Extension Methodologies for Transfer of Agricultural Technology

Extension Methodologies for Transfer of Agricultural Technology
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Extension Methodologies for Transfer of Agricultural Technology

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Publisher: Agrotech Publications
ISBN: 9788183212618
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PREFACE India is a land of villages and village communities. The rural character, of India s economy is highlighted by the proportion of people living in rural areas, depending on economic activities based on rural sector for their livelihood. Rural development is an absolute and urgent necessity for the overall development of the country. Our rural India being predominantly an agrarian economy, the development of our country depends upon its development in agriculture. Adoption of modem technology is one of the methods of increasing agricultural production. Everyday new technologies are being generated, one superseding the other. A well developed communication and extension network, one which can contribute to the timely transfer of these improved new technique s to the right people at the right time, is of high priority. The role of extension workers is of great importance in this process of transfer of technology. By extension approach, education is stretched out beyond the four walls of the institution into the community. Therefore, if education were not to remain the exclusive privilege for the elite, if it were to be made accessible to many, then the need for extension education can scarcely be minimised. It can serve the varied complementary needs of the local community along with education. By breaking the barriers between institutions and community, it makes life-long learning a reality. Extension education assists people in analysing their own problems and in developing their own leadership, while enabling the researchers to get closely acquainted with the people s problems. The primary focus of concern for extension education is the community and its problems. A difficult task like this can be accomplished only by greater mobilisation, organisation and planning at the community in which it is located or initiated. For generating desirable changes in human behaviour in a community, extension education adopts both informal and nonformal methods. Extension work is voluntary, flexible, undertaken in actual life situations, involves teaching-learning process and it is a service.
Towards creating a better India through rural upliftment and agricultural development, the extension base in the country should be fortified. For strengthening the existing extension base, a thorough knowledge of the past and present programmes and also planning principles are needed for the agricultural graduates both at under-graduate and post-graduate levels, as these graduates are tomorrow s agricultural policy makers, extension workers and pillars of rural development. Considering the above urge this book on Extension Methodologies for Transfer of Agricultural Technology is prepared to suit their requirement. Extension teaching methods are basically the educational or instructional methods. These are the teaching methods used