CBSE SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS FOR CLASS 12 HISTORY 2011-2015
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Introduction ALL CONTENT FROM PG 320 321
The British felt that meticulous mapping was essential for the administration of the Raj
Maps used for defence purposes
Maps helped the British identify the location of hills, rivers and vegetation, which were all very important for building structures for defence.
EG The garer-math in Bengal is left as an open expanse of land for the British to have a direct line of fire on the approaching enemy
Maps used for commercial purposes
Maps show the location of ghats, alignment of roads, and this information is used to gauge commercial possibilities ad plan strategies for taxation.
Maps used for towns planning purposes
Maps of towns were prepared not only to plan the development of these towns, but also to develop them commercially and consolidate British hold over them.
EG Worried by congestion in the northern parts of the Fort area, such as Borah Bazaar, where local communities had settled, the British made continuous attempts to push them out of the area. Conclusion
Thus, mapping played an integral role in consolidation of the British empire.
Part B - Section I 4.
4 Introduction ALL CONTENT FROM PG 9 10
There are various strategies used by archaeologists to track social differences in Harappan society, which are as follows
Study of Harappan burial sites