Crop Improvement in the Era of Climate Change

Crop Improvement in the Era of Climate Change
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Crop Improvement in the Era of Climate Change

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Publisher: IK International
ISBN: 9789382332619
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Preface
From the ancient time period to recent one, human beings depend on agriculture to cultivate and produce various crop plants food and non-food based for their civilization and survivability. But in the present scenario, climate change and global population increase jointly challenge the sustainable agriculture and crop productivity. One of the imposing tasks for the crop researchers globally is to diminish the negative effects of climate change on the performance of crops, especially in relation to yield and quality of harvested products. This is of special signi cance in view of the impending climate change, with complex consequences for economically pro table and both ecologically and environmentally sound global agriculture. The challenge at the hands of the crop scientist in such a scenario is to promote a competitive and multifunctional agriculture, leading to the overall crop improvement. Hence, crop improvement is an urgent need for us. As a result of continuous climatic changes in the form of environmental hazards, abiotic stresses water scarcity, salinity, heavy metals, oxidants and others , global warming, etc., natural and cultivated habitats of crop plants are continuously disturbed. Crop productivity and crop biology are seriously affected by such changing pattern. Beyond such kind of hazardous barriers, this book is aimed at gross crop improvement through agricultural processes, soil reclamation, fertilizer and biofertilizer application, organic farming, hybridization and breeding programme and biotechnological approaches including genetic engineering, transgenesis, tissue culture and different omic technologies. Thus, it covers a wide range of topics under present-day environmental challenges, agronomy and agriculture processes, and biotechnological approaches. The book focusses on broad research areas in relation to crop improvemental aspects which are in the forefront in contemporary crop based research in this changing climate. Different diverse chapters in this book are contributed by high dignity and experienced scientists, researchers, and academicians of both national and international reputation, from around the world who has worked on the challenging problems of achieving crop improvement in the variable environments. Every chapter is written in such a way that it deals about the theoretical as well as applied aspects of regarding themes. Hope such hot topics will be helpful to formulate the future keys toward the crop improvement in the present challenging and changing climate. Words are too inadequate to express my feelings of indebtedness and deep sense of gratitude to respected Dr. N. Dey Dept. of Biotechnology, Visva-Bharati and Dr. Jagatpati Tah Botany Dept., The University of Burdwan for their motivation and continuous support for making this book. Acknowledgement is extended to Prof. Parthadeb Ghosh Botany Dept., University of Kalyani , Prof. Nirmalya Banerjee Botany Dept., Visva-Bharati , Prof. Aloke Bhattacharya, Dr. Tushar Kanti Maiti, Dr. Abhijit Bandyopadhyay and Dr. Tinkari Dalal Botany Dept., The University of Burdwan , Dr. Khalid Rehman Hakeem Dept. of Forestry, Universiti
vi Preface
Putra Malaysia and Dr. Mirza Hasanuzzaman Dept. of Agronomy, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University . I express my profound regards to my parents whose heartiest wishes, endless blessing and special interest have led to this glorious exposure. I am not unmindful of my responsibility to acknowledge for constant help and cooperation directly extended by my intimate and nearer colleagues, namely, Upasana Banerjee, Subhankar Chakraborty, Saptarshi Mondal, Suman Kundu, Bibhas Bhunia, Moumita Das, Reha Labar, Subhrajyoti Mondal, Joydip Karmakar, Amrita Paul, Subhajit Galguly, Nibedita Chakraborty, Nisha Patwa, Sonali Bej, Anindya Pattyanayak, Molla Jannatul Ferdosul Alam, Sunanda Bishnu, Anuj Mamgain, Showkat Ahmad Ganie and others. I am grateful to all the contributors who gave their valuable time to make chapters for the possible success of this book. I shall be highly thankful to the readers for pointing out the errors and omissions which in spite of all care might have crept in. All the suggestions from anybody for further improvement of this edited volume will be highly appreciated and accepted.