Anna University Question Paper – II SEM – English II


B.E/B.Tech Degree Examination, May 2003

II Semester

HS- 042 English II

Time: 3 hours                                                                                      Max. Marks: 100

Part ‘A’ (10 x 2 = 20 Marks)

  1. Match the words in Column A with their meanings in Column B.
  1.                           i.            Jargon                             objective
  2.                         ii.            Equilibrium                     attribute
  3.                       iii.            Target                             state of being balanced
  4.                       iv.            Ascribe                           highly technical expressions
  1. Rewrite the following in the indirect speech.

Interviewer: Will we be able to spread out to other planets?

Stephen Hawking: We shall probably manage a manned flight to Mars in the next century.

  1. Rewrite the following pairs of sentences combining them into one each. Use the appropriate expressions to show their causal relations.

(i)    A.   The earth’s ice cover is melting at high rates

B.   Polar regions are warming faster than the planet as a whole

(ii)   A.   Several new blocks of buildings have been built there.

B.   The huge canopy of trees has disappeared.

  1. Expand the following.
  1.                           i.      150 rpm
  2.                         ii.      40 ppm
  3.                       iii.      273K
  4.                       iv.      500 Btu/ft3
  1. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
  1.                           i.            He submitted a proposal _______ dam construction______ a particular place.
  2.                         ii.            Renaissance added another 12,000 words ________ the English vocabulary.
  3.                       iii.            Much powerful idiomatic English has come __________ card players, cowboys and jazzy musicians.
  1. Using the hints given below, make sentences that express the purpose.

Example:          experiment    :  demonstrate a principle

The purpose of an experiment is to demonstrate a principle.

An experiment is used to demonstrate a principle.

  1.                           i.            E-mail             : ensure that the message reaches the addressee almost at once
  2.                         ii.            Aerial              : receive broadcast signals
  3.                       iii.            Thermometer  : measure the body temperature
  4.                       iv.            Hammer          : fix any object to the base using a nail
  1. Write two sentences using
  1.                     i.      whereas
  2.                   ii.      but

to show the contrast between two things, compared.

  1. Change the voice of the verbs in the following sentences and rewrite them.
  1.                     i.            The researchers first grow the plant photo-synthetically.
  2.                   ii.            In 2010, a person may easily be treated for heart disease and cancer, by Doctors.
  3.                 iii.            He played a crucial role in solving the problem.
  4.                 iv.            Forests perform many ecological and social functions.
  1. Form nouns from the following words adding suitable endings.
  1.                     i.            satisfy
  2.                   ii.            retain
  3.                 iii.            replace
  4.                 iv.            repent
  1. Punctuate the following passage.

she has had an operation in the ear her husband says I have a real problem with my wife who behaves like a 56 year old teenager.

Part B (5 x 16 =80)

  1. Read the passage carefully, and then answer the following questions.

Getting a chocolate out of a box requires a considerable amount of unpacking: the box has to be taken out of the paper bag in which it has arrived; the cellophane wrapper has to be torn off, the lid opened and the paper removed; the chocolate itself then has to be unwrapped from its own piece of paper. It is now becoming increasingly difficult to buy anything that is not wrapped in cellophane, polythene, or paper.

The package itself is of no interest to the people, who usually throw it away immediately. Useless wrapping accounts for much of the heap of garbage in the streets. So why is it done? Some of it, like the cellophane on meat is necessary, but most of the rest is simply competitive selling. This is absurd. Packaging is using up resources and messing up the environment.

Little research is being carried out on the costs of alternative types of packaging. Just how possible is it, for instance, for local authorities to salvage paper, pulp it, and recycle it as egg-boxes? Would it be cheaper to plant another forest? Paper is the material most used for packaging – but very little is recycled.

A machine has been developed that pulps paper then processes it into packaging, eg. Egg-boxes and cartons. This could be easily adapted for local use. It would mean that people would have to separate their refuse into paper and non-paper, with a different dustbin for each. Paper is, in fact, probably the material that can be most easily recycled; and now, with massive increases in paper prices, the time has come at which collection by local authorities could be profitable.

Recycling of this kind is already happening with milk bottles, which are returned to the dairies, washed out, and refilled. But both glass and paper are being threatened by the growing use of plastic. More and more dairies are experimenting with plastic bottles. If all the milk bottles necessary were made of plastic, then British dairies would be producing the equivalent of enough plastic tubing that would encircle the earth every five or six days!

