Concepts of Environmental Management for Sustainable Development

Concepts of Environmental Management for Sustainable Development
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Concepts of Environmental Management for Sustainable Development

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Publisher: IK International
ISBN: 9789382332275
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Preface In the last century unprecedented deterioration in the state of environment occurred mainly due to huge human population growth, demand on resources, and loss of habitats, unscientific land use, industrialization and urbanization. This led to discharge of high volumes of effluents and municipal sewage which polluted the rivers and water bodies. Huge quantity of industrial emissions to the atmosphere caused environmental pollution and health hazards. This also led to the loss of biodiversity and environmental deterioration. The extent of deterioration could be judged due to the pollution of soil, water and air, global warming, ozone depletion in stratosphere, acid rain, eutrophication, loss and degradation of habitat, loss of vegetal cover and loss of biodiversity, excessive concentration of harmful chemicals and magnification through food chain, growing risk of environmental accidents, and threat to life support systems. Concern over the state of the environment started building up in the second half of the last century. The undeniable reality is that human activities influence intensely the biological, chemical and geological processes on the earth. Humans have been around for 0.0001 per cent of planet s estimated 4.5 billion year history but they have put enormous pressure on planet s resources and natural environment. At present about 40 of planet s ice free land has been cleared for agriculture and farming. However, the impact of human activities started exploding the environment after the industrial revolution, in Europe. They developed technologies to produce value added products leading to have comfortable lifestyle and did not visualize the deterioration in the natural environment. United Nations Organization UNO became concerned and it was reflected at the UNOconference on the Human Environment held in Stockholm in June, 1972, and later in the Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1992. Review of progress was done in Johannesburg, 2002 and review in June, 2012 at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Government of India actively participated in1972 conference and follow-up conferences. The Indian Parliament enacted laws to protect India s environment. Regulatory agencies have been set up to implement the laws and take steps to protect the environment in India. Courses on, environmental science and on environmental management have been developed and incorporated in the syllabi of undergraduate and postgraduate classes in environmental science, environmental engineering and management studies. There are not many text and reference books which integrate the environmental science and environmental management into a single source for students. This up-to-date and comprehensive textbook integrates the concepts of environmental science with environmental management dealing with different management tools for achieving sustainable development. The text should be suitable for environmental science,
viii Preface environmental engineering and management, MBA and BBA students both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. This book deals with the concepts in ecology and environmental sciences, concepts of environmental management including corporate environmental indicators, legal, technological and managerial tools and concepts of sustainable development including indicators, priorities and practices. Besides, the detailed treatment of environmental laws, EIA and EMP, life cycle analysis, pollution control technology, EMS certification, environmental auditing, and accounting, industrial safety practices, disaster management, corporate social responsibility, etc. Waste treatment, municipal, hazardous, biomedical waste management, Hazchem Code, risk assessment and analysis etc., case studies, secured landfill, energy management and climate change have also been included. For writing this book I have received assistance, computer support, data support, motivation, etc., from many people. Some university professors have gone through the contents or parts of the text. I wish to thank all of them profusely. They are - Er. Susanta Guru of Aditya Birla Group of Industries, Sambalpur, provided photographs of aluminium industry, mining activities Dr. Appanna Mishra of Vedanta Aluminum Industry, Jharsuguda Dr. Siba Prasad Panda of Hindalco