Enterprises and Technologies for Rural Development

Enterprises and Technologies for Rural Development
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Enterprises and Technologies for Rural Development

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Publisher: Agrotech Publications
ISBN: 9788183211031
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PREFACE Many probems that confront mankind today-w ar, poverty, hunger, pollution, race-reations, natura calamitis, are so intr-related that, it is realy difficut to single out one as being more important and significant than others. However, some people opine that hunger is greast of all problems. To eradicate poverty and reduce hunger throughout the world, enormous initiatives and various substantive measures have been taken over the years by all national governments and international donors but till today that problem exists though with a lesser magnitude. Definitely, the agriculture productivity of India and other parts of the world has been tremendously increased over the last 5 decades or so, but one thing is to be believed today that the world has a problem of hunger, but not the problem of food . In fact it is proved in many ways and many times that increase in food does not mean decrease in hunger. Therefore, to eradicate poverty and hunger among the million of the people, living in rural areas, and solely depending on agriculture for their survival, the people should be educated, trained to live with build-in capacity and confidence to earn more through their concerned occupations, drawing'the benefits of fascinating scientific and technological development already taken place in the global arena for the purpose. After Independence Government of India started many programmes for the development of agriculture as well as for strengthening socio-economic conditions of the neglected sections of the rural community. One important aspects of the agricultural development during this period has been that it has not been gradual and even. It has also been very erratic in different parts of the country and among different class of farmers. A detailed analysis of the new technology on growth has shown that, apart from the fact that the overall rate of growth has been modest, it has not been uniform overtime, among different crops, or in different regions. It is also fact that inter-regional disparities can never be eliminated. In the sense of that the natural endowments of different areas can never be made equal. Existing disparities could be reduced, however, if an area specific technology could be evolved.
The failure of the percolation theory leads us to the stage where transfer of appropriate technology for the resource poor farmers becomes extremely important. Farm research over the years has yielded many new technologies but the same are not reaching to the majority of the farmers in a rapid pace. Most of the resource poor farmers are still remaining in the outside orbit of the new technology. In the rapid changing World perspectives in social, economic, political and agricultural spheres, agricultural extension has taken a central place in formulating and disseminating knowledge, and in training farmers to be competent decision makers. Extension, today, also plays a significant role in most agricultural development projects. Hence, there is an urgent need to study, analyse and explore the possibilities of providing new, meaningful and appropriate extension management systems to help accomplishing