Anna University Syllabus OF Civil Engineering 6th Semester

PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT

UNIT I OVERVIEW OF MANAGEMENT 

Organization – Management – Role of managers – Evolution of Management thought – Organization and the environmental factors – Managing globally – Strategies for International Business.

UNIT II PLANNING

Nature and purpose of planning – Planning process – Types of plans – Objectives – Managing by objective (MBO) Strategies – Types of strategies – Policies – Decision Making – Types of decision – Decision Making Process – Rational Decision Making Process – Decision Making under different conditions.

UNIT III ORGANIZING

Nature and purpose of organizing – Organization structure – Formal and informal groups I organization – Line and Staff authority – Departmentation – Span of control – Centralization and Decentralization – Delegation of authority – Staffing – Selection and Recruitment- Orientation – Career Development – Career stages – Training – Performance Appraisal.

UNIT IV DIRECTING

Creativity and Innovation – Motivation and Satisfaction – Motivation Theories Leadership – Leadership theories – Communication – Hurdles to effective communication – Organization Culture – Elements and types of culture – Managing cultural diversity.

UNIT V CONTROLLING

The process of controlling – Types of control – Budgetary and non-budgetary control techniques – Managing Productivity – Cost Control – Purchase Control – Maintenance Control – Quality Control – Planning operations.

TEXTBOOKS 
1. Stephen P. Robbins and Mary Coulter, ‘Management’, Prentice Hall of India,
2. Charles W L Hill, Steven L McShane, ‘Principles of Management’, Mcgraw Hill Education, Special Indian Edition

REFERENCES

1. Hellriegel, Slocum & Jackson, ‘ Management – A Competency Based Approach’, Thomson South Western
2. Harold Koontz, Heinz Weihrich and Mark V Cannice, ‘Management – A global & Entrepreneurial Perspective
3. Andrew J. Dubrin, ‘Essentials of Management’, Thomson Southwestern, 7th edition, 2007.

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS – II

UNIT I FLEXIBILITY METHOD

Equilibrium and compatibility – Determinate vs Indeterminate structures – Indeterminacy – Primary structure – Compatibility conditions – Analysis of indeterminate pin-jointed plane frames, continuous beams, rigid jointed plane frames (with redundancy restricted to two).

UNIT II STIFFNESS MATRIX METHOD

Element and global stiffness matrices – Analysis of continuous beams – Co-ordinate transformations – Rotation matrix – Transformations of stiffness matrices, load vectors and displacements vectors – Analysis of pin-jointed plane frames and rigid frames( with redundancy vertical to two)

UNIT III FINITE ELEMENT METHOD

Introduction – Discretisation of a structure – Displacement functions – Truss element – Beam element – Plane stress and plane strain – Triangular elements

UNIT IV PLASTIC ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES

Statically indeterminate axial problems – Beams in pure bending – Plastic moment of resistance – Plastic modulus – Shape factor – Load factor – Plastic hinge and mechanism – Plastic analysis of indeterminate beams and frames – Upper and lower bound theorems

UNIT V SPACE AND CABLE STRUCTURES 

Analysis of Space trusses using a method of tension coefficients – Beams curved in plan Suspension cables – suspension bridges with two and three hinged stiffening girders.

TEXT BOOKS

1. Vaidyanathan, R. and Perumal, P., “Comprehensive structural Analysis – Vol. I & II”, Laxmi Publications
2. L.S. Negi & R.S. Jangid, “Structural Analysis”, Tata McGraw-Hill Publications, New Delhi, 2003.
3. BhaviKatti, S.S, “Structural Analysis – Vol. 1 Vol. 2”, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2008

REFERENCES

1. Ghali.A, Nebille,A.M. and Brown,T.G. “Structural Analysis” A unified classical and Matrix approach”
2. Coates R.C, Coutie M.G. and Kong F.K., “Structural Analysis”, ELBS and Nelson, 1990
3. Structural Analysis – A Matrix Approach – G.S. Pandit & S.P. Gupta, Tata McGraw Hill 2004.
4. Matrix Analysis of Framed Structures – Jr. William Weaver & James M. Gere, CBS Publishers and Distributors

DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES

UNIT I INTRODUCTION

Properties of steel – Structural steel sections – Limit State Design Concepts – Loads on Structures – Metal joining methods using rivets, welding, bolting – Design of bolted, riveted and welded joints – Eccentric connections – Efficiency of joints – High Tension bolts

UNIT II TENSION MEMBERS

Types of sections – Net area – Net effective sections for angles and Tee in tension – Design of connections in tension members – Use of lug angles – Design of tension splice – Concept of shear lag

UNIT III COMPRESSION MEMBERS

Types of compression members – Theory of columns – Basis of current codal provision for compression member design – Slenderness ratio – Design of single section and compound section compression members – Design of lacing and battening type columns – Design of column bases – Gusseted base

UNIT IV BEAMS

Design of laterally supported and unsupported beams – Built up beams – Beams subjected to biaxial bending – Design of plate girders riveted and welded – Intermediate and bearing stiffeners – Web splices – Design of beam columns.

