Dry Land Technology : Factors and Adoption

Dry Land Technology : Factors and Adoption
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Dry Land Technology : Factors and Adoption

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Publisher: Agrobios Publications
ISBN: 9788177543261
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PREFACE
Dry farming covers a large portion about two-thirds of the cultivated area of the country. Research institutes have developed improved dry land technologies in order to increase yield of dry land crops. A large scale adoption of these improved dry land technologies among the farmers is vital for the development of the economy of the country. Adoption of agriculture innovation is a complex process. Scientists, extension workers, credit institutions, input agencies, marketing agencies and farmers are involved in the process of the adoption of agricultural innovation. The farmers occupy a central position because it is they who take decisions to adopt or reject any innovation. With this in view, a study of the adoption of improved dry land technology among the farmers was undertaken. For this study data were collected from 240 farmers from four villages in a Community Development Block of Jodhpur district in Rajasthan. The study deals with the social, economic and psychological characteristics of the farmers. There are several sources for knowing about agricultural technology by the farmers. These are family members, friends, relatives, neighbours, progressive farmers, input dealers and the sarpanch Village Level Workers and Agricultural Supervisor radio, television and newspapers. An analysis was done to know how far these sources were available to the farmer, how often the farmer used these sources and what information about dry farming technology the farmer had learned. The level of knowledge and adoption of dry land technology for major crops of the area among the farmers were assessed. The farmer who did not adopt certain improved dry land technology was asked to indicate the reasons why he could not adopt this. Data were collected about sources from which the farmer purchased improved seed, chemical fertilizer and pesticide and his opinion was sought about the supply of these inputs with respect to quality, quantity and timely availability. The study discusses the operational details of the traditional technology and the modus operandi of input management in the study area. Multivariate analysis pointed out that two factors - knowledge of improved dry land technology and land holding size have a great role in adoption of improved
dry land technology by the farmers. Land holding size is declining over the years due to increase in population. Therefore, we have to accelerate the adoption of farm technology by launching a vigorous, all-out effort to help the farmers learn about the latest advances in dry land technology. Adequate knowledge will motivate and inspire them to try and practise whatever is feasible in their situation. At that juncture, the development agency has to be ready with timely availability of good quality inputs in adequate amount to fulfill the farmers demand. Improving the knowledge of the farmers about improved dry land technology is a very difficult matter since the learning by the farmers is voluntary and agriculture is a risky task due to uncertain rainfall. The author suggests an effective method for increasing the knowledge about the improved dry land technology to the farmers. This method is based on long practical experience in educating the farmers about the improved dry land technology. It is hoped that this will be useful for policy makers, administrators and extension workers. This project was undertaken as a Ph.D. research in Agriculture Extension by the author at Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut. The author expresses his deep sense of gratitude and thankfulness to the following for their guidance and support in his work Dr. Mahendra Singh Tyagi, Reader and Head, Department of Agricultural Extension, A. S. College, Lakhaoti, Bulandshahr Dr. Pratap Narayan,