RTU Syllabus Biotechnology Engineering 3rd Semester

MICROBIOLOGY

Unit I

General Introduction- History and development of microbiology; Discovery of microbial world; experiments of  Pasture; Era of the discovery of antibiotics; Haeckel’s three kingdom classification; whittaker’s five kingdom classification Algae, fungi, mycoplasma, viruses. Basic concept in Taxonomy, Classification of microorganisms. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology.

Unit II

Bacteriology, DNA homology and Numerical taxonomy– Morphology and ultra structure of bacteria; morphological types; Cell Wall- Archaebacteria; gram positive and gram negative differentiation; Structure and function of cilia & flagella; Nucleoid, carboxysomes, plasmids; Bacterial spores- their structure, properties, formation and germination.

Unit III

Bacterial Genetics, Diversity of Bacterial nutrition and Enumeration of microbes –– Conjugation, transformation & transduction, plasmids and their properties Autotrophic, heterotrophic; Culture media; Total cell count; Isolation; Identification of microbes, Selective culture techniques; Fungi culture techniques; Animal Cell and tissue culture.

Unit IV

Growth of microbial population :Batch culture; Continuous culture of microbes; Growth curve- aerobic and anaerobic; Effect of environment, temperature, pH, radiation and atmosphere on microbial growth; synchronous and asynchronous growth, enumeration of multiplying microorganism, Virus-plaque assays.

Unit V

Microbial Metabolism and Environmental Microbiology – Metabolic pathways and bioenergetics; production of secondary metabolites, their application in industry; Food Spoilage and preservation: Recycling of biomaterials; production of Biogas; bio-fertilizers; biopesticide; pollution control through use of consortium of microorganism.

 Books Recommended:

  1. Microbiology- Prescott &
  2. General Microbiology by
  3. Microbial Physiology 4th ed. By Alber G.Moat & John W.Foster
  4. Microbiology by Pelczar- M.J.Chan ECS & Krieg NR-Tata Mcgraw Hill
  5. Foundation in Microbiology-by Talaro K, Talaro A, Cassida Pelzar and Reid W.C.Brown
  6. General Microbiology by Y.Stanier.

CELL BIOLOGY

 Unit I

Cell Theory; Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic organization- Nucleus and Nuclear pore complex; Mitochondria; ER; Golgi complex and other membrane bound cell organelles; Cell as a macromolecular assembly; Cellular compartmentalization, Organeller architecture.

Unit II

The Nucleus and the Cell cycle division – Chromosomal DNA and its Packaging; Structure of Chromosomes; Basic idea of DNA Replication, Transcription and post transcriptional modifications; Cell Cycle- Mitosis & Meiosis; Checkpoints of the cell cycle.

Unit III

Cytoskeleton & Cell communication- Nature of the Cytoskeleton; Microfilaments, Intermediate Filaments, Microtubules, Cilia and Centrioles, Actin Filaments; Actin-binding Proteins, Muscle; Cell Junctions, Cell – Cell Adhesion, Extra cellular Matrix and Extra cellular Matrix Receptors, Integrins; Cell Wall.

Unit IV

Membrane Structure, Transport of Molecules and Membrane Excitability- The Lipid Bilayer, Membrane Proteins, Principle of Membrane Transport,

Uniport, symport & Antiport- Na/K ATpase, Ca ATpase, GLUT1; Endocytosis and exocytosis; Carrier Proteins and Active Membrane Transport, Ion channels and Electrical Properties of Membranes.

Unit V

Cell Signaling- General Principle of Cell Signalingl; Signaling via G-Protein linked Cell Surface Receptors; Signaling via Enzyme-linked Cell Surface Receptors; Kinase Receptors; Structural Features of Trans-membrane Receptors; Hormone Receptor; Secondary messengers.

Cancer: Cancer as a Micro evolutionary Process, Tumor cells, Proto-oncogenes and viral oncogenes, Tumor suppressors genes.

 Text / Reference Books

  1. Cell as a Molecular Approach- Bruce Alberts
  2. The Cell- Geoffery Cooper
  3. Cell & Molecular Biology by H.Baltimore, WH Freeman, Lodish & Berk
  4. Cell Biology by Kimball T.W. Wesley
  5. Cell Biology- Gerald Karp
  6. Cell & Molecular Biology by De Robertis, Lea and Febiger

Molecular Biophysics

UNIT-I

Levels of molecular organization. Composition of primary structures of proteins and nucleic acids, Hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic interactions, ionic interactions, disulphide bonds and their role in proteins structure and nuclic acid structure

 UNIT-II

 General characteristics of protein structure and functions. Ramachandran or steric contour diagram and potential energy calculation of proteins, secondary structural elements and organization of tertiary structure, zipper model, method for structural elucidation, aspects of protein folding, protein-protein interactions, Scat chard plot, cooperative interactions, the Hill constant and linked functions.

 UNIT-III

General characteristics and structure of nucleic acid, steric hindrances, conformational properties of bases, stabilizing order forms, base stacking interactions, A, B and Z type double helices, tRNA structure, secondary and tertiary structure, higher organization of DNA, protein nucleic acid interactions

 UNIT-IV

 Micelle and bilayer formation, studies of bilayer structure and function, liposomes, order disorder transitions, interforces, transport across membranes (the Nerst Planks approach and rate theory of transport).

 UNIT-V

 Photochemical and photobiological phenomena, mechanism of photosynthesis, vision, absorption and fluorescence.

 Books Recommended :

  1. R. Cantor and P.R. Schirmer, Biophysical Chemistry (Parts 1 and 3). W.H. Freeman, 1980.
  2. Schuiz and R.H. Shrimer, Principles of protein structure. Springer Verlag, 1984.
  3. Saenger, Princiles of Nucleic acid structure.
  4. L. Siler, Physical Chemistry of Membranes : An introduction to the structure and dynamics of biological membranes. Allen and Unwin and the Solomon Press, 1985

Fluid Mechanics Operation

UNIT-I

 Nature of fluid, viscosity, Laminar-flow, Turbulent flow, steady flow,Prandtl Boundary Layer, Velocity gradient, Hagen Poiseuille’s equation, Bernoulii Equation. friction from changes in velocity or direction, Resistance of immersed bodies. Friction in flow through packed beds.

 UNIT-II

 Flow measurements , Orifice and Venturi meters, Pilot tube, Rotameter and other types of meters, transportation of fluids, pipe fittings and valves, pumps, fundamentals of fluidisation.

UNIT-III

Principles of communication, types of comminuting equipment energy and power requirement, crushers , grinders , mixing, types of mixing, power consumption in mixing and agitation.

 UNIT-IV

 Mechanical separation, screening, types of screen, filtration principle, constant pressure and constant rate filtration, settling classifiers, floatation principle of centrifugal separations types of centrifuge and industrial application of centrifuge.

 UNIT-V

 Drying, principle and method of drying, types of dryer, fludised bed dryers, rotary drum dryers, vacuum dryers.

Books Recommended :

  1. McCabe , Smith & Harriot , Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering TMH 5th
  2. Geanklopolis , Transport Processes & Unit Operations PHI 3rd
  3. Coulson & Richardson, Chemical engineering Vol. I and II Butterworth
  4. Badger , W.L.Bachero , J.T., Introduction to Chemical Engineering .
  5. Foust A.S. Wenzel, L.A. et.al Principles of Unit Operations 2nd edition, Perry, Chilton & Green

Material And Energy Balance

UNIT-I

Introduction to Chemical Engineering Calculations : Units and dimensions, the mole unit, conventions in methods of analysis and measurement, basis, temperature, pressures, the chemical equation and stoichiometry.

 UNIT-II

Gases, Vapours, Liquids and Solids : Ideal gas law calculations, real gas relationships, vapour pressure and liquids, saturation, partial saturation and humidity introduction to vapour-liquid equilibria for multicomponent systems, material balances involving condensation and vaporization.

 UNIT-III

Material Balances : Material balance of physical processes with and without chemical reaction, including recycle, purge and bypass.

 UNIT-IV

Energy Balances : Concept and Units, calculation of enthalpy changes, general balance with and without reactions, heats of solution and mixing, Unsteady-state material and energy balances.

 UNIT-V

Solids, liquids and gaseous fuels: Some industrial examples of the above, simple estimation of physical properties (transport, thermodynamic) of fluids and mixtures. Calorific values of fuels, Air Requirement of fuel gases and combustion calculation.

 Books Recommended :

  1. Himmelblau, D.M., “Basic Principles and Calculation in Chemical Engineering,” 6th Ed., Prentice-Hall of
  2. Bhatt and Vora, “Stoichiometry,” 3rd Ed., Tata McGraw-Hill, New
  3. Hougen, Watson and Ragatz, “Chemical Process Principles,” Vol. 1, Asia Publishing House, New
  4. Saha, S.N., “Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering,” Dhanpat Rai Publishing , New Delhi, 2000.

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

UNIT-I

Multidisciplinary nature of Environmental studies : Definition, scope and importance

  • Need for Public Awareness. Natural Resources : Renewable and non-renewable resources – Natural resources and associated problems – Forest resources – Use and over
  • exploitation, deforestation, – Mining, dams and other effects on forest and tribal people
  • Water resources – Use and over utilization of surface and ground water – Floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams – Mineral resources : Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral

 

UNIT-II

Solid Waste Management : Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes. -Disaster management : floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.Energy resources : Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources use of alternate energy source : Growing energy needs, Land resources : Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification.

UNIT-III

Biodiversity and its conservation : Introduction – Definition : genetic, species and ecosystem diversity. Bio-geographical classification of India – Value of biodiversity : consumptive use, productive use, social ethical, aesthetic and option value.

Biodiversity at global, National and local levels. India as a mega-diversity nation – Hot spots of biodiversity – Threats of biodiversity : habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, manwildlife

conflicts. – Endangered and endemic species of India – Conservation of biodiversity : In situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.

 UNIT-IV

Social issues and the environment : From Unsustainable to Sustainable industrial development-urban problems related to energy – Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management– Environmental ethics : issues and possible solutions.

  • Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust. Wasteland reclamation.– Environment Protection Act. – Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act – Wildlife Protection Act – Forest conservation

UNIT – V

Human Population and the Environment : Population growth, variation among nations. Population explosion – Family Welfare Programme. – Environment and human health. – Human Rights. – Value Education. – HIV/AIDS. – Women and Child Welfare.