UNIT V ROOF TRUSSES AND INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURES

Roof trusses – Roof and side coverings – Design loads, design of purlin and elements of truss; end bearing – Design of gantry girder

TEXT BOOKS

1. Dayaratnam, P., “Design of Steel Structures”, Second edition, S. Chand & Company, 2003.
2. Ramachandra, S. and Virendra Gehlot, “Design of Steel Structures – Vol. I & II”, Standard Publication, New Delhi

REFERENCES

1. “Teaching Resources for Structural Steel Design – Vol. I & II”, INSDAG, Kolkatta.
2. Gaylord, E.H., Gaylord, N.C., and Stallmeyer, J.E., “Design of Steel Structures”, 3rd edition,McGraw-Hill
3. Negi L.S.. Design of Steel Structures, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 2007.
4. IS 800-2007 Indian Standard General Construction in Steel – code of practice (3rd Revision).

CONSTRUCTION PLANNING & SCHEDULING

UNIT I CONSTRUCTION PLANNING

Basic concepts in the development of construction plans-choice of Technology and Construction method-Defining Work Tasks- Definition- Precedence relationships among activities-Estimating Activity Durations-Estimating Resource Requirements for work activities-coding systems.

UNIT II SCHEDULING PROCEDURES AND TECHNIQUES

Relevance of construction schedules-Bar charts – The critical path method-Calculations for critical path scheduling-Activity float and schedules-Presenting project schedules-Critical path scheduling for Activity-on-node and with leads, Lags and Windows-Calculations for scheduling with leads, lags and windows-Resource oriented scheduling-Scheduling with resource constraints and precedences -Use of Advanced Scheduling Techniques-Scheduling with uncertain durations-Crashing and time/cost trade offs -Improving the Scheduling process – Introduction to application software.

UNIT III COST CONTROL MONITORING AND ACCOUNTING

The cost control problem-The project Budget-Forecasting for Activity cost control – financial accounting systems and cost accounts-Control of project cash flows-Schedule control-Schedule and Budget updates-Relating cost and schedule information.

UNIT IV QUALITY CONTROL AND SAFETY DURING CONSTRUCTION

Quality and safety Concerns in Construction-Organizing for Quality and Safety-Work and Material Specifications-Total Quality control-Quality control by statistical methods -Statistical Quality control with Sampling by Attributes-Statistical Quality control by Sampling and Variables-Safety.

UNIT V ORGANIZATION AND USE OF PROJECT INFORMATION 

Types of project information-Accuracy and Use of Information-Computerized organization and use of Information -Organizing information in a databases-relational model of Data bases-Other conceptual Models of Databases-Centralized database Management systems-Databases and application programs-Information transfer and Flow.

TEXTBOOKS

1. Chitkara, K.K. “Construction Project Management Planning”, Scheduling and Control, Tata McGraw-Hill
2. Srinath,L.S., “Pert and CPM Priniples and Applications “, Affiliated East West Press, 2001

REFERENCES

1. Chris Hendrickson and Tung Au, “Project Management for Construction – Fundamentals Concepts for Owners”
2. Moder.J., C.Phillips and Davis, “Project Management with CPM”, PERT and Precedence Diagramming
3. Willis., E.M., “Scheduling Construction projects”, John Wiley and Sons 1986.
4. Halpin,D.W., “Financial and cost concepts for construction Management”, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1985.

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING II

UNIT I PLANNING FOR SEWERAGE SYSTEMS

Sources of wastewater generation – Effects – Estimation of sanitary sewage flow – Estimation of storm runoff – Factors affecting Characteristics and composition of sewage and their significance – Effluent standards – Legislation requirements.

UNIT II SEWER DESIGN

Sewerage – Hydraulics of flow in sewers – Objectives – Design period – Design of sanitary and storm sewers – Small bore systems – Computer applications – Laying, joining & testing of sewers – appurtenances – Pumps – selection of pumps and pipe Drainage -. Plumbing System for Buildings – One pipe and two pipe system.

