Class 12 Boards: Some advice for you from teachers desk

The common advice all teachers gave examinees was to practice sample papers and question papers of previous years within the stipulated three-hour deadline as in an examination.

They also advised students not to learn new chapters at this point of time, saying that doing so would only confuse them. There was also a strict ’nono’ to extra words while writing answers. The teachers categorically stated that writing extra will not fetch any marks. Instead, examinees should stick to prescribed word limit as per the marks the questions carry. The recommendation that students only follow their NCERT textbooks was also given by all. They should learn the solved questions, numerical, case-studies and topics in the books thoroughly.

The value-based questions, which pose real-life scenarios to test how well students apply their classroom learning to the situations, should be done last, as they require some thinking. Underlining important points in answers, leaving at least one line of space between two answers and writing question numbers correctly was also suggested. Attempting questions sequentially is preferred, but is not compulsory. Students should follow a sequence only if they think they can manage it. Be specific in the answers and do not try to explain your answers unless necessary. Be brief, to-the-point and write only as many points as there are marks. Also, do not write answer to the same question twice. Remember to carry ruler, pen, pencil, eraser and sharpener to examination hall.

THE 15 MINUTES

In the reading time, students should read the question at least twice but ensure that they do not just skim the paper. They should also try to strategize how they would attempt the paper. Marking important points in the questions is okay.

SUBJECT-WISE TIPS

ENGLISH (Thursday, March 9, 2017)

Practise your presentation and writing, read questions asked in comprehension portion before reading comprehension passages, learn content of chapters in literature, practise the format for writing portions and catch up on on current events, decorate posters and use short, crisp sentences in them.

  1. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 English (Core) 2017
  2. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 English Core (For 2017 Exams)

PHYSICS (Wednesday, March 15, 2017)

Ensure that your concept is clear for solving numerical, reproduce diagrams given in NCERT textbooks to fetch better marks, make diagrams when questions ask ‘principle, construction and working’, attempt questions in descending order if possible.

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  3. MBD Super Refresher Physics For Class 12

CHEMISTRY (Saturday, March 25, 2017)

Balance equations, use correct nomenclature, learn reaction mechanisms and name reactions and understand the text and in-test questions.

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Chemistry (For 2017 Exams)
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Chemistry 2017
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MATHEMATICS (Monday, March 20, 2017)

Write and learn formulae and their basic derivation, linear programming is important, show steps while solving problems, draw correct diagram and mention the correct formula in answers wherever possible.

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Mathematics (For 2017 Exams)
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  3. MBD Super Refresher Mathematics For Class 12

BIOLOGY (Wednesday, April 5, 2017)

Use the correct terms while writing answers, avoid adding words on your own, neatly draw and label diagrams, donft intersect lines while labelling , draw diagrams wherever the need is felt.

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Biology (For 2017 Exams)
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Biology 2017
  3. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Biology For Class 12

BUSINESS STUDIES (Thursday, March 16, 2017)

Learn case studies well, learn from chapters from where onemark questions and questions that test high order thinking skills are asked, write in points instead of paragraphs and avoid selective studying.

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Business Studies (For 2017 Exams)
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Business Studies 2017

ACCOUNTANCY (Wednesday, March 29, 2017)

Show calculations in steps, be systematic in revision, learn topics like partnership, share and debenture, practice is important.

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Accountancy (For 2017 Exams)
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Accountancy 2017

ECONOMICS (Monday, April 17, 2017)

Do not write long answers, write points and explain the points briefly, practise graphs and learn formulae, attempt questions in one section together.

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Economics (For 2017 Exams)
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Economics 2017
  3. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Economics For Class 12

INFORMATICS PRACTICES (Monday, March 27, 2017)

(March 26) Ensure accuracy in syntax, do not be in a hurry to finish the examination, pay extra attention to questions that use ’loops’, begin with portions where questions are based on MySQL.

Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Informatics Practices (For March 2017 Examination)

Other Subjects:

Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 

  1. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Hindi Core (For 2017 Exams)
  2. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Computer Science C++ (For March 2017 Examination)
  3. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Computer Science Python (For March 2017 Examination)
  4. Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Physical Education (For March 2017 Examination)
  5. Oswaal CBSE CCE Sample Question Papers For Class 12 Entrepreneurship (For March 2017 Exams)

MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers For Class 12

  1. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 History 2017
  2. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Political Science 2017
  3. MBD Sure Shot CBSE Sample Papers Solved Class 12 Geography 2017
  4. एमबीडी श्योर शॉट सीबीएसई सैंपल पेपर्स हल सहित कक्षा 12 हिंदी (कोर) 2017
  5. एमबीडी श्योर शॉट सीबीएसई सैंपल पेपर्स हल सहित कक्षा 12 हिंदी (इलेक्टिव) 2017

MBD CBSE Super Refresher For Class 12

  1. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Physical Education For Class 12
  2. MBD CBSE Super Refresher Political Science Class 12
  3. Modern abc Of Computer Science C ++ For Class 12

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RTU Syllabus Mechanical Engineering 4th Semester

KINEMATICS OF MACHINES

Unit-1

Kinematics: Elements, pairs ,  mechanisms,  four   bar   chain and its inversions, velocity   and  acceleration, Klein’s construction,  coriolis component, instantaneous center method

Unit-2

Synthesis   of   mechanisms, pantograph,   scott-Russel,   Tchbeicheff straight line,  indicator diagram mechanisms
Automotive vehicle mechanisms: Overhead valve  mechanism, Davis and  Ackerman steering mechanism, Trifler   suspension  and  Hooke’s joint.

Unit-3

Power  transmission: Belts  and ropes, effect  of centrifugal force,  creep, chain drive Friction: Laws  of static, dynamic and rolling friction, dry  and viscous friction, inclined plane  and  screw  jack,  pivots  and  friction axis, bearing, Theoryoffilmlubrication.

Unit-4

Brakes: Band, block  and  band & block  brakes, braking action, braking system of automobiles. Clutches Dynamometers: absorption  and  transmission  type   dynamometers, prony, rope  and hydraulic dynamometers

Unit-5

Cams: Type of cams, displacement, velocity  and acceleration curves for different  cam  followers consideration  of  pressure  angle and  wear, analysis of motion of followers for cams with specified contours.

Text Books :

1 Rattan, S.S.  “Theory of Machines”, 2nd  Ed., Tata McGraw Hill

Reference Books :

1 Bevan, T., “Theory of Machines”, Pearson Education.
2 Uicker,  J.J.,  Pennocle, G.R, and Shigley, J.E, “Theory of Machines and Mechanisms”, Oxford  University Press.
3 Ambekar , A.  G.,  “Mechanism  And   Machine Theory”,  Prentice-hall  Of India
4 Ghosh, A.,  “Theory of  Mechanisms and  Machines”, Affiliated  East West Press.
5 Singh, S., “Theory of Machines”, Pearson Education

FLUID MECHANICS & MACHINES

Unit-1

Fluid Properties :Defmition of a fluid,  Viscosity-dynamic and kinematic, Surface Tension. Fluid Statics: Basic equation of  fluid  statics,  Manometers, Force on plane areas  and  curved surfaces, center of pressure, Buoyant force, Stability of floating and submerged bodies.

Unit-2

Fluid Oow  concepts and  Basic control volume equations: General control  equation,  conservation  of   mass, energy equation and  its application, Momentum equation and its applications Basic governing differential equation: Reynolds transport equation, continuity equation, momentum equation, energy equation, Bernoulli’s equation.

Unit-3

Viscous Oow: Laminar flow through pipe and between parallel plate. Turbulent Oow:  Relation, Prandle mixing length, Losses in  open and closed conduit

Unit-4

Measurements:Pressure, Velocity,  flow  measurement venturimenter, orificemeter, nozzle meter, notches and weirs. Flow   through pipe: Major  and  minor Losses in  pipe,  Hydra energy gradient line,  Network of pipes-series and parallel.

Unit-5

Hydraulic Turbines: Classification  of  hydraulic turbines, work done and  efficiencies of  Pelton, Francis and  Kaplan turbines,  Draft   tube, Specific speed and unit quantities Hydraulic     systems:    Hydraulic   press,    Hydraulic   accumulator, Hydraulic     Intensifier,    Hydraulic   Ram,   Hydraulic   lift,    Hydraulic coupling, Hydraulic torque convertor Gear  pump.

Text Books :

1 Yunus A. Cengel  and Cimbala, Fluid  Mechanics  Tata McGrawHill,

Reference Books :

1 Streeter V.L., K.W. Bedford  and E.B.Wylie, Fluid  Mechanics, Tata McGraw  Hill
2 Robert W. Fox and Alan T. McDonald, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons.
3 Potter, Mechanics of Fluids, Cengage Learning.
4 Frank M. White, Fluid  Mechanics, Tata McGraw  Hill.
5 John F. Douglas, Fluid  Mechanics, Pearson Education.
6 Munson, B. R., Young,  D. F., & Okiishi, T. H. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, Wiley
7 Som,  S. K., & Biswas, G. Introduction to fluid  mechanics and fluid machines, Tata McGraw Hill.
8 K.Subramaanya, Hydraulic Machines, McGrawhill,
9 Modi and Seth, Fluid  Mechanics and Hydraulic Machinery, Standard Book House

MACHINING AND MACHINE TOOLS

Unit-1

Classification  of  metal  removal  process  and  machines:  Concept  of generatrix and directrix Geometry of single point cutting tool  and tool angles, tool   nomenclature in   ASA,  ORS,   NRS  and   interrelationship. Concept of orthogonal and oblique cutting. Mechanism  of  Chip  Formation: Type   of  chips.  Mechanics of  metal cutting; interrelationships  between cutting force,   shear angle, strain and strain rate. Various theories of metal cutting. Thermal aspects  of machining  and    measurement  of   chip  tool   interface  temperature. Friction  in   metal  cutting.  Introduction  to   tool   geometry  of  milling cutters and drills.

Unit-2

Concept of machinability, machinability  index,  factors affecting machinability,  Different mechanism  of  tool  wear. Types of  tool  wear (crater, flank etc),  Measurement and control of  tool  wear, Concept  of tool life Taylor’s tool  life  equation  (including modified version).  Different tool materials and their applications including effect  of tool  coating. Introduction to  economics of machining. Cutting fluids: Types, properties, selection and application methods.

Unit-3

Basic machine tools: Constructional  configuration, specifications and estimation  of   machining  time   on   lathe,  drilling,  shaping,  milling, win.dinand broachinmachine. Special Purpose  Machine Tools:  Automatic lathes, capstan and turret lathe machines, operational planning and turret tool  layout, sequence of operations.

Unit-4

Introduction  to   Grinding-Need and   different  methods  of   grinding, Abrasives; natural   and  synthetic, manufacturing  and  selection  of grinding wheels, Wheel  specifications, mounting and dressing. Surface finishing: Honing, lapping, super-finishing, polishing and buffing. Thread  Manufacturing: casting;  thread  chasing;  thread  cutting  on lathe; thread  rolling, die   threading and  tapping; thread milling and thread grinding.

Unit-5

Gear Manufacturing  Processes: hot rolling; stamping; powder metallurgy; extruding etc. Gear   generating processes: gear hobbling, gear shaping. Gear  finishing processes: shaving, grinding, lapping, shot High  Velocity  Forming  Methods: Defmition; Hydraulic forming, Explosive forming, Electro-hydraulic forming, Magnetic pulse forming.

Text Books :

1 Rao. P.N., Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 1,2  and 3, Tata McGraw Hill

Reference Books :

1 Lal   G.K.,   Introduction  to   Machining  Science,  New   Age   international Publishers.
2 Ghosh, A., & Mallik,  A. K. 1986. Manufacturing Science: East West  Press Private Limited.
3 Schey, Introduction to Manufacturing Processes, Tata McGraw Hill
4 Kalpakjian, S.,  & Schmid, S. R.,  Manufacturing processes for engineering materials, Pearson Education.
5 Pandey & Singh, Production Engineering Science, Standard  Publishers Distributer, Delhi.
6 Stephenson, D.  A.,  & Agapiou, J. S.  Metal  cutting theory and  practice: CRC Taylor  & Francis.

DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS – I

Unit-1

Materials: Mechanical Properties and IS  coding of various materials, Selection of material from  properties and economic aspects. Manufacturing Considerations in DelligD: Standardization, Interchangeability, limits, fits  tolerances and surface roughness,  BIS codes,  Design  consideration  for   cast,  forged   and  machined parts. Design  for assembly.

Unit-2

Design  for   Strength:  Modes    of   failure,  Strength  and   Stiffness considerations,  Allowable      stresses,     factor    of  safety, Stress concentration: causes and mitigation, fatigue failures. Design of Members subjected to direct stress: pin,  cotter and keyed joints.

Unit-3

Design of Members in Bencling:  Beams, levers and laminated springs. Design for stiffne.. or beam: Use of maximum deflection formula for various end conditions for beam design

Unit-4

Design of Members in Torsion Shaft and  Keys:  Design for strength, rigidity. Solid  and hollow  shafts. Shafts under combined loading. Sunk keys. Couplings: Design  of   muff   coupling,  flanged  couplings:  rigid   and flexible

Unit-5

Design of Threaded fasteners: Bolt of uniform strength,  Preloading of bolts: Effect of initial tension and applied loads, Eccentric loading Power screws like lead screw, screw jack Design  of members which are curved like crane hook, body  of C-clamp, machine frame etc.

Text Books :

Bhandari, V. B., Introduction to Machine Design, McGraw  Hill Education

Reference Books :

1 Bahl    and  Goel,    Mechanical  Machine  Design,  Standard   Publishers Distributors
2 Shigley,  Joseph   E.,    Mechanical   Engineering   Design,   McGraw    Hill Education (India)
3 Sharma and Aggarwal, Machine Design, S.K.Kataria and Sons, Delhi.
4 Sharma and Purohit, Design of Machine Elements, Prentice Hall India.
5 Jindal U C, Machine Design, Pearson Education India

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Unit-1

Concept and  definition of Industrial Engineering,Historical development  of  IE, Role  of  Industrial  Engineer,  Applications of  IE. Concept of Productivity, Work Study and Productivity,Techniques of work study, basic procedure, approach to method study, method study charts and diagrams, principles of motion economy

Unit-2

Work   measurement;  basic  procedure,  techniques:  Stop  watch  time study and work sampling, rating, determination of standard time Evolution     of      Management    Theory,     scientific    management, Contributions of Taylor, Fayol,  Mayo  to scientific management,  Levels of Management Administration and  Management, fundamental functions of management, Decision making.

Unit-3

Business Forms and Organization: Forms of  Business:  Single proprietorship, partnership, joint  stock company, co-operative society, State undertakings. Formation of Joint Stock Companies: Registration, issue  of  Prospectus,   Commencement  Certificate.  Organization: meaning,  Types   of  organization;  Line,   Functional,  Line   Staff organization and line  Staff  Committee organization, span of control. Finance & Financial Statements: Introduction, Needs  of Finance, Kinds of  Capital, Sources of fixed  capital, Shares. Borrow capital, surplus profits.

