Jute Regional Focus
About this eBook
The jute industry, which provides support to nearly 40 lakh farmer families and direct employment to 2.5 lakh industrial workers is an important industry in the national context. Apart from this, the jute industry provides employment to 20 lakh persons in the secondary and tertiary sector. There are many problems in the jute sector as a result of which it is facing considerable competition from synthetic sector as well as from direct handling. It has been pointed out by the experts that there are plenty of problems in the jute sector, notably, instability of raw jute availability, demand erosion, obsolescence of machineries, uneconomic working etc. These issues have been dealt with in detail in this book. However, one area, where jute industry has considerable potential is in the area of diversification. In the area of jute diversification, India has considerable achievements to its credit. India is also the only country in the region which has made progress in this field. With the shrinking demand for traditional jute packaging, the authorities should consider new areas. In quite a few items like shopping bags, wall hangings, floor covering and decoratives there is a large potential market in India and abroad. Production-base of such diversification products needs to be strengthened and marketing support extended for producing such products. Two important areas which suggest themselves as the new areas are firstly the use of jute based geo-textiles in areas like erosion control, separation, filtration, drainage and soil reinforcement. The technical suitability of jute has already been established through extensive field trials in different states. An aggressive marketing campaign also needs to be launched. Another important area is in the use of jute for paper. This will be a great help in many countries, notably China. It is felt that there is also large potential for expanding use of food grade jute bags for packaging various commodities like cocoa beans, coffee beans and shelled nuts within India and abroad. UNDP is providing excellent support to the area of jute diversification. We feel that such support could continue and be given great emphasis in the years to come.
Jute Regional Focus
The Mandatory Jute Packaging Order was enacted with great hopes in 1987. The order enjoined upon the various organisations to support jute by compulsory purchases. However, there are reports of it being diluted. This will be disastrous and should be kept pending at least till the end of the current plan. The constitutional validity of this enactment had been upheld by the Hon ble Supreme Court of India. Serious concern has been expressed and it is felt that all support needs to be given to this ailing jute sector. There is also an urgent need to increase considerably the expenditure in the research organisations dealing with jute. The Textile Ministry has recently come out with a package of measures supporting the jute sector which are welcome and appreciated. We are confident that, given the commitment of the central and state governments, jute will break new grounds. Regional cooperation among jute producing countries is important in the present context. This is of great relevance for many developing countries which do not have adequate resources to take up various programmes on their own.