About this eBook
Preface I feel immense pleasure in presenting my book Modern Essays to the competitors aspiring for careers in higher services both of the central government and the state governments. The book comes as a result of the persistent demand made by the competitors to the publishers to bring out a comprehensive book of essays, particularly since compulsory English essay paper was introduced by the U.P.S.C. in the Indian Civil Services Examination Main syllabus. Most of these essays were contributed to various magazines and periodicals in the last few years. Before inclusion in this book they have been thoroughly revised and brought up-to-date. As the contents of the book will show, the essays cover a wide variety of subjects ranging from the political, social, sociological to economic, environmental, literary, reflective, personality development and biographical or semi-biographical. It is for this reason, therefore, that the book has been divided into four parts, each containing more than a dozen essays except the last part. The preparation of the book has been a very very strenuous exercise on the part of the author who possesses some experience in this field. He has taken adequate care to present the essays in a most systematic and organised manner, keeping in mind, at the same time, the requirements of standard essays for higher services examinations. The thought content of the essays has been tried to be made as pithy as possible so that the competitors may find adequate material to respond to the requirements of a higher competitive examination. I acknowledge my deep debt of gratitude to those great writers, thinkers and other great men of the world who have exercised a deep influence on me and have inspired me to undertake this onerous task. I would also like to express my heartiest thanks to my publishers, the Upkar Prakashan, who have so kindly co-operated all along in bringing out the book in time even after passing the entire printing exercise through a computerization process. I am also highly thankful to all those young competitors who have been persistently pressing me and the publishers to bring out a book which adequately caters to their needs for answering the essay paper in higher services examinations conducted by the U.P.S.C. and various State Public Service Commissions. I hope that the book will come upto their expectations. Suggestions for the further improvement of the book will be highly welcomed and gratefully acknowledged. B. K. Goyal
CONTENTS Political and Historical Essays 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9.