain compatibility method – Basic concepts in selection of cross section for bending – stress distribution in end block, Design of anchorage zone reinforcement – Limit state design criteria – Partial prestressing – Applications.
UNIT III CIRCULAR PRESTRESSING
Design of prestressed concrete tanks – Pipes
UNIT IV COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTION
Analysis for stresses – Estimate for deflections – Flexural and shear strength of composite members
UNIT V PRE-STRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGES
General aspects – pretensioned prestressed bridge decks – Post tensioned prestressed bridge decks – Principles of design only.
1. Krishna Raju N., Prestressed concrete, Tata McGraw Hill Company, New Delhi 1998
2. Mallic S.K. and Gupta A.P., Prestressed concrete, Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. 1997.
3. Rajagopalan, N, “Prestressed Concrete”, Alpha Science, 2002
1. Ramaswamy G.S., Modern prestressed concrete design, Arnold Heinimen, New Delhi, 1990
2. Lin T.Y. Design of prestressed concrete structures, Asia Publishing House, Bombay 1995.
3. David A.Sheppard, William R. and Philips, Plant Cast precast and prestressed concrete – A design guide, McGraw Hill, New Delhi 1992.
COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN & DRAFTING LABORATORY
At the end of the course the student acquires hands on experience in design and preparation of structural drawings for concrete / steel structures normally encountered in Civil Engineering practice.
1. Design and drawing of RCC cantilever and counterfort type retaining walls with reinforcement details
2. Design of solid slab and RCC Tee beam bridges for IRC loading and reinforcement details
3. Design and drafting of Intz type water tank, Detailing of circular and rectangular water tanks
4. Design of plate girder bridge – Twin Girder deck type railway bridge – Truss Girder bridges – Detailed Drawings including connections
1. Krishna Raju, “Structural Design & Drawing (Concrete & Steel)”, CBS Publishers 2004.
2. Punmia, B.C., Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun Kumar Jain, “Design of steel structures”, Lakshmi publications Pvt. Ltd
1. Krishnamurthy, D., “Structural Design & Drawing – Vol. II”, CBS Publishers & Distributors, Delhi 1992.
2. Krishnamurthy, D., “Structural Design & Drawing – Vol. III Steel Structures”, CBS Publishers & Distributors