  • Role of Information Technology in Environment and human

 Book Recommended :

  1. Text book of Environmental Studies for Undergraduate courses by Erach Bharucha for University Grant
  2. Environmental Science by David
  3. Environmental Studies by Anil Kumar
  4. Environmental Pollution Engineering and control by S.Rao.
  5. Environmental Pollution by K.C.
  6. A text book of Ecology and Environment by C.Joshi.
  7. Environmental Education by S.Bais. Environmental Biotechnology by P.D.Sharma

DAIRY TECHNOLOGY

 UNIT-I

 Milk : Definition, Composition, Chemical and functional properties of milk components: physicochemical properties of milk protein, aggregation of Casein, micelles, factors affecting milk composition, milk secretion and lactation.

UNIT-II

 Micro-organisms: importance in dairy science and technology. microbial spoilage of milk, hydrolytic rancidity in milk and milk products, autooxidation of milk fats and effects on milk quality.

UNIT-III

 Milk processing operations: Milk pasteurization, Homogeni zation & Sterilization. Effect of processing of milk components and their functional properties.

UNIT-IV

 Skimming of milk, Cream & Cream characteristics, manufacture of yoghurt and other fermented milk products, Ice cream manufacture, Butter making technology, technology of cheese, processing of concentrated milks and dried milk powder.

UNIT-V

 Milk quality control, sanitation in the dairy plant, adulteration of milk, dairy equipment maintenance and waste disposal.

Books Recommended :

1 Outlines of Dairy Technology by Sukumar De, Oxford University Press. 2 Milk and Milk Products by Eckles, Combs and Macy, Tata McGraw Hill.

3 Technology of Indian Milk Products by Aneja et al. A Dairy India Publication. 4 Principles of Dairy Processing by James N. Warner, Wiley Eastern Ltd

NEUROBIOLOGY

UNIT-I

Cytology of neuron, properties of neuron resting membrane potential Functional consequences of passive membrane.

UNIT-II

 Voltage gated channels and generation of action potential.

UNIT-III

 Principles underlying electrical and chemical synaptic transmission Factor controlling transmitter release morphology of chemical synapse and pattern of inter connections.

UNIT-IV

 Chemical messengers and small molecules and peptides Gaseous signals and response of brain, molecular steps in synaptic transmission.

UNIT – V

 Molecular aspect of postsynaptic receptor, NMDA receptors, long term potentiation Molecular biology of learning Reaction of neuron to injury.

Books Recommended : 

  • Human Physiology by C. Chatterjee, Vol. 1 & 2. Medical Allied Agency, Calcutta.
  • Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Disease. J. W. Wilson and A. Waugh Churchill and Livingston.
  • The Biochemistry of Cell signaling. Ernest, M. Helmirch, Oxford Press.

 

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SSC Calendar 2017-18 & List of SSC Exams

Staff Selection Commission (SSC) (Hindi: कर्मचारी चयन आयोग) is an organization under Government of India to recruit staff for various posts in the various Ministries and Departments of the Government of India and in Subordinate Offices. It is tasked with the job of carrying out recruitment for Group B and Group C non-gazetted posts (both technical and non-technical) for central government departments as well as various autonomous organisations.

SSC exams are one of the biggest recruitment drives carried out in India. Because of the fascination of getting government jobs in the youth of the nation, every year lakhs of candidates appeared in the examinations. The popular examinations conducted by SSC are:

SSC CGL (Combined Graduate Level): The most popular exam conducted by SSC, is the CGL exam or the Combined Graduate Level examination. It is conducted every year for graduates to recruit in various non-technical posts of Group B and Group C in central government. The posts for which large number of vacancies exists through Graduate Level are : Assistant Grade, Auditors/ Inspectors of Income Tax/Central Excise, Sub-Inspectors in Central Police Organisations (Assam rifles, BSF, CRPF, CISF, ITBP and SSB) and CBI, /Upper Division Clerks, Divisional Accountants etc.

SSC CHSL (Combined Higher Secondary Level): This is another popular examination of SSC to recruit basically lower division clerks and data entry operators in various government departments. The minimum qualification required is the candidate should have passed the 10+2 examination.

SSC MTS (Multi-Tasking Staff ): This exam is to recruit subordinate staff in various central government departments as well as organisations. The basic qualification required is the candidate should have passed the Matriculation examination or equivalent from a recognised board.

SSC JE(Junior Engineer) Examination: SSC recruits in technical cadres of Group B through this examination. The recruitment is done for engineers in Central Water Commission, Department of Posts, Central Public Works Department, Military Engineering Services etc.

SSC Stenographer (Grade C and Grade D): This recruitment is carried out by SSC for recruiting stenographers in various central government offices as well as attached subordinate offices. The minimum qualification required is the candidate should have passed the 10+2 examination with stenography skills.

SSC SI in Delhi Police, CAPF and ASI in CISF: SSC conducts this examination in order to select personnel for various police organisations of the country such as Delhi Police, Central Armed Police Force, Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) Border Security Force (BSF), ITBP etc.

SSC Constable (GD) Examination: SSC recruits constables through this open competitive exam in forces such as BSF, ITBP, Assam Rifles, CRPF, SSB, NIA etc. One needs to qualify in physical efficiency and eligibility test in order to write the written examination conducted for the recruitment. The minimum eligibility is Matriculation for this examination.

SSC Junior Hindi Translator in Subordinate Offices / Ministry of Defence / Central Hindi Training Institute: An open competitive examination is conducted every year by SSC to recruit translators in various organizations of the government. A graduate or post graduate with Hindi or English is required for the post. However, for Hindi Pradhyapak in Central Hindi Training Institute, experience is also mandatory.

Apart from all these regular examinations, SSC often comes up with various advertisements for a number of posts throughout the year. The best thing about the organisation is the vast mandate it has and that is why, from a matriculate to a postgraduate, everybody has the opportunity to get employed as a government servant through SSC.

CBSE Board exams 2017: Sample paper for class 10 Maths & Last minute tips and reminders

Maths, one of the most important and scoring subjects is also feared by most of the students. But regular studies, memorising and understanding the basics and practice is something which can help one fetch 100 per cent marks in the examination.

Maths, a traditionally ‘difficult’ subject is also very scoring. You must practice all these papers listed below to score 90+ marks:

  1. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term I (April to September 2016) Mathematics
  2. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term II Mathematics For March 2017 Examination
  3. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 Mathematics (Term-I) 2016
  4. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 Mathematics (Term-II) 2017
  5. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term I (April to Sep 2016) Mathematics
  6. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term II (October to March 2017) Mathematics
  7. CBSE Class 10th Mathematics Solved Practice Paper SA- I (2016-17)
  8. CBSE Class 10th Mathematics Solved Question Paper 2016 SA- II (All India Set-III)
  9. CBSE Class 10th SA-II Mathematics Solved Guess Paper 2016 Set-I
  10. CBSE Class 10th SA-II Mathematics Solved Guess Paper 2016 Set-II
  11. CBSE Class 10th Solved Mathematics Practice Paper 2015 Set-I (Fully Solved)
  12. CBSE Class 10th Solved Mathematics Practice Paper 2015 Set-II (Fully Solved)
  13. CBSE Class 10th Mathematics Solved Guess Paper SA-II 2015

Here are few tips for class 10 students to help them easily tackle their maths exam.

Tips to prepare well

  • Compile a list of all important formulae and concepts for quick revision
  • Complete all NCERT questions and solved examples
  • Don’t just memorise the formulae, understand it
  • Don’t wait for the last moment to clear your doubts. Do it now
  • Focus on NCERT books for studying as a majority of exam revolves around NCERT books, also practice questions from other books, in addition to NCERT
  • Practice last year’s question paper
  • Do not skip any topic, complete the syllabus thoroughly
  • Identify your weak areas, where you are unable to answer and where you answer incorrectly
  • Increase your speed in answering so you are able to complete the exam and have some time for revision during the exam.

Relax and practice, practice, practice to excel in your maths exam!

Class 10 English Communicative And Language & Literature Sample Question Papers

English Communicative

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English Language & Literature

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Best books for IIT JEE Main 2017 – Physics, Chemistry & Maths

The NCERT standard books used in CBSE board is a preferred choice for JEE. They contain the right amount of information in an easy to understand way which is why you should definitely read your NCERT textbook before you go for more difficult textbooks!

Below is a list of some of the best books for IIT JEE besides NCERT textbooks that you should definitely have in order to crack IIT JEE 2017:

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General Knowledge provides readers with the knowledge and information that people should know; the knowledge that is well known or must be known by everyone.

These books information is to help people establish their common framework in a social context to know general items in various areas of social life, science, business, technology, art, sport, universe, creatures, etc. It presents the information in an easy way to read, memorize (also to improve memory) and self-test. So readers could improve their general knowledge while enjoying their leisure time.

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GATE Result 2017 Announced By IIT Roorkee : Know How To Check

GATE Exam 2017 was conducted on February 4, 5, 11 and 12. The answer keys were released on February 27.

The results of Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) 2017 examination have been declared on its official website by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee on Monday (March 27).

Candidates can check their results by clicking here and entering their enrolment id. Successful candidates can download the scorecard till May 5, 2017 only. As per the official website, GATE 2017 scorecard download will be enabled shortly.

Steps to Check GATE Result 2017 in Online : 

  1. Go to official Website gate.iitr.ernet.in
  2. Then find the result link and then click the link http://appsgate.iitr.ac.in/ for Results of GATE 2017 Examinations:_9b9cf888-123c-11e7-9d5b-3c373065cf85
  3. The link redirects to the result page.
  4. Give user credentials and login to the page.
  5. Finally, find the results in that page and then download the results.

Successful candidates can download the scorecard till May 5, 2017 only. As per the official website, GATE 2017 scorecard download will be enabled shortly.

Details of the GATE 2017 Score Card:

The GATE 2017 Score Card will not be delivered to the individuals by any means as the candidates must download the GATE Score Card 2017 form official website.

