# RTU SYLLABUS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING

**RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY**

**TEACHING SCHEME, B.Tech. [CIVIL ENGINEERING]**

**SECOND YEAR (3rd SEMESTER)**

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**3CE1 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS AND MECHANICS OF STRUCTURES – I L-3, T-1**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Simple Stresses and Strains : **Concept of stress and strain in three dimensions and generalized Hooke’s

law; Direct stress and strain: free body diagrams, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus; Tension test of mild steel and other materials: true and apparent stress, ultimate strength, yield stress and permissible stress; Stresses in prismatic & non prismatic members and in composite members; Thermal stresses; Shear stress, Shear strain, Modulus of rigidity, Complementary shear stress; Poisson’s ratio, Volumetric strain, Bulk modulus, relation between elastic constants; Strain energy for gradually applied, suddenly applied and impact loads.

**UNIT 2**

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**Compound Stress : **Two dimensional stress system: stress resultant, principal planes and principal stresses, state of pure shear maximum shear stress, Mohr’s circle & it’s application.

**Columns : **Short and long columns, slenderness ratio, crushing and buckling of column, short column

subjected to axial and eccentric loads; Euler’s theory and its limitation, concept of effective length of

columns; Rankine & Secant formulae.

**UNIT 3**

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**Centroid and Moment of Inertia : **First moment of area, Centroid and moment of inertia of symmetrical & unsymmetrical sections, radius of gyration, polar moment of inertia, product moment of inertia, parallel axis theorem, principal axes and principal moment of inertia.

**Plane trusses : **Simple pin jointed trusses and their analysis: method of joints, method of section and

introduction to computer methods.

**UNIT 4**

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**Bending of Beams : **Types of supports, support reactions, determinate and indeterminate structures, static

stability of plane structures; Bending moment, Shear force and Axial thrust diagrams for statically

determinate beams subjected o various types of loads and moments.

**UNIT 5**

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**Theory of simple bending**: Distribution of bending and shear stresses for simple and composite sections;

Shear center and its location in flanged sections. Introduction to unsymmetrical bending.

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**3CE2 BUILDING MATERIAL AND CONSTRUCTION L-3**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Stones : C**lassification, quarrying of stones, Dressing of stones, various standard test on building stores

including compressive strength, water absorption, durability, impact value, tensile strength, identification,

selection criteria and uses of common building stones.

** **

**Clay Products **: Bricks such as water absorption, compressive strength, effloresces, dimension and

tolerance test– Manufacture process, properties, Classification, standard tests as per IS code, Types of Tiles,standard tests for tiles as per IS code such as water absorption, tolerance, impact value, glazing.

** **

**UNIT 2**

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**Cement and Lime : **Raw materials, constituents of cement and their role, type of cement, manufacture of

OPC, Chemistry of setting and hardening, Various standard tests on Portland cements, as per IS code

including consistency, setting time, fineness, soundness and strength. Lime: Classification, Manufacture,

properties, tests for lime.

** **

**Mortar and Plaster: **Functions and types of sand, bulking of sand, tests for sand, classification, preparation method, tests, uses and properties of mortar and plaster.

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**UNIT 3**

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**Timber : **Definitions of related terms, classifications and properties, conversion of wood, seasoning,

preservation, fire proofing, Ply woods, fiber boards, defects in wood.

**Plastics : **Introduction, properties, classification, uses.

**Miscellaneous: **Properties and uses of glass, steel, aluminum, Asbestos, G.I., various types of paints and

Varnishes, Prestressed and precast concrete.

**UNIT 4**

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**Building Requirements: **Building components, their functions and requirements, classification, of building by occupancy and by types of construction, load bearing construction and framed structure construction.

**Foundation: **Purpose, types of foundation, bearing capacity of soil, depth of footing, foundation for black cotton soil, causes of failure of foundation and remedial measure.

**UNIT 5**

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**Brick and Stone Masonary **: Basic principle of sound masonary work, different types of bonds, relative

merits merit and demerits of English, single flemish and double flemish bond. Comparison between stone

and brick masonary. General principles, classification of stone masonary.

**Pointing & Plastering : **Definition uses and Relative merits, types of panting, types of plastering.

**Partition Wall : **Types, purpose and use of partition wall.

**3CE3 ENGINEERING GEOLOGY L-3**

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**UNIT 1**

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**General Geology : **Subdivision of Geology; Importance of Geology in Civil Engg.; Internal Structure of the Earth; Physical properties of Minerals; Weathering and Work of Wind & River ; Geological Time Scale.

**UNIT 2**

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**Petrology : **Origin, Classification, Texture & Structures of Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks;Engineering Properties of Rocks.

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**UNIT 3**

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**Structural Geology: **Causes & Classification of Fold, Fault, Joints & Unconformities.

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**Geophysical Methods: **Electrical resistivity & Seismic refraction method for civil engineering importance.

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**UNIT 4**

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**Engineering Geology: **Geological investigation for site selection of site for Dams, Tunnels, Reservoirs and Bridges. Site improvement for different engineering projects.

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**UNIT 5**

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**Remote Sensing: **Introduction and applications in Civil Engineering.

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**3CE3 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING L-3**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Approximation & Error analysis: **Approximations and round of errors, Truncation errors and Taylor

Series.

**Roots of Non-linear Equations: **Determination of roots of polynomials and transcendental equations by

Bisection, Secant and Bairstow’s method, Newton-Raphson method, Successive substitution method etc .

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**UNIT 2**

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**Linear Algebraic Equation**: Solutions of linear simultaneous linear algebraic equations by Gauss

Elimination and Gauss-Siedel iteration methods Successive substitution method and Decomposition

methods.

