Advances in Industrial Biotechnology

Advances in Industrial Biotechnology
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Advances in Industrial Biotechnology

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Publisher: IK International
ISBN: 9789382332763
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Preface
Industrial biotechnology, also known as white biotechnology, is the application of modern biotechnology for the sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels from renewable sources, using living cells and or their enzymes. This eld is widely regarded as the third wave of biotechnology, distinct from the rst two waves i.e., medical or red biotechnology, and agricultural or green biotechnology. In biotechnological processes, microbial, animal plant cells or enzymes are used to make the products in a wide range of industrial sectors including chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food feed, detergents, pulp paper, textiles, energy, materials and polymers, etc. The use of microorganisms to transfer the biological materials into fermented food products has its origin in antiquity. Since then, bioprocesses have been developed for the production of an enormous range of commercial products, from relatively cheap materials, such as industrial alcohol and organic solvents to expensive specialty chemicals such as antibiotics, therapeutic proteins and vaccines. As techniques and instrumentation are re ned, bioprocesses may have applications in other areas where chemical processes are used nowadays. Much interest has been generated in industrial biotechnology, mainly because this eld is associated with reduced energy consumption, greenhouse emissions and waste generation, and it may enable the paradigm shift from fossil fuel-based to bio-based production of value-added chemicals. The fundamental force that drives the development and implementation of industrial biotechnology is the market economy, as biotechnology promises highly ef cient processes at lower operating and capital expenditures. In addition, political and societal demands for sustainability and environment-friendly industrial production systems, coupled with depletion of crude oil reserves and a growing world demand for raw materials and energy will continue to drive this trend forward. Government policies, including tax incentives, mandatory-use regulations, research development, commercialization support, loan guarantees and agricultural feedstock support programs have also helped a lot in the adoption of industrial biotechnology. Perceived needs and marketability, the researcher s imagination, ethics, and governmental regulations essentially are the major factors in setting the stage and boundaries for developments in industrial biotechnology. Moreover, breakthroughs in enzyme engineering, metabolic engineering, synthetic biology and the expanding omics toolbox coupled with computational systems biology are expected to speed-up industrial applications of biotechnology. These advances have provided scientists with toolsets to engineer enzymes and whole cells by expanding the means to identify, understand and make perturbations to the complex machinery within the microorganisms. In this book, some of the selected research works presented by the subject experts during International Conference on Industrial Biotechnology ICIB-2012 , 21st to 23rd November, 2012 at Punjabi University, Patiala, India are included in the form of chapters. The aim of the book is to provide an in-depth study of recent developments in the eld of industrial biotechnology. It is
vi Preface
slanted towards the latest research based information sandwiched with fundamentals, principles and practices. In all, there are 25 chapters in the book. The topics herein deal with industrial enzymes, biofuels, biore nery, biofertilizers, fermented foods, probiotics, food safety quality, therapeutic enzymes, polysaccharides, glycoproteins, nanotechnology, membrane bioreactors, bioremediation and solid-waste management, etc. All these chapters have been contributed by well known experts in their respective elds. The text in each chapter is supported by numerous clear, informative tables and gures. The editors sincerely thank all the contributors for their outstanding efforts to provide state-of-the-art information on the subject matter of their respective chapters. Their efforts have certainly enriched our knowledge of industrial biotechnology. We place on record, deep sense of appreciation for the consistent support of Dr. Ranjeeta Bhari, Dr. G.K. Saini, and research