Unit-4

Sources  of   working capital  and  its   management,  Profit    &  Loss Statement,  Balance Sheet,  Financial  ratios:  Liquidity ratio,  Profits investment ratio, eQuity ratio, inventory ratio. Time  value of money: Simple and compound interest, Time  value equivalence,       Compound   interest    factors,    Cash   flow    diagrams, Calculation of  time  -value equivalences. Present worth comparisons, Comparisons of assets with  equal, unequal life, comparison of deferred investments, Time   value of  money  II:  Future  worth  comparison, payback period comparison. Rate  of return, internal rate of return, comparison of IRR with  other methods

Unit-5

Depreciation:  Causes,   Basic  methods   of   computing  depreciation charges; Straight line,  Sinking fund,  Declining Balance and  Sum of year’s digits method. Breakeven analysis:  Basic concepts,  Linear  Breakeven  analysis  for single product, Breakeven charts, Dumping.

Text Books :

1.Motion and Time Study and Measurement of Work, Ralph, M Barnes , John Wiley and Sons.

Reference Books :

1 Introduction to Work Study, George  Kanawaty, ILO.
2 Prasad, L.M.,  Principles and  practice of  Management, Sultan  Chand  & Sons.
3 Sushil Kumar Basu, K. C.  Sahu, N. K.  Datta, Works   Organisation  & Management, Oxford  & IBH.
4 Dexter S. Kimball, Principles of Industrial Organization, Read  Books.

I.C. ENGINES

Unit-1

History of IC : Nomenclature, Classification & Comparison, SI & CI,  4stroke- 2  stroke, First   Law  analysis, Energy Balance. Fuel-air cycles, Actual cycles.. Tuting &  Perfonnance:  Performance parameters,   Measurement  of operating parameters e.g. speed, fuel  & air consumption, Powers, IHP, BHP,   FHP,   Efficiencies Thermal,  Mechanical, Volumetric,  Emission Measurement Indian & International standards of Testing, Emission.

Unit-2

Fuel & Combu•tion: Combustion in  CI & SI  engines, Ignition Limits, Stages  of   combustion,  Combustion  parameters.   Delay   period and Ignition  Lag,   Turbulence and  Swirl,   Effects   of  engine variables on combustion parameters, abnormal combustion in  CI & SI engines, Detonation & knocking, Theories of  detonation,  Control of  abnormal combustion,   Combustion   chamber    design   principles,   Types     of Fuel: Conventional Petroleum, structure,  Refining Fuels for  SI  & CI engines, Knock  rating, Additives, Fuels for Turbine & Jet Propulsion.
Alternative Fuels: Methanol, Ethanol, Comparison with  gasoline, Manufacturing, Engine performance with   pure  Methanol, Ethanol & blends, Alcohols with diesel engine, Vegetable oils,  Bio gas.

Unit-3

Engine System & Component.: Fuel  System (SI Engine), Carburetion &   Injection,   process   &   parameters,      properties  of   AIF mixture, Requirements  of  AIF  ratios as  per   different operating  conditions, Carburettors,  types, Aircraft carburettor, comparison of carburetion & injection, FI A ratio calculations. CI  engine: Mixture requirements  &  constraints,  Method of injection, Injection systems, CRDI etc. system components, pumps injectors. Ignition .,..tem: Conventional & Modern ignition systems Magneto vIs Battery,   CB   point  vis   Electronic  ignition,   Fuel    Ignition  Energy requirements. Spark advance, centrifugal, vacuum Firing order, spark plugs.

Unit-4

Engine Friction & Lubrication : Determination of friction, Lubrication principles,  Types of  lubrication,  Places of lubrication Bearings and piston  rings  etc.,  Functions of  Lubrication, Properties, Rating and Classification of lubricating oil, Additives, Lubrication systems. Engine Cooling:  Requirements of cooling, Areas of heat flow, High  temperature regions of combustion chamber. Heat   Balance, Cooling  Systems,  Air, Water Cooling, Cooling system components. Supercharging: Objectives, Thermodynamic  cycle   &  performance of super charged SI & CI engines, Methods of super charging, Limitations, Two  stroke engines: Comparison of  4s &  2s  engines  construction  & valve  lining scavenging. Process parameters, systems, supercharging of 2 stroke engines.

Unit-5
Dual  & Multi  fuel  engine•: Principle, fuels, Combustion, performance Advantages, Modification in fuel system.
Special Engine : Working principles of Rotary, Stratified charge, Free piston, Variable compression ratio engines.

Text Books :

1 Mathur & Sharma, Internal Combustion Engines, Dhanpat Rai & Sons

Reference Books :

1 Gupta H.N.,  Fundamentals of Internal Combustion Engines, Prentice Hall

KINEMATICS OF MACHINES LAB

Experiments :

1 To study inversions of four bar  chain: Coupling Rod, Beam Engine

2 To study Steering;  Mechanisms; Davis and Ackerman.

3 Study of  quick return  mechanism and  draw velocity and  acceleration diagram.

4 Study of inversion of Double slider chain Oldham Coupling, Scotch Yoke and Elliptical Trammel.

5 Study of various cam-follower arrangements.

6 To plot displacement vIs angle of rotation curve for various cams

7  To determine  co-efficient of  friction  using two roller oscillating arrangement.

8 Study of various types of dynamometers, Brakes and  Clutches.

9 To  determine  moment  of  inertia of  the given   object using  of  Trifler suspension.

10 Perform study of the  following using Virtual Lab http:jjwww.vlab.co.in/

11 Position, velocity  and acceleration  analysis  of   Grashof  four  bar mechanism

12 Position, velocity and acceleration analysis of Slider Crank mechanism

FLUID MECHANICS LAB

Experiments :

1 Determination of Meta-centric height of a given  body.

2 Determination of Cd, CV & Cc for given  orifice.

3 Calibration of contracted Rectangular Notch and f Triangular Notch  and determination of flow rate.

4 Determination of velocity  of water by Pitot tube.

5 Verification of Bernoulli’s theorem.

6 Calibration and flow  rate determination using Venturimeter &  Orifice meter and  Nozzle meter

7 Determination of head loss  in given length of pipe.

8 Determination  of   the   Reynold’s number  for   laminar, turbulent  and transient flow in pipe.

9 Determination of Coefficient for minor losses in pipes.

10 To  study  the velocity distribution in  a pipe  and also to compute the discharge by integrating the  velocity profile.

11 To  study the   boundary  layer velocity   profile  over   a flat   plate and  to determine the  bound    la  er thiclmess.

PRODUCTION PRACTICE-II

Experiments :

1 To  study of single point cutting tool  geometry and to  grind the  tool  as per  given tool geometry.

2 To  study the   milling machine, milling cutters, indexing heads and indexinJ:!: methods and to prepare a J:!:ear on millin J:!: machine.

3 To machine a hexagonal I octagonal nut using indexing head on milling machine.

4 To cut BSW/Metric internal threads on lathe machine.

5 a)  To cut multi-start Square/Metric threads on lathe machine. b)  Boring using a boring bar  in a centre lathe.

6 Study of capstan lathe and its  tooling and prepare a tool  layout & job as per given drawing.

7 Demonstration on  milling machine for generation of plane surfaces and use of end milling cutters.

8 Grinding of milling cutters and drills.

9 Exercise on  cylindrical and surface grinders to machine surfaces as per drawing.

10 Cylindrical grinding using grinding attachment in a centre lathe

THERMAL ENGINEERING LAB-1

Experiments :

1 Study of  working of  four stroke petrol engine and four  stroke diesel engine with the help of cut section models.

2 Study of working of two  stroke petrol and two  stroke diesel engine with the  help  of cut  section models.

3 To draw valve timing diagram for a single cylinder diesel engine.

4 Study of various types of boilers.

5 Study of various types of mountings and accessories.

6 Demonstration  of   steering  system  and   measurement  of   steering geometry angles and their impact on vehicle performance.

7 Study of  braking system with   specific reference to  types of  braking system, master cylinder, brake shoes.

8 Study of  transmission system including clutches, gear   box  assembly and differential.

9 Study of fuel  supply system of a petrol engine (fuel  pump and simple carburetor)

10 Study of  fuel  supply system of  a Diesel   engine (fuel  pwnp and fuel injector)

11 Study of Ignition systems of an IC Engine (Battery and  Magneto ignition system) and Electronic ignition system.

12 Study of Lubrication system of an  IC Engine (mist, splash and pressure lubrication)

13 Study of cooling systems of an IC Engine (air cooling and water cooling)

 

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RTU Syllabus Mechanical Engineering 3rd Semester

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

Unit-1

Stress and Strain: Elementruy definition of stress and strain, stress- strain relationship, elastic, plastic and visco-elastic behavior of
common materials in tension and compression test, stress-strain curves, Hooke’s law, Poisson’s ratio, elastic constants and their relations for an isotropic hookean material, anisotropic and orthotropic materials.Tension, compression, shearing stress and strain, thermal stresses, composite bars, equations of static equilibrium, concept of free body diagram. Strain energy due to axial loading.

Unit-2

Members Subjected to Flezural Loads: Theory of simple bending, bending moment and shear force diagrams for different types of static loading and support conditions on beams. bending stresses, section modulus and transverse shear stress distribution in circular, hollow circular, I, Box, T, angle sections etc. Strain energy due to bending.

Unit-3

Principal Planes, Streues and Strains: Members subjected to combined axial, bending and torsional loads, maximum normal and shear stresses, concept of equivalent bending and equivalent twisting moments Mohr’s circle of stress and strain.Theories of Elaetic FaUures: The necessity for a theory, different theories, significance and comparison, applications.

Unit-4

Torsion: Torsional shear stress in solid, hollow and stepped circular shafts, angular deflection and power transmission capacity. Strain energy due to torsional loads. StabWty of EquWbrium: Instability and elastic stability, long and short columns, ideal strut, Euler’s formula for crippling load for columns of different ends, concept  of equivalent length, eccentric
loading, Rankine formulae and other empirical relations.

Unit-5

Transverse Deflection of Beams: Relation between deflection, bending moment, shear force and load, transverse deflection of beams and shaft under static loading, area moment method, direct integration method.Thin-walled Preuure Veuels: Stresses in cylindrical and spherical vessels.

Text Books :

1 Bansal, R. K., “A Textbook of Strength of Materials Laxmi Publications.

Reference Books :

1 Timoshenko, S.P., and Gere, J.M., “Mechanics of Materials”, 2nd Ed., CBS Publishers
2 Crandall, S.H., Dahl, N.C., and Lardner, T.J., “An Introduction to the Mechanics of Solids”, Tata McGraw-Hill
3 Pytel and Kiusalaas, “Mechanics of Materials” Cengage Learning
4 Punmia, Jain and Jain, “Mechanics of Materials”, Laxmi Publication
5 Popov, E.P., Nagarajan, S., and Lu, Z. A., “Mechanics of Materials”, 2nd Ed., Prentice-Hall of India

MATERIAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Unit-1

Crystal structure – BCC, FCC and HCP, unit cell, crystallographic planes and directions, miller indices. Crystal imperfections, point, line, surface and volume defects.
Frank Reed source of dislocation, Elastic & plastic modes of deformation, Bauschinger’s effect, slip & twinning, strain hardening, cold/hot working recovery, re-crystallization and grain growth.

Unit-2

Classification of Engineering Materials: Solidification of metals and of some typical alloys, mechanism of crystallization (I) nuclear formation (ii) crystal growth, general principles of phase transformation in alloys, phase rule and equilibrium diagrams, equilibrium diagram of binary system having complete mutual solubility in liquid state and limited solubility in solid state, binary isomorphous alloy system, Hume- Rothery rule , binary system with limited solid solubility of terminal phase and in which solubility decreases with temperature and also alloy with a peritectic transformation, equilibrium diagram of a system whose components are subject to allotropic change. Iron carbon equilibrium diagram, phase transformation in the iron carbon diagram, eutectic, peritectic, eutectoid and peritectoid reactions and microstructures.
Unit-3

Isothermal transformation diagrams -cooling curves superimposed on Isothermal Transformation diagram, critical cooling rate. (i) Formation of Austenite from Pearlite (ii) Transformation of Austenite into Pearlite. Full annealing, stress relief, spheroidizing – normalizing, hardening and tempering of steel. Hardenability, Jominey end quench test – Austempering, martempering. Case hardening, carburising, nitriding, cyaniding, carbonitriding. Flame and Induction hardening.

Unit-4

Non-Metallic Materials- Polymers – types of polymer, commodity and engineering polymers – Properties and applications of PE, PP, PS, PVC, PMMA, PET, PC, PA, ABS, PI, PAl, PPO,PPS, PEEK, PTFE Polymers. Urea and Phenol formaldehydes. Constitution of alloys: Solid solutions – substitutional and interstitial. Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals- Effect of alloying additions on steel (Mn, Si, Cr, Mo, V, Ti & W)- stainless and tool steels- HSLA steel.

Unit-5

Mechanical Properties and Testing: Types of fracture, testing of materials under tension, compression and shear loads- hardness tests (Brinell, Vickers and Rockwell) Impact test Izod and charpy, fatigue and creep test. Classification of steels and cast iron constitution and properties. BIS standards. Engineering Ceramics – Properties and applications of Al203, SiC,  Si3N4, PSZ etc. Fiber and particulate reinforced composites and resin plastics. Introduction to Nano materials- Nano structured materials. Nano clusters & Nano crystals.

Text Books :

1 Material Science and Engineering An Introduction, William D.Callister, John Wiley and Sons.

Reference Books :

1 Material Science, Ra van V., Prentice Hall India
2 Principles of Material Science and Engineering, William F.Smith, Tata McGraw-Hill Publications.
3 Engineering Physical Metallurgy, Lakhtin Y., Mir Publisher.
4 Introduction to Engineering materials Tata McGraw-Hill Publications.
5 Engineering materials properties and selection Budinski and Budinski, PHI

ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

Unit-1

Basic Concepts and definitions of Thermodynamics: System, Surroundings, Property, Energy, Thermodynamic Equilibrium, Process, work and modes of work.
Zeroth and First Law of Thermodynamics: Zeroth of Thermodynamics, Temperature scale, First law of thermodynamics, First law analysis of some elementary processes. Steady and unsteady flow energy equations.

Unit-2

Second Law of Thermodynamics: Heat engine, Heat pwnp and refrigerator, Second law of thermodynamics, Equivalence of the Kelvin- Plank and Clausius statements. Reversible and Irreversible Processes, Carnot engine, Efficiency of a Carnot engine, Carnot principle, thermodynamic temperature scale, Clausis Inequality.
Entropy: Entropy, Calculation of Entropy change, Principle of entropy increase. Temperature-Entropy diagram, Second law analysis of a control volume. AvaUabWty: Available energy, Loss in available energy, Availability Function, Irreversibility.
Unit-3

Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids: Pure substance, Concept of Phase, Graphical representation of p-v-T data, Properties of steam. Steam tables, Mollier chart
Ideal Gas and Real Gas: Ideal gas, Real gas, Internal energy, enthalpy and specific heats of an ideal gas, equations of state, Dalton’s law of partial pressures, Gibbs Dalton law, Thermodynamic properties of gas mixtures.

Unit-4

Thermodynamic Relations: Thermodynamic variables, Independent and dependent variables, Maxwell’s thermodynamic relations, Thermodynamic relations involving entropy, Thermodynamic relations involving enthalpy and intemal energy, Joule-Thomson coefficient, Clapeyron equation. Power Cycles: Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Dual cycle, Brayton cycle and Ericsson cycle.

Unit-5

Vapour power cycle: Rankine cycle, effect of operating conditions on its efficiency, properties of ideal working fluid in vapour power cycle Reheat cycle, regenerative cycle, bleeding extraction cycle, feed water heating co-generation cycle.