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**UNIT 3**

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**Curve fitting & Numerical Differentiation: **Curve fitting – linear and nonlinear regression analysis;

Backward, Forward and Central difference relations and their uses in numerical differentiation and

integration, Application of difference relations in the solution of differential equations.

**UNIT 4**

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**Numerical Integration and Area under a Curve: **Introduction to numerical integration and Area

under a Curve; Trapezoidal method, Simpson’s 1/3 method, Simpson’s 3/8 method and

Newton’s method for integration.

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**UNIT 5**

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**Ordinary Differential Equation: **Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations by Euler, Modified Euler, Runga-Kutta and Predictor-Corrector method.

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**Partial Differential Equation: **Elliptic equation & parabolic equation & their solution techniques. Finite

Element Method: – General approach, application in one dimension. Computer programming using C/ C++ on these topics.

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**3CE5 FLUID MECHANICS L-3 T-1**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Fluids**: Definition, Ideal fluids, real fluids, Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids.

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**Properties of Fluids: **Units of measurement, Mass density, Specific weight, Specific volume, Specific

Gravity, Viscosity, Surface tension and Capillarity, Compressibility and Elasticity.

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**UNIT 2**

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**Hydrostatics : **Pressure at a point in a static fluid; pressure variation in an incompressible static fluid;

atmospheric pressure, Gauge pressure, vacuum pressure, absolute pressure, Manometers Bourdon pressure gauge.

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**Buoyancy**: Forces acting on immersed plane surface. Centre of pressure, forces on curved surfaces.

Conditions of equilibrium for floating bodies, meta-centre and metacentric height experimental and

analytical determination of metacentric height.

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**UNIT 3**

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**Equilibrium of Fluid particles and flow**: Fluid mass subjected to horizontal and vertical acceleration and uniform rotation.

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**Hydro-kinematics : **Types of Flows : Steady and unsteady, uniform and non-uniform, stream lines, path

lines, stream tubes, principles of conservation of mass, equation of continuity, acceleration of fluid particles local and connective, Rotational and irrational motions, free and forced vortex, circulation and voracity velocity potential and stream function, elementary treatment of flow net. Euler’s equations of motion and integration of Euler’s equations, Bernoulli’s equation for incompressible Fluids, assumptions in Bernoulli’s equation, Energy correction factor.

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**UNIT 4**

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**Applications of Bernoulli’s equation **: Pitot tube, Venturimeter, orifice meter, orifices & mouth pieces, time of emptying of tanks by orifices, sharp edged rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal notches, Francis

formula. Velocity of approach. End contractions Cippoletti Weir, time of emptying reservoirs by weirs.

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**Momentum Equation and its Application : **Development of momentum equation by control volume

concept, Momentum correction factor, applications – Boarda’s mouth pieces, sudden enlargement of flow, pressure on flat plates, Nozzles.

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**UNIT 5**

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**Flow through Pipes **: Laminar flow, Reynolds experiment, transition from laminar to turbulent flow.

Turbulent Flow : Laws of fluid friction, friction factor Moodys diagram, loss of head due to friction and

other causes. Hydraulic gradient, total energy line Chezy’s, Darcys and Mannings formula, flow through

parallel pipes and pipes in series, flow through branched pipes. Flow along a by pass. Power transmission

through pipe, condition for maximum power. Elementary water hammer concept.

** **

**3CE6 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS L-3**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Fourier Series & Z Transform – **Expansion of simple functions in fourier series. Half range series, Change of intervals, Harmonic analysis. Introduction, Properties, Inverse Z Transform .

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**UNIT 2**

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**Laplace Transform – **Laplace transform with its simple properties. Unit step function, Dirac delta function their Laplace transforms, Inverse Laplace, transform – convolution theorem, applications to the solution of ordinary and partial differential equations having constant coefficients with special reference to wave and diffusion equations.

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**UNIT 3**

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**Fourier Transform – **Complex form of Fourier Transform and its inverse, Fourier sine and cosine transform and their inversion. Applications of Fourier Transform to solution of partial differential equations having constant co-efficient with special reference to heat equation and wave equation.

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**UNIT 4**

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**Numerical Analysis: **Difference operation Forward backward and central, shift and average operators and relation between them. Newton’s forward and backward differences interpolation formulae. Sterling’s

formulae, Lagrange’s interpolation formula. Numerical differentiation and integration. Trapezoidal rule,

Simpson’s one third and one eighth rule.

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**UNIT 5**

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**Numerical integration**: Numerical integration of ordinary differential equations of first order, Picards

method, Euler’s method & Modified Euler’s Method, Mille’s method and Ranga Kutta fourth order method.

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**Typical list of experiments**

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**3CE7 ENGINEERING MECHANICS & EXPERIMENTAL TECHNIQUES LAB. P-2**

1. Law of Parallelogram of Forces

2. Polygon Law of Forces

3. Support Reactions of a Simply Supported Beam

4. Coefficient of Static Friction

5. Efficiency of Compound Lever

6. Efficiency Bell Crank Lever

7. Efficiency of Worm and Worm Wheel

8. Theorem of Super Position

9. Efficiency of Screw Jack

10. Efficiency of Double Purchase Crab Winch

11. Efficiency of Differential Wheel & Axle

12. Study of System of Pulleys

13. Study of Behaviour of Struts

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**3CE8 CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIAL & GEOLOGY LABORATORY P-3**