  1. The score that is obtained by candidates after it is normalized is the GATE 2017 Score. This is displayed in a tangible form in the GATE 2017 Score Card which is also the official document that needs to be furnished during admissions or PSU recruitment.
  2. The GATE 2017 score is valid for THREE YEARS from the date of announcement of the GATE 2017 Result.
    The GATE Score Card 2017 can be downloaded from March 26, 2017 to May 5, 2017 through GOAPS.
  3. In case any candidate requires a soft copy of his/her GATE Score Card after May 6, 2017 till December 31, 2017, they must apply for the same through GOAPS by paying a fee of Rs 500/-
  4. Only candidates who have qualified in GATE 2017 can download the Score Card for GATE 2017.
  5. Candidates are advised to download and save the score card of GATE 2017 as it will be available for a limited period of time.
  6. The GATE score card is very important as it plays an important role in the several aspects of the job requirements and for many more. The GATE score card is also used for the Postgraduate Programs like the M.E., direct Ph.D., M. Tech and many more in the Indian institutes of higher education.

How to score 95 or more in the CBSE Class XII Chemistry on 25 March (Saturday) ?

Try to solve at least these sample papers, so that you will get idea about the type of questions asked along with time management. Do not be afraid of the subject; by repeated reading from text book and writing the answers, you can surely score better.

List of recommended reference books and sample papers has been listed below:

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Chemistry (For 2017 Exams): Click Here
  2. Oswaal CBSE Question Bank With Complete Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry (For 2017 Exams): Click Here
  3. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Chemistry 2017: Click Here
  4. Class 12 Chemistry Solved Papers (2008-16) cum Revision Handbook with 3 Sample Papers: Click Here
  5. CBSE Class 12th Chemistry Solved Guess Paper 2016 (Set-I): Click Here
  6. CBSE Class 12th Chemistry Solved Guess Paper 2016 (Set-II): Click Here
  7. CBSE Class 12th Solved Chemistry Practice Paper 2015 (Set-II): Click Here
  8. CBSE Class 12th Solved Chemistry Practice Paper 2015 (Set-I): Click Here
  9. CBSE-Board Success Files Class 12 Chemistry with 8 Sample Papers 3rd Edition: Click Here
  10. NCERT Solutions with Exemplar/ HOTS/ Value based Questions Class 12 Chemistry (3rd Edition): Click Here
  11. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Chemistry For Class 12: Click Here
  12. Comprehensive Exam Kit Chemistry Class 12: Click Here
  13. Golden Chemistry Class XII (New Edition): Click Here

Here are some tips to score good marks in chemistry.

  • Revise the notes prepared by you all through the year. They help to memorise the subject in a systematic way.
  • Make a note of various formulas and stick them onto a wall or your study table and try to read and memorise these notes every time you pass through them.
  • Pick the basics of important topics of reasoning importance like the p block elements, the d & f block elements.
  • Go for the Raoult’s Law, Adsorption isotherm, Nernst Equation, Molar mass determination, Packing fraction etc. as they hold a major importance and are the frequently asked questions.
  • Solve atleast 1 sample questions based on the numerical topics you’ve learnt. As solving will provide you an idea on where you are going wrong and how could you improve on them.
  • Attempt as much conceptual questions on those Numericals. This will give you a clearer understanding of the topic.
  • For the Organics; revise few important and famous reactions like the Cannizzaro, Aldol, Hoffmann, Freidal Crafts Reaction, etc.
  • Go for the basics of Substitution, Elimination, Resonance, Nomenclature, etc. and on the basis of your inference solve questions from the NCERT or any other referred books.
  • Find for new questions & frequently asked questions; on the similar context from Previous Year Question paper, Sample paper and other Model test paper.
  • Always time yourself while answering the sample papers as it will help you manage time during the exam.
  • As it is the Last Moment try to revise a topic for not more than 3 times; as revising a topic which you understand less might take the toll of time for your other topics.
  • Try and finish chapters which you find easy to understand as it will boost your confidence.
  • Cover every topic of NCERT book. CBSE board exam question papers are completely based on this book.
  • Do not start a new topic at the last minute. Revise the topics which you have already completed.

 

Information Source: Jagran Josh

 

RTU Syllabus Computer Science Engineering 8th Semester

Mobile Computing

Unit-1

Mobile computing: Definitions, adaptability issues (transparency, Environmental Constraints, application aware adaptation), mechanisms for adaptation and incorporating adaptations.

Mobility management: mobility management, location management principle and techniques, PCS location management Scheme.

Unit-2

Data dissemination and management: challenges, Data dissemination, bandwidth allocation for publishing, broadcast disk scheduling, mobile cache maintenance schemes, Mobile Web Caching. Introduction to mobile middleware.

Unit-3

Middleware for application development: adaptation, Mobile agents. Service Discovery Middleware: Service Discovery & standardization Methods (universally Unique Identifiers, Textual Description & using interfaces), unicast Discovery, Multicast Discovery & advertisement, service catalogs, Garbage Collection, Eventing.

Unit-4

Mobile IP, Mobile TCP, Database systems in mobile environments, World Wide Web and mobility

Unit-5

Ad Hoc networks, localization, MAC issues, Routing protocols, global state routing (GSR), Destination sequenced distance vector routing (DSDV), Dynamic source routing (DSR), Ad Hoc on demand distance vector routing (AODV), Temporary ordered routing algorithm (TORA), QoS in Ad Hoc Networks, applications.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Frank Adelstein, Sandeep Gupta, Golden Richard III, Loren Schwiebert, Fundamentals of Mobile and Pervasive Computing,
  2. Principles of mobile computing Hansmann & Merk.,  Springer
  3. Mobile communications Jochen Schiller ,  Pearson
  4. 11 wireless networks Matthew S.Gast,  O’REILLY.
  5. Wireless LANs: Davis & McGuffin, McGraw  Hill
  6. Mobile Communications  Handbook by Jerry D. Gybson
  7. Mobile Communications  Handbook by R

Digital Image Processing

Unit-1

Introduction to Image Processing: Digital Image representation, Sampling & Quantization, Steps in image Processing, Image acquisition, color image representation

Unit-2

Image Transformation & Filtering: Intensity transform functions, histogram processing, Spatial filtering, Fourier transforms and its properties, frequency domain filters, colour models, Pseudo colouring, colour transforms, Basics of Wavelet Transforms

Unit-3

Image Restoration: Image degradation and restoration process, Noise Models, Noise Filters, degradation function, Inverse Filtering, Homomorphism Filtering

Unit-4

Image Compression: Coding redundancy, Interpixel redundancy, Psychovisual redundancy, Huffman Coding, Arithmetic coding, Lossy compression techniques, JPEG Compression

Unit-5

Image Segmentation & Representation: Point, Line and Edge Detection, Thresholding, Edge and Boundary linking, Hough transforms, Region Based Segmentation, Boundary representation, Boundary Descriptors, Regional

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Gonzalez and Woods:  Digital Image Processing ISDN 0-201-600- 781, Addison Wesley
  2. Boyle and Thomas: Computer Vision – A First Gurse 2nd Edition.
  3. Gonzalez and Woods:  Digital Image Processing ISDN 0-201-600- 781, Addison Wesley
  4. Pakhera Malay K: Digital Image Processing and Pattern Recogination,

Distributed  Systems

Unit-1

Distributed Systems: Features of distributed systems, nodes of a distributed system,Distributed computation paradigms, Model of distributed systems, Types of Operating systems: Centralized Operating System, Network Operating Systems, Distributed Operating Systems and Cooperative Autonomous Systems, design issues in distributed operating systems.
Systems Concepts and Architectures: Goals, Transparency, Services, Architecture Models, Distributed Computing Environment (DCE).
Theoretical issues in distributed systems: Notions of time and state, states and events in a distributed system, time, clocks and event precedence, recording the state of distributed systems.

Unit-2

Concurrent Processes and Programming: Processes and Threads, Graph Models for Process Representation, Client/Server Model, Time Services, Language Mechanisms for Synchronization, Object Model Resource Servers, Characteristics of Concurrent Programming Languages (Language not included).
Inter-process Communication and Coordination: Message Passing, Request/Reply and Transaction Communication, Name and Directory services, RPC and RMI casestudies.

Unit-3

Distributed Process Scheduling: A System Performance Model, Static Process Schedulingwith Communication, Dynamic Load Sharing and Balancing, Distributed Process Implementation.
Distributed File Systems: Transparencies and Characteristics of DFS, DFS Design and implementation, Transaction Service and Concurrency Control, Data and File Replication.
Case studies: Sun network file systems, General Parallel file System and Window’s file systems. Andrew and Coda File Systems

Unit-4

Distributed Shared Memory: Non-Uniform Memory Access Architectures, Memory Consistency Models, Multiprocessor Cache Systems, Distributed Shared Memory, Implementation of DSM systems.
Models of Distributed Computation: Preliminaries, Causality, Distributed Snapshots, Mo deling a Distributed Computation, Failures in a Distributed System, Distributed Mutual Exclusion, Election, Distributed Deadlock handling, Distributed termination detection.

Unit-5

Distributed Agreement: Concept of Faults, failure and recovery, Byzantine Faults,Adversaries, Byzantine Agreement, Impossibility of Consensus and Randomized Distributed Agreement.
Replicated Data Management: concepts and issues, Database Techniques, Atomic Multicast, and Update Propagation.
CORBA case study: Introduction, Architecture, CORBA RMI, CORBA Services.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Distributed operating systems and algorithm analysis  by  Randy  Chow  and    Johnson, Pearson
  2. Operating Systems  A concept  based approach  by DM Dhamdhere,  TMH
  3. Distributed Systems- concepts and Design, Coulouris ,  Dollimore  J,  and  Kindberg  T., Pearson

Hardware  Testing  and Fault Tolerance

Unit-1

Overview of hardware testing. Reliability and Testing, Difference between Verification and Testing, Concepts of fault models, test pattern generation and fault coverage. Types of tests exhaustive testing, pseudo-exhaustive testing, pseudo-random testing, and deterministic testing. Test Application. Design for Test. Testing Economics. Defects, Failures and Faults. How are physical defects modeled as faults. Stuck-at faults, Single stuck-at-faults multiple stuck-at faults, bridging faults, delay faults, transient faults.

Unit-2

Relation between VLSI Design and Testing.
a) Design Representation for the purpose of testing – Representation in the form of mathematical equations, tabular format, graphs, Binary Decision Diagrams, Netlists, or HDL descriptions.
b) Recap of VLSI Design Flow and where testing fits in the flow. Importance of Simulation and Fault Simulation. Compiled and event-driven simulation. Parallel and deductive fault simulation. Using fault simulation to estimate fault coverage and building a fault dictionary

Unit-3

Combinational Test Pattern Generation. D-algorithm. Critical Path Tracking. PODEM algorithm for test generation. Testing sequential circuits. Functional and deterministic ATPG for sequential circuits and the associated challenges. Motivation for Design for Testability. Test Points, Partitioning for Testability. Scan Testing. Scan Architectures. Cost of Scan Testing. Boundary Scan Testing. Board-level testing. Boundary-scan Architecture and various modes of operation.