Text Books :

1 Nag P.K., Engineering Thermodynamics, Tata Mc-Graw Hill

Reference Books :

1 Chattopadhyay P., Engineering Thermodynamics, Oxford University Press.
2 Van G.J. Wylen and Sonntag R.E., Fundamental of Thermodynamics

MANUFACTURING PROCESSES

Unit-1

General Classification and Introduction to Manufacturing processes. Foundry Technology: Casting: Definition and major classification; Casting materials, Patterns: types, material and pattern allowances. Moulding sands; composition, preparation, properties and testing; Grain fineness; moisture content, clay content and permeability test. Core & core prints; Gating system: types, pouring basin, sprue, nmner and risers; Melting, pouring and solidification. Principles and method of floor mould casting, shell mould casting, pit mould and loam mould casting; centrifugal casting, investment casting; Permanent mould casting. Die casting; Slush casting. Casting defects; types, causes and remedy

Unit-2

Forming Proceues: Classification; Hot working and cold working; principle, advantages, disadvantages and applications. Forging: Classification, drop forging and press forging methods and use; Forging dies; types, materials. RoWng: Characteristics and applications of hot rolling and cold rolling; Extrusion; Work materials and products; Press tool works; Basic principles, system, operations and applications. Shearing; Parting, notching, trimming, nibbling, blanking and piercing, Drawing: wire drawing, tube drawing and deep drawing. Design of blanks for blanking, piercing and drawing operations. Estimation of forces and power required for shearing and drawing operations. Introduction to Spinning, Bulging, Coining, embossing, cold heading and riveting process; Metal working defects.

Unit-3

Metal Joining Processes: Welding, Brazing and soldering, classification of welding process, Principle, characteristics and applications of gas welding, thermit welding, electrical arc welding; Submerged arc welding; TIG and MIG welding; Resistance welding; Spo welding; Butt welding; Seam welding; Projection welding. Laser beam welding. Principles and process details of Forge welding; Friction welding; Diffusion welding; Ultrasonic welding. Explosive welding. Welding
defects; Types, causes, effects and remedy. Electrodes and Electrode Coatings

Unit-4

Powder Metallurgy: Properties of Powder processed materials, Powder manufacturing, mechanical pulverization, sintering, Electrolytic Process, chemical reduction, atomization, properties of metal powders, compacting of powders sintering, advantages and applications of Powder metallurgy. Rapid Prototyping Operations: Introduction, subtractive processes, additive processes, Virtual Prototyping and applications

Unit-5

Plastic Technology: Classification of Plastics, Ingredients of Moulding compounds, General Properties of Plastics, Plastic part manufacturing processes such as compression moulding, transfer moulding, injection moulding, extrusion moulding, blow moulding, calendaring, thermoforming, slush moulding, laminating.

Text Books :

1 Rao.P.N., Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 1,2 and 3, Tata McGraw Hill

Reference Books :

1 Ghosh, A., & Mallik, A. K. 1986. Manufacturing Science: Ellis Horwood.
2 Schey, Introduction to Manufacturing Processes, Tata McGraw Hill
3 Kalpakjian, S., & Schmid, S. R., Manufacturing processes for engineering materials, Pearson Education.
4 Campbell, J. S. Principles of manufacturing materials and processes: Tata McGraw-Hill
5 Heine, R.W., Loper, C.R., and Rosenthal, P.C., “Principles of Metal casting”, Tata McGraw Hill.
6 Groover, M.P., Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing: Materials, Processes and systems, Prentice Hall, New Jersey
7 Kalpakjian, S. & Schmid S.R, Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, Addison Wesley Longman
8 Little R.L., Welding and welding technology Tata McGraw-Hill Education
9 Shan H.S., Manufacturing Process Pearson Education.

ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Unit-1

Laplace Transform: Laplace transform with its simple properties, applications to the solution of ordinary and partial differential equations having constant coefficients with special reference to wave and diffusion equations, digital transforms.

Unit-2

Fourier Transform: Discrete Fourier transform, Fast Fourier transform, Complex form of Fourier transform and its inverse applications Fourier transform for the solution of partial differential equations having constant coefficients with special reference to heat equation and wave equation.

Unit-3

Fourier Series: Expansion of simple functions in Fourier series, half range series, change of interval, harmonic analysis. Calculus of Variation: Functional, strong and weak variations, simple variation problems, Euler’s equation

Unit-4

Complex Variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy–Riemann equations, Elementary conformal mapping with simple applications Line integral in complex domain, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula.

Unit-5

Complex Variables: Taylor’s series, Laurent’s series, poles, Residues. Evaluations of simple definite real integrals using the theorem of residues.Simple contour integration.

Text Books :

1. M. Ray, J. C. Chaturvedi & H.C. Sharma, Differential Equations, Students friends & company
2. Chandrika Prasad, Mathematics for Engineers, Prasad Mudralaya

Reference Books :

1. Bird, Higher Engineering Mathematics, ELSEVIER.
2. Jeffrey, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, ELSEVIER.
3. Chandrika Prasad, Advanced Mathematics for Engineers, Prasad Mudralaya
4. Ervin Kreyzig, Advanced Engineering Maths, Wiley.

OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING IN C ++

Unit-1

Introduction to Object Oriented Programming: Basic concepts: Class, Object, Method, Message passing, Inheritance, Encapsulation, Abstraction, Polymorphism.
Basics of C++ Environment: Variables; Operators; Functions; user defined, passing by reference, passing an array to the function, inline function, scope, overloading.

Unit-2

Pointers: objects and lvalue, arrays and pointers, the new and delete operators, dynamic arrays, arrays of pointers and pointers to arrays, pointers to pointers and functions; Strings: String I/0, character functions in ctype.h, string functions in string.h.
Unit-3

Object oriented concepts using C++: Classes: Member functions, Friend functions, Constructors, Access functions, Private member functions, class destructor, static data and function members; Overloading: inline functions, this operator, overloading various types of operators, conversion operators; the String Class; Composition and Inheritance: Hierarchy and types of inheritance, protected class members, private versus protected access, virtual functions and polymorphism virtual destructors, abstract base classes.
Unit-4

Templates and Iterators: function and class templates, container classes, subclass templates, iterator classes; Libraries: standard C++ library, contents of a standard C headers, string streams, file processing: Files and streams classes, text files, binary files, classification of files, the standard template library.

Unit-5

Data Structures Using C++: Linked lists – Singly linked list, Doubly linked lists, Circular lists, Stacks, Queues.

Text Books :

1 Balaguruswamy E.: Object Oriented Programming in C++ , McGraw Hill Education {India)

Reference Books :

1 Sahay: OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING WITH C++ , Oxford
2 Hubbard, John., Programming with C++ , McGraw Hill Education (India)
3 Rambaulili James etal “Object Oriented Design and Modellin2” PHI.
4 Budd, Timothy, “An Introduction to Object Oriented Programming”, Pearson Education
5 Venugopal, K.R., Mastering C++, McGraw Hill Education (India)
6 Ravichandra, D., Programming with C++, McGraw Hill Education (India)

MATERIAL SCIENCE AND TESTING LAB

Experiments :

1 (a) Study of various ccystals structures through models BCC, FCC, HCP, tetrahedral and octahedral voids. (b) Material identification of, say, 50 common items kept in a box.

2 Specimen preparation for metallographic examination Imicro structural examination-cutting, grinding, polishing, etching.

3 Comparative study of microstructures of different given specimens (mild steel gray C.l. brass, copper etc.)

4 Heat treatment experiments such as annealing, normalizing, quenching, case hardening and comparison of hardness before and after.

5 Study of Microstructure and hardness of steel at different rates of cooling. Microstructure examination ofwhite cast iron.

6 To perform Tensile/Compressive/Shear/torsion test on a given material and to determine its various mechanical properties under tensile jcompression/ShearItorsional loading

7 To determine Rockwell/ VickersiBrinell hardness of a given material

8 To perform Impact test on a given material and to determine its resilience.

9 To study and perform Fatigue test on a given material and to determine fatigue strength of the material

10 To perform Bending test and to determine the Young’s Modulus of Elasticity via deflection of beam.

11 Creep testing on creep testing machine

BASIC MECHANICAL ENGINEERING LAB

Experiments :

1 To study lathe machine construction and various parts including  attachments, lathe tools cutting speed, feed and depth of cut.

2 To perform step turning, knurling and chamfering on lathe machine as per drawin .

3 To perform taper turning
(a) by tailstock offset method as per drawing
(b) Using compound rest.

4 To prepare the job by eccentric turning on lathe machine.

5 To study shaper machine, its mechanism and calculate quick return ratio. To prepare a job on shaper from given mild steel rod. Foundry Shop

6 To prepare mould of a given pattern requiring core and to cast it in aluminium.

7 To perform moisture test and clay content test.

8 Strength Test (compressive, Tensile, Shear Transverse etc. in green and dry conditions) and Hardness Test (Mould and Core).

9 To perform permeability test

10 A.F.S. Sieve analysis test. Weldina: Shop

11 Hands-on practice on spot welding.

12 Hands-on practice on submerged arc welding

13 Hands-on practice on metal inert gas welding (MIG) and tungsten inert gas welding (TIG).

COMPUTER PROGRAMMING LAB.

Experiments :

List of Programs in C++

1 Program using basic 1/0 and control statements.

2 Program using class, objects, objects as function parameters.

3 Program using functions and passing reference to a function, inline functions. Program using

4 Inheritance and virtual base class.

5 Program using pointers, arrays, dynamic arrays. Program using functions defined in ctype.h and string.h.

6 Program using constructors, destructors. Program using function and operator over Loading

List of program in C++ implementing Data Structures.

7 Creating and managing (add, delete, print, insert) nodes of a Linked list

8 Creating and managing (create, pop, push etc.} stacks and queues.

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How You should prepare for IES Electronics Engineering new pattern?

Electronics Engineering:

Resources:

1. Your notes(study thoroughly)

2. Recommended standard books.

Must have Books for IES Electronics Engineering Preparation:

  1. Question Bank On Electronics & Communication Engineering By Ashish Dixit Click Here
  2. Practice Sets Electronics Engineering By Indushekhar Bhagat Click Here
  3. A Handbook On Electronics Engineering By Dr. Hridaya Naarang Click Here

Recommended Books based on syllabus for Conventional Paper-I & Paper-II

  1. Electronic Devices And Integrated Circuits by Singh Ajay Kumar Click Here
  2. Electronic Devices And Circuits by Nagrath I J Click Here
  3. Semiconductor Devices by Yaduvir Singh And Swarajya  Click Here
  4. Semiconductor Devices Modelling And Technology by Dasgupta Nandita Dasgupta Amitava Click Here
  5. Analog Communications by Dr. K N Hari Bhat And Dr. D Ganesh Rao Click Here
  6. Electronic Communication Digital Analog and Wireless by Sanjeeva Gupta Click Here
  7. Signals And Systems by A Anand Kumar Click Here
  8. Control System Design By B S Manke Click Here
  9. Linear Control Systems with MATLAB Applications By B S Manke Click Here
  10. Design of Machine Elements by Sadhu Singh Click Here
  11. Antenna And Wave Propagation by R L Yadava  Click Here
  12. Wave Propagation And Antenna Engineering by Kumar Sanjay Shukla Saurabh Click Here
  13. Principles Of Digital Electronics by K Meena  Click Here
  14. Microwave Engineering by Sanjeeva Gupta Click Here
  15. Network Theory Analysis and Synthesis by Smarajit Ghosh Click Here
  16. Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation by Rajendra Prasad Click Here
  17. Fundamental Of Electrical Engineering And Electronics By B. L. Thareja Click Here
  1. For objective: the MCQs provided in the book
  2. For Conventional : solved examples and some unsolved questions( if time allows)
  3. Some selected topics.

3. Previous years’ papers of GATE (ECE+EE+ICE: for common subjects)

4. Previous papers of ESE(ECE+EE: for common subjects)

5. PSU papers if possible( not necessary though)

Strategy:

  1. Take one subject at a time. Read the theory from the notes.
  2. Finish the subject; mark the topics you didn’t understand. Then read them from any standard book. If you get it, it’s fine. If not discuss those with teachers/friends.
  3. Now solve previous years’ objective questions for that subject (GATE+ESE both) and the ones from the standard books (if given). Mark those questions you could not solve, and then read the corresponding theory from the notes/books again. You don’t have to read the whole book. In fact you wont get enough time to do that for all subjects. Just read the selected topics and chapters.
  4. Write the formulae in a different sheet which you are unable to recall while solving the question papers.
  5. Then go for previous years’ subjective questions. Practice the derivations repeatedly. Follow 4 and 5 again. And yes don’t get panic if you could not solve some of the questions. Every year there are such types of odd/difficult questions.
  6. Then go for solved examples from the standard books, and if time allows go for some important unsolved questions from the standard books.
  7. Follow the step 7 religiously for at least 5-6 subjects (choose the subjects as per your liking and previous years’ trends). You have to prepare all the subjects for both objective and subjective papers. But for subjective prepare those 5-6 subjects with special attention. Because for conventional/subjective paper you have to be very well prepared in some of the subjects so that any questions can be solved by you in the examination hall.
  8. Before starting the next subject revise the theory of the previous subject (preferably the topics and formulae you marked or wrote).
  9. And next time before starting the subject 3, revise the subject 1 and 2 and so on.
  10. Join any offline/online test series. It will be very helpful in tracking your progress. Take the test series seriously and evaluate your weak points. Work on those areas more.

Solve as many questions as possible. That will help you clear your concepts. Finish the syllabus within the stipulated time and revise each subject 3-4 times.

All the best 🙂

Prepare for the IES Electrical Engineering without coaching

Electrical Engineering:

You just get these study materials from top-notch publishers and authors electrical engineering. Start reading theory part again and again, then practice conventional questions on daily basis.