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**Part I**

1. Identification of Materials by Visual Inspection

2. To Study the Procedure for Testing of Portland Cement (IS: 269-1967)

3. To Study the Utilization of Fly Ash

4. To Study the Procedure for Testing of Stone

5. To Study the Fiber Reinforced Concrete

6. To Study the Properties and Use Of Different Glasses

7. To Study the Different Aluminum and Steel Sections

8. To Study the Manufacture and Use of Concrete Hollow Blocks

9. To Determine Compressive and Tensile Strength of Timber Parallel and Perpendicular To Grain

10. To Study the Properties and Uses of Kota Stone

11. To Find out the Water Absorption and Tolerance Limit of Bricks

** **

**Part II**

1. Physical Properties of Minerals

2. Physical Properties of Rocks

3. Identification of Minerals in Hand Specimen

4. Identification of Rocks in Hand Specimen

5. Identification of Geological features through wooden Models

a) Structural Geological Diagrams

b) Petrological Diagrams

c) Engineering Geological Diagrams

6. Interpretation of Geological Map (10 Nos.)

7. Dip & Strike Problems (8 Nos.)

** **

**3CE9 COMPUTER PROGRAMMING LAB. P-3**

1. To develop computer programmes in C/C+ for revision of basic tools of programming.

2. To develop computer programmes in C/C+ for solving linear and non-linear equations by methods as

covered in theory.

3. To develop computer programmes in C/C+ for solutions of differential equations by methods as

covered in theory.

5. To develop computer programmes in C/C+ for Integration and area calculation by methods as

covered in theory.

6. To develop computer programmes in C/C+ for best fitting curves by methods as covered in theory.

7. Writing computer programmes for solving simple problems related to Engineering, (in general Civil

Engineering).

**3CE10 BUILDING PLANNING AND DESIGN I P-2**

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**Building Components –**

1. Drawing of walls

i.Brick and Stone masonary

ii.Partition wall, cavity wall and cross section of external wall

2. Pointing, Arches, Lintels and Floors

3. Doors and Windows

4. Stairs, cross section of Dog legged stairs

5. Roofs: Flat and Inclined (Steel)

6. Foundations for Masonry Structures and Framed Structures, Provision of Damp Proof

Course

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**Building Planning –**

1. Development of Front Elevation and Sectional Elevation from a given plan

2. Development of Plan, Front Elevation and Sectional Elevation from line diagram

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**3CE11 FLUID MECHANICS LAB. P-2**

1. To verify the Bernoulli’s theorem.

2. To calibrate the Venturimeter.

3. To calibrate the Orificmeter.

4. To determine Metacentrie Height.

5. To determine Cc, Cv, Cd of an orifice.

6. To determine Cd of a mouthpiece.

7. To determine Cd of a V-notch.

8. To determine viscosity of a given fluid.

9. Bye Pass.

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**RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY**

**TEACHING SCHEME, B.Tech. [CIVIL ENGINEERING]**

**SECOND YEAR (4th SEMESTER)**

**A: THEORY PAPERS**

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**B. TECH. SECOND YEAR CIVIL (4TH SEMESTER)**

**4CE1 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS AND MECHANICS OF STRUCTURES–II L-3 T-1**

**UNIT 1**

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**Deflection of Beams : **Differential relation between load, shear force, bending moment, slope

deflection. Slope & deflection in determinate beams using double integration method, Macaulay’s method,area moment method and conjugate beam method.

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**UNIT 2**

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**Fixed Beams & Continuous Beams :**Analysis of fixed beams & continuous beams by three moment

theorem and area moment method.

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**UNIT 3**

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**Torsion : **Elementary concepts of torsion, shear stress in solid and hollow circular shafts, angle of twist,

power transmitted by a shaft, combined bending and torsion; Springs: stiffness of springs, close coiled

helical springs, springs in series and parallel, laminated plate springs.

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**Membrane Analysis : **Stress and strain in thin cylindrical & spherical shells under internal pressures.

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**UNIT 4**

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**Introduction to Energy Methods : **Strain energy due to bending, shear and torsion; Castigleno’s theorems, unit load method & their applications in analysis of redundant frames upto two degree of redundancy and deflection of determinate beams, frames and trussed beams; Stresses due to temperature & lack of fit in redundant frames. Theories of Failures

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**UNIT 5**

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**Vibrations : **Stress tensor and failure criterion. Elementary concepts of structural vibration, degree of

freedom, free vibration of undamped single degree of freedom systems. Newton’s

law of motion, D’Almbert’s principle, solution of differential equation of motion, frequency &

period of vibration, amplitude of motion; Damped single degree of freedom system: types of

damping, analysis of viscously damped, under-damped, over-damped & critically-damped systems, logarithmic decrement.

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**4CE2 CONCRETE & CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY L-3**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Concrete : **Grade of concrete, proportioning of ingredients, water content and its quality for concrete,

water/cement ratio and its role, gel/pace ratio, concrete mix deign (ACI, IS method), quality control for

concrete. Properties of fresh concrete including workability, air content, flow ability, methods to determine and factors affecting. Properties of hardened concrete such as strengths, permeability, creep, shrinkage, factors influencing, standard tests on fresh and hardened concrete as per IS code. Aggregate, cement interface, maturity concept.

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**UNIT 2**

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**Concrete Handling in Field : **Interaction to mixing & batching methods, placing, transportation and

Compaction methods, curing methods and compounds.

**Admixture in concrete : **Chemical and mineral admixtures, their types, use of water reduces, accelerator,

retarders, water-proofing plasticizers and super plasticizers, use of fly ash and silica fume in concrete, their properties, effect and production of high strength concrete, properties of high strength concrete &

application.

**UNIT 3**

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**Form work: **Requirements, Indian standard on form work, loads on form work, type & method to provide centering and shuttering for Columns, beams, slabs, walls and staircase, slip and moving formwork.

**Site Preparation and temporary Structures: **Sequence of construction activity and co-ordination, site

clearance, marking, foundation plan, earthwork in dry and loose soil, different methods and their suitability, dewatering, construction of temporary shed, types of shoring, methods of underpinning and types of scaffolding.

