Objective Logical Reasoning
About this eBook
Preface Reasoning, as a subject, has been growing in significance across competitive examinations in India. This is the only assessment area where one finds conventional question types evolving inclusively, as well as new types of questions emerging. As we know, there are mainly three focus areas in the assessment of reasoning i non-verbal reasoning, or spatial aptitude ii verbal reasoning, or mental aptitude and iii logical reasoning, or critical thinking aptitude. Objective Logical Reasoning owes its existence to comprehensive research and methodical planning. Logical reasoning has mainly two parts i analytical reasoning, and ii critical reasoning. The book caters comprehensively to both these evolving parts of logical reasoning tests that assess the critical thinking and analytical skills of the candidates. This book is an attempt to provide the young aspirants with both i a clear understanding of important types and concepts, and ii comprehensive practice material structured in a methodical way. Another important issue with any reasoning book is the way the solutions are provided. There are some ambiguous aspects in certain questions that need to be covered with complete explanations, with all scenarios in mind.
About the series Students are always on the lookout for resources that provide them with a balanced approach to learn the ever-growing types of reasoning questions, as well as give them ample practice material to hone their skills while preparing for success. This Objective Reasoning series is structured in three books 1. Objective Non-Verbal Reasoning 2. Objective Verbal Reasoning 3. Objective Logical Reasoning This book is an effort to provide the candidates with a resource to attain conceptual clarity needed to comprehend reasoning questions in a simple way and solve the questions accurately. A good thing about this series is that all the three books are structured in the same way. So, the instruction methodology in each of these is the same, which will help students learn and practise the entire gamut of exercises in the same learning methodology. Teachers will also appreciate this aspect as a standardized approach will sync well with their teaching methodology and lesson plans.
Acknowledgements We must confess that brining out such a comprehensive book on one aspect of reasoning Logical Reasoning where collection, verification, and assessment of material is a huge task, has been a group effort. The team behind this effort is a gifted squad of researchers, who went through the entire process meticulously, without losing steam at any phase, and keeping in mind the timelines and all qualitative aspects of publishing a book. Despite our best efforts at the desk-level, a few errors may have unintentionally crept in the book. I request that such blemishes must not be ignored but brought forward to us, so that we may rectify these in our next editions. Suggestions for improving the book in any way are most welcome. We wish all the aspirants the very best. Publisher
vii PART 1
CHAPTER 1 Exercises
ANALYTICAL REASONING TESTS
Introduction to Analytical Reasoning Questions