The trouble with plastic is that it does not rot. Some environmentalists argue that the only solution to the problem of ever growing mounds of plastic containers is to do away with plastic altogether in the shops, a suggestion unacceptable to many manufacturers who say there is no alternative to their handy plastic packs.

More research is needed for the recovery and re-use of various materials and for the cost of collecting and recycling containers as opposed to producing new ones. Unnecessary packaging, that is used just once, can be avoided. But it is not so much a question of doing away with packaging as using it sensibly. What is needed now is a more sophisticated approach to packaging. Let it be simplified to a considerable extent to minimize land pollution.

Choose the response which best reflects the meaning of the text.

  1. The ‘local authorities’ are
    1. the Town Council.
    2. the police.
    3. the paper manufacturers.
    4. the most influential citizens.
  2. If paper is to be recycled
    1. more forests will have to be planted.
    2. the use of paper bags will have to be restricted.
    3. people will have to use different dustbins for their rubbish.
    4. the local authorities will have to reduce the price of paper.
  3. British dairies are
    1. producing enough plastic tubing to go round the world in less than a week.
    2. giving up the use of glass bottles.
    3. increasing the production of plastic bottles.
    4. re-using their old glass bottles.
  4. The environmentalists think that
    1. more plastic packaging should be used.
    2. plastic is the most convenient form of packaging.
    3. too much plastic is wasted.
    4. shops should stop using plastic containers.
  5. The author thinks that
    1. the function of packaging is not important.
    2. people will soon stop using packaging altogether.
    3. not enough research has been done into the possibilities of recycling.
    4. the cost of recycling is so great that it is better to produce new materials than use old ones.

State whether the following statements are true or false.

  1. Too many products nowadays are wrapped in unnecessary packaging.
  2. The countryside is being spoilt by the overproduction of packaging.
  3. It is possible to use paper again.
  4. The rising price of paper will make it worthwhile for local authorities to collect waste-paper.
  5. Plastic is difficult to destroy.

Choose the meaning or explanation which best fits the context in which it is used.

  1. confined
    1. used for
    2. restricted to
    3. needed for
    4. suited to
  1. accounts for
    1. makes up
    2. compensates for
    3. is recovered from
    4. is kept out of
  2. So why is it done?
    1. Why do people buy things they don’t need?
    2. Why is so much wrapping thrown away?
    3. Why do the shops try to sell things people don’t want?
    4. Why is so much unnecessary wrapping used?
  3. messing up
    1. spoiling
    2. altering
    3. improving
    4. poisoning
  4. recycled
    1. reduced
    2. reproduced
    3. re-used
    4. retailed
  5. handy
    1. attractive
    2. easy to hold
    3. convenient
    4. easy to destroy

12. a. Convert the following flow – chart into a paragraph of about 150 words. Use an introductory and a concluding sentence with proper sequential expressions and appropriate connectives.

The Process of Making Cement




        b. Given below is a process description. Read it and draw a flow –chart representing the process described.

Rayon is a man-made fibre. It is, infact, a reconstituted natural fibre – cellulose. Rayon is made by dissolving cellulose in a solution of sodium hydroxide, or caustic soda, as it is usually called. The cellulose is obtained from shredded wood pulp. The dissolved cellulose is formed into threads by forcing it through a spinneret in a setting bath of dilute sulphuric acid. The threads are drawn from the setting bath, wound on a reel, washed, then dried on a heated roller and finally wound on to a bobbin.

13. a. “Computer, its Parts & Uses” – Write two paragraphs on this topic of 200 words each.


      b.  Write a report of the road accident you’ve witnessed in about 200 words.

14. a. As the Maintenance Engineer of Software Company, give a set of eight instructions that are to be followed by the lab assistants while handling sophisticated equipment.


       b. You have decided to go on a weeklong tour with all your family members. Prepare a checklist that consists of eight items that are to be checked before you leave the house.

15. a. Write a letter to your brother who is going to write his Board Examination in April 2003. Offer your suggestions and recommendations to him  (at least  8) as to how he should prepare for the Examination.


        b. Read the following advertisement and write a letter of application for the post advertised enclosing your bio-data.


A well-established company invites applications from aggressive and competent sales persons to sell micro-computer systems and related products.

Our Requirements:

Ø  a University degree in Engineering

  • industry experience
  • good command over English and Tamil

Attractive remuneration package will be offered to the right candidate. Please apply with full career details and salary expectation   to the Human Resources Manager, P.O. Box 12543, General Post Office, Chennai.

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