Ecological Crisis and Environmental Protection

Ecological Crisis and Environmental Protection
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Ecological Crisis and Environmental Protection

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Publisher: Agrotech Publications
ISBN: 9788185680200
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Availability: In Stock
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PREFACE There is a world-wide environmental crisis today, which has resulted in the genetic erosion of fauna and flora and the depletion of natural resources. The responsibility for this natural holocaust rests squarely with man. Man seems to be at constant war with nature and thinks that he can absolutely control and manipulate nature, which is just a delusion. Overexploitation of natural resources often results in inviting destruction in the form of floods and droughts, erosion of soil, depletion of resources and climatic changes. The time has come when man should learn to treat Nature like his mother. He should care for her even as he benefits from her bounty. Most of our environmental problems are the result of the imbalanced approaches and behaviours of man. The miracle of modern science and the towering achievements have provided us measure of mastery over nature on one hand and environmental degradation on the other. If the environment is not protected from pollution, its damage will extract its cost from those living in the vicinity of from others living at a distance or even from those coming generations. With rapid socio-economic models of growth and industrial develop ment in the country, the humanity has over exploited the natural resources. This in turn has affected the environment. To rehabilitate the ecosystem, it is essential to take measures to control the population explosion, planning the proper use of the soils, improve the agricultural production, forestry, animal husbandry and fisheries, conservation of biodiversity. Control of air and water pollution, non-polluting energy systems specially renewable ones with high energy efficiencies, recy cling of wastes and residues, ecologically compatible housing and slum improvement, environment - friendly technologies, poverty alleviation, checking global warming and protecting the ozone layer. Complete neglect of environment would invite multiple problems, deteriorate the quality of life and socio-economic fabric. Production methods should be improved and all the industrial units should be provided with treatment plants so that the wastes are properly treated
and recycled. There is a dire need to bring professionalism in the area of environment and development. Environment lies at the intersection of science, technology, sociology, economics, law, ethics and diplomacy. The population explosion has further exerted pressure on the produc tivity of the sons, mass migration, rapid urbanisation and industrialisa tion. The developmental activities have shattered the aesthetic set up, transformed forests into agricultural lands and further into residential and industrial complexes. The unplanned and haphazard development has destroyed the natural habitats as a result many rare species of animals have become extinct. The watersheds have been damaged and there have been repeated flash floods and droughts in the country. The greenhouse gases are damaging the ozone layer and global warming is responsible for epidemics. The pollutants that are released from the industries are deteriorating the quality of life. A large variety of specific chemicals, mostly organic, are widely used to control plant diseases and pests, in agricultural operations. But the