औद्योगिक संबंध B. Com. III के लिए

औद्योगिक संबंध B. Com. III के लिए
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औद्योगिक संबंध B. Com. III के लिए

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Publisher: Sbpd Publications
ISBN: 9789351672128
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INTRODUCTION
vkS ksfxd laxBu ,d ekuoh laxBu gSA blds m s' ksa dh izkfIr ds fy, g vko' d gS fd vkS ksfxd laxBu esa dk Zjr lHkh ekuoh lewg ,d nwljs ls lEcfU kr gksa ,oa vkilh lg ksx ls dk Z djsaA vkS ksfxd lEcU k vkS ksfxd vFkZO oLFkk dh nsu gSaA lk kkj.kr k vkS ksfxd lEcU kksa dk vFkZ mu lHkh izdkj ds lEcU kksa ls gS tks fd vkS ksfxd okrkoj.k esa fo eku gksrs gSaA vkS ksfxd vFkZO oLFkk us lekt dks fu ksDrk ,oa Jfed oxZ esa foHkkftr dj fn k gSA Jfed oxZ dk izfrfuf kRo Je la k ds kjk ,oa fu ksDrk dk izfrfuf kRo izcU k oxZ ds kjk fd k tkrk gSA vkS ksfxd lEcU kksa dk vFkZ Jfedksa ,oa izcU kdksa ds e lEcU kksa vFkok Je la kksas ,oa fu ksDrk laxBu ds e lEcU kksa dks O Dr djus ds fy, fd k tkrk gSA bl izdkj fu ksDrk oxZ ,oa Jfed oxZ ds vfLrRo ds fcuk g lEcU k LFkkfir ugha gks ldrsA vr vkS ksfxd lEcU kksa dk vfLrRo ,d vkS ksfxd laLFkk vFkok laxBu ds fcuk Hkh lEHko ugha gSA vkS ksfxd lEcU kksa dh mRif k vkS ksfxd kfUr ds ifj.kkeLo i gqbZ gSA vkS ksfxd kfUr ds izkjEHk esa fu ksDrk ,oa Jfedksa esa izR k ,oa O fDrxr lEcU k gksrk FkkA nksuksas i kksa esa izR k lEcU kksa ds dkj.k vkS ksfxd lEcU kksa dh leL k u ds cjkcj FkhA vkS ksxhdj.k ,oa cM s iSekus ij mRiknu ds dkj.k nksuksa i kksa esa g izR k lEcU k lekIr gks x,A izkjEHk esa ljdkj Hkh bu lEcU kksa esa gLr ksi ugha djrh FkhA blds ifj.kkeLo i dbZ vkS ksfxd cqjkb ksa tSls fd de etnwjh dk Z ds vf kd k.Vs dk Z dh n'kkvksa dk kjkc gksuk L h ,oa cky etnwjksa dk 'kks"k.k ,oa Jfedksa ds lkFk vekuoh O ogkj vkfn dk tUe gqvkA vr Jfedksa us vius fgrksa dh j kk ds fy, Lo a dks laxfBr fd k ,oa Je la kksa dk mn gqvkA vius fgrksa dh iwfrZ ds fy, Jfed gM rkyksa ,oa fu ksDrk rkykcUnh dk lgkjk ysus yxsA blds ifj.kkeLo i vkS ksfxd la k"kks esa rsth ls o f gqbZ ,oa mldk ns'k dh vkfFkZd lkekftd ,oa jktuhfrd vFkZO oLFkk ij cqjk izHkko iM kA vkt ljdkj bu lEcU kksa ds fu U .k esa ,d egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk vnk djrh gSA bl izdkj vkS ksfxd lEcU k vc dsoy Je vkSj izcU k ds chp lEcU k ugha jg x k gS cfYd ljdkj vFkok jkT Hkh bleas ,d egRoiw.kZ i kdkj gaA vr vkS ksfxd lEcU kksa dks Je izcU k ,oa ljdkj ds tfVy vUrlZEcU kksa ds i esa S O Dr fd k tk ldrk gSA
vkS ksfxd lEcU kksa dh i "BHkwfe INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS BACKGROUND
vkS ksfxd lEcU k vkS ksfxd iztkra dh LFkkiuk rFkk vuqj k.k esa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkrs gSaA Hkkjr esa g vusd pj.kksa ls gksdj xqtjk gSA vusd kVd lkekftd vkfFkZd rFkk jktuhfrd Hkkjr esa vkS ksfxd lEcU kksa dks izHkkfor dj pqds gSaA Lora rk izkfIr ls iwoZ Jfedksa dks hired rFkk fired fd k tkrk Fkk D ksafd u rks os laxfBRk Fks rFkk u gh muds laj k.k ds fy, dkuwu gh FksA lsok kstd ,d opZLodkjh fLFkfr esa Fks dk Z ifjfLFkfr k fu "V Fkha rFkk mudh etnwjh vR Ur uhph FkhA usrkvksa ds iz klksa ds ckotwn Hkh tc s
2
,l ch ih Mh ifCyosG'kUl vkS ksfxd lEcU k ifjfLFkfr k tkjh jgha rks bUgksaus k frdkjh vkUnksyuksa dk i ys fy kA ysfdu izFke fo'o q ds vUr rd Je la k vkUnksyu ugha mHkj ldrk FkkA Employers and Workmen Disputes Act, 1860 ds vfrfjDr Jfedksa ds fgrksa ds laj k.k gsrq 'kk n gh dksbZ dkuwu ekStwn Fkk ftldks etnwjh ds fooknksa dks gy djus ds fy, dke esa yk k tkrk FkkA izFke fo'o q ds ckn vkS ksfxd lEcU kksa us ,d u k vk ke kkj.k fd k tc Jfedksa us fgalk dk rFkk lsok kstdksa us rkyscUnh lockouts dk lgkjk fy kA 1928-29 ds nkSjku vusd gM rky rFkk naxs ,oa rksMQksM ns kus esa vk sA ifj.kkeLo i ljdkj us Trade Disputes
Act., 1929 dks ykxw fd k x k rkfd vkS ksfxd fooknksa ds 'kh kz fuiVku dk c kok feysA g British Industrial Court BIC Act, 1919 ij vk kkfjr FkkA Trade Disputes Act, 1929 BIC Act ls fHkUu Fkk D ksafd g fooknksa ds fuiVku gsrq fdlh LFkk h ra O oLFkk dh ckr ugha djrk FkkA oSls g ns kk x k fd u rks dsU h ljdkj vkSj u gh jkT ljdkj us bl dkuwu dk i kZIr mi ksx fd kA 1938 esa rRdkyhu izpfyr Hk adj vkS ksfxd v'kkfUr ls fuiVus ds fy, cEcbZ ljdkj us Bombay