AIIMS Anesthesiology Syllabus – Part I

AIIMS Anesthesiology Syllabus – Part I

 

The broad goal of teaching in Community Medicine is to prepare the student to function effectively as a community physician.

OBJECTIVES

At the end of the course, the student should be able to:

  1. Describe the concepts of community health and measures of levels of health.
  2. Describe the epidemiological methods.
  3. Apply appropriate epidemiological methods to communicable and non-communicable diseases in the hospital and community situations.
  4. Use epidemiological tools to make rational decisions relevant at the individual and community levels.
  5. Describe and use basic bio-statistical methods.
  6. Select, use and interpret bio-statistical methods to make inferences from hospital/community data.
  7. Describe the demographic pattern of the country and its relation to health.
  8. Define vital statistics and describe the various methods that are used to collect vital statistics in India.
  9. Describe environmental hazards – inside the home, at the workplace and in the community.
  10. Describe and analyze the importance of water and sanitation in human health.
  11. Suggest feasible methods of environmental control at household and community levels.
  12. Describe common occupational hazards in industries, agriculture, and services available to industrial workers.
  13. Describe feasible methods of control of occupational hazards.
  14. Plan, collect, analyze, interpret and present data from a hospital/community survey.
  15. Describe and analyze the roles of the individuals, family, community and socio-cultural milieu in health and disease.
  16. Diagnose and manage maternal and child health problems and advise couples and the community on the family planning methods available.
    1. Diagnose and manage common nutritional problems at the individual and community levels.
    2. Describe the methods of nutritional assessment in the community.
    3. Describe the important/common health problems in India.
    4. Describe the School Health Programme
    5. Describe the health information system in India with reference to the Management Information System.
    6. Describe and evaluate the National Health Programmes.
    7. Describe the health care delivery system in India.
    8. Describe the organization and functions of the health care team at Primary Health Centre, Community Health Centre and District levels.
    9. Interact with other members of the health care team and participate in the organization of health care services and implementation of National health Programmes.
    10. Plan and implement measures for disaster management.
    11. Describe the principles and components of primary Health Care, National Health Policy and its implementation in the country.
    12. List the goals/ targets set to achieve Health for All by 2010 A.D.
    13. Diagnose and manage common health problems and emergencies at the individual, family and community levels keeping in mind the existing health care resources, prevailing socio-cultural beliefs and family resources.
    14. Plan and implement an intervention programme with community participation.
    15. Plan and implement, using simple audiovisual aids, a health educational programme and carry out its evaluation.

COURSES 1. BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

Objectives

At the end of the course the student should be able to:

  1. Define social & behavioural sciences and discuss their role in Community Medicine.
  2. Describe the role of the family/community in health and disease.
  3. Measure the socio-economic status of a family and describe its importance in health and disease.
  4. Construct, pre-test and validate questionnaire/interview schedule.
  5. Define attitudes.
  6. Describe the process of attitudinal development and methods to change.
  7. Construct, pretest and validate a questionnaire / interview schedule to test attitudes of a community.

Contents

  • Culture, Society and Health
  • Role of Family in health and disease
  • Health, illness behaviour
  • Social Organization and Community Participation
  • Measurement of Socioeconomic Status and its importance in relation to health and disease.
  • Questionnaire/Interview schedule designing
  • Practical: Construction and pre-testing of questionnaire/ interview schedule
  • Attitudes: nature, development, methods to change
  • Measurement of attitudes
  • Questionnaire design to test attitudes.
  1. 2.   HEALTH EDUCATION

Objectives

At the end of the course the student should be able to:

  1. Describe health education and its methods.
  2. Communicate effectively with the individual, family and community.
  3. Plan and conduct health Education sessions for an individual/community.
  4. Design different health education aids e.g. posters, scripts for role-play, film etc.
  5. Use different health education aids, video etc. to educate the community.
  6. Evaluate the health education programme.

Contents

–           Definition and principles of health education

–           Health educational methods

–          Audiovisual aids

–           The art of communication

–           Skills of communication

–           Methods of overcoming resistance in the individual, family and community.

–           Planning a health educational programme

–          Use of other aids in health education

–           Evaluation of health educational activities

–           Information Education Communication Strategies

–           Practical exercise: preparing and delivering a health educational talk on simple issues:

  • Personal hygiene
  • Clean water
  • Clean domestic environment
  • Clean external environment
  • Dental hygiene
  • Any other topic
  1. 3.    ENVIRONMENT

Objectives

At the end of the course the student should be able to:

  1. Describe the physical environment inside the home, at the workplace and in the community, and its impact on health and disease.
  2. Describe the family environment.
  3. Suggest appropriate methods for improving the internal/external environment.
  4. Define safe water. Describe the sources of water (tap, hand pump, well).
  5. State the criteria (national and WHO) for safe water.
  6. Describe appropriate methods for making water safe at the domiciliary level.
  7. Describe sources of waste and methods of waste control at individual and community levels.
  8. Define air pollution, causes of air pollution and describe appropriate measures of control.
  9. Describe the effects of noise and radiation on health.
  10. Describe the common vectors of diseases and methods of vector control.
  11. Describe the various insecticides that are used for vector control.
  12. Describe insecticide resistance.

Contents

  • Environment:

–          housing

–          physical environment inside and outside the home

–          family environment

  • Water
  • Waste
  • Air pollution, green house effect, ozone layer
  • Noise and radiation pollution
  • Vectors of disease
  • Vector Control and insecticidal resistance.

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