UNIT III PRIMARY TREATMENT OF SEWAGE 

Objective – Unit Operation and Processes – Selection of treatment processes – Onsite sanitation – Septic tank, Grey water harvesting – Primary treatment – Principles, functions design and drawing of screen, grit chambers and primary sedimentation tanks – Operation and Maintenance aspects.

UNIT IV SECONDARY TREATMENT OF SEWAGE

Objective – Selection of Treatment Methods – Principles, Functions, Design and Drawing of Units – Activated Sludge Process and Trickling filter, other treatment methods – Oxidation ditches, UASB – Waste Stabilization Ponds – Reclamation and Reuse of sewage – Recent Advances in Sewage Treatment – Construction and Operation & Maintenance of Sewage Treatment Plants.

UNIT V DISPOSAL OF SEWAGE AND SLUDGE 

Standards for Disposal – Methods – dilution – Self purification of surface water bodies – Oxygen sag curve – Land disposal – Sewage farming – Deep well injection – Soil dispersion system – Sludge characterization – Thickening – Sludge digestion – Biogas recovery – Sludge Conditioning and Dewatering – disposal – Advances in Sludge Treatment and disposal.

TEXTBOOKS

1. Garg, S.K., Environmental Engineering Vol. II, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 2003.
2. Punmia, B.C., Jain, A.K., and Jain.A., Environmental Engineering, Vol.II, Lakshmi Publications, Newsletter

REFERENCES

1. Manual on Sewerage and Sewage Treatment, CPHEEO, Ministry of Urban Development, A government of India
2. Wastewater Engineering – Treatment and Reuse, Tata Mc.Graw-Hill Company, New Delhi,2003.

ENVIRONMENTAL AND IRRIGATION ENGINEERING DRAWING

UNIT I WATER SUPPLY AND TREATMENT

Design & Drawing of flash mixer, flocculator, clarifier – Slow sand filter – Rapid sand filter – Infiltration gallery – Intake towers – Service reservoirs – Pumping station – House service connection for water supply and drainage.

UNIT II SEWAGE TREATMENT & DISPOSAL

Design and Drawing of screen chamber – Grit channel – Primary clarifier – Activated sludge process – Aeration tank & oxidation ditch – Trickling filters – Secondary clarifiers – Sludge digester – Sludge drying beds – Waste stabilisation ponds – Septic tanks and disposal arrangements – Manholes.

UNIT III IMPOUNDING STRUCTURES

Gravity dam, Tank Surplus Weir, Tank Sluice with tower road – Drawing showing plan, elevation, half section including foundation details.

UNIT IV CANAL TRANSMISSION STRUCTURES 

Aqueducts – Syphon Aqueducts – Super passage – Canal siphon – Canal Drops- Drawing showing plan, elevation and foundation details.

UNIT V CANAL REGULATION STRUCTURES

Canal headworks- Canal Regular – Canal escape- Proportional Distributors – Drawing showing detailed plan, elevation and foundation.

TEXTBOOKS

1. Modi, P.N., “Environmental Engineering I & II”, Standard Book House, Delhi – 6
2. Sathyanarayana Murthy “Irrigation Design and Drawing” Published by Mrs L.Banumathi, Tuni east Godavari
3. Sharma R.K. Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures Oxford and IBH Publishing

REFERENCES

1. Peary, H.S., ROWE, D.R., Tchobanoglous, G., “Environmental Engineering”, McGraw- Hill Book Co., New Delhi
2. Metcalf & Eddy, “Wastewater Engineering (Treatment and Reuse)”, 4th edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi
3. Garg S.K., “Irrigation Environmental Engineering and design StructuresI”, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi
4. Manual on Water Supply and Treatment, CPHEEO, Government of India, New Delhi, 1999
5. Manual on Sewerage and Sewage Treatment, CPHEEO, Government of India, New Delhi, 1993.

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY

List Of Experiments :

1. Sampling and preservation methods and significance of characterization of water and wastewater.
2. Determination of i) PH and turbidity ii) Hardness
3. Determination of iron & fluoride
4. Determination of residual chlorine
5. Determination of Chlorides
6. Determination of Ammonia Nitrogen
7. Determination of Sulphate
8. Determination of Optimum Coagulant Dosage
9. Determination of available Chlorine in Bleaching powder
10. Determination of dissolved oxygen
11. Determination of suspended, volatile and fixed solids
12. B.O.D. test
13. C.O.D. test
14. Introduction to Bacteriological Analysis (Demonstration only)

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