Drought Management Strategies for Pulse Crops

Drought Management Strategies for Pulse Crops
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Drought Management Strategies for Pulse Crops

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Publisher: Agrotech Publications
ISBN: 9788183210225
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Availability: In Stock
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PREFACE Agriculture in India continues to be a gamble with monsoon which contributes
70-80
of
the
annual
precipitation.
Due
to
unpredictable behaviour o f monsoon with respect to its onset, distribution, amount and cessation, farmers in rainfed areas face high risk and uncertainties. Thus, water scarcity is being increasingly recognized as a major limitation to agriculture production and food security in future. Out of an estimated 142 million ha net cultivated area, about 97 million ha 68 is rainfed supporting 40 o f the population and 60 of the livestock. It is the rainfed areas that support 87 o f the pulses. During the period 1891-2002, country has experienced 22 intense droughts and the drought o f 2002 is recognized as one o f the worst in the last 100 years. A single year wide spread drought like the one in 2002 can jolt the country s economy. It has drastically brought down the food grain production from 212 million tonnes to 183 million tonnes, pulses suffered the most with record low production o f 1 1.46 million tonnes. In the past, pulses have not only been shifted from irrigated areas to rainfed areas but also to marginal and sub-marginal lands resulting in unstable performance. To make the nation pulse sufficient, the productivity level has to increase substantially from the current level of 630 kg ha to 800 kg ha by 2007 AD with a minimum growth rate of 4.5 in production One of the major approaches to achieve this is the management o f drought effectively. On the technology front, scientists have generated vast information on
drought
management
including
weather