**Damp Proofing: **Causes of dampness, effects of dampness methods and material for damp proofing DPC

treatment in buildings, methods and materials for anti termite treatment.

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**UNIT 4**

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**Joints : **Requirements, types and material used, construction details.

**Arches and Lintels : **Terms used, types of arches and their construction detail, types of lintels and

constructions.

**Stairs : **Terms used, requirements of good staircase, classification, construction details and suitability of

different types of stairs, lifts and lamps.

**Construction System : **Prefabricated/precast construction; advantages & disadvantage of prefabrication.

Precast R.C. plank flooring/roofing, Thin R.C. ribbed slab for floors & roofs, thin precast RCC lintels in

brickwalls, Modular co-ordination. Multi storied building frames, Concrete skeleton system, lift slab system, cast one house system, L-shaped panel system.

**UNIT 5**

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**Ground & Upper floors : **Floor components and their junctions, selection of flooring and floor types,

construction details of ground and upper floors, merits and demerits.

**Roof and Roof Covering : **Purposes, classification of roofs, terms used, types of pitched roofs, trussed

roofs specially king port, queen port, steel roof trusses, details of steel roof trusses, method of construction, roof covering materials for pitched roofs.

**4CE3 HYDRAULICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINES L – 3 T – 1**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Dimensional Analysis & Models : **Dynamical Similarity and Dimensional Homegeneity Model experiment,geometric, Kinematic and Dynamic similarity. Reynold’s, froudes, Weber’s, Euler and Mach numbers. Distorted river models and undistorted models, proper choice of scale ratios. Scale effect. Principle of dimensional analysis Rayleigh method, Buckingham theorem, applications of dimensional analysis to pipe Friction problems, resistance to motion of partially and fully submerged bodies and other simple problems. Ship model experiments.

**UNIT 2**

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**Laminar Flow **: Relation between shear & pressure gradient. Flow between plates & pipes. Equations for velocity distribution, pressure difference.

**Turbulent Flow in pipes : **Theories of Turbulence, Nikuradse’s Experiments. Hydrodynamically smooth & rough boundaries. Laminar, Sublayer, Equations of velocity distribution and friction coefficient. Stanton Diagram, Moody’s diagram.

**UNIT 3**

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**Flow through channels **: Uniform, Non-Uniform and variable flow. Resistance equations of Chezy,

Mannring and Bazin. Section factor for uniform flow. Most Efficient rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal sections. Equations of gradually varied flow in Prismatic channels. Limitation of its applicability and assumption made in its derivation. Specific emergy of flow. Critical depth in prismatic channels. Alternate depths. Rapid, critical and sub critical Flow Mild, steep and Critical Slopes. Classification of surface curves in prismatic channels and elementary computation.

**UNIT 4**

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**Rapidly varied flow**: Hydraulic jump or standing wave in rectangular channels. Conjugate or sequent depths Losses in jump, location of jump. Broad crested weirs for channel flow: Measurement, velocity distribution in open channels, parshall flume.

**Impact of free Jets : **Impact of a jet on a flat or a curved vane, moving and stationary vane, flow over radial vanes.

**UNIT 5**

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**Centrifugal pumps and turbines : **Vulute and whirlpool chambers, Loses of head due to variation of

discharge Manometric and Hydraulic efficiencies, Description of single and multistage pumps. Specific

speed, characteristic curves. Model Test. Reaction and Impulse turbines, specific speed, Mixed flow turbines.Pelton wheel turbine, Francis turbine, propeller turbine and Kaplan turbine Efficiency, Characteristics of turbines. Basic principles of governing of turbines, Draft-tube, Selection of turbines, model tests.

**4CE4 SURVEYING – I L-3**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Introduction :**Importance of surveying to engineers, Plane and geodetic surveying, methods of location of points, principle of surveying from whole to part, conventional signs.

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**Measurement of Distances : **Different types of chains, tapes and their uses. Sources of error and

precautions, corrections to tape measurements. Field problems in distance measurement.

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**UNIT 2**

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**Measurement of Angles & Direction : **Different types of direction measuring instruments and their uses.

Reference meridians, Bearing and azimuths, magnetic declination and its variation. Use and adjustment of

surveyors and prismatic compass. Vernier and micro-optic theodolite, temporary and permanent adjustment of vernier theodolite. Measurement of horizontal and vertical angle by different methods. Application of theodolite in field problems.

**UNIT 3**

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**Traversing : **Different methods of traversing; chain traverse, chain & compass traverse, transit-tape traverse. Methods of computations and adjustment of traverse; transit rule, Bowditch rule, graphical method, axis method. Gales traverse table.

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**UNIT 4**

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**Leveling : **Definitions of various terms in leveling. Different types of leveling, sources of errors in leveling curvature and refraction corrections. Temporary and permanent adjustment of dumpy and tilting levels. Computation and adjustment of levels. Profile leveling; L-Section and cross-sections.

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**UNIT 5**

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**Plane Table Surveying : **Elements of plane table survey working operations, methods of plane table survey; intersection, traversing and resection, two point and three point problems.

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**Contouring : **Characteristics of contours, contour interval, contour gradient, Methods of locating contours, uses of contour maps.

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**4CE5 BUILDING TECHNOLOGY L-3**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Introduction**: Types of buildings, criteria for location and site selection, site plan and its detail.

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**Sun Consideration : **Different methods of drawing sun chart, sun shading devices, design of louvers, energy conservation in buildings, passive solar cooling and heating of buildings.

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**UNIT 2**

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**Climatic and comfort Consideration **: Elements of climate, global climate, climatic zones of India, comfort conditions, biclimatic chart, climate modulating devices.

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**Orientation: **Meaning, factors affecting orientation, orientation criteria for tropical climate.