Must have Books for IES Electrical Engineering Preparation:

  1. Theory And Problems Of Basic Electrical Engineering By D P Kothari And I J Nagrath Click Here
  2. A Handbook On Electrical Engineering By Amrit Mishra Click Here
  3. Objective Electrical Engineering Railway & Other Engineering Competitive Exams By P. K. Mishra  Click Here

Recommended Books based on syllabus for Conventional Paper-I & Paper-II

  1. Electrical Machines by M V Deshpande  Click Here
  2. Network Theory Analysis and Synthesis by Smarajit Ghosh Click Here
  3. Electrical Power Systems Concept Theory And Practice by Ray Subir Click Here
  4. Power Electronics eBook By Dr P S Bimbhra Click Here
  5. Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation by Rajendra Prasad Click Here
  6. Analog Electronics by André Pittet & A.Kandaswamy  Click Here
  7. Analog Electronics by Balwinder Singh And Ashish Dixit Click Here
  8. Control System Design By B S Manke Click Here
  9. Linear Control Systems with MATLAB Applications By B S Manke Click Here
  10. Engineering Mechanics Statics And Dynamics By A K Tayal Click Here

You should follow these steps to crack the exam

1.Go through the syllabus, especially new topics added.
2.Start with engineering topics go through your known notes, solve last year questions (at least 10 yrs).
3 For conventional part start solving at least 10 Q daily  from past papers book
4.For 1st paper cover, basic part with standard aptitude book and for other topics refer coaching notes
5.Revise objective and conventional previous yr questions at least 5 times
6. For some topics in which u r uncomfortable u can refer standard book.
7.Revision is key

In last 30 days just solve previous year question papers, give tests daily(FULL syllabus) and revise formulas.If you have any query, please comment.
Hope this will help you 🙂

Best strategy to prepare for IES Mechanical engineering

Mechanical Engineering:

Must have Books for IES  Mechanical Engineering Preparation:

  1. Objective Mechanical Engineering By P. K. Mishra Click Here
  2. Practice Sets Mechanical Engineering By Jitendra Mohan Click Here
  3. A Handbook On Mechanical Engineering By Dr. Jayram Click Here

Recommended Books based on syllabus for Conventional Paper-I & Paper-II

  1. Engineering Thermodynamics by Achuthan M Click Here
  2. Hydraulic Machines Fluid Machinery by R K Singal Mridual Singal And Rishi Singal Click Here
  3. Theory Of MachinesI By Dr R.K Bansal Click Here
  4. Theory of Machines Kinematics and Dynamics by B V R Gupta Click Here
  5. Mechanical Vibrations by R Venkatachalam Click Here
  6. Mechanical Vibrations by Srinath M K Click Here
  7. Design Of Machine Elements by C S Sharma Purohit Kamlesh Click Here
  8. Materials Science And Engineering A First Course by Raghavan V Click Here
  9. Materials Science and Engineering by G S Sawhney Click Here
  10. Textbook Of Production Engineering by K C Jain A K Chitale Click Here
  11. a textbook of production engineering by dr p c sharma Click Here
  12. A TEXTBOOK OF STRENGTH OF MATERIALS Mechanics of Solids Dr R K Bansal Click Here
  13. Industrial Engineering And Management by Ravi V Click Here
  14. Strength of Materials by S S Bhavikatti Click Here
  15. Operations Research by D S Hira Click Here
  16. Operations Research by M Sreenivasa Reddy Click Here
  17. Gas Dynamics For Engineers by P Balachandran Click Here
  18. Fluid Mechanics including Hydraulic Machines eBook By Dr A K Jain Click Here
  19. Heat And Mass Transfer by C P Arora and Sadhu Singh Click Here
  20. Fundamentals Of Compressible Fluid Dynamics by P Balachandran Click Here
  21. Introduction To Heat Transfer by Som S K Click Here
  22. Refrigeration And Air Conditioning by Ramesh Chandra Arora  Click Here

You need to put infinite amount of hard work and dedication.

  1. Go through the detailed syllabus of the specific subject so that you get acquainted about what topics to prepare or not. Then, begin your preparations accordingly. It will save your time and efforts relatively.
  2. Create an exponential time- table and stick with it throughout the preparation, so that everything gets covered within the preparation schedule.
  3. Solve as many as previous years’ question papers and take as many online tests as possible. It will give you an idea of what to expect in the exam.
  4. Collect the handwritten notes from any good institute. And buy/hire some standard books.
  5. Take one subject at a time. Read the theory from the notes.
  6. Finish the subject, mark the topics you didn’t understand. Then read them from any standard book. If you get it, it’s fine. If not discuss those with teachers/friends.
  7. Now solve previous years’ objective questions for that subject (GATE+ESE both). Mark those questions you could not solve, and then read the corresponding theory from the notes/books again. You don’t have to read the whole book. In fact you wont get enough time to do that for all subjects. Just read the selected topics and chapters.
  8. Write the formulae in a different sheet which you are unable to recall while solving the question papers.
  9. Then go for previous years’ subjective questions. Practice the derivations repeatedly. Follow 4 and 5 again. And yes don’t get panic if you could not solve some of the questions. Every year there are such types of odd/difficult questions.
  10. Then go for solved examples from the standard books, and if time allows go for some important unsolved questions from the standard books.
  11. Follow the step 7 religiously for at least 5-6 subjects (choose the subjects as per your liking and previous years’ trends). You have to prepare all the subjects for both objective and subjective papers. But for subjective prepare those 5-6 subjects with special attention.Because for conventional/subjective paper you have to be very well prepared in some of the subjects so that any questions can be solved by you in the examination hall.
  12. Before starting the next subject revise the theory of the previous subject (preferably the topics and formulae you marked or wrote).
  13. And next time before starting the subject 3, revise the subject 1 and 2 and so on.

Yes We know everyone’s capacity is different. But still you should not take like 1 month to finish reading the theory of one subject. Take 7-10 days for the difficult subjects on an average. Don’t try to remember anything when you read for the first time. Just understand the concept and go ahead.

Solve as many questions as possible. That will help you clear your concepts. Finish the syllabus within the stipulated time and revise each subject 3-4 times.

All the best 🙂

How one should prepare for IES Mains (CIVIL)?

Civil Engineering:

IES preparation has two aspects.

i) Your basics are strong and you just need to brush up your skills.( i.e you don’t need coaching and crack the exam)

ii) You need coaching as you want to get upper edge from other candidates.

Have a look on Syllabus of ESE 2017. There are approx 20-35% changes has been done in syllabus. First go for the subjects which has been there in earlier syllabus also. While studying those and solving previous year questions, you will get an trend going in ESE. According to that ready the remaining new syllabus. For new topics, refer standard technical books and their solved examples.

Must have Books for IES Civil Engineering Preparation:

  1. Civil Engineering (OBJECTIVE TYPE) By Dr. P.Jaya Rami Reddy Click Here
  2. Practice Sets Civil Engineering By Piyush Gupta Click Here
  3. A Handbook On Civil Engineering By Prof. Jyoti Nag Click Here
  4. Civil Engineering Objective Type Questions By S S Bhavikatti Click Here
  5. Elements Of Civil Engineering By Mimi Das Saikia Click Here
  6. Objective Civil Engineering Railway And Other Engineering Competitive Exams By P.K Mishra Click Here

Recommended Books based on syllabus for Conventional Paper-I & Paper-II:

  • First Solve previous year questions subject wise.
  • If time permits, solve unsolved/solved questions from standard books(at least have a look at the solved questions)
  • You can avoid writing down the theory questions initially, however if you do that, will help in developing your speed.
  • Use these books:
  1. Fluid Mechanics Including Hydraulic Machines by Dr. A.K. Jain  Click Here 
  2. Concrete Technology (Theory And Practice) by M S Shetty Click Here 
  3. Engineering Mechanics Statics And Dynamics By A K Tayal Click Here 
  4. Engineering Fluid Mechanics by P Balachandran Click Here
  5. Mechanics Of Solids By Arbind Kumar Singh Click Here
  6. Irrigation Engineering By Dr. P.N. Darde Click Here
  7. Limit State Design Of Reinforced Concrete By P C Varghese Click Here
  8. Concrete Technology By S.S Bhavikatti Click Here
  9. Design Of RCC Structural Elements Click Here
  10. Soil Mechanics By M Palanikumar Click Here
  11. Foundation Engineering By P C Varghese Click Here
  12. Analysis And Design Practice Of Steel Structures By Karuna Moy Ghosh Click Here
  13. Strength Of Materials By S.S Bhavikatti Click Here
  14. A Textbook Of Strength Of Materials Mechanics Of Solids By Dr. R.K. Bansal Click Here
  15. Strength Of Materials By A.K Srivastava & P.C Gope Click Here
  16. Strength Of Materials By P.N Chandramouli Click Here
  17. Surveying Vol.I By B.C Punmia Click Here
  18. Surveying Vol.I By B.C Punmia  Click Here
  19. Practical Design Of Reinforced Concrete Structures By Karuna Moy Ghosh Click Here
  20. Design Of Reinforced Concrete Structures By M.LGambhir Click Here
  21. Structural Analysis-I By S.S Bhavikatti Click Here
  22. Structural Analysis-II By S.S Bhavikatti Click Here
  23. Engineering Geology For Civil Engineers By P C Varghese Click Here

In last 30 days just solve previous year question papers, give tests daily(FULL syllabus) and revise formulas.If you have any query, please comment.
Hope this will help you 🙂

RTU Syllabus Electrical Engineering 8th Semester

EHV AC/DC TRANSMISSION

Unit-1

EHV AC Transmission: Need of EHV transmission lines, power handling capacity and surge impedance loading. Problems of EHV transmission, Bundled Conductors: geometric mean radius of bundle, properties of bundle conductors. Electrostatic fields of EHV lines and their effects, corona effects: Corona loss, audio and radio noise.

Unit-2

Load Frequency Control: Introduction to control of active and reactive power flow, turbine speed governing system. Speed governing characteristic of generating unit and load sharing between parallel operating generators Method of Load Frequency Control: Flat frequency, flat tie line and tie line load bias control. Automatic generation control (description of block diagram only).

Unit-3

Voltage Control: No load receiving end voltage and reactive power generation. Methods of voltage control. Synchronous phase modifier
Shunt capacitors and reactors, saturable reactors, Thyristorised static VAR compensators- TCR, FC-TCR and TSC- TCR.

Unit-4

FACTS: Introduction to FACTS controllers, types of FACTS controllers, Brief description of STATCOM, Thyristor controlled series capacitors and unified power flow controller.

Unit-5

HVDC Transmission: Types of D.C. links, advantages and disadvantages of HVDC transmission. Basic scheme and equipment of converter station. Ground return. Basic principles of DC link control and basic converter control characteristics. Application of HVDC transmission.

Text Books :

1 E. W. Kimbark: Direct Current Transmission, Vol. 1, Wiley Interscience.
2 K. R. Padiyar: HVDC Power Transmission System, Wiley Eastern Ltd.

Reference Books :

1 K. R. Padiyar: HVDC Power Transmission Systems. NEW AGE PUB
2 J. Arrillaga: H.V.D.C Transmission, Peter Peregrines.
3 J. Arrillaga HVDC et. al, : Computer Modelling of Electrical Power System. John Wiley.

ELECTRIC DRIVES AND THEIR CONTROL

Unit-1

Dynamics of Electric Drives: Fundamental torque equations, speed-torque conventions and multi-quadrant operation, Nature and classification of load torques, steady state stability, load equalization, close loop configurations of drives.

Unit-2

DC Drives: Speed torque curves, torque and power limitation in armature voltage and field control, Starting, Braking: Regenerative Braking, dynamic braking and plugging. Speed Control-Controlled Rectifier fed DC drives, Chopper Controlled DC drives

Unit-3

Induction Motor Drives-I: Starting, Braking-Regenerative braking, plugging and dynamic braking. Speed Control: Stator voltage control, variable frequency control from voltage source, Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) Control.

Unit-4

Induction Motor Drives-II: Variable frequency control from current source, Current Source Inverter (CSI) Control, Cycloconverter Control, Static rotor resistance control, Slip Power Recovery- Stator Scherbius drive, Static Kramer drive.

Unit-5

Synchronous Motor Drive: Control of Synchronous Motor-Separately Controlled and VSI fed Self-Controlled Synchronous Motor Drives.
Dynamic and Regenerative Braking of Synchronous Motor with VSI. Control of Synchronous Motor Using Current Source Inverter (CSI).

Text Books :

1 G. K. Dubey: Fundamentals of Electrical Drives, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi.
2 B. K. Bose: Power Electronics and Motor Drives, Elsevier.

Reference Books :

1 V. Subrahmanyam: Electric Drives- Concepts and Applications, MGH.
2 Theodore Wildi: Electrical Machines, Drives and Power Systems, Pearson
3 S. K. Pillai: A First Course on Electrical Drives, Wiley Eastern limited, India.
4 N. K. De and Prashant K. Sen: Electric Drives, Prentice Hall of India Ltd.

PROTECTION OF POWER SYSTEM

Unit-1

Causes and consequences of dangerous currents: Faults, overloads and switching over currents. Introduction to protection, trip circuit of a circuit breaker. Functional characteristics of a relay, zone of protection, primary and backup protection. CTs &PTs: Current transformer construction, measurement and protective CTs. Type of potential transformers. Steady state ratio and phase angle errors in CTs and
PTs. Transient errors in CT and CVT (Capacitive Voltage Transformer).

Unit-2

Overcurrent Protection: HRC fuse and thermal relay. Overcurrent relays – instantaneous, definite time, inverse time and inverse definite minimum time overcurrent relays, time and current gradings. Induction disc type relay. Directional overcurrent relay, 300, 600 and 900 connections. Earth fault relay. Brief description of overcurrent protective schemes for a feeder, parallel feeders and ring mains.

Unit-3

Generator Protection: Stator protection–differential and percentage differential protection, protection against stator inter-turn faults, stator overheating protection. Rotor protection-protection against excitation and prime mover failure, field earth fault and unbalanced stator currents (negative sequence current protection).

Unit-4

Transformer Protection: Percentage differential protection, magnetizing inrush current, percentage differential relay with harmonic restraint. Buchholz relay. Differential protection of generator transfer unit. Busbar Protection: Differential protection of busbars. Highimpedance relay scheme, frame leakage protection

Unit-5

Transmission Line Protection: Introduction to distance protection. Construction, operating principle and characteristics of an electromagnetic impedance relay. Effect of arc resistance.Induction cup type reactance and mho relays. Comparison between impedance, reactance and mho relays. Three stepped distance protection of transmission line. Induction Motor Protection: Introduction to various faults and abnormal operating conditions, unbalance supply voltage and single phasing. Introduction to protection of induction motors- HRC fuse and overcurrent, percentage differential, earth fault and negative sequence voltage relays.

Text Books :

1 Badri Ram: Power System Protection and Switchgear, MGH.
2 Ravindra Nath M. Chander: Power System Protection and Switch Gear, John Wiley Eastern.

Reference Books :

1 Sunil S. Rao.: Power System Protection and Switch Gear, Khanna Publishers.
2 Oza: Power System Protection and Switchgear, MGH.

UTILIZATION OF ELECTRICAL POWER

Unit-1

Electric Heating: Different methods of electric heating. Principle of high frequency induction and dielectric heating. Construction, operation, performance and applications of arc furnace and induction furnace Electric Welding: Welding process, welding transformer, Classification of Electric Welding: arc welding, resistance welding, welding of various metals.

Unit-2

Illuminations: Definitions, laws of illuminations, polar curves, luminous efficiency, photometer, incandescent lamps, filament materials, Halogen lamp, electric discharge lamps, sodium vapour lamp, mercury vapour lamp and fluorescent lamp. Light Calculations: commercial, industrial, street and flood lighting.

Unit-3

Electrolytic Process: Principles and applications of electrolysis, electro-deposition, Manufactures of chemicals, anodizing, electro-polishing  electro-cleaning, electroextraction, electro-refining, electro-stripping (parting) power supplies for electrolytic process.

Unit-4

Electric Traction & Means of Supplying Power: Systems of Electric Traction: DC & AC Systems, Power Supply for Electric Traction System: Comparison and application of different systems. Sub-station equipment and layout, conductor rail & pantograph.

Unit-5

Traction Methods: Types of services, speed time and speed distance curves, estimation of power and energy requirements, Mechanics of train movement. Co-efficient of adhesion, Adhesive weight, effective weight. Traction Motor Controls: DC and AC traction motors, Series parallel starting. Methods of electric braking of traction motors.

Text Books :

1 C. L. Wadhwa: Utilization of Electric Traction Electric Power.
2 H. Partab: Art and Science of Electrical Energy, Dhanpat Rai & Sons.

Reference Books :

1.  H. Partab:Modern Electric Traction, Dhanpat Rai & Sons

FACTS DEVICES & THEIR APPLICATIONS

Unit-1

Problems of AC transmission systems, power flow inparallel paths and meshed system, factors limiting loading capability, Stability consideration. Power flow control of an ac transmission line. Basic types of facts controllers. Advantages of FACTS technology.

