Floriculture in Hills
About this eBook
PREFACE The nature has endowed the Himachal Pradesh, the land of snowy mountains with a varied agroclimatic conditions ranging from subtropical to wet and dry temperate in one or other part of the state, which has made it possible to grow a large number of ornamental plants throughout the year in one or other corner of the state. The floriculture activities in the state got boost only after the central government liberalized seed policy in 1988 and EXIM policy in 1991, which made it easier to procure the seed and planting material of the improved and recent cultivars of the important flower crops especially from the Netherlands and Israel, the two giants in the international flori-business. This is evident from the fact that the area under flower crops has increased from just 5 ha in 1980 to 25 ha in 1991 and 311 ha in 2004. At present over 1500 farmers are earning their respectable livelihood through viable 48 cooperatives of the flower growers. At present, the leading flower crops in the state are gladiolus, marigold, carnation, chrysanthemum, rose, lilium, alstroemeria and daffodils. The flowers produced in the state during off-season May-November fetch good price in the major cities in the plains especially New Delhi, where annual business of over Rs. 50 crore is being done. Further, to boost the flower cultivation in the state it is the need of the hour that the information is compiled which will benefit the flower growers in cultivation and marketing of the produce. In this book, Floriculture in Hills , efforts have been made to compile the most practical information with respect to the off-season flower cultivation, nursery management and marketing of the floricultural products, which will definitely be useful to the flower growers, amateur gardeners, and other persons associated with the flowers.
CONTENTS 1. Introduction
2. Floriculture Industry Components
3. Off-season Flower Production
4. Nursery Management
5. Management of House Pot plants