Breeding of Field Crops (HB)
Breeding of Field Crops (HB)
About this eBook
Crop improvement has been started since ancient era of human history of development. Initially domestication and selection were an art rather science, later hybridization also got involved in this programme and created better genotypes by creating variability. In modern time, it is a science of domestication, variation and acclimatization of wild races. Several efforts have also been made during civilization and are still continued by plant breeders, biotechnologists and molecular biologists to improve the crop production in terms of quantity, quality, disease resistance, resistance to herbicides, insects-pests and viruses to minimise yield losses. The green revolution was started with the aims to feed and save the ever increasing large population from starvation by quantum increase which has now switched to quality improvement. Most modern and sophisticated techniques of molecular breeding, biotechnology, tissue culture and recombinant DNA technology are employed to design transgenic plants that has opened the new era to create genetically modified crops that are not prevailing in the nature like Bt cotton, Bt brinjal, tomato, soybean, maize and several other crops. These genetically modified plants are now producing several new products that are designed for industrial and pharmaceuticals purposes suitable for different agroclimatic regions of the world. At global level number of Institutes, Organizations and Agricultural Universities are involved in crop improvement programmes for human welfare. Similarly in India, several researchers and plant breeders are now engaged in crop improvements and technology developments, besides producing quality seeds with improved and enhanced quality proteins and other metabolites. The knowledge of conventional, biotechnological and molecular breeding can be enhanced by educating the students and researchers with upto date knowledge to be made available to them. During my thirty seven years of research and teaching experience in five Universities of India, Asia and Africa, I always felt insufficient teaching information in crop breeding books meant for UG and PG level students. These books are not including all the field crops and even the chapters are not contributed by specific crop breeders, being taught to students. Therefore, I started to make my efforts to cope up with all these shortcomings. As a result the book Breeding of Field crops , is in your hands covering all the major crops and some most economically important minor crops being cultivated in all parts of the India and in most countries of the world. Moreover the chapters in this book are contributed by the Project Directors, Project Coordinators of Indian Council of Agricultural Research ICAR and Professors of several Agriculture Universities of India. I hope that this book will fill-up the big gap and prove an asset for UG, PG students specific crop researchers and also solve the requirements of teaching community engaged in crop breeding programmes. Emphasis has been given to include most recent knowledge of conventional, biotechnological and molecular advancements till date available in every crop breeding programme.
I am highly thankful to all the contributors of chapters on specific crops who voluntarily agreed to support my efforts to bring out this book, Breeding of Field Crops , in the honour of premier Agriculture and educational institute of India i.e. Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture Technology, Kanpur which is recognized today at the global map by producing world class scientists teachers and reputed crop varieties at national level as well as in neighbouring countries. Its foundation was laid down in 1893 when a small school was started by Britishers to impart training to revenue officers. In 1906 it arose into full-fledged Government Agriculture College Patthar College , then the U.P. Institute of Agricultural Sciences in 1969 and finally to the Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture Technology, Kanpur, in 1975. I am dedicating this book to my historical and beautiful university on occasion of completion of its 105 years which is now one of the oldest premier institutes of Asia. I shall be highly thankful to esteemed readers for their suggestions in improving the quality