Advances in Agronomy 4: Research Advances in Common Bean and Related Species

Advances in Agronomy 4: Research Advances in Common Bean and Related Species
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Advances in Agronomy 4: Research Advances in Common Bean and Related Species

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Publisher: Agrobios Publications
ISBN: 9788190430951
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Preface
The common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, is domesticated independently in ancient Mesoamerica and the Andes, and now grown worldwide for its edible bean, popular both dry and as a green bean. As a legume, beans provided the nitrogen-fixing bacteria which supplied that essential nutrient to the other two crops. The common bean is a highly variable species. The commonly used beans are dry bean, green beans, Shelling beans, Snap or String beans, Shell beans, Pinto or mottled beans White beans, Red kidney beans, Black beans, Pink beans and, Popping beans. Green and Yellow Snap Beans are used to be called string beans, but the string has been bred out of most varieties. They come in bush and pole varieties. Pole beans will require some form of support, and will produce the heaviest yield. Shell beans include lima beans, southern peas, and horticultural beans. Dry beans Dry beans come from plants that have completed their growth and produced hard, dry seeds inside their pods. When mature, the beans are packed with protein. The common bean is high in starch, protein and dietary fiber and is an excellent source of iron, potassium, selenium, molybdenum, thiamine, vitamin B6, and folic acid. Phaseolus vulgaris or common bean is most widely cultivated of all beans in temperate regions, and widely cultivated in semitropical regions. Mature ripe beans, variously called navy beans, white beans, northern beans, or pea beans, are widely consumed. Several books on common bean are available in the market on specific aspects, but a book is rare which contains various aspects starting from taxonomy. The present book discusses advances in common bean during the past decade. The authors felt the necessity for compiling extensively reviewed aspects in a single book the world wide research advances on various subjects of bean. The book covers a variety of subjects starting from origin, breeding and genetics, physiology, production techniques, biotic and abiotic stress iii
factors, food science to biotechnology and biochemistry in a cohesive manner. In the third world, where bean cultivation and research is proceeding at a rapid pace, the scientist get access to current science. Libraries are poorly funded and computer facilities are negligible, not permitting website consultation. The authors strongly feel this book will fulfill their desires. The book aims to serve as a major source of information for the students, researchers, farmers and producers to know about research advances on bean sciences made by the scientists throughout the world. Editors
List of Contributors
CH. ARUNA KUMARI
Vibha Seeds, Agrotech Pvt. Ltd. 501 Subhan Srisampada, Rajbhavan Road, Hyderabad-500 082