NCERT Psychology Textbook For Class XI
About this eBook
PREFACE Psychology is one of the youngest sciences but one of the fastest growing. There are many who believe that the 21st century is going to be the century of biological sciences along with psychological sciences. Development in the fields of neurosciences, as well as physical sciences have opened new doors to solve the mysteries of mind and human behaviour. There is no human endeavour which is going to remain unaffected by this new knowledge which is getting created. One only hopes that it will enable people to live their lives more meaningfully and to organise human systems better. In fact, as a consequence, a large number of new job opportunities have surfaced. Psychology already has made inroads into many new domains. The writing of this textbook has been truly a collective effort. It has benefitted from the inputs received from various subject experts in various forms, from college and school teachers, and also students. In writing this textbook, we have tried to address some of the concerns raised by the evaluators of the previous edition of this textbook, while also making use of some portions of it. The textbook follows the National Curriculum Framework NCF 2005. In keeping with the general guidelines, we have tried to reduce the load and attempted to make it more comprehensible for the students. In doing so, we have tried to relate psychological concepts with everyday human behaviour and also with various life experiences. How far one has succeeded in this, is left for the teachers and students to judge. One major challenge which teachers of psychology face is to make their students analyse human behaviour in a scientific manner and to use explanations which are not commonsensical. More than any other scientific discipline, psychology runs the risk of trivialisation. It is our hope that students who go through this course will develop a proper scientific attitude for analysing others and their own behaviour and use it for personal growth. We take great pleasure in placing this textbook in the hands of students and teachers and also express our gratitude to all who have provided their unstinted support in its writing and production.
Change the World by Changing Me The Sufi Bayazid says this about himself I was a revolutionary when I was young and all my prayer to God was Lord, give me the energy to change the world. As I approached middle age and realised that half my life was gone without my changing a single soul, I changed my prayer to Lord, give me the grace to change all those who come in contact with me. Just my family and friends, and I shall be content. Now that I am an old man and my days are numbered, my one prayer is Lord, give me the grace to change myself. If I had prayed for this right from the start I should not have wasted my life.
SOURCE THE SONG OF THE BIRD ANTHONY DE MELLO, S.J.