Unit-2

Voltage-Sourced Converters: Basic concept of voltage-sourced converters, single and three phase bridge converters. Introduction to power factor control. Transformer connections for 12-pulse, 24 pulse and 48 pulse operations. Static Shunt Compensators: Mid-point and end point voltage regulation of transmission line, and stability improvement. Basic operating principle of Static Synchronous Compensators (STATCOM). Comparison between STATCOM and SVC.

Unit-3

Static Series Compensators: Concept of series capacitive compensation, voltage and transient stabilities, power oscillation and sub synchronous oscillation damping. Introduction to thyristors witched series capacitor (TSSC), thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC), and static synchronous series compensator, – operation, characteristics and applications.

Unit-4

Static Voltage and Phase Angle Regulators: Voltage and phase angle regulation. Power flow control and improvement of stability by phase angle regulator. Introduction to thyristor controlled voltage and phase angle regulators (TCVR and TCPAR) (ii) Introduction to thyristor controlled braking resistor and thyristor controlled voltage limiter.

Unit-5

UPFC: Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC), basic operating principles, conventional transmission control capabilities. Comparison of UPFC to series compensators and phase angle regulator. Applications of UPFC. IPFC: Interline Power Flow Controller (IPFC), basic operating principles and characteristics. Applications of IPFC.

Text Books :

1 K. R. Padiyar: Flexible AC Transmission Systems
2 N. G. Hingorani, L. Gyugyi: Understanding FACTS: IEEE Press Book.

Reference Books :

1 Yong Hua Song, Allan T Johns : Flexible AC Transmission Systems FACTS
2 Xiao Ping Zhang, Christian Rehtanz, Bikash Pal: Flexible AC Transmission Systems.
3 R. Mohan & R. M. Mathur: Thyristor-based FACTS Controllers for Electrical Transmission Systems, John Wiley

POWER SYSTEM TRANSIENTS

Unit-1

Wave terminology, Development of wave quotations, Terminal problems, Lattice diagrams, Origin and Nature of power system transients and surges, Surge parameters of plants, Equivalent Circuit representations. Lumped and distributed circuit transients.

Unit-2

Line energisation and de-energisation transients-Earth and earthwire effects. Current chopping in circuit breakers. Short line fault condition and its relation to circuit breaker duty. Trapped charge effects. Effect of source and source representation in short line fault studies.

Unit-3

Control of transients, Lightening phenomenon, influence of tower footing resistance and earth resistance, Traveling waves in distributed parameters multiconductor lines, parameters as a function of frequency.

Unit-4

Mechanism of Lightning Discharge Types of Lightning strokes, Harmful effects of lighting, protections against lightning, overhead Ground wires.

Unit-5

Lightening Arresters, Types of lightening arresters, Surge Absorber simulatio of surge diverters in transient analysis. Fourier integral and z transform methods in power system transient.

Text Books :

1 C. S. Indulkar and D. P. Kothari: Power System Transients, NEW AGE.
2 Lou Van der Sluis: Transients in Power Systems, John Wiley

Reference Books :

1 N. R. Watson, J. Arrillaga: Power Systems Electromagnetic Transients, John Wiley

COMPUTER BASED POWER SYSTEM LAB

Experiments :

1. Fault analysis (for 3 to 6 bus) and verify the results using MATLAB or any available software for the cases: (i) LG Fault (ii) LLG Fault (iii) LL Fault and (iv) 3-Phase Fault

2. Load flow analysis for a given system (for 3 to 6 bus) using (i) Gauss Seidal (ii) Newton Raphson (iii) Fast Decoupled Method and verify results using MATLAB or any available software

3. Study of voltage security analysis

4. Study of overload security analysis and obtain results for the given problem using MATLAB or any software.

5. Study of economic load dispatch problem with different methods.

6. Study of transient stability analysis using MATLAB/ETAP Software.

ELECTRICAL DRIVES AND CONTROL LAB

Experiments :

1. Study and test the firing circuit of three phase half controlled bridge converter.
2. Study and obtain waveforms of 3 phase half controlled bridge converter with R and RL loads.
3. Study and test the firing circuit of 3-phase full controlled bridge converter.
4. Study and obtain waveforms of 3-phase full controlled bridge converter with R and RL loads.
5. Study and test 3-phase AC voltage regulator.
6. Control speed of dc motor using 3-phase half controlled bridge converter. Plot armature voltage versus speed characteristic.
7. Control speed of dc motor using 3-phase full controlled bridge converter. Plot armature voltage versus speed characteristic.
8. Control speed of a 3-phase induction motor in variable stator voltage mode using 3-phase AC voltage regulator.
9. Control speed of a 3-phase BLDC motor.
10. Control speed of a 3-phase PMSM motor using frequency and voltage control
11. Control speed of universal motor using AC voltage regulator.
12. Study 3-phase dual converter.
13. Study speed control of dc motor using 3-phase dual converter.
14. Study three-phase cycloconverter and speed control of synchronous motor using cycloconverter.
15. Control of 3-Phase Induction Motor in variable frequency V/f constant mode using 3-phase inverter

HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING LAB

Experiments :

1. Study filtration and Treatment of transformer oil.
2. Determine dielectric strength of transformer oil.
3. Determine capacitance and dielectric loss of an insulating material using Schering bridge.
4. Study solid dielectrics used in power apparatus.
5. Study applications of insulating materials.
6. Study direct testing and indirect testing of circuit breakers.
7. Study high voltage testing of electrical equipment: line insulator, cable, bushing, power capacitor, and power transformer.
8. Design an EHV transmission line.

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RTU Syllabus Electrical Engineering 7th Semester

POWER SYSTEM  PLANNING

Unit-1

Introduction of power planning, National and Regional Planning, structure of P.S., planning tools Electricity Regulation, Electrical Forecasting, forecasting techniques modeling.

Unit-2

Generation planning, Integrated power generation cogeneration/captive power, Power pooling and power trading. Transmission and distribution planning. Power system Economics. Power sector finance, financial planning, private participation Rural Electrification investment, concept of Rational tariffs.

Unit-3

Power supply Reliability, Reliability planning. System operation planning, load management, load prediction, reactive power balance
Online power flow studies, state estimation, computerized management, power system simulator.

Unit-4

Computer aided planning, wheeling. Environmental effects, the greenhouse effect Technological impacts. Insulation coordination. Reactive compensation.

Unit-5

Optimal power system expansion planning : Formulation of least cost optimization problem incorporating the capital, Operating and maintenance cost of candidate plants of different types (Thermal, Hydro, Nuclear, Non-conventional etc.) and minimum assured reliability constraint – optimization techniques for solution by programming.

Text Books :

1. X. Wang, J. R. Mc Donald: Modern Power System Planning, MGH.
2. A. S. Pabla: Electrical Power System Planning, Machmillan India Ltd.

Reference Books :

1. M. Tllic, F. Faliana and L. Fink: Power System Restructuring Engineering and Economics, Kulwar Academic Publisher.
2. L. L. Lie: Power System Restructuring and Deregulation, John Willey & Sons UK.

POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS

Unit-1

Percent and per unit quantities. Single line diagram for a balanced 3-phase system Admittance Model: Branch and node admittances Equivalent admittance network and calculation of Y bus. Modification of an existing Y bus.

Unit-2

Impendence Model: Bus admittance and impedance matrices. Thevenin’s theorem and Z bus. Direct determination of Z bus. Modification of an existing bus. Symmetrical fault Analysis: Transient on a Transmission line, short circuit of a synchronous machine on no load, short circuit of a loaded synchronous machine. Equivalent circuits of synchronous machine under sub transient, transient and steady state conditions. Selection of circuit breakers, Algorithm for short circuit studies. Analysis of three-phase faults.

Unit-3

Symmetrical Components: Fortescue theorem, symmetrical component transformation. Phase shift in star-delta transformers. Sequence Impedances of transmission lines, Synchronous Machine and Transformers, zero sequence network of transformers and transmission lines. Construction of sequence networks of power system. Fault Analysis: Analysis of single line to ground faults using symmetrical components, connection of sequence networks under the fault condition.

Unit-4

Unsymmetrical Fault Analysis: (i) Analysis of line-to-line and double line to ground faults using symmetrical components, connection of sequence networks under fault conditions. Analysis of unsymmetrical shunt faults using bus impedance matrix method.

Unit-5

Load Flow Analysis:Load flow problem, development of load flow equations, bus classification Gauss Seidel, Newton Raphosn, decoupled and fast decoupled methods for load flow analysis. Comparison of load flow methods.

Text Books :

1. X. Wang, J. R. Mc Donald: Modern Power System Planning, MGH.
2. A. S. Pabla: Electrical Power System Planning, Machmillan India Ltd.

Reference Books :

1. J. D. Glover, M. S. Sharma & T. J. Overbye: Power System Analysis and Design, Cengage Learning.
2. Nasser Tleis: Power System Modelling and Fault Analysis, Elsevier.
3. Kothari & Nagrath: Modern Power System Analysis, MGH.
4. Haadi Saadat: Power System Analysis.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES

Unit-1

Artificial Intelligence: Introduction to AI and knowledge based Expert systems, Introduction, Importance and Definition of AI, ES, ES building tools and shells.

Unit-2

Knowledge Representation: Concept of knowledge, Representation of knowledge using logics rules, frames. Procedural versus. Declarative knowledge, forward versus backward chaining Control Strategies: Concept of heuristic search, search techniques depth first
search, Breath first search, Generate & test hill climbing, best first search.

Unit-3

Artificial Neural Network: Biological Neurons and synapses, characteristics Artificial Neural Networks, types of activation functions.
Perceptions: Perception representation, limitations of perceptrons. Single layer and multiplayer perceptrons. Perceptron learning algorithms.

Unit-4

Basic Concepts in Learning ANN: Supervised learning, Back propagation algorithm, unsupervised learning, Kohonen’s top field network & Algorithm.

Unit-5

Fuzzy Logic: Fuzzy logic concepts, Fuzzy relation and membership functions, Defuzzification, Fuzzy controllers, Genetic Algorithm: concepts, coding, reproduction, crossover, mutation, scaling and fitness.

Text Books :

1. Saroj Kaushik: Artificial Intelligence, Cengage Learning.
2. Elaine Rich and Kevin Knight: Artificial Intelligence 3/e, MGH

Reference Books :

1. Padhy: Artificial Intelligence & Intelligent Systems, Oxford
2. James Anderson: An introduction to Neural Networks.
3. Dan. W Patterson: Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems.
4. Kumar Satish: Neural Networks, 2nd ed., MGH.
5. S. Rajsekaran & G. A. Vijayalakshmi Pai: Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithm- Synthesis and Applications, Prentice Hall of India.
6. Siman Haykin: Neural Netowrks, Prentice Hall of India.

NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY  SOURCES

Unit-1

Introduction: World energy situation, conventional and non-conventional energy sources, Indian energy scene. Tidal Energy: Introduction to tidal power. Components of tidal power plants, double basin arrangement. Power generation. Advantages and limitations of tidal power generation. Prospects of tidal energy in India.

Unit-2

Solar Energy: Solar radiation, solar radiation geometry, solar radiation on tilted surface. Solar energy collector. Flat- plate collector, concentrating collector – parabolidal and heliostat. Solar pond. Basic solar power plant. Solar cell, solar cell array, basic photo-voltaic power generating system.

Unit-3

Wind Energy: Basic principle of wind energy conversion, efficiency of conversion, site selection. Electric power generation-basic components, horizontal axis and vertical axis wind turbines, towers, generators, control and monitoring components. Basic electric generation schemes- constant speed constant frequency, variable speed constant frequency and variable speed variable frequency schemes. Applications of wind energy. Geothermal Energy: Geothermal fields, estimates of geothermal power. Basic geothermal steam power plant, binary fluid geothermal power plant and geothermal preheat hybrid power plant. Advantages and disadvantages of geothermal energy. Applications of geothermal energy. Geothermal energy in India.

Unit-4

Nuclear Fusion Energy: Introduction, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. Requirements for nuclear fusion. Plasma confinement magnetic confinement and inertial confinement. Basic Tokamak reactor, laser fusion reactor. Advantages of nuclear fusion. Fusion
hybridand cold fusion.

Unit-5

Biomass Energy: Introduction, biomass categories, bio-fuels. Introduction to biomass conversion technologies. Biogas generation, basic biogas plants-fixed dome type, floating gasholder type, Deen Bandhu biogas plant, Pragati design biogas plant. Utilization of bio gas. Energy plantation. Pyrolysis scheme. Alternative liquid fuels –ethanol and methanol. Ethanol production.

Text Books :

1. G. D. Rao: Renewable Energy
2. B. H. Khan: Non-Conventional Energy Resources, MGH.

Reference Books :

1. A. N. Mathur: Non-Conventional Resources of Energy.
2. Boyle: Renewable Energy, 3rded Oxford.
3. Bent Sorensen, 4th ed.: Renewable Energy, Elsevier.
4. V. V. N. Kishore: Renewable Energy Engineering and Technology, TERI.
5. Garg & Prakash: Solar Energy : Fundamentals and Applications, MGH
6. David Boyles: Bio Energy, Elis Horwood Ltd.,

POWER SYSTEM  ENGINEERING

Unit-1

Economic Operation of Power Systems: Introduction, system constraints, optimal operation of power systems. Input output, heat rate and incremental rate curves of thermal generating units. Economic distribution of load between generating units within a plant. Economic distribution of load between power stations, transmission loss equation. Introduction to unit commitment and dynamic programming.

Unit-2

Power System Stability-I: Power angle equations and power angle curves under steady state and transient conditions. Rotor dynamics and swing equation (solution of swing equation not included). Synchronizing power coefficient. Introduction to steady state and dynamic stabilities, steady state stability limit.

Unit-3

Power System Stability-II: Introduction to transient stability. Equal area criterion and its application to transient stability studies under basic disturbances. Critical clearing angle and critical clearing time. Factors affecting stability and methods to improve stability.

Unit-4

Excitation Systems: Introduction of excitation systems of synchronous machines, types of excitation systems, Elements of various excitation systems and their control (functional block diagrams and their brief description)-DC excitation systems, AC excitation systems, brushless excitation system. Interconnected Power Systems: Introduction to isolated and interconnected powers systems. Reserve capacity of power stations, spinning and maintenance resaves. Advantages and problems of interconnected power systems. Power systems inter connection in India.

Unit-5

Tap Changing transformer, phase angle control and phase shifting transformer. Series compensation of transmission lines, location and protection of series capacitors, advantages and problems Introduction to power system security. Introduction to voltage stability.

Text Books :

1. J. Nagrath and D.P. Kothari: Power System Engineering 2/e, MGH.
2. J. J. Grainger and W. D. Stevenson: Power System Analysis, MGH.

Reference Books :

1. B. R. Gupta: Power System Analysis and Design, Third Edition, S. Chand & Co.
2. C. L. Wadhwa: Electrical Power Systems, New age international Ltd. Third Edition
3. W. D. Stevenson: Element of Power System Analysis, MGH.
4. B. R. Gupta: Generation of Electrical Energy, S. Chand Publication.

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD  THEORY

Unit-1

Introduction: Vector Relation in rectangular, cylindrical, spherical and general curvilinear coordinate system. Concept and physical interpretation of gradient, Divergence and curl, Green’s Stoke’s and Helmholz theorems

Unit-2

Electrostatics: Electric field vectors-electric field intensity, flux density & polarization. Electric field due to various charge configurations. The potential functions and displacement vector. Gauss’s law, Poisson’s and Laplace’s equation and their solution. Uniqueness
theorem. Continuity equation. Capacitance and electrostatics energy. Field determination by method of images. Boundary conditions. Field mappings and concept of field cells.

