Shisham and Kikar Mortality

Shisham and Kikar Mortality
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Shisham and Kikar Mortality

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Publisher: Agrotech Publications
ISBN: 9788183210287
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PREFACE Two species, shisham and kikar are virtually indispensable owing to their importance for various purposes and their acceptance for plantation on a wider scale, both under social forestry agroforestry and national afforestation programmes. Where, shisham D alber gia sissoo is distributed prim arily in the foothills of H im alayas, kikar Acacia nilotica has wider distribution covering large tracts of sub-tropical and tropical parts of the country. Both of these species are part of the natural landscape of the country. Both the speices are considered as quite hardy in nature especially to w ithstand droughts and therefore classified am ong xerophytes. They are found to grow on a variety of soils under different fertility regim es, surviving on inhospitable sites also. However, even in spite of these attributes, a serious die back problem has been noted in these species, covering alm ost all the age groups and under alm ost all the situations where they are found growing. This includes forest areas, farmer fields, roadside canal side planta tions, dry areas, w et soils, etc. This has virtually challenged the very survival of these species, as at som e locations the m ortality recorded is as high as 80 per cent. The Indian Council of Agriculture Research after analyzing the alarm ing situation in respect of these species decided to organize a regional sym posium , and a final decision was taken to hold the sam e at Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Bhatinda of Punjab Agricultural U niversity, Ludhiana. The participation from different institutes including SAUs, ICAR ICFRE institutes, State Forest D epart m ents was registered, which made significant impact on the proceedings of this sym posium . The deliberations focused on the causes and control m easures of the malady. A num ber of causal factors were reported including a host of fungal and pest infections. Ganoderm a, Rhizoctonia, Fomes, Polyporus, P hyllactinia, Fusarium , Uredo, H ypoxilon, Lopharia, D uportela, X ylaria, Thalifor, D aldinia, Cercospora, A lterneria, etc. were the major fungal groups reported. Sim ilarly, am ong in sect-
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Shisham and K ikar M ortality in India
ctc. He has more than 65 research papers published in national and international journals. Dr Khajuria rem ained academic Council member of UH F Solan and UGC Nom inee in board of studies of FRI Dehradun. He has been decorated with best teacher award by PAU Ludhiana. D r R ajn i C h a u h a n , A ssistant Professor of Forestry Ph.D. is m ainly working on forest ecological aspects and also em phasizing on mulberry and tahli im provem ent work from last nine years. She has 22 research paper published in national international journals. She has worked as Principal Investigator of the adhoc project on reproductive biology of Dalbergia funded by ICFRE Dehradun. She is also engaged in teaching and extension activities