Unit-4

a) Built-in Self Test. Pseudo-random test generation. Response Compaction. Random pattern-resistant faults. BIST architectures – Circular BIST, BILBO, STUMPS.
b) Testing of Memories – Fault models, Functional tests for memories, Memory BIST.
c) Testing of microprocessors.

Unit-5

Hardware fault tolerance. Failure Rate, Reliability, Mean Time to Failure. Different kinds of redundancy schemes for fault-tolerance (Space, Time, and Information Redundancy). N- modular Redundancy. Watch Dog Processors, Byzantine Failures. Information Redundancy parity codes, checksums, m-of-n codes. RAID architectures for disk storage systems. Fault tolerance in interconnection networks. Fault-tolerant routing techniques.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Samiha Mourad and Yervant Zorian. Principles  of  Electronic    Wiley  Student Editon.  [Available  in  Indian Edition].
  2. Koren and  Mani  Krishna.  Fault-Tolerant  Systems.  Elsevier.  (Indian  Edition Available.)

Real Time System

Unit-1

Introduction: Definition, Typical Real Time Applications, concept of tasks, types of tasks and real time systems, block diagram of RTS, and tasks parameters -Release Times, execution time, period, Deadlines, and Timing Constraints etc. RTS requirements.

Unit-2

Reference Models for Real Time Systems: processors and Resources, Temporal Parameters of Real-Time Workload, Periodic and Aperiodic Task Model, Precedence Constrains and Data Dependency, Other Types of Dependencies, Functional Parameters, Resource Parameters.
Real Time Scheduling: classification of Real Time Scheduling, scheduling criteria, performance metrics, schedulability analysis, Introduction to Clock Driven scheduling, Weighted Round Robin Approach and Priority Driven Approach. Dynamic Versus Static systems, Offline Versus Online Scheduling.

Unit-3

Periodic tasks scheduling: Clock Driven Scheduling – definition, notations and assumption, scheduler concepts, general scheduling structure, cyclic executives.
Priority Driven Scheduling; notations and assumption, fixed priority verses dynamic priority, fixed priority scheduling algorithms (RM and DM) and their schedulability analysis, concept of schedulability tests – Inexact and exact schedulability tests for RM and DM, Optimality of the RM and DM algorithms, practical factors.

Unit-4

Aperiodic task scheduling; assumption and approaches, server based and non-server based fixed priority scheduling algorithms – polling server, deferrable server , simple sporadic server, priority exchange, extended priority exchange, slack stealing.
Introduction to scheduling of flexible computations –flexible applications, imprecise computation model and firm deadline model.

Unit-5

Resources Access Control: Assumptions on Resources and their usage, Effect of Resource Contention and Resource Access Control (RAC), Non-preemptive Critical Sections, priority inversion problem, need of new resource synchronization primitives/protocols for RTS, Basic Priority-Inheritance and Priority-Ceiling Protocols, Stack Based Priority-Ceiling Protocol, Use of Priority- Ceiling Protocol in Dynamic Priority Systems, Preemption Ceiling Protocol, Access Control in Multiple- Unit Resources, Controlling Concurrent Accesses to Data Objects.

Text/Reference Books :

1. J.W.S.Liu: Real-Time Systems, Pearson Education Asia
2. P.D.Laurence, K.Mauch: Real-time Microcomputer System Design, An Introduction, McGraw Hill
3. C.M. Krisna & K. G. Shim- Real time systems- TMH

UNIX Network Programming And Simulation Lab

Experiments :

1. Write two programs in C: hello_client and hello_server
• The server listens for, and accepts, a single TCP connection; it reads all the data it can from that connection, and prints it to the screen; then it closes the connection
• The client connects to the server, sends the string “Hello, world!”, then closes the connection

2. Write an Echo_Client and Echo_server using TCP to estimate the round trip time from client to the server. The server should be such that it can accept multiple connections at any given time.

3. Repeat Exercises 1 & 2 for UDP.

4. Repeat Exercise 2 with multiplexed I/O operations

5. Simulate Bellman-Ford Routing algorithm in NS2

FPGA Lab

Experiments :

1. Fundamental Theory-Introduction to DSP architectures and programming Sampling Theory, Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC), Digital-to- Analog Converter (DAC), and Quantization; Decimation, Interpolation, Convolution, Simple Moving Average; Periodic Signals and harmonics; Fourier Transform (DFT/FFT), Spectral Analysis, and time/spectrum representations; FIR and IIR Filters;

2. Design (Simulation) using MATLAB/ Simulink Simulate the lab exercises using MATLAB/Simulink

3. Implementation using pure DSP, pure FPGA and Hybrid DSP/FPGA platforms Digital Communications: On-Off- Keying (OOK), BPSK modulation, and a simple transceiver design Adaptive Filtering: Echo/Noise Cancellation, Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm (2 weeks)
Wireless Communications: Channel coding/decoding, Equalization, Simple Detection Algorithm, OFDM Speech Processing: Prediction Algorithms, Speech Classification and Synthesis.

Digital Image Processing Lab

Experiments :

1. Color image segmentation algorithm development

2. Wavelet/vector quantization compression

3. Deformable templates applied to skin tumor border finding

4. Helicopter image enhancement

5. High-speed film image enhancement

6. Computer vision for skin tumor image evaluation

7. New Border Images

To Get FREE Previous Years Papers, Notes, Study Materials, Syllabus, and Exam Results for all semesters – Get as notifications or alerts. Download this Engineering University App :

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RTU Syllabus Computer Science Engineering 7th Semester

Cloud Computing

Unit-1

Introduction Cloud Computing: Nutshell of cloud computing, Enabling Technology, Historical development, Vision, feature Characteristics and components of Cloud Computing. Challenges, Risks and Approaches of Migration into Cloud. Ethical Issue in Cloud Computing, Evaluating the Cloud’s Business Impact and economics, Future of the cloud. Networking Support for Cloud Computing. Ubiquitous Cloud and the Internet of Things

Unit-2

Cloud Computing Architecture: Cloud Reference Model, Layer and Types of Clouds, Services models, Data center Design and interconnection Network, Architectural design of Compute and Storage Clouds.
Cloud Programming and Software: Fractures of cloud programming, Parallel and distributed programming paradigms-MapReduce, Hadoop , High level Language for Cloud. Programming of Google App engine,

Unit-3

Virtualization Technology: Definition, Understanding and Benefits of Virtualization. Implementation Level of Virtualization, Virtualization Structure/Tools and Mechanisms , Hypervisor VMware, KVM, Xen. Virtualization: of CPU, Memory, I/O Devices, Virtual Cluster and Resources Management, Virtualization of Server , Desktop, Network, and Virtualization of data-center

Unit-4

Securing the Cloud : Cloud Information security fundamentals, Cloud security services, Design principles, Policy Implementation, Cloud Computing Security Challenges, Cloud Computing Security Architecture . Legal issues in cloud Computing.
Data Security in Cloud: Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery , Risk Mitigation , Understanding and Identification of Threats in Cloud, SLA-Service Level Agreements, Trust Management

Unit-5

Cloud Platforms in Industry: Amazon web services , Google AppEngine, Microsoft Azure Design, Aneka Cloud Application Platform -Integration of Private and Public Clouds
Cloud applications: Protein structure prediction, Data Analysis, Satellite Image Processing, CRM and E ,Social networking . Cloud Application- Scientific Application, Business Application.
Advance Topic in Cloud Computing: Federated Cloud/InterCloud, Third Party Cloud Services.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. “ Distributed and Cloud Computing “ By Kai Hawang , Geofrey C.Fox, Jack    Dongarra    Pub: Elservier
  2. Cloud Computing ,Principal and Paradigms, Edited By Rajkumar Buyya,  Jemes  Broberg,    Goscinski, Pub.- Wiley
  3. Kumar Saurabh, “Cloud Computing” , Wiley Pub
  4. Krutz , Vines, “Cloud Security “ , Wiley Pub
  5. Velte, “Cloud  Computing- A Practical Approach” ,TMH Pub

Information Systems Security

Unit-1

Introduction to security attacks, services and mechanism, classical encryption techniques- substitution ciphers and transposition ciphers, cryptanalysis, stream and block ciphers.
Modern Block Ciphers: Block ciphers principals, Shannon’s theory of confusion and diffusion, fiestal structure, data encryption standard(DES), differential and linear cryptanalysis of DES, block cipher modes of operations, triple DES.

Unit-2

AES, RC6, random number generation. S-box theory: Boolean Function, S-box design criteria, Bent functions, Propagation and nonlinearity, construction of balanced functions, S-box design.

Unit-3

Public Key Cryptosystems: Principles of Public Key Cryptosystems, RSA Algorithm, security analysis of RSA, Exponentiation in Modular Arithmetic.
Key Management in Public Key Cryptosystems: Distribution of Public Keys, Distribution of Secret keys using Public Key Cryptosystems. X.509 Discrete Logarithms, Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange.

Unit-4

Message Authentication and Hash Function: Authentication requirements, authentication functions, message authentication code, hash functions, birthday attacks, security of hash functions and MAC, MD5 message digest algorithm, Secure hash algorithm(SHA).
Digital Signatures: Digital Signatures, authentication protocols, digital signature standards (DSS), proof of digital signature algorithm.
Remote user Authentication using symmetric and Asymmetric Authentication

Unit-5

Pretty Good Privacy. IP Security: Overview, IP Security Architecture, Authentication Header, Encapsulation Security Payload in Transport and Tunnel mode with multiple security associations (Key Management not Included).
Strong Password Protocols: Lamport’s Hash, Encrypted Key Exchange.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Stalling Williams: Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practices, 4th Edition, Pearson Education,
  2. Kaufman Charlie et.al; Network Security: Private Communication in a Public World, 2nd Ed., PHI/Pearson.
  3. Pieprzyk Josef and et.al; Fundamentals of Computer Security, Springer-Verlag,
  4. Trappe & Washington, Introduction to Cryptography, 2nd Pearson.