Unit-3

Magnetostatics: Magnetic field vector: Magnetic field intensity, flux density & magnetization, Bio-Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Magnetic scalar and vector potential, self & mutual inductance. Energy stored in magnetic field, Boundary conditions, Analogy between electric and
magnetic field, Field mapping and concept of field cells.

Unit-4

Time Varying Fields: Faraday’s law, Displacement currents and equation of continuity. Maxwell’s equations, Uniform plane wave in free space, dielectrics and conductors, skin effect sinusoidal time variations, reflections, refraction & polarization of UPW, standing wave ratio. Pointing vector and power considerations.

Unit-5

Transmission Lines: The high-frequency circuit. LCR ladder model. The transmission Lin equation. Solution for loss-less lines. Wave velocity and wave impedance. Reflection and Transmission coefficients at junctions. VSWR.

Text Books :

1. Hayt: Engineering Electromagnetics, 7/e, (With CD), MGH
2. Matthew N. O. Sadiku: Principles of Electromagnetics, 4th ed., Oxford

Reference Books :

1. G. S. N. Raju: Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines, Pearson.
2. J. D. Kraus: Electromagnetic. 5th edition, MGH.
3. S. Baskaran and K. Malathi: Electromagnetic Field and Waves, Scitech Pub.
4. R. S. Kshetrimayum, Electromagnetic Field Theory, Cengage Learning.
5. V.V. Sarwate: Electromagnetic Field and Waves, Willey Eastern Ltd.

COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN OF ELECTRICAL

Unit-1

Basic Principles of Electrical Machine Design: Specifications, Factors affecting the design, Limitations, main dimension, loadings, output equation, factor affecting the size and rating, Electrical Engineering Materials: conducting, magnetic and insulating materials.
Magnetic Circuit Calculation: Ohm’s law for magnetic circuit, mmf required for air gap and iron parts, tapered teeth, real and apparent flux density, magnetizing current.

Unit-2

Heating and Cooling of Electrical Machines: heat dissipation and heat flow equations, Newton’s law of cooling, equations for temperature rise, Rating of Machines: Continuous, short and intermittent ratings, mean temperature rise, hydrogen cooling of turbo alternators, quantity of cooling medium.

Unit-3

Computer Aided Design of Transformers: Power and Distribution Transformers, core and yoke cross sections, square and stepped core, output equations, main dimensions, types & design of windings, optimization concepts.

Unit-4

Computer Aided Design of Synchronous Machines: Turbo and Hydro alternators, choice of specific magnetic & electric loading, short circuit ratio and its effects air gap length, output equation, main dimensions, flow charts for design of synchronous machine, design of stator core & winding.

Unit-5

Computer Aided Design of Induction Machines: Output equation, main dimensions, design criteria, flow charts for design of induction motor, air gap length, design of stator core and winding, rotor design.

Text Books :

1. A. K. Sawhney: A Course in Electrical Machine Design, Dhanpat Rai & Sons.
2. B. Edikins: Generalized Theory of Electrical Machines.

Reference Books :

1. Fitzegerald: Electrical Machinery, Kingsley.
2. M. G. Say: The Performance and Design of AC Machines, Pitman & Sons.
3. R. K. Agrawal: Electrical Machine Design

ECONOMIC OPERATION OF POWER SYSTEMS

Unit-1

Economics of Power Generation: Introduction, cost of electrical energy, expression for cost of electrical energy, depreciation, power plant cost analysis, economics in plant selection, selection of types of generation and types of equipments, factors effecting economic generations and distributions, generating cost, economics of different types of generating plants

Unit-2

Economical Operations of Thermal Power Plants: Methods of loading turbo generators, input, output and heat rate characteristics, incremental cost, two generations units, large no of units, sequence of adding units, effects of transmission losses, economic scheduling considering transmission losses, coordination equations, penalty factors

Unit-3

Hydro Thermal coordination: Advantages of combined operation, base load peak load operation requirement, combined working of run-off river and steam plant Reservoirs hydroplants and thermal plants (long term operational aspects), short term hydro thermal coordination, coordination equations, scheduling methods and applications.

Unit-4

Parallel Operations of Generators: Conditions, synchronizingcurrent and power, two alternators in parallel (effect of change in excitation, load sharing, sharing of load currents), Infinite bus bars, active and reactive power control, synchronizing power, torque, operating limits of alternators, operating characteristics of cylindrical alternator rotor.

Unit-5

Economics for Electrical Engineers: Concepts of physical and financial efficiencies of electrical goods and services, supply and demand, break even and minimum cost analysis, linear and nonlinear break even, min cist analysis.

Text Books :

1. A. K. Sawhney: A Course in Electrical Machine Design, Dhanpat Rai & Sons.
2. B. Edikins: Generalized Theory of Electrical Machines.

Reference Books :

1. O. I. Elgerd: Electric Energy System Theory, MGH.
2. P. Kundur: Power System Stability and Control, MGH.
3. Arthur R. Bergen and Vijay Vittal: Power System Analysis, Second Edition. PHI.
4. C. L. Wadhwa: Electrical Power Systems, Newage International (P) Ltd.
5. C. Gross, Power Systems Analysis, 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons.

POWER SYSTEM  PLANNING LAB

Experiments :

1. Status of National and Regional Planning, for power system
2. Write components of Structure of power system
3. Explain in detail various planning tools.
4. Write short note on Electricity Regulation
5. Modeling of Electrical Forecasting techniques
6. Transmission and distribution planning
7. concept of Rational tariffs
8. Rural Electrification

POWER SYSTEM  MODELLING AND SIMULATION LAB

1. Simulate Swing Equation in Simulink (MATLAB)
2. Modeling of Synchronous Machine.
3. Modeling of Induction Machine.
4. Simulate simple circuits using Circuit Maker.
5. (a) Modeling of Synchronous Machine with PSS (b) Simulation of Synchronous Machine with FACTS device.
6. (a) Modeling of Synchronous Machine with FACTS device (b) Simulation of Synchronous Machine with FACTS devices.
7. FACTS Controller designs with FACT devices for SMIB system.

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CBSE Class 12 Exams 2017: Date Sheet Revised, Check Here

Day, Date of Exam Subject
Thursday, March 9, 2017 English Elective –Ncert
English Elective-Cbse(Functional English)
English Core
Friday, March 10, 2017 Dance –Kathak
Dance-Bharatnatyam
Dance –Odissi
Dance-Kathkali
Creative Writing & Translation Studies
Sindhi Office Communication
Information Storage & Retrival
Integrated Transport Operation
Front Office Operations
Travel Agency & Tour Operations Business (Nsqf)
Salesmanship-Ii
Capital Market Operations
Banking-Ii
Wednesday, March 15, 2017 Physics
Persian
Secretarial Practice & Accounting
Air Conditioning & Refrigeration – Iii
Optics –Ii
Radiography-I General
Electrical Machine
Clinical Bio-Chemistry (Mlt)
Child Health Nursing
Garment Construction –Ii
Traditional Indian Textile
Thursday, March 16, 2017 Business Studies
Basic Horticulture-Ii
Beauty & Hair -Ii
Operation & Maintenance Of Communication Devices
Saturday, March 18, 2017 Urdu Elective
Punjabi
Tamil
Manipuri
Malayalam
Assamese
Kannada
Urdu Core
Monday, March 20, 2017 Mathematics
First Aid & Emergency Medical Care
Clinical Bio-Chemistry & Microbiology-Ii
Microbiology (Mlt)
Health Centre Management
Opthalmic Techniques-Ii
Radiography-Ii (Special Investigation Imaging Radiography)
Tuesday, March 21, 2017 Shorthand English
Shorthand Hindi
Fashion Studies
Agriculture
Odia
German
Russian
Engineering Science
Database Management Application (Nsqf)
Thursday, March 23, 2017 History
Retail Services-Ii(Nsqf)
Logistice Operation & Supply Chain Management –Ii
Business Operation & Administration –Ii
Laboratory Medicines (Clinical Pathology Hematology & Histopathology –Ii (Mlt)
Friday, March 24, 2017 Food Production Iii
Introduction To Hospitality Management(Nsqf)
Saturday, March 25, 2017 Chemistry Applied Physics
Food & Beverage Cost & Control
Floriculture
Cost Accounting
Biology Opthalmic-Ii
Radiation Physics
Monday, March 27, 2017 Informatics Practices
Computer Science
Advanced Front Office Operations
Olericulture – Ii
Insurance –Ii
Basic Pattern Development
Wednesday, March 29, 2017 Accountancy
Bakery-Ii
Holistic Health –Ii
Security(Nsqf)
Thursday, March 30, 2017 Food Production Iv
Friday, March 31, 2017 Engineering Graphics
Heritage Crafts
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RTU Syllabus Electrical Engineering 6th Semester

MODERN  CONTROL THEORY

Unit-1

Introduction: Concept of Linear vector space Linear Independence, Bases & Representation, domain and range. Concept of Linearity, relaxedness, time invariance, causality. State Space Approach of Control System Analysis : Modern Vs conventional control theory, concept of state, state variable state vector, state space, state space equations, Writing statespace equations of mechanical, Electrical systems, Analogous systems.

Unit-2

State Space Representation using physical and phase variables, comparison form of system representation. Block diagram representation of state model. Signal flow graph representation. State space representation using canonical variables. Diagonal matrix. Jordan canonical form, Derivation of transfer functions from state-model.

Unit-3

Solution of State Equations:Eigenvalues and Eigen vectors. Matrix.Exponential, State transition matrix, Properties of state transition matrix. Computation of State transition matrix concepts of controllability &observability, Pole placement by state feedback.

Unit-4

Digital Control Systems: Introduction, sampled data control systems, signal reconstruction, difference equations.
The z-transform, Z-Transfer Function. Block diagram analysis of sampled data
systems, z and s domain relationship.

Unit-5

Modeling of sample-hold circuit, steady state accuracy, stability in z-plane and Jury stability criterion, bilinear transformation Routh-Hurwitz criterion on s-planes,digital PID controllers, Introductionto adaptive control.

Text Books :

1. I. J. Nagrath and M. Gopal: Control Systems Engineering, 3rd Ed, New Age Publication.
2. S. K. Bhattacharya: Control Systems Engineering, 3e, Pearson Publishers.

Reference Books :

1. Dhannesh N. Manik: Control System, Cengage Learning.
2. Richard C. Dorf, Robert H. Bishop: Modern Control Systems, Prentice-Hall.
3. M. Gopal: Digital Control and State Variable Methods, MGH.
4. B. C. Kuo: Digital Control System, Oxford.
5. C. H. Houpis and G. B. Lamont, Digital Control Systems, MGH.
6. Donald E. Kiv: Optimal Control Theory- An Introduction, Prentice Hall.
7. D. Roy, Choudhary: Modern Control Engineering, Prentice Hall of India.
8. C. T. Chen: System Theory &Design, Oxford University Press.

A HIGH  VOLTAGE ENGINEERING

Unit-1

(i) Breakdown in Gases: Introduction to mechanism of breakdown in gases, Townsend’s breakdown mechanism. Breakdown in electromagnetic gases, Application of gases in power system.
(ii) Breakdown in Liquids: Introduction to mechanism of breakdown in liquids, suspended solid particle mechanism and cavity breakdown. Application of oil in power apparatus.
(iii) Breakdown in solids: Introduction to mechanism of breakdown in solids, electromechanical breakdown, treeing & tracking breakdown and thermal breakdown.

Unit-2

(i) High DC Voltage Generation: Generation of high dc voltage, basic voltage multiplier circuit.
(ii) High AC Voltage Generation: Cascaded Transformers.
(iii) Impulse Voltage generation: Impulse voltage, basic impulse circuit, Mark’s multistage impulse generator.
(iv) Measurement of High Voltage: Potential dividers – resistive, capacitive and mixed potential dividers. Sphere gap- Construction and operation. Klydonorgraph.

Unit-3

Nondestructive Insulation Tests: (i) Measurement of resistively, dielectric constant and loss factor. High Voltage Schering Bridge- measurement of capacitance and dielectric loss. (ii) Partial Discharges: Introduction to partial discharge, partial discharge equivalent circuit. Basic wide-band and narrow band PD detection circuits.

Unit-4

(i) Over voltages: Causes of over voltages, introduction to lightning phenomena, over voltages due to lighting.
(ii) Travelling Waves: Travelling waves on transmission lines-open end line, short circuited line, line terminated through a resistance, line connected to a cable, reflection and refraction at a T-junction and line terminated through a capacitance. Attenuation of traveling waves.

Unit-5

(i) Over Voltage Protection: Basic construction and operation of ground wires- protection angle and protective zone, ground rods, counterpoise, surge absorber, rod gap and arcing horn, lighting arresters – expulsion type, non -linear gap type and metal oxide gapless type.
(ii) Insulation Coordination:Volt-time curves, basic impulse insulation levels, coordination of insulation levels

Text Books :

1. Naidu: High Voltage Engineering 4/e, MGH.
2. John Kuffel, E. Kuffel and W. S. Zaengl: High Voltage engineering, Elsevier.

Reference Books :

1. C. L.Wadhwa: High Voltage Engineering, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
2. Subir Ray: An Introduction to High Voltage Engineering, Prentice Hall of India.

SWITCH GEAR & PROTECTION

Unit-1

Static Relays:Introduction to static relays, merits and demerits. Comparators:amplitude and phase comparators, duality between amplitude and phase comparators. Introduction to (a) amplitude comparators-circulating current type, phase splitting type and sampling type, (b) phase comparators-vector product type and coincidence type.
Static Over Current Relays:Introduction to instantaneous, definite time, inverse time and directional overcurrent relays.

Unit-2

Static Differential Relays: Brief description of static differential relay schemes- single phase and three phase schemes. Introduction to static differential protection of generator and transformer. Static Distance Relays:Introduction to static impedance, reactance and mho relays.

Unit-3

Carrier Current Protection: Basic apparatus and scheme of power line carrier system. Principle of operation of directional comparison and phase comparison carrier protection and carrier assisted distance protection.
Distance Protection:Effect of power swings on the performance of distance protection. Out of step tripping and blocking relays, mho relay with blinders. Introduction to quadrilateral and elliptical relays.

Unit-4

Circuit Breakers-I:Electric arc and its characteristics, arc interruption-high resistance interruption and current zero interruption. Arc interruption theories– recovery rate theory and energy balance theory. Restriking voltage and recovery voltage, develop expressions for restriking voltage and RRRV. Resistance switching, current chopping and interruption of capacitive current. Oil circuit breakers-bulk oil and minimum oil circuit breakers. Air circuit breakers. Miniature Circuit breaker (MCB).

Unit-5

Circuit Breakers-II: Air blast, SF6 and vacuum circuit breakers. Selection of circuit breakers, rating of circuit breakers. Digital Protection:Introduction to digital protection. Brief description of block diagram of digital relay. Introduction to digital overcurrent, transformer differential and transmission line distance protection.

Text Books :

1. Bhavesh Bhalja, R. P. Maheshari and Nilesh G. Chothani: Protection and Switchgear, Oxford.
2. Bhuvanesh A. Oza and Nair: Power System Protection and Switchgear, MGH.

