Biochemistry : Fundamental and Application

Biochemistry : Fundamental and Application
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Biochemistry : Fundamental and Application

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Publisher: Agrobios Publications
ISBN: 9788177543957
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PREFACE Biochemistry is the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms. It is the study of the chemical processes in living organisms. It deals with the structure and function of cellular components such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and other biomolecules. Although there are a vast number of different biomolecules many are complex and large molecules called polymers that are composed of similar repeating subunits called monomers . Each class of polymeric biomolecule has a different set of subunit types. Biochemistry also deals with the studies of chemical properties of important biological molecules, like proteins, in particular the chemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions. Other areas of biochemistry include the genetic code DNA, RNA , protein synthesis, and signal transduction. Biochemistry also encompasses a study of the chemical nature of all living matter from the smallest virus and microorganism to the most complex and highly evolved human being. The relationship of the living to their environment the processes by which an exchange of chemical substances takes place between the living organism and its environment through digestion, absorption and excretion, the processes by which the absorbed materials are utilized for synthetic reactions leading to growth and replenishment of tissues and multiplication of the cell and the species the metabolic breakdown of the materials to supply energy for all the above the mechanisms which regulate with precision all these processes by means of hormonal regulatory stimuli- all these come under the purview of biochemistry. The book covers structure, function, and regulation of biologically active molecules gene structure and expression biochemical mechanisms protein biosynthesis protein folding membrane structure-function relationships bioenergetics and immunochemistry. The book includes chapters like Biochemistry Historical Development Water The Solvent of Life pH and Buffers The Atom and Chemical Bonds Bioenergetics Organic Components Proteins Organic Components Carbohydrates Organic Components Lipids Organic Component Nucleic Acids DNA Organic Component Nucleic Acids RNA Enzymes Metabolism General Metabolism Carbohydrates Metabolism Protein Metabolism Lipids Metabolism Nucleic Acid Pheromones Animal Hormone Plant Hormones Growth Regulators Plant Hormone Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinins, Ethylene, Abscisic Acid The Vitamins Photosynthetic Pigments Hemoglobin Plasma Proteins and Immunoglobulins Glycoproteins Hemostatis and Thrombosis Metabolism of Xenobiotics Muscle The Cytoskeleton Water and Human Metabolism Nutrient Metabolism Recombinant DNA Technology Genomics Gene Expression Biotechnology for New Drug Discovery New Therapeutic Approaches Kidney and Liver Function Tests Alkaloids Appendix 1 Uric Acid - A Uremic Toxin Glossary Subject Index. In this presentation, efforts have been made to elucidate the different aspects, which are directly or indirectly are linked students of life sciences and pharmacy. This book is self-reliant record, since all the salient features are extensively covered in an elaborate and self-explanatory manner. The book will serve as a source book for students of cellular and molecular life sciences.
If one has conviction of presentation of any thought and matter, that presentation may be having scope of improvement and refinement. I humbly accept all suggestions, comments, criticism in order to better my presentation.
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CONTENTS 1
BIOCHEMISTRY HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT .......................................1 Proteins ...........................................................................................................................1 Carbohydrate...................................................................................................................1