Organic Farming: Components and Management (PB)

Organic Farming: Components and Management (PB)
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Organic Farming: Components and Management (PB)

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Publisher: Agrobios Publications
ISBN: 9788177544176
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PREFACE Organic agriculture is defined worldwide as farming without the addition of artificial chemicals . On organic farms, no artificial chemicals are used. They are not used to prepare the soil, to grow the crop or to produce anything on which the crop feeds, or to store, process or market the produce. In addition, animals are allowed to range as freely as is practicable. Good organic farming is not a backward step. It combines the best of old knowledge and traditions with the best of modern science. It has much in common with other good management. Organic farms, like other well-run farms, need a high level of management, particularly of soils and pests. Organic farming methods are widely used in under developed and developing countries, largely because of economics and lack of chemicals. However, they are becoming more widely accepted in developed countries as a reaction to intensive or factory farming conditions. For products to be labeled as organic, they must be currently be certified by a third party organization as having been produced according to specific certification standards have been shaped over time and around the world by hundreds of certifying organizations, farmer groups, trade companies, non-government organizations and more recently, by national governments. The situation is complex but efforts are well underway to harmonize regulations as a way to enhance the current growth of the organic market and streamline trade. The dramatic rise of the organic food market is often considered a trend limited to the developed world, where organic food consumption has outpaced production. Yet today organic production has become a truly global practice, found to some degree in almost every country in the world. The present book has been designed according to recent syllabus of ICAR. The following chapters have been included in the book are concept and definition of organic farming, problems of soil degradation, land, soil health and water management, nutrient recycling, crop residues, organic manures, organic composts, soil biota and decomposition of organic residues, earthworms and vermi-compost, green manure, biofertilizers, farming systems, control of weeds, biological control of diseases and insects, pheromones and mechanical
control of insect pests, biopesticides, socio-economic impacts, marketing and export potential, certification, inspection and labeling procedures. In the end Glossary and Subject Index have been given. I hope that the information in this book would be valuable for s under and post graduate students of all agricultural universities. The authors feel greatly obliged to Dr. S. S. Purohit for his support and encouragement. I also deeply value the efforts made by Dr. Updesh Purohit, Agrobios India to publish this book in time. I welcome comments and suggestion of the readers and reviewers. Author
Contents CHAPTER 1......................................................................................... 1 CONCEPT AND DEFINITION OF ORGANIC FARMING ........................... 1