The Mines Act 1952
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Be it enacted by Parliament as follows CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1.
Short title, extent and commencement 1 This Act may be called the Mines Act, 1952. 2 It extends to whole of India 3 It shall come into force on sub date or dates as the Central Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for st different provisions of this Act and for different states but not later than 31 December, 1953. Definitions - 1 In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires a omitted b adult means a person who has completed his eighteenth year. c agent , when used in relation to a mine, means every person, whether appointed as such or not, who, acting or purporting to act on behalf of the owner, takes part in the management, control, supervision or direction of the mine or of any part thereof d Chief Inspector means the Chief Inspector of Mines appointed under this Act e Committee means a committee constituted under section 12 f day means a period of twenty-four hours beginning at mid-night g district magistrate means, in a presidency-town, the person appointed by the Central Government to perform the duties of a district magistrate under this Act in that town h a person is said to be employed in a mine who works as the manager or who works under appointment by the owner, agent or manager of the mine or with knowledge of the manager, whether for wages or not. i in any mining operation including the concomitant operations of handing and transport of minerals up to the point of despatch and of gathering sand and transport thereof to the mine ii in operations or services relating to the development of the mine including construction of plant therein but excluding construction of buildings, roads, wells and any building work not directly connected with any existing or future mining operations iii in operating, servicing, maintaining or repairing any part or any machinery used in or about the mine iv in operations, within the premises of the mine of loading for despatch of minerals v in any office of the mine vi in any welfare, health, sanitary or conservancy services required to be provided under this Act, or watch and ward, within the premises of the mine excluding residential area or vii in any kind of work whatsoever which is preparatory or incidental to, or connected with mining operations i Inspector means an Inspector of Mines appointed under this Act, and includes a district magistrate when exercising any power or performing any duty of an Inspector which is empowered by this Act to exercise or perform i mine means any excavation where any operation for the purpose of searching for or obtaining minerals has been or is being carried on and includes i all borings, bore holes, oil wells and accessory crude conditioning plants, including the pipe conveying mineral oil within the oilfields ii all shafts, in or adjacent to and belonging to a mine, where in the course of being sunk or not