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**Building Bye Laws and NBC Regulations : **Objective of by-laws, Regulation regarding; means of access, lines of building frontages, covered area, floor area ratio, open spaces around buildings, height & sizes of rooms, plinth regulation and sanitation provisions.

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**UNIT 3**

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**Principles of Planning : **Different factors affecting planning viz-aspect, prospect, furniture requirement,

roominess, grouping, circulation, elegance, privacy etc.

**Vastu Shastra In Modern Building planning : **Factors considered in Vastu, site selection, orientation,

planning and design of residential buildings.

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**UNIT 4**

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**Functional design and Accommodation requirements**

(A) **Residential Buildings : **Anthrometry, activities and their spatial requirements; Area planning, living

area, sleeping area, service area; Bubble diagram showing sequence of arrangement of area, plan,

elevation, sectional elevation.

(B) **Non Residential Buildings : **viz-school buildings, rest house, primary health centres, post office, bank,college library, cinema theatres etc.

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**UNIT 5**

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**Services in Buildings**

(A) Lighting and ventilation, doors and windows.

(B) Acoustics, sound insulation and noise control.

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**4CE6.1 ROCK MECHANICS L 3**

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**UNIT: 1**

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**ENGINEERING CLASSIFICATION OF ROCKS: **Objectives, Intact rock classification, Rock mass

Classification. Terzaghi’s, Rock load classification, Austrian classification, Deere’s rock quality classification, rock

structure rating concept, RMR classification, Q classification. Inter relation between Q and RMR, prediction of ground condition and support pressure. Effect of Tunnel size on support pressure.

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**UNIT: 2**

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**ENGINEERING PROPERTIES AND LABORATORY TESTS ON ROCKS: **Porosity, Density,

Moisture content, Degree of saturation, Co-efficient of permeability, Durability, Compressive strength,

Tensile strength, Shear strength, elasticity, Plasticity Deformability.

Sampling and Samples Preparations, Uniaxial Compressive strength, Tensile Strength – Brazilian test, Shear strength test – Direct Shear test and Punch shear test, Triaxial Test, Flexural strength.

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**UNIT: 3**

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**INSITU TESTS ON ROCKS: **Necessity of Insitu test, Plate load test for deformability, Shear test, Test for internal stresses – flat Jack, pressure meter test.

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**JOINTED ROCKS: **Rocks Joint properties, Joint properties, Joint Roughness Co-efficient, Scale effects,

Dilation, Orientation of Joints, Gouge, Joint Intensity, Uniaxial Compressive strength of Jointed Rocks.

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**UNIT: 4**

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**STRENGTH OF ROCKS IN UNCONFINED CONDITION: **Ramamurthy Strength Criteria, Singh and Rao Strength Criteria, Kulatilake Methodology, Hoek Criteria, Barton Methodology.

**STRENGTH OF ROCKS IN CONFINED CONDITION: **History of Hoek and Brown Failure Criterionsand latest methodology, Parabolic Strength Criteria.

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**UNIT: 5**

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**GROUTING AND ROCK BOLTING: **Grouting materials, Grouting operations, methods of Grouting,

Mechanism of Rock Bolting, Principal of design.

**BEARING CAPACITY OF ROCKS: **Bearing capacity of intact rocks, jointed rocks,IS Code

methodology, Singh and Rao Method and latest methodologies.

**4CE6.2 OPTIMIZATION METHODS L-3**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Introduction**: Historical development, Engineering application of optimization, Formulation of design

problems as a mathematical programming problems, Classification of optimization problems.

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**UNIT 2**

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**Linear Programming **: Simplex methods, Revised simplex method, Duality in linear programming, post

optimality analysis.

**UNIT 3**

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**Applications of Linear programming: **Transportation and assignment problems.

**UNIT 4**

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**Non Linear Programming **: Unconstrained optimization techniques, Direct search methods, Descent

methods, Constrained optimization, Direct and Indirect methods.

**UNIT 5**

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**Dynamic Programming**: Introduction, multi-decision processes, computational procedure.

**4CE6.3 ADVANCED MATHEMATICS L-3**

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**UNIT 1**

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**Elementary Statistics & Probability: **Elementary theory of probability, Baye’s Theorem with its simple

applications, Theoretical probability distributions – Binomial, Poisson, Normal distribution.

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**UNIT 2**

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**Advance Statistics: **Chisquare test as test of goodness of fit. Line of regression, Coefficient of correlation

and rank correlation.

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**UNIT 3**

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**Tensor Analysis**: Definition of a tensor, Transformation of co-ordinates, contra variant and co-variant

vectors, addition and multiplication of tensors, contraction of tensors, inner product, fundamental tensors,

Christoffel symbols, covariant differentiation.

**UNIT 4**

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**Bessel’s Functions: **Bessel functions of first and second kind, simple recurrence relations, orthogonal,

property of Bessel’s function.

**UNIT 5**

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**Legendre’s function**: Legendre’s function, simple recurrence relations, Rodrigues formula, orthogonal

property of Legendre’s function, generating function.