Data Mining And Data Warehousing

Unit-1

Overview, Motivation(for Data Mining),Data Mining-Definition & Functionalities, Data Processing, Form of Data Preprocessing, Data Cleaning: Missing Values, Noisy Data, (Binning, Clustering, Regression, Computer and Human inspection), Inconsistent Data, Data Integration and Transformation. Data Reduction:-Data Cube Aggregation, Dimensionality reduction, Data Compression, Numerosity Reduction, Clustering, Discretization and Concept hierarchy generation.

Unit-2

Concept Description: Definition, Data Generalization, Analytical Characterization, Analysis of attribute relevance, Mining Class comparisons, Statistical measures in large Databases. Measuring Central Tendency, Measuring Dispersion of Data, Graph Displays of Basic Statistical class Description, Mining Association Rules in Large Databases, Association rule mining, mining Single-Dimensional Boolean Association rules from Transactional Databases– Apriori Algorithm, Mining Multilevel Association rules from Transaction Databases and Mining Multi- Dimensional Association rules from Relational Databases.

Unit-3

What is Classification & Prediction, Issues regarding Classification and prediction, Decision tree, Bayesian Classification, Classification by Backpropagation, Multilayer feed-forward Neural Network, Back propagation Algorithm, Classification methods K-nearest neighbour classifiers, Genetic Algorithm. Cluster Analysis: Data types in cluster analysis, Categories of clustering methods, Partitioning methods. Hierarchical Clustering- CURE and Chameleon. Density Based Methods-DBSCAN, OPTICS. Grid Based Methods- STING, CLIQUE. Model Based Method –Statistical Approach, Neural Network approach, Outlier Analysis

Unit-4

Data Warehousing: Overview, Definition, Delivery Process, Difference between Database System and Data Warehouse, Multi Dimensional Data Model, Data Cubes, Stars, Snow Flakes, Fact Constellations, Concept hierarchy, Process Architecture, 3 Tier Architecture, Data Mining.

Unit-5

Aggregation, Historical information, Query Facility, OLAP function and Tools. OLAP Servers, ROLAP, MOLAP, HOLAP, Data Mining interface, Security, Backup and Recovery, Tuning Data Warehouse, Testing Data Warehouse.

Text/Reference Books :

1. Data Warehousing in the Real World – Anahory and Murray, Pearson Education.
2. Data Mining – Concepts and Techniques – Jiawai Han and Micheline Kamber.
3. Building the Data Warehouse – WH Inmon, Wiley.

Computer Aided Design For VLSI

Unit-1

Complexity in microelectronic circuit design and Moore’s Law, design styles -Full- custom design, standard-cell design, Programmable Logic Devices, Field Programmable Gate Arrays, Design Stages, Computer-Aided Synthesis and Optimizations, design flow and related problems.

Unit-2

Boolean functions and its representations – co-factor, unite, derivatives, consensus and smoothing; tabular representations and Binary Decision Diagram (BDD), OBDD, ROBDD and Bryant’s reduction algorithm and ITE algorithm. Hardware abstract models – structures and logic networks, State diagram, data-flow and sequencing graphs, hierarchical sequencing graphs. Compilation and behavioral optimizations.

Unit-3

Architectural Synthesis – Circuit description and problem definition, temporal and spatial domain scheduling, synchronization problem. Scheduling algorithms – ASAP and ALAP scheduling algorithms, scheduling under constraints, relative scheduling, listscheduling heuristic. Scheduling in pipelined circuits.

Unit-4

Resource Sharing & Binding in sequencing graphs for resource dominated circuits, sharing of registers and busses; binding variables toregisters.
Two-level logic optimization principles – definitions and exact logic minimizations. Positional cube notations, functions with multi-valued logic. List-oriented manipulations.

Unit-5

Physical Design. Floor planning – goals and objectives. Channel definition, I/O and power planning. Clock Planning. Placement – goals and objectives. Placement algorithms. Iterative improvement algorithms. Simulated Annealing. Timing-driven Placement. Global routing – goals and objectives. Global routing methods. Timing- driven global routing. Detailed Routing – goals and objectives. Left-edge algorithm. Constraints and routing graphs. Channel routing algorithms. Via minimization.
Clockrouting, power routing, circuit extraction and Design Rule Checking.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. H. Gerez. Algorithms VLSI Design Automation. Wiley India.  (Indian  edition available.)
  2. Michael John Sebastian Smith. Application-Specific Integrated Addison-Wesley. (Low-priced edition is available.)
  3. D. Micheli,   Synthesis  and optimization of digital  circuits,   TMH.

Computer Construction

Unit-1

Compiler, Translator, Interpreter definition, Phase of compiler introduction to one pass & Multipass compilers, Bootstrapping, Review of Finite automata lexical analyzer, Input, buffering, Recognition of tokens, Idea about LEX: A lexical analyzer generator, Error handling.

Unit-2

Review of CFG Ambiguity of grammars, Introduction to parsing. Bottom up parsing Top down parsing techniques, Shift reduce parsing, Operator precedence parsing, Recursive descent parsing predictive parsers. LL grammars & passers error handling of LL parser. LR parsers, Construction of SLR, Conical LR & LALR parsing tables, parsing with ambiguous grammar. Introduction of automatic parser generator: YACC error handling in LR parsers.

Unit-3

Syntax directed definitions; Construction of syntax trees, L-attributed definitions, Top down translation. Specification of a type checker, Intermediate code forms using postfix notation and three address code, Representing TAC using triples and quadruples, Translation of assignment statement. Boolean e xpression and control structures.

Unit-4

Storage organization, Storage allocation, Strategies, Activation records, Accessing local and non local names in a block structured language, Parameters passing, Symbol table organization, Data structures used in symbol tables.

Unit-5

Definition of basic block control flow graphs, DAG representation of basic block, Advantages of DAG, Sources of optimization, Loop optimization, Idea about global data flow analysis, Loop invariant computation, Peephole optimization, Issues in design of code generator, A simple code generator, Code generation from DAG.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Aho, Ullman  and  Sethi:  Compilers,  Addison
  2. Holub, Compiler  Design  in C,PHI

Advanced Database Management System

Unit-1

Query Processing and Optimization: Overview of Relational Query Optimization, System Catalog in a Relational DBMS, Alternative Plans, Translating SQL, Queries into Algebra, Estimating the Cost of a Plan, Relational Algebra Equivalences, Enumeration of Alternative Plans.

Unit-2

Object Database Systems: Motivating Examples, Structured Data Types, Operations On Structured Data, Encapsulation and ADT’s, Inheritance, Objects, OIDs and Reference Types, Database Design for an ORDBMS, ORDBMS Implementation Challenges,
ORDBMS, Comparing RDBMS, OODBMS, and ORDBMS.

Unit-3

Parallel and Distributed Databases: Architectures for Parallel, Databases, Parallel Query Evaluation, Parallelizing Individual Operations, Parallel Query Optimization, Distributed DBMS Architectures, Storing Data in a Distributed DBMS, Distributed Catalog Management, Distributed Query Processing, Updating Distributed Data, Introduction to Distributed Transactions, Distributed Concurrency Control, Distributed Recovery.

Unit-4

Database Security and Authorization: Introduction to Database Security, Access Control, Discretionary Access Control- Grant and Revoke on Views and Integrity Constraints, Mandatory Access Control- Multilevel Relations and Polyinstantiation, Covert Channels, DoD Security Levels, Additional Issues Related to Security- Role of the Database Administrator, Security in Statistical Databases, Encryption.

Unit-5

POSTGES: POSTGRES user interfaces, sql variations and extensions, Transaction Management, Storage and Indexing, Query processing and optimizations, System Architectures.
XML: Motivation, Structure of XML data, XML Document Schema, Querying and Transformation, Application Program Interface to XML, Storage of XML Data, XML applications.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Elmasri R and Navathe SB, Fundamentals  of  Database  Systems,  3rd  Edition,  Addison Wesley,2000.
  2. Connolly T, Begg  C and  Strachan  A, Database  Systems,  2nd    Edition,  Addison  Wesley, 1999
  3. Ceri Pelagatti  , Distributed  Database:  Principles  and  System  – (McGraw Hill)
  4. Simon AR, Strategic Database Technology: Management for the Year 2000,  Morgan  Kaufmann, 1995
  5. Silversatz, H. Korth  and S. Sudarsan:   Database  Cocepts  5th    edition,  Mc-Graw  Hills  2005.

Robotics

Unit-1

Introduction — brief history, types, classification and usage, Science and Technology of robots, Some useful websites, textbooks and research journals.

Unit-2

Elements of robots — joints, links, actuators, and sensors Position and orientation of a rigid body, Homogeneous transformations, Representation of joints, link representation using D-H parameters, Examples of D-H parameters and link transforms, different kinds of actuators – stepper, DC servo and brushless motors, model of a DC servo motor, Types of transmissions, Purpose of sensors, internal and external sensors, common sensors – encoders, tachometers, strain gauge based force-torque sensors

Unit-3

Introduction, Direct and inverse kinematics problems, Examples of kinematics of common serial manipulators, workspace of a serial robot, Inverse kinematics of constrained and redundant robots, Tractrix based approach for fixed and free robots and multi-body systems, simulations and experiments, Solution procedures using theory of elimination, Inverse kinematics solution for the general 6R serial manipulator.

Unit-4

Degrees-of-freedom of parallel mechanisms and manipulators, Active and passive joints, Constraint and loop-closure equations, Direct kinematics problem, Mobility of parallel manipulators, Closed-from and numerical solution, Inverse kinematics of parallel manipulators and mechanisms, Direct kinematics of Gough-Stewart platform.

Unit-5

Linear and angular velocity of links, Velocity propagation, Manipulator Jacobians for serial and parallel manipulators, Velocity ellipse and ellipsoids, Singularity analysis for serial and parallel manipulators, Loss and gain of degree of freedom, Statics of serial and parallel manipulators, Statics and force transformation matrix of a Gough-Stewart platform, Singularity analysis and statics.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Mittal and Nagrath, Robotics and Control, Tata McGraw-Hill Education

Data  Compression Techniques

Unit-1

Compression Techniques: Lossless, lossy, measure of performance, modeling & coding.
Lossless compression: Derivation of average information, data models, uniquely decodable codes with tests, prefix codes, Kraft-Mc Millan inequality.
Huffman coding: Algorithms, minimum variance Huffman codes, optimality, length extended codes, adaptive coding, Rice codes, using Huffman codes for lossless image compression.

