Fundamentals of Extension Education

Fundamentals of Extension Education
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Fundamentals of Extension Education

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Publisher: Agrotech Publications
ISBN: 9788183213165
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Preface India is a land of villagers and village communities. The rural character of India s economy is highlighted in the proportion of people living in rural areas, depending on economic activities based on rural sector for their livelihood. Rural development is an absolute and urgent necessity for the overall development of the country. All nations, whether developed or developing, want to achieve progress and prosperity. Progress, however, presupposes change in a desired or choosen direction. And change, in its turn, presupposes the creation or development of new knowledge and better technology on the one hand, and its practical application on the other. In other words, Research and Extension are the sine qua non of change and progress in any field of national development. To prepare personnel of the required caliber for undertaking research and extension activities we need teaching institutions. Thus arose the concept of the investigation of these three inter related programmes. Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy. Even after five decades of planning, agriculture continues to remain the most dominant sector of the economy. From chronic food scarcity at the advent of planned development, India has moved to food surplus, due to the cutting edge of science coupled with fast adoption of new technologies by the farmers and the Government policies accorded high priority to agriculture with remarkable investments in agricultural infrastructure. Yet, in strengthening this backbone of the society much has to be done. Towards creating a better India through rural upliftment and agricultural development, the extension base in the country should be fortified. For strengthening the existing extension base, a thorough knowledge of the past and present programmes and also planning principles are needed for the agricultural graduates both at under graduate and post graduate levels, as these graduates are tomorrow s agricultural policy makers, extension workers and pillars of rural development. Considering the above urge this textbook on Fundamentals of Agricultural Extension is prepared to suit their requirement. Agricultural extension is the key mechanism in the agricultural development process, both in terms of technology transfer and human resource development. Newer technologies for increasing agricultural production are now becoming available at a much faster rate. The new technologies should reach the right people in the right and opportune time. A well developed extension network is the prime necessity to meet the above need. By extension approach, education is stretched out beyond the four walls of the institution into the community. Therefore, if education were not to remain the exclusive privilege for the elite, if it were to be made accessible to many, then the need for extension education can scarcely be minimized. It can serve the varied complementary needs of the local community along with
6 education. By breaking the barriers between institutions and community, it makes life long learning a reality. Extension education assists people in analyzing their own problems and in developing their own leadership, while enabling the researchers to get closely acquainted with the people s problems. Our rural India being predominantly an agrarian economy, the