**4CE7 MATERIAL TESTING LAB. P-2**

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1. Tensile Strength Test – Mild Steel and HYSD bar

2. Compressive Strength Test – Mild Steel and Cast Iron

3. Compressive Strength Test – Cement Cubes and Concrete Cubes

4. Compressive Strength Test – Bricks

5. Compressive Strength Test – Wooden Blocks

6. Hardness Test – Rockwell Hardness and Brinell Hardness

7. Impact Test – Izod and Charpy

8. Modulus of Rupture of Wooden Beam

9. Fatigue Test

10. Spring Test

11. Torsion Test

**4CE8 CONCRETE LAB. P-3**

** **

1. To determine standard (Normal) consistency of cement.

2. To determine Initial & Final setting time of cement.

3. To determine specific gravity of cement.

4. To determine the fineness of Cement by sieving through a 90 micron I.S. Sieve.

5. To determine the Compressive Strength of Cement.

6. To determine Soundness of cement by Le-chatelier apparatus.

7. To determine the specific gravity of fine aggregate (sand) by Pycnometer.

8. To determine the bulking of fine aggregate and to draw curve between water content and bulking.

9. To determine the fineness modulus of coarse aggregates and fine aggregates by sieve analysis.

10. To determine the workability of given concrete mix by slump test.

11. To determine the workability o given fresh concrete mix by compaction factor test.

12. To determine the workability of given concrete mix by Flow table test.

13. To design concrete mix in accordance with I S recommendations.

**4CE9 HYDRAULICS LAB. P-2**

** **

1. To determine the minor losses.

2. To determine the friction factor.

3. To determine Cd of Broad crested wier.

4. To verify the momentum equation.

5. To determine the discharge of venturimeter.

6. To determine Manning’s & Chezy’s coefficient of roughness for the bed of a given flume.

7. To plot characteristics curve of hydraulic jump.

8. To plot characteristics curve of Pelton Wheel.

9. To plot characteristics curve of Centrifugal Pump.

**4CE10 SURVEYING LAB. I P-3**

** **

1. Ranging and Fixing of Survey Station.

2. Plotting Building Block by offset with the help of cross staff.

3. To determine the magnetic bearing of a line

a. Using surveyor’s compass

b. Using prismatic compass

4. Measurement and adjustment of included angles of traverse using prismatic compass.

5. To determine the reduced levels using Tilting Level.

6. To determine the reduce levels in closed circuit using Dumpy Level.

7. To carry out profile leveling and plot longitudinal and cross sections for road.

8. To carryout temporary adjustment of Theodolite.

9. Measurement of horizontal angle.

a. By method of repetition.

**b. **By method of Reiteration.

10. To determine the tachometric constant.

11. To determine the horizontal and vertical distance by tachometric survey.

12. To study the various minor instruments.

13. To determine the area of a figure using a planimeter.

**4CE11 BUILDING PLANNING AND DESIGN II P-3**

** **

1- To design and draw working drawing of a Residential building with following detail.

(a) Site plan

(b) Foundation plan

(c) Plan

(d) Two sectional elevations

(e) Front elevation

(f) Furniture plan

(g) Water supply and sanitary plan

(h) Electric fitting plan

2- To design and draw a Primary Health Center

3- To design and draw a Primary School

4- To design and draw a Rest House

5- To design and draw a Post Office

6- To design and draw a Bank

7- To design and draw a College Library

8- To design and draw a Cinema Theatre

**RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY**

**TEACHING SCHEME, B.Tech. [CIVIL ENGINEERING]**

**THIRD YEAR (5th SEMESTER)**

** **

**5CE1 THEORY OF STRUCTURES –I L 3**

** **

**T 1**

** **

**UNIT: 1**

Introduction to Indeterminate structures, Degrees of freedom per node, Static and

Kinematic indeterminacy (i.e. for beams, frames & portal with & without sway etc.),

releases in structures Maxwell’s reciprocal theorem and Betti?s theorem. Analysis of

Indeterminate Structures using Moment Area method.

** **

**UNIT: 2**

Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Structures using Slope?deflection method and

Moment?distribution methods.

** **

**UNIT: 3**

Column Analogy method for indeterminate structures, determination of carry over

factor for non?prismatic section. Conjugate beam method for analysis of indeterminate

structures

** **

**UNIT: 4**

Energy methods and related theorems, solution of determinate & indeterminate

structures using energy methods (i.e. determination of deflection and forces in

structures)

** **

**UNIT: 5**

Approximate methods for lateral loads: Analysis of multistory frames by portal

method, cantilever method & factor method. Analysis of determinate space trusses by

tension coefficient method.

** **

**5CE2 CONCRETE STRUCTURES – I**

** **

**L 3**

** **

**UNIT: 1**

Design Philosophies: Working stress, ultimate strength and limit states of design.

Introduction to working stress method. Analysis and Design of prismatic Sections in

flexure using limit state methods: singly and doubly reinforced prismatic sections and

lintels.

** **

**UNIT: 2**

Design of one way slabs. Shear and Bond: Behavior of beams in shear and bond, design

for shear, anchorage, curtailment and splicing of reinforcement, detailing of

reinforcement. erviceability Conditions: Limit states of deflection and cracking,

calculation of deflections & crack width as per codal provisions.

** **

**UNIT: 3**

Design of two way slabs and flat slabs by direct design method.

** **

**UNIT: 4**

Design of Columns: Short and long rectangular and circular columns, eccentrically

loaded columns.

** **

**UNIT: 5**

Design of Column Footings: Isolated and combined column footings and circular raft

foundations.

** **

**5CE3 STEEL STRUCTURES – I**

** **

**L 3**

** **

**UNIT: 1**

** **

**Introduction: **Types of steels and their permissible stresses

**Connections: **Design of riveted, bolted and welded connections under axial and

eccentric loadings

** **

**UNIT: 2**

** **

**Compression Member**: Design of compression member; Axially and eccentrically

loaded compression members, built up columns, design of lacings and battens.

** **

**UNIT: 3**

** **

**Beams**: Design of beams; simple and compound sections, main and subsidiary beams

and their connections, grillage foundation.

** **

**UNIT: 4**

** **

**Tension Members**: Design of axially and eccentrically loaded tension members.

**Column Bases**: Design of column bases, Slab base, gusseted base.

** **

**UNIT: 5**

Plastic analysis of steel structures, fundamentals, static and mechanism method of

analysis, bending of beams of rectangular and I sections beams, shape factor, design of

simply supported beams, fixed beams, continuous beams and single span rectangular

frames.