Unit-2

Arithmetic coding with application to lossless compression. Dictionary Techniques: LZ77, LZ78, LZW
Predictive coding: Burrows-Wheeler Transform and move-to-front coding, JPEG-LS Facsimile Encoding: Run length, T.4 and T.6

Unit-3

Lossy coding- Mathematical preliminaries: Distortion criteria, conditional entropy, average mutual information, differential entropy, rate distortion theory, probability and linear system models.
Scalar quantization: The quantization problem, uniform quantizer, Forward adaptive quantization, non-uniform quantization-Formal adopting quantization companded Quantization
Vector quantization: Introduction, advantages, The Linde-Ruzo-Grey algorithm, lattice vector quantization.

Unit-4

Differential encoding – Introduction, Basic algorithm, Adaptive DPCM, Delta modulation, speech and image coding using delta modulation.
Sampling in frequency and time domain, z-transform, DCT, DST, DWHT, quantization and coding of transform coefficient.

Unit-5

Sub band coding: Introduction, Filters, Basic algorithm, Design of Filter banks, G.722,MPEG.
Wavelet based compression: Introduction, wavelets multi-resolution analysis and the scaling function implementation using filters.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Sayood  K: Introduction to  Data  Compression:   ELSEVIER 2005.

Web Development Lab

Experiment :

1. Creation of HTML Files

2. Working with Client Side Scripting : VBScript, JavaScript

3. Configuration of web servers: Apache Web Server, Internet Information Server (IIS)

4. Working with ActiveX Controls in web documents

5. Experiments in Java Server Pages: Implementing MVC Architecture using Servlets, Data Access Programming (using ADO), Session and Application objects, File System Management

6. Working with other Server Side Scripting: Active Server Pages, Java Servlets, PHP

7. Experiments in Ajax Programming

8. Developing Web Services

9. Developing any E-commerce application (Mini Project)

10. Application Development in cloud computing Environment

11. Experiment Using Open Source Tool e.g. ANEKA

Compiler Design Lab

Experiment :

1. Develop an in depth understanding of system programming concept. Lexical analysis, syntax analysis, semantics analysis, code optimization, code generation. Language specification and processing

2. Develop an Understanding of Scanning by using concept of Finite state automaton. Parse tree and syntax tree, Top down parsing (recursive decent parsing, LL (1) parser) Bottom up parsing (operator precedence parsing) .Managing symbol table, opcode table, literal table, pool table

3. Develop an Understanding of Intermediate code form: Three address code, Polish notation (Postfix strings)

4. Develop an Understanding of Allocation data structure. Heaps

5. Develop an Understanding about Language processor development tools: LEX, YACC. Language processing activities (Program generation and execution)

 

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Papers you MUST practise while preparing for board exams class 10

As far as NCERT books are concerned, We never thought of them as one stop full knowledge for papers like Maths and Science back in 10th grade because we were constantly told that CBSE has a knack of asking questions outside of the books , so you should refer NCERT plus other books like sample papers from Oswaal and MBD publishers, that contain amazing questions and ‘Support Material’ by CBSE for all.

We done some research & found out that ‘Oswal books’ are available for class 10th CBSE CCE pattern. These books really helpful. They will help you in practicing numerous questions for subjects like Maths and Accountancy. More the practice , better will be your speed and not just accuracy.

Download these recommended books by toppers for your board exam:

S Chand Textbook/Reference Book Class 10:

  1. Science for Tenth Class Part 1 Physics
  2. Science for Tenth Class Part 2 Chemistry
  3. Science for Tenth Class Part 3 Biology
  4. S.Chand’S Mathematics For Class X Term-I
  5. How to Become a Human Calculator
  6. High School English Grammar and Composition Key

Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term I & II:

  1. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term I (April to September 2016) English Communicative
  2. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term I (April to September 2016) Social Science
  3. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term I (April to September 2016) Mathematics
  4. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term I (April to September 2016) Sanskrit
  5. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term I (April To September 2016) English Language & Literature
  6. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term II English Communicative For March 2017 Examination
  7. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term II Social Science For March 2017 Examination
  8. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term II English Language And Literature For March 2017 Examination
  9. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term II Mathematics For March 2017 Examination
  10. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term II Foundation Of Information Technology For March 2017 Examination
  11. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 10 Term II Sanskrit For March 2017 Examination

MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers For Class 10:

  1. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Mathematics Class X
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 English Communicative (Term-II) 2017
  3. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 English Language And Literature (Term-II) 2017
  4. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 English Communicative (Term-I) 2016
  5. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 English Language And Literature (Term-I) 2016
  6. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 Social Science (Term-II) 2017
  7. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 Mathematics (Term-II) 2017
  8. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 Mathematics (Term-I) 2016
  9. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 Science (Term-II) 2017
  10. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 10 Social Science (Term-I) 2016
  11. Holy Faith abc Of Foundation Of Information Technology For Class X (Term I And II)

Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions Term I & II:

  1. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term I (April to Sep 2016) English Communicative 
  2. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term I (April to Sep 2016) English Lang & Literature
  3. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term I (April to Sep 2016) Mathematics
  4. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term I (April to Sep 2016) Social Science
  5. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term I (April to Sep 2016) Sanskrit
  6. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term I (April to Sep 2016) Foundation of Information Technology
  7. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term II (October to March 2017) English Communicative
  8. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term II (October to March 2017) English Language & Literature
  9. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term II (October to March 2017) Mathematics
  10. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term II (October to March 2017) Social Science
  11. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term II (October to March 2017) Foundation of Information Technology
  12. Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank With Complete Solutions For Class 10 Term II (October to March 2017) Sanskrit

Oswaal CBSE CCE Pullout Worksheets For Term I & II:

  1. Oswaal CBSE CCE Pullout Worksheets For Class 10 Social Science (Term 1)
  2. Oswaal CBSE CCE Pullout Worksheets For Class 10 Social Science (Term 2)
  3. Oswaal CBSE CCE Pullout Worksheets For Class 10 Mathematics (Term 1 Examination)
  4. Oswaal CBSE CCE Pullout Worksheets For Class 10 Mathematics (Term 2 Examination)
  5. Oswaal CBSE CCE Pullout Worksheets for Class 10 English Communicative (Term 1)
  6. Oswaal CBSE CCE Pullout Worksheets for Class 10 English Communicative (Term 2)

Oswaal CBSE CCE Novels For Class 10:

Oswaal CBSE CCE The Story Of My Life Term 1 And Term 2 For Class 10 (Summary In English)

Oswaal CBSE CCE The Diary Of A Young Girl Term-1 And Term-2 for Class 10 (Summary In English And Hindi)

NCERT Based Books For Class 10: 

Sample Question Paper For Class 10 (Hindi Medium):

Balance your JEE and CBSE boards preparation for 2016-2017

IIT JEE 2017: The Joint Entrance Examination (Main) – 2017 will be conducted on

2nd April 2017 : JEE Main offline exam (Pen and Paper Based exam)

8th & 9th April, 2017 : JEE Main online exam (Computer Based exam)

JEE Main – The Final Sprint

This year you not have much time to relax as the JEE Main exam will be in between your board exam. Use this time to do full length JEE Main paper with a stop watch. Do one paper in the morning, evaluate it later and revise all the sections where you got the questions wrong. Make sure to note your marks in the paper somewhere. Repeat this activity, the next day. You must see your scores improving day by day. You must try to spend at least 30 minutes daily for entrance preparation.

You can steal some time during this period to do JEE Main Test Series. If you feel there is lack of time, you can practice only one of the sections on the JEE Main full length test papers (the section for which you have your 12th Board Exam next).

Learn how Toppers cracking these exams and follow these books recommended by them:

Practice Set, Solved Papers & Books For JEE Mains & Advance

  1. Mathematics e-Book for JEE And other Engineering Entrance Exams)
  2. Physics e-Book for JEE & other Engineering Entrance Exams
  3. JEE Advanced Solved Practice Paper-1 (Set-IX)
  4. JEE Advanced Solved Practice Paper Complete Package
  5. JEE Advanced Solved Practice Paper (Set-VII)
  6. Chapter Wise Question Bank With Solution For Mathematics(Chapters)
  7. Chapter Wise Question Bank With Solution For Physics(Chapters)
  8. Chapter Wise Question Bank With Solution For Chemistry(Chapters)

Objective Mathematics forJEE Main

  1. Objective Mathematics forJEE Main with Boards Score Booster 13th Edition
  2. Objective Chemistry for JEE Main with Boards Score Booster 13th Edition
  3. Objective Physics for JEE Main with Boards Score Booster 13th Edition

Challenger Mathematics for JEE Main & Advanced New Edition

  1. Challenger Mathematics for JEE Main & Advanced with past 5 years Solved Papers
  2. Challenger Chemistry for JEE Main & Advanced with past 5 years Solved Papers
  3. Challenger Physics for JEE Main & Advanced with past 5 years Solved Papers

39 Years IIT-JEE Advanced + 15 yrs JEE Main Solved Paper

  1. 39 Years IIT-JEE Advanced + 15 yrs JEE Main Topic-wise Solved Paper Chemistry with Free ebook
  2. 39 Years IIT-JEE Advanced + 15 yrs JEE Main Topic-wise Solved Paper Physics with Free ebook
  3. 39 Years IIT-JEE Advanced + 15 yrs JEE Main Topic-wise Solved Paper Mathematics with Free ebook

Important Books You Must Follow:

  1. CBSE JEE Main Smart Success Reckoner
  2. JEE Main AIEEE Topic-wise solved papers
  3. Problems in Organic Chemistry for JEE Main &  Advanced 3rd edition
  4. Chemical Bonding  for IIT-JEE/ AIEEE
  5. Quicker Numerical Physics
  6. MCQ in Chemistry For Medical and Engineering

Get Chapters which you require from these books:

  1. Comprehensive Mathematics for JEE (Main) and other Competitive Examination
  2. Comprehensive Chemistry JEE (Main) and Other Competitive Examinations

JEE Mains Papers & Books In Hindi Medium

  1. JEE Main संयुक्त प्रवेश परीक्षा रसायन केवल 40 दिनों  में 2015
  2. JEE Main संयुक्त प्रवेश परीक्षा गणित केवल 40 दिनों  में 2015
  3. JEE Main 2015 15 प्रैक्टिस सेट्स का संग्रह 2015
  4. 36 वर्षो  के  अध्ययवर साल्व्ड पेपर्स  IIT JEE गणित 2014 – 1979
  5. 36 वर्षो  के  अध्ययवर साल्व्ड पेपर्स  IIT JEE भौतिकी 2014-1979

Test yourself with practicing these Papers. In case, you haven’t bought them, buy them today.To know how to buy the books, follow these simple steps:

  1. Click on the subject link you want to download.
  2. & buy the book, if you face any issue please revert us at info@kopykitab.com or give a call on 080-42049530
  3. We will help you in buying the book.

