Morality and Its Language : Nowell-Smith's Standpoint

Morality and Its Language : Nowell-Smith's Standpoint
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Morality and Its Language : Nowell-Smith's Standpoint

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Publisher: Abhijeet Publications
ISBN: 9789350740545
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Preface
M orality is bonded with the concept of society. Truth of this proposition is one that we have been observing since the time of existence of any society embedded in its culture. If a society is to continue its existence, better it be with a sense of morality. Why with morality It is because 'to be m oral' is a better choice than 'to be immoral' or even 'am oral' for a good social living. If living with moralsense is acceptable, there is a necessity for having frame of certain norms and principles. These serve as referrals for developing criterion for evaluation or justification of an action in a society. As such, the understanding of the language of morality is quite useful and essential for proper evaluation of m oral activity. Hence, the justification for intricate relationship between m orality and its language. Why Socrates as a citizen readily accepted, without offering resistance, to drink the poison hemlock as a State award for his act that he did for the sake of the then Greek youths of the society This question first arose in au thor's mind as a school student then in eighth standard while studying an English prose text-book. It aroused in author the curiosity to learn more about the concept of m orality in v o lv e d in the p h ilo s o p h e r 's act for h is society . Subsequently, as a grown up college student, it served to encourage the author to have a deep dig into arena of
X studies in m orality towards exploration of 'w hat can be an appropriate criterion of evaluation of m oral act ' It is this idea that inspired the author to develop the contents of the present book. The book is an exposition and assessment of Patrick H. N ow ell-Sm ith's contribution towards understanding the nature of ethical language. W hat ethical or unethical and not non-ethical is is explained by him m ostly in terms of 'pro-' and 'con-' attitudes. He em phasizes that 'contextual im plication' is vital for making precise and unbiased moral judgem ents. On N ow ell-Sm ith's view, m oral behavior is directly related to pro and con attitudes of the agent. And, the activity of a moralist is quite different than that of a moral philosopher. Meaning of a m oral term and proposition is to be comprehended in terms of the specific contextual im plications in which these are used. In a sense, the language of morality is quite flexible, flexible in the sense that the m eaning of a m oral term varies according as the context in which it is used undergoes change, and that a moral term may have more than one meaning in a single context. That is to say, it is m ulti functionary in nature. Its m eaning is context dependent. It is the context specific that determines the explicit meaning of a m oral term. However, a m oral term may not contain