Microbes in Practices

Microbes in Practices
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Microbes in Practices

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Publisher: IK International
ISBN: 9789382332961
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Preface Microbes in Practice impinges on almost every aspect of human existence. An attempt to cover the whole of the subject would have been an impossible task. I have con ned myself to a consideration of the aspects of microbiology in which I have research experience bacteriology, mycology, immunology and virology. I have also tried to concentrate on the fundamental problems in the subject. What constitute the microbes How do they differ from higher organisms and from each other How can microbes be controlled, visualized, enumerated and cultured How are they classi ed The answer to these and other could be found in this book with illustrations. With this book, I hope to provide a rm framework of microbiological concepts for students whose requirements are more modest. There are several excellent textbooks available to students of Microbiology. However, there is a lack of concise presentation that gives an overview of the eld to the students of microbiology and also presents the required basic knowledge of general microbiology to students of zoology, botany, chemistry, agriculture, nutrition, pharmacy, biotechnology, etc. This book is designed to appeal to such a wide spectrum of readers. Its aim is to convey a general view as well as speci c knowledge and to stimulate. Microbiology deals mostly with the large group of fungi, bacteria and viruses which equal in diversity and physiological phenomena the more traditional group of organisms within the disciplines of botany and zoology. During recent years the study of microorganisms has contributed important insights into the basic problems of biology. Because of their ease of manipulation, rapid growth, highly developed capacity for adaptation, and other properties, microorganisms are one of the preferred objects of research in biochemistry and genetics. They are employed successfully for varied purpose as studying the pathogenic nature of an organism, growing auxotrophs, gene transfer, gene expression, experiments in molecular biology, protoplast fusion, gene therapy, modi cation of industrial strains, food, dairy, beverages industries, pharmaceutical industries, freeing plants of pathogens and other innumerable works for the welfare of the mankind. The topics and the techniques described in the book re ect this diversity. I believe that many biologists would like to use microbiological techniques in their research, but hesitate to do so because of lack of information. In spite of several excellent books on the physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology of microorganisms there exists no single book which can explain the metabolism of tiny creatures with a practical approach and which includes a brief text on the microbiological experiments useful for the workers in the allied elds at various levels. A constant need for such a text material was widely felt which describes the methods in simple language supplemented with suf cient illustrations and various media composition. The chapters have been made
viii Preface
complete by giving the expected results and ow charts to make experiment easier and enjoyable. The subject matter and their results are illustrated in line diagrams in lucid manner. Beginning with the characteristic difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes and classi cation of microorganisms the book depicts the various methods employed to characterize and cultivate different forms of microbes, different media used and various procedures involved with the isolation and characterization of microorganisms. Several staining procedures, chemical compositions of media, biochemical tests, medical microbiology and immunology, microbes in relation to plants, waste management, industrial application, aquatic environment and soil has been compiled at one place