Information Source : Jagran Josh

CBSE Board Exam 2017: Last Minute Preparation Tips & Papers For Class 12

Are you revising for the board examinations? Here, are the last minute tips and tricks

Quick tips

How to prepare:

  • Prepare the timetable in such a way that every subject gets covered
  • Jot down those topics that you studied reasonably well
  • Life is a challenge, and exam is a part of it, take the challenge and make a strategy to tackle it with ease
  • Give proper concentration to every subject, don’t neglect it because it is not of your choice
  • For some maths is really a tough subject to handle, and they plans to polish it at the end. However, it is you who will appear for the exam, whatever strategy you made, stick to it
  • Keep things for the last minute revision where you find yourself an expert

Health tips

  • In an interval of half an hour take a small break and if possible, relax your mind in the fresh air at that time
  • Maintain a regular sleep pattern and leave study 30 minutes before sleep. Avoid study at night, as per doctor, it is bad for health
  • Avoid coffee as it is lengthen your waking time. Instead have lemon water, green tea or coconut water
  • Avoid watching television serials, movies, social media, as it tire your brain
  • Meditate and do yoga which is good to keep your mind at peace. During the short study breaks, play music of your choice, sing or dance.

Practice last minute to get the idea about real questions and their patterns.

Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Hindi Core (For 2017 Exams)
  2. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 English Core (For 2017 Exams)
  3. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Physics (For 2017 Exams)
  4. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Chemistry (For 2017 Exams)
  5. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Mathematics (For 2017 Exams)
  6. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Biology (For 2017 Exams)
  7. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Accountancy (For 2017 Exams)
  8. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Business Studies (For 2017 Exams)
  9. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Economics (For 2017 Exams)
  10. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Computer Science C++ (For March 2017 Examination)
  11. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Computer Science Python (For March 2017 Examination)
  12. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Informatics Practices (For March 2017 Examination)
  13. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Physical Education (For March 2017 Examination)
  14. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Entrepreneurship (For March 2017 Exams)

MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers For Class 12

  1. MBD Sample Paper Math 12  CBSE (English Medium)
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Business Studies 2017
  3. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Physics 2017
  4. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Biology 2017
  5. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 History 2017
  6. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Political Science 2017
  7. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Geography 2017
  8. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Accountancy 2017
  9. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Mathematics 2017
  10. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 English (Core) 2017
  11. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Chemistry 2017
  12. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Economics 2017
  13. एमबीडी श्योर शॉट सीबीएसई सैंपल पेपर्स हल सहित कक्षा 12 हिंदी (कोर) 2017
  14. एमबीडी श्योर शॉट सीबीएसई सैंपल पेपर्स हल सहित कक्षा 12 हिंदी (इलेक्टिव) 2017

MBD CBSE Super Refresher For Class 12

  1. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Physical Education For Class 12
  2. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Biology For Class 12
  3. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Chemistry For Class 12
  4. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Economics For Class 12
  5. MBD Super Refresher Mathematics For Class 12
  6. MBD Super Refresher Physics For Class 12
  7. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Political Science Class 12
  8. Modern abc Of Computer Science C ++ For Class 12

To know how to buy the books, follow these simple steps:

  1. Click on the subject link you want to download.
  2. & buy the book , if you face any issue please revert us at info@kopykitab.com or give a call on 080-42049530
  3. We will help you in buying the book.

Information Source: India Today

 

Must Practice These CBSE Sample Question Paper & Question Banks Before Your Board Exam

Dear Student,

Hope your exam preparations are going well.

Are you all geared up ??? Do your self-assessment with Sample Question Papers today.CBSE Sample Papers For Class 12 – Why is it important to practice.

  • Sample papers will help you cover the entire syllabus. It lets you be prepared for all possible questions.
  • It helps you find out what you have read, and what you have not- Self study. It helps you to get a better review of where you stand in terms of your preparation. Solving the CBSE latest sample papers for class 12 will help you grow your confidence in your studies. You will know how well prepared you are.
  • Confidence goes a long way. You need not be a wizard to crack the CBSE exams. All you need to have is a little confidence that you can do this.

These practice papers are meant to test your final preparations & therefore we don’t give all the solutions in the book so that you can’t even cheat. Smile Winking smile

Latest CBSE Sample Papers Designed from standard CBSE Board Papers and NCERT Book Below is the best collection of sample papers for each subject and questions from each chapter.

Test yourself with the Pre-examination of Sample Question Papers. In case, you haven’t bought them, buy them today.

Thursday, March 23, 2017 : HISTORY

  1. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 History 2017

Saturday, March 25, 2017 : CHEMISTRY APPLIED PHYSICS

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Chemistry (For 2017 Exams)
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Chemistry 2017
  3. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Chemistry For Class 12

Monday, March 27, 2017 : INFORMATICS PRACTICES | COMPUTER SCIENCE

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Informatics Practices (For March 2017 Examination)
  2. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Computer Science C++ (For March 2017 Examination)
  3. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Computer Science Python (For March 2017 Examination)
  4. Modern abc Of Computer Science C ++ For Class 12

Wednesday, March 29, 2017 : ACCOUNTANCY

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Accountancy (For 2017 Exams)
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Accountancy 2017

Wednesday, April 5, 2017 : BIOLOGY

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Biology (For 2017 Exams)
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Biology 2017
  3. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Biology For Class 12

Thursday, April 6, 2017 : GEOGRAPHY

  1. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Geography 2017

Wednesday, April 12, 2017 : PHYSICAL EDUCATION

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Physical Education (For March 2017 Examination)
  2. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Physical Education For Class 12

Monday, April 17, 2017 : ECONOMICS

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Economics (For 2017 Exams)
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Economics 2017
  3. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Economics For Class 12

Saturday, April 22, 2017 : HINDI ELECTIVE | HINDI CORE

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Hindi Core (For 2017 Exams)

Saturday, April 29, 2017 : PHILOSOPHY | ENTREPRENEURSHIP

  1. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Entrepreneurship (For March 2017 Exams)

To know how to buy the books, follow these simple steps:

  1. Click on the subject link you want to download.
  2. & buy the book , if you face any issue please revert us at info@kopykitab.com or give a call on 080-42049530
  3. We will help you in buying the book.

Offer Available For Limited Time Period . Hurry up !!!

RTU Syllabus Computer Science Engineering 6th Semester

Computer Networks

Unit-1

Network layer-design issue, routing algorithms: Distance vector, link state, hierarchical,  Broadcast routing.

Congestion control: congestion prevention policies, congestion control in Datagram subnets, load shedding, jitter control, Leaky bucket and token bucket algorithms.

Unit-2

Internetworking: Differences in networks, Tunneling, Internetwork routing, Fragmentation Network layer in the Internet: IPv4 classful and classless addressing, subnetting Network layer  protocols(only  working  and  purpose; packet headers etc. not included), Differences in IPV6 over IPV4. Routing to Mobile Hosts and Mobile  IP

Unit-3

Elements of transport protocols: addressing,  connection  establishment  and release, flow control and buffering, multiplexing and demultiplexing, crash recovery, introduction to  UDP protocol.

Principles of Reliable Data Transfer: Reliable data transfer over a perfectly  reliable channel, Channel with bit errors and Lossy Channel with bit    errors.

Unit-4

Transport Layer in the Internet: Introduction to TCP, TCP service Model, TCP Header and segment structure, TCP connection establishment and release, transmission  policy,  timer management,  Transactional TCP. Mobile TCP

TCP  Congestion Control:  Fairness, TCP delay modeling.

Unit-5

Application Layer: World Wide Web (WWW), Domain Name System (DNS), E-mail, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), Introduction to Network    security.

P2P File Sharing: Centralized Directory, Query flooding,  exploiting  heterogeneity.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Tanenbaum; Computer  Network,  4th  , Pearson.
  2. Kurose; Computer  Networking,  3rd  , Pearson.
  3. Peterson, Davie;  Computer  Networks,  4rd  , ELSEVIER

Design And Analysis Of Algorithm

Unit-1

BACKGROUND:     Review    of    Algorithm     Complexity,    Order Notations: definitions  and calculating  complexity.

DIVIDE AND CONQUER METHOD: Binary Search, Merge  Sort, Quick   sort and  Strassen’s  matrix  multiplication algorithms.

GREEDY METHOD: Knapsack Problem, Job  Sequencing,  Optimal  Merge Patterns  and  Minimal  Spanning Trees.

Unit-2

DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING: Matrix Chain Multiplication. Longest Common Subsequence  and 0/1 Knapsack  Problem.

BRANCH AND BOUND: Traveling  Salesman  Problem  and  Lower Bound Theory.  Backtracking  Algorithms  and queens problem.

Unit-3

PATTERN    MATCHING    ALGORITHMS:   Naïve    and   Rabin   Karp string matching  algorithms,  KMP  Matcher  and Boyer  Moore Algorithms.

ASSIGNMENT       PROBLEMS:      Formulation      of      Assignment                                   and Quadratic Assignment  Problem.

Unit-4

RANDOMIZED      ALGORITHMS. Las Vegas     algorithms, Monte Carlo algorithms,  randomized  algorithm  for  Min-Cut,  randomized  algorithm for  2-  SAT.   Problem   definition   of   Multicommodity   flow, Flow   shop scheduling  and Network  capacity assignment   problems.

Unit-5

PROBLEM  CLASSES  NP,  NP-HARD  AND  NP-COMPLETE:   Definitions of P, NP-Hard and NP-Complete Problems. Decision Problems. Cook’s Theorem. Proving NP-Complete Problems  –  Satisfiability  problem  and  Vertex  Cover  Problem.  Approximation  Algorithms  for Vertex  Cover  and Set   Cover   Problem.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Cormen, Leiserson,  Rivest:  Introduction  to Algorithms,  Prentice  Hall of India

THEORY OF COMPUTATION

Unit-1

Finite Automata & Regular Expression: Basic Concepts of finite state system, Deterministic and non-deterministic finite automation and designing regular expressions, relationship between  regular  expression  &  Finite  automata minimization  of finite  automation  mealy  & Moore  Machines.