Reference Books :

1. B. Ravindranath and M. Chander: Power system Protection and Switchgear, Wiley.
2. B. Ram and D. N. Vishwakarma: Power System Protection and Switchgear, MGH.
3. Y. G. Paithankar and S. R. Bhide: Fundamentals of Power System Protection, PHI.
4. T.S.M. Rao: Power System Protection- Static Relays with Microprocessor Applications, MGH.
5. A. R. Van C. Warringtaon: Protective Relays-Their Theory and Practice, Vol. I & II, Jhon Willey & Sons.
6. S. S. Rao: Switchgear and Protection, Khanna Publishers.

ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS

Unit-1

AC Voltage Controllers: Principle of On-Off Control, Principle of Phase control, SinglePhase Bi-directional Controllers with Resistive Loads, Single Phase Controllers with Inductive Loads, Three Phase full wave AC controllers, AC Voltage Controller with PWM Control.

Unit-2

Cyclo-converters: Basic principle of operation, single phase to single phase, three-phase to three-phase and three-phase to single phase cyclo-converters. Output equation, Control circuit.

Unit-3

Inverters:Principle of Operation, Single-phase bridge inverters. Three phase bridge Inverters: 180 and 120 degree of conduction. VSI and CSI. Voltage control of Single Phase and Three Phase Inverters, Harmonic analysis,harmonic reduction techniques,Pulse width modulation techniques.

Unit-4

Resonant Pulse Inverter:Series resonant inverter with unidirectional switches, parallel resonant inverter, class E resonant inverter, L-type and M-type ZCS resonant converter, ZVS resonant converter.

Unit-5

Power Supplies: Switched Mode DC Power Supplies, fly-back converter, forward converter, half and full bridge converter, resonant DC power supplies, bi-directional power supplies. Resonant AC power supplies, bidirectional AC power supplies. Multistage conversions, Control Circuits: Voltage Mode Control, Current Mode Control.

Text Books :

1. M. H. Rashid: Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices & Applications, Pearson Publishers.
2. Bimal Bose: Power Electronics & Motor Drives, Elsevier-2006.

Reference Books :

1. V. R. Moorthy: Power Electronics: Devices, Circuits and Industrial Applications, Oxford.
2. P. C. Sen: Power Electronics, MGH.
3. Ned Mohan, T. M. Undeland and W. P. Robbins: Power Electronics- Converters, Applications and Design, Wiley India Ltd,
4. R. Krishnan: electric motor drives- modeling, analysis and control, Pearson Edu.

SMART GRID TECHNOLOGY

Unit-1

Introduction to Smart Grid: Evolution of Electric Grid, Concept, Definitions and Need for Smart Grid, Smart grid drivers, functions, opportunities, challenges and benefits Difference between conventional & Smart Grid, Concept of Resilient &Self-Healing Grid, Present development & International policies in Smart Grid, Diverse perspectives from experts and global Smart Grid initiatives.

Unit-2

Smart Grid Technologies: Technology Drivers, Smart energy resources, Smart substations, Substation Automation, Feeder Automation ,Transmission systems: EMS, FACTS and HVDC, Wide area monitoring, Protection and Control, Distribution Systems: DMS, Volt/Var control, Fault Detection, Isolation and service restoration, Outage management, High-Efficiency Distribution Transformers, Phase Shifting Transformers, Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV).

Unit-3

Smart Meters and Advanced Metering Infrastructure: Introduction to Smart Meters, Advanced Metering infrastructure (AMI) drivers and benefits,AMIprotocols, standards and initiatives, AMI needs in the smart grid, Phasor Measurement, Unit (PMU), Intelligent Electronic Devices (IED) & their application for monitoring & protection.

Unit-4

Power Quality Management in Smart Grid: Power Quality & EMC in Smart Grid, Power Quality issues of Grid connected RenewableEnergy Sources, Power Quality Conditioners for Smart Grid, Web based Power Qualitymonitoring, Power Quality Audit.

Unit-5

High Performance Computing for Smart Grid Applications: Local Area Network (LAN), House Area Network (HAN), Wide Area Network (WAN), Broadbandover Power line (BPL), IP based Protocols, Basics of Web Service and CLOUD Computing tomake Smart Grids smarter, Cyber Security for Smart Grid.

Text Books :

1. Vehbi C. Güngör, Dilan Sahin, Taskin Kocak, Salih Ergüt, Concettina Buccella, Carlo Cecati, and Gerhard P. Hancke: Smart Grid Technologies- Communication Technologies and Standards IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, Vol. 7, No. 4, November 2011.

2. Xi Fang, Satyajayant Misra, Guoliang Xue, and Dejun Yang: Smart Grid – The New and Improved Power Grid- A Survey, IEEE Transaction on Smart Grids,

Reference Books :

1. Stuart Borlase: Smart Grid-Infrastructure, Technology and Solutions, CRC Press.

ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS

Unit-1

8086 Microprocessor: Hardware specifications, architecture, address spaces, clock generator, bus controller and arbiter, Minimum and maximum mode, System Bus Timing.

Unit-2

Software & Instruction Set: Assembly language programming: addressing mode and instructions of 8086, linking and execution of programs, MACRO programming, assembler directives and operators.

Unit-3

I/O Interfaces: Programmable peripheral interfacing (8255, 8155), Programmable Timer interfacing (8253, 8254), Programmable interrupt controller (8259), Serial CommunicationInterfaces.

Unit-4

Data & Memory Interfacing: A/D, D/A converter interfacing, Memory interfacing and Decoding, DMA controller.

Unit-5

Multiprocessor Configurations: 8086 based Multiprocessor systems. 8087 Numeric data processor. Introduction to 8-bit and 16-bit microcontrollers.

Text Books :

1. A. Nagoor Kani: Microprocessors and Microcontrollers, 2nd ed., MGH.
2. N. Senthil Kumar and Saravanan: Microprocessors and Interfacing, Oxford.

Reference Books :

1. John Freer: System design with Advance Microprocessors, A.H. Wheeler
2. Ray & Bhurchandi: Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals 2/e (MGH)
3. Lyla B. Das: The X 86 Microprocessors- Architecture, Programming and Interfacing Pearson Publisher.
4. Gibson: 16-Bit Microprocessor.
5. Brey: 16-Bit Microprocessor

POWER SYSTEM INSTRUMENTATION

Unit-1

Theory of Errors: Accuracy and precision, systematic and random errors, limits of error, probable error and standard deviation. Gaussian error curves, combination of errors.

Unit-2

Transducers: Construction & Operating Characteristics of active and digital transducers, Measurement of temperature, pressure, displacement, acceleration, noise level. Instrumentation for strain, displacement, velocity, acceleration, force, torque and temperature.

Unit-3

Signal Conditioning: Instrumentation amplifiers, isolation amplifiers, analog multipliers, analog dividers, function generators, timers, sample and hold, optical and magnetic isolators. Frequency to voltage converters, temperature to current converters. Shielding and grounding.

Unit-4

Power System Instrumentation-I:Measurement of voltage, current, phase angle, frequency, active power and reactive power in power plants. Energy meters and multipart tariff meters. Basic idea of LT & HT panel’s.

Unit-5

Power System Instrumentation-II:Capacitive voltage transformers and their transient behavior, Current Transformers for measurement and protection,composite errors and transient response.

Text Books :

1. R. H. Cerni and L. E. Foster: Instrumentation for Engineering Measurements, John Wiley and Sons. 1962
2. Curtis and D. Hohnson: Process Control Instrumentation Technology, John Wiley and sons. 2013

Reference Books :

1. R. Morrison: Instrumentation Fundamentals and Applications, John Wiley and Sons.
2. A. K. Sawhney: Advanced Measurements & Instrumentation, Dhanpat Rai & Sons.
3. E.O. Decblin: Measurement System– Application & design, MGH.
4. W.D. Cooper and A.P. Beltried: Electronics Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques, Prentice Hall International.
5. A. S. Moris: Principles of Measurement & Instrumentation, Prentice Hall

DIGITAL COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION THEORY

Unit-1

PCM & Delta Modulation Systems: PCM and delta modulation, quantization noise in PCM and delta modulation. Signal-to-noise ratio in PCM and delta modulation, T1 Carrier System, Comparison of PCM and DM. Adaptive delta Modulation. Bit, word and frame synchronization, Matched filter detection.

Unit-2

Digital Modulation Techniques: Various techniques of phase shift, amplitude shift and frequency shift keying. Minimum shift keying. Modulation & Demodulation.

Unit-3

Error Probability in Digital Modulation: Calculation of error probabilities for PSK, ASK, FSK & MSK techniques.

Unit-4

Information Theory:Amount of Information, Average Information, Entropy, Information rate, Increase in Average information per bit by coding, Shannon’s Theorem and Shannon’s bound Capacity of a Gaussian Channel, BW-S/N trade off, Orthogonal signal transmission.

Unit-5

Coding: Coding of Information, Hamming code, Single Parity-Bit Code, Linear Block code, cyclic code &convolution code.

Text Books :

1. R. N. Mutagi: Digital Communication, 2nd ed., Oxford.
2. P. Ramakrishna Rao: Communication Systems, MGH.

Reference Books :

1. H. Taub & D.L. Schilling: Principles of Communication Systems, MGH.
2. Simon Haykin: Communication Systems, John Wiley & Sons.
3. Proakis: Digital Communication, MGH.
4. Sklar: Digital Communication, Pearson Education.
5. P. Chakrabarti: Principles of Digital Communications, Danpatrai & Sons.

CONTROL SYSTEM LAB

Experiments :

1. Introduction to MATLAB Computing Control Software.

2. Defining Systems in TF, ZPK form.

3. (a)  Plot step response of a given TF and system in state-space. Take different values of damping ratio and wn natural undamped frequency. (b)  Plot ramp response.

4. For a given 2ndorder system plot step response and obtain time response specification.

5. To design 1st order R-C circuits and observe its response with the following inputs and trace the curve. (a) Step (b) Ramp (c) Impulse

6. To   design   2nd   order   electrical   network   and   study   its   transient response   for   step   input   and following  cases.

(a) Under damped system (b) Over damped System. (c)  Critically damped system.

7. To Study the frequency response of following compensating Networks, plot the graph and final out corner frequencies.

(a) Log Network  (b) Lead Network (c) Log-lead Network.

8.  To draw characteristics of ac servomotor

9.  To perform experiment on Potentiometer error detector.

10. Check for the stability of a given closed loop system.

11. Plot bode plot for a 2ndorder system and find GM and PM.

POWER SYSTEM  LAB

Experiments :

1.  Study the burden effect on the performance of CT and measure ratio error.

2. Find out the sequence components of currents in three 1-Phase transformers and 3-Phase transformer and compare their results.

3 (i) Study over current relay. (ii) Draw the current-time characteristic of an over current relay for TMS=1 & 0.5 and PSM=1.25 & 1.0.

4. (i) Study percentage bias differential relay. (ii) Plot the characteristics of a percentage bias differential relay for 20%, 30% and 40% biasing.

5. Study gas actuated Buchholz relay.

6. Study under frequency relay and check it’s setting experimentally.

7. Design a HV transmission line.

8. Study a typical grid substation.

9. Study earthing of power station, substation and building

ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS  LAB

Experiments :

1. Study and test AC voltage regulators using triac, antiparallel thyristors and triac&diac.

2. Study and test single phase PWM inverter.

3. Study and test buck, boost and buck- boost regulators.

4. Study and test MOSFET chopper.

5. Study and test Zero voltage switching.

6. Study and test SCR DC circuit breaker.

7. Control speed of a dc motor using a chopper and plot armature voltage versus speed characteristic.

8. Control speed of a single-phase induction motor using single phase AC voltage regulator.

9. (i) Study single-phase dual converter.(ii) Study speed control of dc motor using single-phase dual converter.

10. Study one, two and four quadrant choppers (DC-DC converters).

11. Study speed control of dc motor using one, two and four quadrant choppers.

12. Study single-phase cycloconverter.

SMART GRID LAB

Experiments :

1. Study different components of smart grid

2. To visit thermal/nuclear power plant

3. To design and simulate hybrid wind-solar power generation system using simulating software

4. Study Different terminology used in power quality assessment

5. Study and measure certain parameters of power quality in laboratory with and without power quality improvement devices.

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RTU Syllabus Electrical Engineering 5th Semester

POWER ELECTRONICS

Unit-1

Power Semiconductor Devices:Construction, Principle of operation, Characteristics and applications of Power Transistor& Thyristor. Characteristics of GTO, DIAC, MCT, TRIAC, Power MOSFET and IGBT; Two- Transistor Model of Thyristor, Thyristor Commutation methods.

Unit-2

SCR: Construction and characteristics, specification and ratings, pulse transformer, optical isolators, methods of turn on, triggering circuits for SCR: R, RC, UJT relaxation oscillator. Rating extension by series and parallel connections, string efficiency. Protection of SCR-Protection against over voltage, over current, dv/dt, di/dt, Gate protection.

Unit-3

Converters-I: Single Phase half & full wave converters with RL & RLE load, Single phase dual converters, Three phase half wave converters. Three phase full converters with RL load, Three phase dual converters.

Unit-4

Converters-II: Single and three-phase semi converters with RL & RLE load. Power factor improvement-Extinction angle control, symmetrical angle control, pulse width modulation control and sinusoidal pulse width modulation control. Inversion operation. Effect of load and source impedances.

Unit-5

DC-DC Converters: Step Up/Down Copper, Control strategies, Chopper Configurations, Analysis of type A Chopper
Voltage, current and load commutated chopper. Multiphase Chopper.

Text Books :

1. M. D. Singh and K. B. Khanchandani: Power Electronics 2/e, MGH.
2. M. H. Rashid: Power Electronics, Circuits Devices and Applications, Pearson.

Reference Books :

1. V. R. Moorthi: Power Electronics-Devices, Circuits and Industrial Applications, Oxford.
2. Theodore Wildi: Electrical Machines, Drives and Power Systems, Pearson.
3. Ned Mohan: Power Electronics, John Wiley.
4. Krein P. T.: Elements of Power Electronics, Oxford.
5. P. S. Bimbhra: Power Electronics, Khanna Publishers.

MICROPROCESSOR AND COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE

Unit-1

Introduction to 8085 Microprocessor Architecture: CPU, address bus, data bus and control bus. Input/Output devices, buffers,encoders, latches and memories. Internal Data Operations and Registers, Pins and Signals, Peripheral Devices and Memory Organization, Interrupts.

Unit-2

8085 Microprocessor Instructions: Classification, Format and Timing. Instruction Set: 8 Bit and 16 Bit Instructions, Programming and Debugging, Subroutines.

Unit-3

8085 Microprocessor Interfacing: 8259, 8257, 8255, 8253, 8155 chips and their applications. A/D conversion, memory, keyboard and display interface (8279).

Unit-4

8086 Microprocessor: Architecture: Architecture of INTEL 8086 (Bus Interface Unit, Execution unit), register organization, memory addressing, memory segmentation, Operating Modes Instruction Set of 8086: Addressing Modes: Instruction format: Discussion on instruction Set: Groups: data transfer, arithmetic, logic string, branch control transfer, processor control. Interrupts: Hardware and software interrupts, responses and types.

Unit-5

Basic Computer Architecture: Central Processing Unit, memory and input/output interfacing. Memory Classification Volatile and non-volatile memory, Primary and secondary memory, Static and Dynamic memory, Logical, Virtual and Physical memory. Types Of Memory: Magnetic core memory, binary cell, Rom architecture and different types of ROM, RAM architecture, PROM, PAL, PLA, Flash and Cache memory, SDRAM, RDRAM and DDRAM. Memory latency, memory bandwidth, memory seek time.