** **

**5CE4 SURVEYING – II**

** **

**L 3**

** **

**UNIT: 1**

** **

**Trigonometric Levelling: **Methods of trigonometric levelling direct method and

reciprocal method, axis Signal corrections. Determination of difference in elevations of

points.

** **

**UNIT: 2**

** **

**Curve Surveying: **Elements of circular (Simple, compound and reverse) curves,

transition curves, degrees of curves Methods of setting out circular and transition

curves.

** **

**UNIT: 3**

** **

**Triangulation: **Merits and demerits of traversing, triangulation and trilateration.

Grades of triangulation, Strength of figure, field procedure of triangulation.

Reconnaissance and selection of triangulation stations. Intervisibility of stations and

calculation of the heights of towers. Equipment needed for base line measurement,

corrections to base line. Satellite station and base line extension.

** **

**UNIT: 4**

** **

**Errors in Surveying: Classification **of errors in surveying. The probability curve, its

equation and properties, theory of least squares, weight, most probable valve, probable

errors, standard errors. Normal equation correlates.

** **

**Adjustment of Triangulation Figures: **Adjustment of levels. Adjustment of

triangulations figures, Braced quadrilateral Triangle with central, station. Approximate

and method of least squares for figure adjustment, Trilateration.

** **

**UNIT: 5**

** **

**Field Astronomy: **Definitions of terminology used in Astronomy, Co?ordinate Systems.

Relationships between different Co?ordinate systems. Astronomical Triangle, Napier’s

Rule. Different methods of determination of Azimuth.

** **

**Electronic distance measurement and use of Total station.**

** **

**Survey camp: **(including exercise on triangulation, topographic, or project survey) with

duration of maximum 10 days.

** **

**5CE5 QUANTITY SURVEYING & VALUATION**

** **

**L 3**

** **

**Unit: 1**

** **

**Introduction: **Purpose and importance of estimates, principles of estimating. Methods

of taking out quantities of items of work. Mode of measurement, measurement sheet

and abstract sheet; bill of quantities. Types of estimate, plinth area rate, cubical content

rate, preliminary, original, revised and supplementary estimates for different projects.

** **

**Unit: 2**

** **

**Rate Analysis: **Task for average artisan, various factors involved in the rate of an item,

material and labor requirement for various trades; preparation for rates of important

items of work. Current schedule of rates. (C.S.R.)

** **

**Unit: 3**

** **

**Estimates: **Preparing detailed estimates of various types of buildings, R.C.C. works,

earth work calculations for roads and estimating of culverts Services for building such

as water supply, drainage and electrification.

** **

**Unit: 4**

** **

**Cost of Works: **Factors affecting cost of work, overhead charges, Contingencies and

work charge establishment, various percentages for different services in building.

** **

**Unit: 5**

** **

**Valuation: **Purposes, depreciation, sinking fund, scrap value, year’s purchase, gross

and net income, dual rate interest, methods of valuation, rent fixation of buildings**.**

** **

**5 CE 6.1 MODERN CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY AND PRACTICE**

** **

**L 3**

** **

**UNIT: 1**

** **

**Strength of Concrete: **Strength? porosity relationship, factors affecting compressive

strength, behaviour of concrete under uniaxial, biaxial and triaxial stress states, Split

Tensile strength and modulus of rupture ?test methods and empirical formulae for their

estimation. Mineral and Chemical admixtures in Concrete: types and their uses.

** **

**UNIT: 2**

** **

**Concrete Production: **Vibrator compacted concrete in buildings, pavements and

infrastructure projects etc., pumpable concrete, roller compacted concrete and Ready

Mixed Concrete? methods, specific features and uses etc.

** **

**Rheology of Concrete**: Flow ability, Segregation, Bleeding and Viscosity etc. ? Factors

affecting, methods of determination, related standards etc.

** **

**UNIT 3:**

** **

**Elasticity, Creep and Shrinkage of Concrete: **Elastic behaviour, Method of

determination of Elastic modulus, factors affecting modulus of elasticity, early volume

change in concrete due to plastic shrinkage, autogeneous shrinkage and drying

shrinkage? factors affecting them, typical values and their methods of determination.

Creep of concrete? specific creep, typical values, creep recovery, factors affecting creep

and its determination with available standard.

** **

**UNIT 4:**

** **

**Microstructure of Concrete: **Interfacial transition zone, hydration kinetics, hydrated

cement paste (hcp), calcium hydroxide, presence of micro?cracks in concrete mass ? their

characteristics and significance on performance of concrete

** **

**Penetrability of Concrete**: Permeability, sorptivity and diffusion in concrete? test

methods and significance.

** **

**Durability of Concrete**: Physical and chemical processes, recently employed methods

of tests for ensuring longer and durable concrete structures? case studies.

** **

**UNIT 5:**

** **

**Special Aggregates: **Light weight, heavy weight? their characteristics and uses in

concrete.Specific purpose Concretes and Cement based composites: Self Compacting Concrete,Fiber cements and fiber reinforced cement based composites, Mass Concrete and

Polymer Concrete etc.? materials, production and application areas.

**High performance concrete**? performance characteristics in fresh and hardened states,

production precautions ? some case studies of specific tailored HPC in India.

** **

**5CE6.2 CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENTS & MATERIALS MANAGEMENT**

** **

**UNIT – I: Advance Construction Equipments**

Different types of construction equipments viz. Earth moving equipments & their outputs,

Dewatering equipments, Pumping equipments, Grouting equipments, Pile Driving equipments,

Compaction equipments, Concreting equipments.

** **

**UNIT – II: Equipment Management**

Planning of construction equipments, Forecasting equipment requirement, Operation &

Utilisation, Equipment replacement, Manpower planning & Maintenance of equipments.

