Flora and Fauna of India

Flora and Fauna of India
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Flora and Fauna of India

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Publisher: Abhijeet Publications
ISBN: 9789350740576
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Preface The total forested area in India is about 63.73 million hectares. These forests supply a wide variety of resources. They provide structural timer and wood for making furniture and pulp, match wood, wood for charcoal, gum, resins, canes and fibred. Beside these, there are many other forest products such as leaves, fruits, tan dyes, medicinal herbs, bee-wax, honey, turpentine oil and lac. Indian forestry faces many problems. Over grazing and forest fire often destroy forests. Reckless cutting of the trees causes forest destruction. Jhum cultivations destroy forest, it invites soil erosion. To preserve the forest, the government of India has taken up a series of programmers The forests are declared as Reserved Forests. The government has chalked out a good programme of 'Van Mahotsava'. Thousands of trees are planted every year in the months of July and August to promote new forestation. The Forest Research Institute has been up at Dehra Dun for the promotion and preservation of the forests property. Heaven for the wildlife enthusiasts India is a land of the mighty tiger, the graceful peacock, the beautiful King Cobra and the great elephant. Blessed in terms of topography, location, climate and nature, India's wildlife is comparable to the best in the world. Set apart for its rich bio - diversity, unique ecosystem and fascinating wildlife India features among the 12 mega diversity areas in the world. With almost 4 of its land
under forests cover India is home to innumerable national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. Being a large country the dark and dense wilderness of India which supports the other forms of life is thrilling for one and all. Be it the lofty Himalayan regions of north India, the semi arid desert regions of west India or the swampy wet regions of Eastern India, wildlife in India is specific and unique to its geographic area. According to statistics currently India is home to about 390 species of mammals. 210 amphibians, 455 reptiles. 1,230 bird specie and 30,000 species of insects. This makes India one of the richest country's in terms of wildlife. As far as India's plant life is concerned there are 1500 species of plants which are of different origins. Famous for their captivating landscapes and varied flora and fauna the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India are built over large expanse of tropical greenery. The many wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in the country offer ample opportunities to explore the fascinating and extraordinary flora and fauna. Author
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