Text Books :

1. Gaonkar, Ramesh S.: Microprocessor Architecture, programming and Applications with the 8085
2. The 8085 Microprocessor: Architecture, Programming and Interfacing, Pearson Publisher.

Reference Books :

1. Douglas V. Hall: Microprocessors and Interfacing, Revised Second Edition (SIE), MGH.
2. Ray. A. K. & Burchandi, K. M.: Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals, Architecture,
3. Lyla B. Das: The X 86 Microprocessors: Architecture, Programming and Interfacing  Pearson Publisher.
4. Krishna Kant: Microprocessors and Microcontrollers, PHI Learning.
5. M. Rafiquzzaman: Microprocessors-Theory and applications, PHI.
6. B. Ram: Advanced Microprocessor & Interfacing. MGH.

CONTROL SYSTEMS

Unit-1

Introduction: Elements of control systems, concept of open loop and closed loop systems, Examples and application of open loop and closed loop systems, brief idea of multivariable control systems. Mathematical Modeling of Physical Systems: Representation of physical system (Electro Mechanical) by differential equations, Determination of transfer function by block diagram reduction techniques and signal flow method, Laplace transformation function, inverse Laplace transformation.

Unit-2

Time Response Analysis of First Order and Second Order System:Characteristic equations, response to step, ramp and parabolic inputs. Transient response analysis, steady state errors and error constants, Transient & steady state analysis of LTI systems.

Unit-3

Control System Components: Constructional and working concept of ac servomotor, synchronous and stepper motor
Stability and Algebraic Criteria: concept of stability and necessary conditions, Routh-Hurwitz criteria and limitations. Root Locus Technique: The root locus concepts, construction of root loci.

Unit-4

Frequency Response Analysis: Frequency response, correlation between time and frequency responses,polar and inverse polar plots, Bode plots Stability in Frequency Domain: Nyquist stability criterion, assessment of relative
stability: gain margin and phase margin, M and N Loci, Nichols chart.

Unit-5

The design problem and preliminary considerations lead, lag and lead-lag networks, design of closed loop systems using compensation techniques in time domain and frequency domain. Brief idea of proportional, derivative and integral controllers.

Text Books :

1. Smarjit Ghosh, Control Systems: Theory and Applications, 2/e, Pearson Publisher.
2. Dhannesh N. Manik: Control System, Cengage Learning.

Reference Books :

1. I. J. Nagrath and M. Gopal: Control Systems Engineering, 3rd Ed, New Age Publication.
2. K. R. Varmah: Control Systems, MGH
3. Anandnatrajan et. al.: Control Systems Engineering, 4th ed., Scitech Pub.
4. K. Ogata: Modern Control Engineering, Prentice Hall of India.
5. Norman S. Nise: Control System Engineering, John Wiley & Sons.
6. Richard C. Dorf, Robert H. Bishop: Modern Control Systems, Prentice-Hall
7. Robert H. Bishop: Modern Control Systems, Boyd and Fraser pub

DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Unit-1

Introduction, need, purpose and goals of DBMS. DBMS Architecture, Concept of keys, Generalization and specialization, Introduction to relational data model, ER modeling, concept of ER diagram

Unit-2

Database Design: Conceptual Data Base design. Theory of normalization, Primitive and composite data types, concept of physical and logical databases, Data abstraction and data independence, relational algebra and relational calculus.

Unit-3

SQL, DDL and DML. Constraints assertions, views database security. Application Development using SQL: Host Language interface embedded SQL programming. GL’s, Forms management and report writers. Stored procedures and triggers. Dynamic SQL, JDBC.

Unit-4

Internal of RDBMS: Physical data organization in sequential, indexed, random and hashed files. Inverted and multi-list structures.

Unit-5

(i) Transaction Management: Transaction concept, transaction state, serializability, conflict serializability, views serializability. (ii) Concurrency Control: Lock based protocol. (iii) Deadlock Handling: Prevention detection, recovery. (iv) Recovery System: Log based recovery.

Text Books :

1. Silverschatz Korth and Sudarshan: Database System Concepts, 6th ed., MGH.
2. Raghu Rama Krishnan: Database Management Systems, 2nd ed., MGH.

Reference Books :

1. S. K Singh: Database System Concepts, Designs and Applications, Pearson Education
2. Elmasari: Fundamentals of Data Base Systems, Pearson Education.
3. G. K. Gupta: Database Management Systems, MGH.
4. Date C. J.: An Introduction To Database System, Addition Wesley.
5. Alex Berson & Stephen J. Smith: Data Warehousing, Data Mining & OLAP, MGH.
6. Mallach: Data Warehousing System, MGH.
7. Majumdar & Bhattacharya: Database Management System, MGH.

TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICAL POWER

Unit-1

Supply systems:Basic network of power system. Transmission and distribution voltage, effect of system voltage on size of conductor and losses. Comparison of DC 2- wire, DC 3-wire, 1-phase AC and 3-phase AC (3-wire and 4-wire) systems. Distribution Systems: Primary and secondary distribution systems, feeder, distributor and service mains. Radial and ring- main distribution systems. Kelvin’s law for conductor size.

Unit-2

Mechanical Features of Overhead Lines:Conductor material and types of conductor. Conductor arrangements and spacing. Calculation of sag and tension, supports at different levels, effect of wind and ice loading, stringing chart and sag template. Conductor vibrations and vibration dampers.

Unit-3

Parameters of Transmission Lines:Resistance inductance and capacitance of overheadlines, effect of earth, line transposition. Geometric mean radius and distance. Inductance and capacitance of line with symmetrical and unsymmetrical spacing Inductance and capacitance of double circuit lines. Skin and proximity effects.Equivalent circuits and performance of short and medium transmission lines.

Unit-4

Generalized ABCD Line Constants:equivalent circuit and performance of long transmission line. Ferranti effect. Interference with communication circuits. Power flow through atransmission line Corona:Electric stress between parallel conductors. Disruptive critical voltage and visual critical voltage, Factors affecting corona. Corona power loss. Effects of corona.

Unit-5

Insulators: Pin, shackle, suspension, post and strain insulators. Voltage distribution acrossan insulator string, grading and methods of improving string efficiency. Underground Cables: Conductor, insulator, sheathing and armoring materials. Types of cables. Insulator resistance and capacitance calculation. Electrostatic stresses and reduction of maximum stresses. Causes of breakdown. Thermal rating of cable. Introduction to oil filled and gas filled cables.

Text Books :

1. S. Sivanagaraju and S. Satyanarayana: Electric Power Transmission and Distribution, Pearson Publisher.
2. A. S. Pabla: Electric Power Distribution, MGH.

Reference Books :

1. B. R. Gupta: Power System Analysis & Design, S. Chand Publishers.
2. Soni, Gupta and Bhatnagar: A Course in Electrical Power, Dhanpat Rai.
3. C. L. Wadhwa: Electrical Power Systems, New Age.
4. Nagrath Kothari: Modern Power System Analysis, MGH.
5. J. J. Grainger & W. D. Stevenson: Power System Analysis, MGH.
6. Kamaraju: Electrical Power Distribution Systems, MGH.

OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES

Unit-1

Introduction: Engineering application of Optimization, Formulation of design problems as mathematical programming problems, classification of optimization problems.

Unit-2

Optimization Techniques: Classical optimization, multivariable with no constraints, unconstrained minimization techniques, Penalty function techniques, Lagrange multipliers and feasibility techniques.

Unit-3

Linear Programming: Graphical method, Simplex method, Duality in linear programming (LP), Sensitivity analysis Applications in civil engineering.

Unit-4

Non Linear Programming Techniques/Method: Unconstrained optimization, one dimensional minimization, golden section, elimination, quadratic and cubic, Fibonacci, interpolation Direct search, Descent, Constrained optimization, Direct and indirect, Optimization with calculus, Khun‐Tucker conditions.

Unit-5

Constrained Optimization Techniques: Direct, complex, cutting plane, exterior penalty function methods for structural engineering problems.

Text Books :

1. Rao S. S.: Engineering Optimization- Theory and Practice, New Age International.
2. Hadley. G.: Linear programming, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi.

Reference Books :

1. Deb. K.: Optimization for Engineering Design‐ Algorithms and Examples, PHI.
2. Bhavikatti S. S.: Structural Optimization Using Sequential Linear Programming, Vikas Publishing House
3. Spunt: Optimum Structural Design, Prentice Hall.
4. Uri Krisch: Optimum Structural Design, MGH.

PRINCIPLE OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Unit-1

Noise Effects in Communication Systems: Resistor noise, Networks with reactive elements, Noise temperature, Noise bandwidth, effective input noise temperature, Noise figure. Noise figure & equivalent noise temperature in cascaded circuits.

Unit-2

Amplitude Modulation: Frequency translation, Recovery of base band signal, Spectrum & power relations in AM systems. Methods of generation & demodulation of AM-DSB, AMDSB/SC and AM-SSB signals. Modulation & detector circuits for AM systems. AM transmitters & receivers.

Unit-3

Frequency Modulation: Phase & freq. modulation & their relationship, Spectrum & bandwidth of a sinusoidally modulated FM signal, phasor diagram, Narrow band & wide band FM. Generation & demodulation of FM signals.
FM transmitters & receivers, Comparison of AM, FM & PM. Pre emphasis & de- emphasis. Threshold in FM, PLL demodulator.

Unit-4

Noise in AM and FM: Calculation of signal-to-noise ratio in SSB-SC, DSB- SC, DSB with carrier, Noise calculation of square law demodulator & envelope detector. Calculation of S/N ratio in FM demodulators, Super-heterodyne receivers.

Unit-5

Pulse Modulation Systems: Sampling theorem, Generation and demodulation methods of PAM, PWM, PPM.

Text Books :

1. John G. Proakis, and Masoud Salehi: Fundamentals of Communication Systems, Pearson Publisher.
2. P. Ramakrishna Rao: Communication Systems, MGH.

Reference Books :

1. V. Chandra Sekar: Communication Systems, Oxford.
2. Taub and Schilling: Principles of Communication Systems 3/e, MGH.
3. B. P. Lathi: Modern Analog & Digital Communication System, 4th ed., Oxford.
4. Simon Hykin: Communication Systems, John Wiley and Sons.
5. R. P. Singh and S. D. Sapre: Communication System Analog & Digital 2/e, MGH.
6. G. Kennedy and B. Davis: Electronic Communication Systems, MGH.
7. Roy Blake: Wireless Communication Technology, Thomson Asia Pvt. Ltd. Singapore.

A INTRODUCTION TO VLSI

Unit-1

Introduction to MOS Technology: Basic MOS transistors, Enhancement Mode transistoraction, Depletion Mode transistor action, NMOS and CMOS fabrication.

Unit-2

Basic Electrical Properties of MOS Circuits:IDS versus VDS relationship, Aspects of threshold voltage, Transistor Trans conductance gm. The NMOS inverter, Pull up to Pull-down ratio for a NMOS Inverter and CMOS
Inverter(Bn/Bp ), MOS transistor circuit Model, Noise Margin.

Unit-3

CMOS Logic Circuits:The inverter, Combinational Logic, NAND Gate NOR gate, Compound Gates, 2 input CMOS Multiplexer, Memory latches and registers Transmission Gate, Gate delays, CMOS-Gate Transistor sizing, Power dissipation

Unit-4

Basic Physical Design of Simple Gates and Layout Issues: Layout issues for inverter, Layout for NAND and NOR Gates, Complex Logic gates Layout, Layout optimization for performance.

Unit-5

Introduction to VHDL, Verilog & other design tools. VHDL Code for simple Logic gates, flip-flops, shift-registers, Counters, Multiplexers, adders and subtractors.

Text Books :

1. S. M. Sze: VLSI Technology, MGH.
2. Debaprasad Das: VLSI Design, Oxford.

Reference Books :

1. Angsuman Sarkaret. al.: VLSI Design and EDA Tools, Scitech Pub.
2. S. M. Kang: CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits, MGH.
3. Stephen A. Campbell: The Science & Engineering of Microelectronic Fabrication,Oxford.
4. James D. Plummer, Micheal Deal & Petter B. Griffin: Silicon VLSI Tech. Fundamental Practice & Modeling, Prentice Hall.

POWER ELECTRONICS LAB

Experiments :

1 Study the comparison of following power electronics devices regarding ratings, performance characteristics and applications: Power Diode, Power Transistor, Thyristor, Diac, Triac, GTO, MOSFET, MCT and SIT.

2 Determine V-I characteristics of SCR and measure forward breakdown voltage, latching and holding currents.

3 Find V-I characteristics of TRIAC and DIAC.

4 Find output characteristics of MOSFET and IGBT.

5 Find transfer characteristics of MOSFET and IGBT.

6 Find UJT static emitter characteristics and study the variation in peak point and valley point.

7 Study and test firing circuits for SCR-R, RC and UJT firing circuits.

8 Study and test 3-phase diode bridge rectifier with R and RL loads. Study the effect of filters.

9 Study and obtain waveforms of single-phase half wave controlled rectifier with and without filters. Study the variation of output voltage with respect to firing angle.

10 Study and obtain waveforms of single-phase half controlled bridge rectifier with R and RL loads. Study and show the effect of freewheeling diode.

11 Study and obtain waveforms of single-phase full controlled bridge converter with R and RL loads. Study and show rectification and inversion operations with and without freewheeling diode.

12 Control the speed of a dc motor using single-phase half controlled bridge rectifier and full controlled bridge rectifier. Plot armature voltage versus speed characteristics.

Reference/Suggested Books :

1. O. P. Arora: Power Electronics Laboratory-Experiments and Organization, Narosa Pub.
2. P. B. Zbar: Industrial Electronics- A Text-Lab Manual, MGH.

MICROPROCESSOR LAB

Experiments :

1 Study the hardware, functions, memory structure and operation of 8085-Microprocessor kit.

2 Program to perform integer division: (1) 8-bit by 8-bit (2) 16-bit by 8-bit.

3 Transfer of a block of data in memory to another place in memory

4 Transfer of black to another location in reverse order.

5 Searching a number in an array.

6 Sorting of array in:  (1) Ascending order (2) Descending order.

7 Finding party of a 32-bit number.

8 Program to perform following conversion (1) BCD to ASCII (2) BCD to hexadecimal.

9 Program to multiply two 8–bit numbers

10 Program to generate and sum 15 Fibonacci numbers.

11 Program for rolling display of message “India”, “HELLO”.

12 To insert a number at correct place in a sorted array.

13 Reversing bits of an 8-bit number.

14 Fabrication of 8-bit LED interfaces for 8085 kit through 8155 and 8255.

15 Data transfer on output port 8155 & 8255 & implementation of disco light, running light, and sequential lights on the above mentioned hardware.

16 Parallel data transfer between two DYNA-85 kit using 8253 ports.

17 Generation of different waveform on 8253/8254 programmable timer.

DBMS LAB

Experiments :

1 Designing database and constraints using DDL statements.

2 Experiments for practicing SQL query execution on designed database.

3 Database connectivity using JDBC/ODBC.

4 Features of embedded SQL.

5 Designing front end in HLL and accessing data from backend database.

6 Designing simple projects using front end-back end programming

7 Project for generating Electricity Bills

8 Project for managing student’s attendance/marks details.

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