About this eBook
Preface We live in a world on the move. Early man walked or travelled on horseback and if he lived the life of a nomad he took his few possessions with him. Once the wheel was invented, chariots and carriages were built and early tourism began. Since the end of World War II, large cruise vessels were built to take tourists to the main ports and cities of the world and there was also an increase in the manufacture of aircraft for the same purpose. By 2008, tourism is big business worldwide and we can now reflect on the damage which it has done to the planet in the last sixty two years. It is now time to think positively about ecotourism as tourists must be educated at a local, national and international levels that they must not be allowed to destroy the natural beauty of places which they have come to visit. The greed of developers with their hotel chains have invaded and destroyed the ecology and natural environment of the best coastline strips in every country of the world. At Mauritius, the local people are outpriced and have no access to their own beaches. Beach Resorts and Mountain Resorts in different parts of the world have become concrete jungles and are no longer holiday destinations. Because of excessive, uneducated tourists who have no understanding of the local ecology of many places which they visit, ecotourism is now becoming the force needed to educate the public all over the world on the importance of preserving, renewing and respecting the beauty of what we have left. The enormous amount of plastic and paper litter left on the nature strips of tourist areas, as well as on the streets in various countries, is causing the greatest threat to the flora and fauna on land and the marine life in the rivers and oceans. We have to stop polluting the land, rivers, mountains and lakes as well as the oceans of the world. The earth is a living, breathing planet and only education on ecology and the environment throughout the schools of the world will cause ecotourism to be in the hearts and minds of our children, our future tourists.
Acknowledgements Ecotourism is a very important subject which concerns us all in this modern age as we are all travellers in one way or the other. Ecotourism embraces a wide diversity of subjects and in writing this book, I wish to acknowledge the following people. Professor Deepak Pental, Vice Chancellor, University of Delhi, Professor Joan Schreijaeg from Sydney, Australia, who has been a constant source of inspiration and provided me with the guidance to achieve my long cherished ambition for completing this book. I also wish to thank my family members for providing me with moral strength and support. Last but not least I give thanks to the publisher I.K. International who brought this book together in a short time. This book will provide the latest information about tourism and will be very helpful to all teachers and students who are involved in tourism in its many aspects. Jagbir Singh
Preface Acknowledgements 1. Introduction