Applied Chemistry-II

Applied Chemistry-II
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Applied Chemistry-II

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Publisher: Vayu Education
ISBN: 9789383137725
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Preface The present edition of the book is as per the latest syllabus of Polytechnic Students. The whole prescribed syllabus is divided into TWENTY chapters covering all the disciplines of applied engineering chemistry such as inorganic, organic, synthetic, physical, applied, industrial, spectroscopic and material chemistry. This book is written keeping in mind the requirement of engineering diploma students, i.e., every aspect of a topic is dealt keeping its concern in engineering science. Key features of the book include a simple and holistic approach with large number of illustrations and tables. The present book gives exhaustive overview of various chapters like , Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding Periodic Classification of Elements Instrumental Methods of Analysis Chemical Kinetics Ionic Theory Electrochemistry Corrosion and Protection from Corrosion Catalysis Solid State Colloidal State Lubricants Environmental Pollution and its Control Water and Wastewater Chemistry Fuels Glass and Ceramics Mechanism of Organic Reactions Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds Polymer Chemistry Organic Materials and Analytical Chemistry. Each chapter is provided with large number of solved numerical examples which are supposed to be very useful for the students. At the end of each chapter Multiple Choice Questions, Fill in the Blanks, Numerical and theoretical questions along with their answers are given. I hope the present book will prove a useful tool for teachers and students of undergraduate engineering classes. Critical suggestions from the users on the material presented are welcome for the improvement of the book. Author
SYLLABUS APPLIED CHEMISTRY Common to All Engineering Courses DETAILED CONTENTS 1. ATOMIC STRUCTURE Basic concept of atomic structure, Matter wave concept, Quantum number, Haisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, Shaples of orbitals. 2. CHEMICAL BONDING Covalent bond, Ionic Co-ordinate, Hydrogen bonding, Valence bond theory, Hybridisation, VSEPR theory, Molecular orbital theory. 3. CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS Modern classification of elements s,p,d and f block elements , Periodic properties Ionisation potential electro negativity, Electron affinity. 4. ELECTRO CHEMISTRY Arrhenius Theory of electrolytic dissociation, Transport number, Electrolytic conductance, Ostwald dilution law. Concept of Acid and bases Bronsted, Arrhenius and Lewis theory. Concept of pH and numericals. Buffer solutions, Indicators, Solubility product, Common ion effect with their application, Redox reactions, Electrode potential Nernst Equation , Electro-chemical cell Galvanic and Electrolytic . EMF of a cell and free energy change. Standard electrode potential, Electro chemical series and its application. 5. CHEMICAL KINETICS Law of mass action, order and molecularity of rection. Activation energy, rate constants, Ist order reactions and 2nd order reactions. 6. CATALYSIS Definition Characteristics of catalytic reactions, Catalytic promotors and poison, Autocatalysis and Negative catalysis, Theory of catalysis, Application. 7. SOLID STATE Types of solids Amorphous and Crystalline , Classification Molecular, Ionic, Covalent, Metallic , Band theory of solids Conductors, Semiconductors and Insulators , types of Crystals, FCC, BCC, Crystal imperfection. 8. COLLOIDAL STATE OF MATTER Concept of collidal and its types, Different system of colloids, Dispersed phase and dispersion medium. Methods of preparation of colloidal solutions, Dialysis and electrodialysis. Properties of colloidal solution with special reference to absorption, Brownian Movement, tyndal effect, Electro phoresis and coagulation. relative stability of hydrophillic and hydrophobie colloids. Protection and protective colloids. Emulsion, Types, preparation,properties and uses. Application of colloids chemistry in different industries. 9. LUBRICANTS Definition, classification, Necessasity and various kinds of lubricants. Function