Unit-2

Regular Sets of Regular Grammars: Basic Definition of Formal Language and Grammars. Regular  Sets  and  Regular  Grammars,  closure  proportion  of  regular sets, Pumping lemma for regular sets, decision Algorithms for regular sets, Myhell_Nerod  Theory  & Organization  of  Finite Automata.

Unit-3

Context Free Languages& Pushdown Automata: Context Free Grammars –  Derivations  and  Languages  –  Relationship  between  derivation   and   derivation trees – ambiguity – simplification of CEG – Greiback  Normal  form  –  Chomsky normal forms – Problems related to CNF  and  GNF  Pushdown  Automata:  Definitions – Moves – Instantaneous descriptions  –  Deterministic  pushdown automata – Pushdown automata  and  CFL  –  pumping  lemma  for  CFL  –  Applications  of  pumping Lemma.

Unit-4

Turing Machines: Turing machines  –  Computable  Languages  and  functions  – Turing Machine constructions – Storage in  finite  control  –  multiple  tracks  – checking of symbols – subroutines – two way infinite  tape.  Undecidability:  Properties  of  recursive  and  Recursively  enumerable   languages   –   Universal Turing Machines as an undecidable problem – Universal Languages – Rice’s Theorems.

Unit-5

Linear bounded Automata Context Sensitive Language: Chomsky Hierarchy of Languages and automata, Basic Definition  &  descriptions  of  Theory  & Organization of Linear  bounded  Automata  Properties  of  context-sensitive  languages.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Aho, Hopcroft and Ullman, Introduction to Automata Theory, Formal Languages and Computation, Narosa
  2. Cohen, Introduction  to Computer  Theory,  Addison
  3. Papadimitriou, Introduction  to Theory  of  Computing,  Prentice

Computer Graphics And Multimedia Techniques

Unit-1

Introduction to Raster scan displays, Storage tube displays, refreshing, flicking, interlacing, color monitors, display processors, resolution, Introduction to Interactive. Computer Graphics: Picture analysis, Overview of programmer’s model of interactive graphics, Fundamental problems in geometry. Scan Conversion: point, line, circle, ellipse polygon, Aliasing, and introduction to Anti Aliasing (No anti aliasing  algorithm).

Unit-2

2D & 3D Co-ordinate system: Homogeneous Co-ordinates, Translation, Rotation, Scaling, Reflection, Inverse transformation, Composite transformation. Polygon Representation, Flood Filling, Boundary filling.

Point Clipping, Cohen-Sutherland Line Clipping Algorithm, Polygon Clipping algorithms.

Unit-3

Hidden Lines & Surfaces: Image and Object space, Depth Buffer Methods, Hidden Facets removal, Scan line algorithm, Area based  algorithms.

Curves and Splines: Parametric and Non parametric Representations, Bezier curve, B- Spline Curves.

Unit-4

Rendering: Basic illumination model, diffuse reflection, specular reflection, phong shading, Gourand shading, ray tracing, color models like RGB, YIQ, CMY,  HSV

Unit-5

Multimedia components, Multimedia Input/Output  Technologies:  Storage  and  retrieval technologies, Architectural and telecommunication  considerations.

Animation: Introduction, Rules, problems and Animation  techniques.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Foley, A. Van Dam, S. Feiner, J. Hughes: Computer Graphics- Principles and Practice, Pearson
  2. Hearn and Baker: Computer Graphics, PHI
  3. Multimedia Systems Design, Prabhat Andleigh and Thakkar

Embedded Systems Design

Unit-1

Introduction to embedded systems hardware needs;  typical  and  advanced,  timing  diagrams, memories (RAM, ROM, EPROM). Tristate devices, Buses, DMA, UART and PLD’s. Built-ins  on the microprocessor.

Unit-2

Interrupts basics, ISR;Context saving, shared data problem. Atomic and critical section, Interrupt latency. Survey of software architectures, Round Robin,  Function  queue scheduling architecture, Use of real time operating   system.

Unit-3

RTOS, Tasks, Scheduler, Shared data reentrancy, priority inversion,  mutex  binary semaphore and counting semaphore. Inter task communication, message queue, mailboxes and pipes, timer functions, events. Interrupt routines in an    RTOS environment.

Unit-4

Embedded system software design using an RTOS. Hard real-time and  soft  real  time  system principles, Task division, need of interrupt routines, shared    data.

Unit-5

Embedded Software development tools. Host and target systems, cross compilers, linkers, locators for embedded systems. Getting embedded software in to the target system. Debugging techniques. Testing on host  machine,  Instruction  set  emulators,  logic  analysers. In-circuit  emulators and  monitors.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. John Davies,  MSP430  Microcontroller  Basics,  Elsevier,
  2. Andrew Sloss  et.al. ARM  System  Developers  Guide, ELSEVIER
  3. Muhammad Ali Mazidi et.al., The 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded Systems, Pearson
  4. Embedded System Design, A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction, Frank Vahid / Tony Givargis,  2006

Artificial Intelligence

Unit-1

Meaning and definition of artificial intelligence, Various types of production systems, Characteristics of production  systems,  Study  and  comparison  of  breadth first search and  depth  first  search.  Techniques,  other  Search Techniques like hill Climbing, Best first Search.  A* algorithm,  AO* algorithms  etc,  and various  types  of control strategies.

Unit-2

Knowledge Representation, Problems in representing knowledge, knowledge representation using propositional and predicate logic,  comparison  of propositional and predicate logic, Resolution, refutation, deduction, theorem proving,  inferencing,  monotonic  and  nonmonotonic  reasoning.

Unit-3

Probabilistic reasoning, Baye’s theorem, semantic networks scripts schemas, frames, conceptual dependency and fuzzy logic, forward and backward reasoning.

Unit-4

Game playing techniques like minimax procedure, alpha-beta cut-offs  etc, planning, Study of the block world problem in robotics, Introduction to understanding  and  natural  languages processing.

Unit-5

Introduction to learning, Various techniques used in learning, introduction to neural networks, applications of neural networks,  common  sense,  reasoning,  some  example  of expert systems.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Artificial Intelligence:  Elaine  Rich, Kevin  Knight,  Mc-Graw
  2. Introduction to AI & Expert  System:  Dan W. Patterson,
  3. Artificial Intelligence by Luger (Pearson Education)
  4. Russel & Norvig,  Artificial  Intelligence:  A  Modern  Approach, Prentice-Hall

Human Computer Interface

Unit-1

The Human:  input-output  channels,  Human  memory,  thinking,  emotions, individual  differences,  psychology  and  the  design  of interactive systems.

The Computer: Text entry devices with focus on the design of key boards,  positioning,  pointing  and  drawing,  display devices.

The  Interaction:  Models  of  interaction,  ergonomics,  interaction  styles,  elements of WIMP  interfaces,  interactivity,  experience,  engagement  and  fun. Paradigms  for Interaction.

Unit-2

Design Process: The process of design, user focus, scenarios, navigation  design  screen  design  and layout,  iteration  & prototyping. Usability  Engineering

Design rules: Principles to support usability, standards, guidelines, rules and  heuristics,  HCI patterns.

Unit-3

Evaluation Techniques: Definition and goals  of  evaluation,  evaluation  through expert  analysis  and  user  participation,  choosing  an evaluation method.

User support, requirement, approaches, adaptive help  systems,  designing  user support  systems

Unit-4

Cognitive methods: Goals and task hierarchies, linguistic models, challenges of  display based  systems,  physical  and device  models,  cognitive  architectures.

Unit-5

Communications and collaborations models: Face to Face communication, conversations,  Text  based  communication,  group  working.

Task Analysis: Differences between task analysis and other techniques, task decomposition, knowledge based analysis,  ER  based  analysis,  sources  of information  and  data  collection,  use of  task analysis.

Text/Reference Books :

  1. Human Computer  Interaction;  Alan  Dix et.al,  3rd ed., Pearson

JAVA Programming Lab

Experiments :

1.      Develop an in depth understanding of programming  in Java: data types, variables, operators, operator precedence, Decision and control statements, arrays, switch statement, Iteration Statements, Jump Statements, Using break, Using continue, return.

2.      Write Object Oriented programs in Java: Objects, Classes constructors, returning  and passing objects as parameter, Inheritance, Access Control, Using super, final with inheritance Overloading and overriding methods, Abstract classes, Extended classes.

3.      Develop understanding to developing packages & Interfaces in Java:  Package, concept of CLASSPATH, access modifiers, importing package, Defining and implementing interfaces.

4.    Develop understanding to developing Strings and exception handling: String constructors, special string operations, character extraction, searching and comparing strings, string Buffer class. Exception handling fundamentals, Exception types, uncaught exceptions, try, catch and multiple catch statements. Usage of throw, throws and finally.

5.    Develop applications involving  file handling: I/O streams, File I/O.

6.    Develop applications involving concurrency: Processes and Threads, Thread Objects, Defining and Starting a Thread, Pausing Execution with Sleep, Interrupts, Joins, and Synchronization.

7.    Develop applications  involving  Applet:  Applet  Fundamentals,  using  paint  method and  drawing polygons.

Computer Graphics & Multimedia  Lab

1 Implementation of Line, Circle and ellipse attributes

2 Two Dimensional transformations – Translation, Rotation, Scaling, Reflection,   Shear

3 Composite 2D Transformations

4 Cohen Sutherland 2D line clipping and  Windowing

5 Sutherland – Hodgeman Polygon clipping  Algorithm

6 Three dimensional transformations – Translation, Rotation,  Scaling

7 Composite 3D transformations

8 Drawing three dimensional objects and Scenes

9 Generating Fractal images

10 To plot a point (pixel) on the screen

11 To draw a straight line using DDA Algorithm

12 Implementation of mid-point circle generating  Algorithm

13 Implementation of ellipse generating  Algorithm

14 To translate an object with translation parameters in X and Y  directions

15 To scale an object with scaling factors along X and Y  directions

16 To rotate an object with a certain angle about  origin

17 Perform the rotation of an object with certain angle about an arbitrary  point

 

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