** **

**UNIT – III: Economics of Construction Equipments**

Operation Cost & Its types. Investment Cost, Cost of Repairs, Overheads Cost accounting,

Break-even point theory, Replacement of equipment.

** **

**UNIT-IV: Materials Management**

Scope, objectives & importance of materials management, Selective control techniques, Disposal of surplus material.

** **

**UNIT – V: Inventory Control & Spare Part Management**

Need, function, steps in inventory control. Advantages, Economic order quantity, Inspection &

procurement of spares, stores & stock management.

** **

**5CE6.3 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT L 3**

** **

**UNIT: 1**

** **

**General: **Problems associated with Solid Waste Disposal.

** **

**Generation of Solid Waste: **Goals and objectives of solid waste management, Classification of Solid Waste. Solid Waste Generation, Factors Influencing Generation of Solid Waste, Characteristics of Solid Waste, Analysis of Solid Waste.

** **

**UNIT: 2**

** **

**Onsite Handling, Storage and Processing: **Public Health and Aesthetics, Onsite Handling, Onsite,Storage, Dust bins, Community Containers, Container Locations, On-site Processing Methods.

** **

**UNIT: 3**

** **

**Solid Waste Collections, Transfer and Transport: **Collection Systems, Equipment and Labor

requirement, Collection Routes, Options for Transfer and Transport Systems.

**UNIT: 4**

** **

**Processing and Disposal Methods: **Processing Techniques and Methods of Disposal, Sanitary land filling, Composting and Incineration, Bioremediation.

** **

**UNIT: 5**

** **

**Recovery of Resources, Conversion, Products and Energy: **Material Recovery, Energy Generation and Recovery Operation, Reuse in other industry.

**Industrial Solid Waste: **Nature, Treatment and Disposal Methods.

** **

**5CE7 DESIGN of CONCRETE STRUCTURES I**

** **

**P 3**

Design as per syllabus of theory.

** **

**5CE8 DESIGN of STEEL STRUCTURES I**

** **

**P 3**

Design as per syllabus of theory.

** **

**5CE9 SURVEY LAB. II**

** **

**P 3**

1. To measure the horizontal and vertical angles by Theodolite.

2. To determine the Height of an object by trigonometrical leveling (single plane method).

3. To determine the Height of an object by trigonometrical leveling (two plane method).

4. To shift the R.L. of known point by double leveling.

5. To measure and adjust the angles of a braced quadrilateral.

6. To prepare a contour map by indirect contouring.

7. To prepare the map of given area by plane tabling.

8. To determine the Azimuth of a given line by ex?meridian observations of Sun.

9. Survey Camp

** **

**5CE10 STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING LAB**

** **

**P 2**

1. Deflection of a truss

2. Clark?Maxwell reciprocal theorem with truss

3. Funicular polygon for flexible cable

4. Analysis of redundant frame

5. Deflection of curved members

6. Buckling of columns

7. Clark?Maxwell reciprocal theorem with simply supported beam

8. ILD for deflection in a steel beam using unit load method

9. ILD for support reaction using Muller?Breslau Principle

10. Unsymmetrical bending

** **

**5CE11 ENGINEERING ECONOMICS & MANAGEMENT**

** **

**P 2**

1. **Microeconomics** Law of demand and supply, utility approach and indifference curves,

elasticity of demand & supply and applications, consumer surplus, Law of returns to

factors and return to scale.

2. **Macroeconomics** concepts relating to National product? National income and its

measurement, Simple Keynesian theory, simple multiplier, money and banking.

Meaning and concept of international trade, determination of exchange rate, balance of

payment.

3. **Project Evaluation** Meaning, Capital and OMR cost, Project life, Stages, Methods of

Evaluations with their limitations.

4. **India** Brief history of Indian Constitution, framing?features, fundamental rights, duties,

directive principles of state. History of Indian National Movement. Socioeconomic

growth after independence.

5. **Management** Principles of management, functions?planning, organization, staffing,

directing, controlling, coordination , decision making.

** **

**RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY**

**TEACHING SCHEME, B. Tech. [CIVIL ENGINEERING]**

**THIRD YEAR (6th SEMESTER)**

** **

**6CE1 THEORY OF STRUCTURES – II L 3 T 1**

** **

**UNIT: 1**

** **

**Influence line diagram & Rolling load: **ILD for beams & frames, Muller-Breslau principle and its application for drawing ILD, Rolling load, maximum stress resultants in a member/section, absolute maximum stress resultant in a structure.

**UNIT: 2**

** **

**Arches**: analysis of three hinged two hinged and fixed type parabolic arches with supports at the same level and at different levels.

**UNIT: 3**

** **

**Cable and Suspension bridges**: Analysis of cables with concentrated and continuous loading, analysis of two & three hinged stiffening girder.

**UNIT: 4**

** **

**Kani’s Method**: Analysis of beams and frames with & without sway by Kani’s method.

**UNIT: 5**

** **

**Unsymmetrical bending**: Definition, location of NA, computation of stresses and deflection, shear center and its location.

**Composite Sections: **Flexural analysis of composite sections.

**6CE2- CONCRETE STRUCTURES-II L 3**

** **

**UNIT: 1**

**Elements of Pre-stressed Concrete: **Principles and systems, material properties, losses of pre-stress, I.S.specifications, analysis and design of sections for flexure and shear, Introduction to continuous beams.

**UNIT: 2**

** **

**Torsion: **Design of beams for torsion.

**Continuous and Curved Beams: **Design of continuous R.C. beams, moment redistribution, beams curved in plan.

**UNIT: 3**

** **

**Circular Domes: **Circular domes with u.d.l. & concentrated load at crown.

**Yield Line Theory: **Application of Y.L.T. to slabs with simple support conditions.

**UNIT:**