ICSE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 HISTORY AND CIVICS
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i. The introduction of the Doctrine of Lapse by Lord Dalhousie. This doctrine imposed an unsentimental law of 'no adoption policy for rulers and in the absence of a natural heir the kingdom would fall into the hands of the British. ii. Introduction of the British policy of annexation of kingdoms under the pretext of inefficient administration of the rulers. b The press helped in promoting nationalist sentiments among Indians in the following ways i. It passed on the message of patriotism and modern liberal ideals of liberty, freedom, equality, home rule and independence, spread among people. ii. It made the exchange of views between different social groups from different parts of the country possible. iii. It carried on daily criticism of the unjust politics of the British towards the Indians. iv. It made the people of India aware of the happenings taking place all over the world. c Two important contributions of Lala Lajpat Rai i. He started the monthly magazine 'Young India' to spread the message of the right of India to attain Swaraj. ii. He was influential in the expansion of D.A.V. College in Lahore in 1886. He also opened various orphanages, hospitals and schools. d Two basic reasons responsible for the Surat Split in 1907 were i. The Early Nationalists wanted to confine the movements of Swadeshi boycott to Bengal, at the same time the Assertive Nationalists wanted to extend these movements to the rest of the country. ii. The Early Nationalists wanted Rashbehari Gosh as the President of the Surat session, while the Assertive Nationalists wanted Lala Lajpat Rai. e The Gandhi-Irwin Pact of 1931 was signed between Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin because both wanted peace in the country. The following are one provision each of the pact i. The British government decided to release all political prisoners excluding the ones that were guilty of violence. ii. In return, the Congress agreed to suspend the Civil Disobedience Movement. f The main objectives of the Indian National Army were as follows i. To organise a provisional government of Free India in order to mobilise all the forces effectively. ii. Total mobilisation of Indian man-power and money for a total war. iii. To organise an armed revolution and to fight the British army of occupation with modern arms. iv. The armed revolution had to be arranged by the Indians living abroad, particularly in East Asia as it was not possible for the Indians staying in India to organise it.
g The three members of the Cabinet mission were i. Lord Pethic Lawrence ii. Sir Stafford Cripps iii. A.V. Alexander h The following are two important terms of the Treaty of Versailles i. It held Germany responsible of aggression that resulted in the war. ii. It confirmed that Belgium, Poland, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia were completely independent nation-states. i Two factors responsible for the failure of the League of Nations were