Mycotechnology: Present Status And Future Prospects

Mycotechnology: Present Status And Future Prospects
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Mycotechnology: Present Status And Future Prospects

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Publisher: IK International
ISBN: 9788189866082
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Preface Fungi are eukaryotes and are now included in a separate kingdom. They play a key role in shaping human life. The present book Mycotechnology Present Status and Future Prospects is an effort to cover the application of fungi in the present biotechnology era. The life-saving drug Penicillin, and alcohol are, after all, the important gifts of Penicillium and the yeasts fermentation. The yeast is the model eukaryotic organism, and the first eukaryote to have its genome completely sequenced. Fungi produce a wide variety of pharmaceuticals, like Penicillin, Cyclosporin, Griseofulvin, and Mevinolin, etc. In addition to this, they also form compounds like the ergot alkaloids, steroid derivatives and antitumor agents. Ergot toxins in low concentration are valuable drugs that decrease blood pressure. The biotransformations by fungi is immensely useful, and most of the steroids in chemical use today are transformed or modified by fungi during their manufacture. Studies have proved that many fungal products are known to inhibit cancer. In Japan and China enormous work has been done on the anticancerous properties of mushrooms. The fungi in fermentation cultures are also use to produce many commercial enzymes, most of which are for use in processing foods. Citric acid production by fungi is well known and is a major commercial chemical used by the people. In the field of sustainable agriculture also, fungi play crucial role as biocontrol agents of weeds and other pests like nematodes, insects, and mites. They are growth promoters like mycorrhizal fungi, which form symbioses in 90 per cent plants on the earth, are the center of attraction for the researchers. The fermentation of industrial waste products, e.g., molasses, straw, and wood pulps can be useful for the production of alcohol as an alternative source of biofuel, which is the need of the hour. The present book includes current and rare topics on Mycotechnology, such as, molecular techniques for analyses of soil fungi, diagnosis of ochratoxin-A producing fungi, for identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi , SPPADBASE, bioactive sesquiterpenes, mycological applications of Raman spectroscopy, etc. I am thankful to all the contributors for submission of valuable manuscripts, especially Aniket Gade for his help in editing. I wish to thank my students Alka Karwa, Ravindra Ade, Prajakta Deshmukh and Ajit Chande for their contribution in checking manuscripts and help in type-setting. Finally, and most importantly, I would like to thank Shivangi, Shivani and Aditya for their unconditional love, support, and patience during the editing work.
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