Arid horticulture for nutrition and livelihood

Arid horticulture for  nutrition and livelihood
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Arid horticulture for nutrition and livelihood

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Publisher: Agrotech Publications
ISBN: 9788183212397
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PREFACE The vast land resource, rich genetic diversity with many landraces possessing resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, animal b sed farming systems, conducive climatic conditions for production o f quality fruits, vegetables and seed spices, opportunity for utilization o f solar radiation and wind energy, sufficient working force o f family labours, developing infrastructure facilities, etc. are the strength o f arid horticulture development. Whereas, extreme o f temperature, recurrent droughts, problem o f wind erosion, frost during winter, saline underground water resource, sandy soils, limited growing period, biotic pressure, etc. are the limitations of the region, owing to occasional crop failure. The existing farming practices in the region are less efficient with respect to space and time, hence cannot support the livelihood o f the inhabitant properly. For nutritional and income security, arid horticulture play a vital role in semi-arid and arid regions. Thus, appropriate and satisfactory safeguards have to be developed to make the system sustainable and profitable. The traditional wisdom of farmers of water harvesting in khadins and practice o f mixed cropping under rainfed conditions in hot arid region o f north western Rajasthan and growing o f vegetables in low cost growing structures in cold region o f Jammu and Kashmir gives an idea of utilizing farmers ITK for further refinement o f technologies. The arid horticultural crops are also well prone to grow organically. In view o f WTO regime o f export requirement, the peculiar dry climate and warm blend in hot arid region offers opportunity for producing quality products o f high health standard. Despite the immense potential, arid horticulture has got emphasis very late as research and development in horticulture were confined earlier to high value crops and resource rich situations. Now, it is realized that integration o f arid horticulture in existing farming system can play vital role in diversification o f untapped natural resources. Since, the development o f arid horticulture is comparatively recent, hence the published literature on this vital subject is scanty. Therefore, an effort was made to compile the work done so far in the field o f arid horticulture with special reference to
Indian scenario for nutrition and livelihood. The compilation of Arid Horticulture for nutrition and livelihood in arid region will serve as knowledge base o f all those involved in research and development of arid horticulture. The authors are grateful to Dr. H. P. Singh, DDG Hort. , I.C.A.R., New Delhi for their inspiration and guidance to bring out this publication. The guidance and support received from past and present Directors o f CIAH, Bikaner is sincerely acknowledged. The authors are also thankful to the scientists, technical persons o f CIAH for their support in compilation. We are highly grateful to the contributors o f the chapters who are experts in their fields for compilation of this publication. For timely printing o f this book, authors are also thankful to publisher M s. AGROTECH Publishing Academy, Udaipur. Authors