A Textbook Of Estimating And Costing
A Textbook Of Estimating And Costing
About this eBook
PREFACE TO THIRTEENTH EDITION The Revised Edition of the book A Textbook of Estimating and Costing Quantity Surveying is again in your hands. The book is which written in systematic way following the methods adopted in P.W.D and in simple language, has been liked by degree students and Diploma students, of Civil Engg. and Architecture. The rates of items are fluctuating, hence to get the correct cost, it is advised to follow the prevailing rates of P.W.D and add premium. Quantities can be calculate with the help of book. Solved questions papers of different states have been added in the end of the book. Although all efforts have been made to make the book mistake free, Suggestions for improvement are welcome. In the end, Authors extend their sincere thanks to the Management Team and Editorial Staff of S. Chand Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, for doing a lot of efforts in publishing the book. AUTHORS
Disclaimer While the authors of this book have made every effort to avoid any mistake or omission and have used their skill, expertise and knowledge to the best of their capacity to provide accurate and updated information. The authors and S. Chand do not give any representation or warranty with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this publication and are selling this publication on the condition and understanding that they shall not be made liable in any manner whatsoever. S.Chand and the authors expressly disclaim all and any liability responsibility to any person, whether a purchaser or reader of this publication or not, in respect of anything and everything forming part of the contents of this publication. S. Chand shall not be responsible for any errors, omissions or damages arising out of the use of the information contained in this publication. Further, the appearance of the personal name, location, place and incidence, if any in the illustrations used herein is purely coincidental and work of imagination. Thus the same should in no manner be termed as defamatory to any individual.
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION The aim of the author s persent attempt is to produce a book on ESTIMATING AND COSTING CIVIL DRAWINGS , which should fully meet the requirements of the students, preparing for the Diploma and Draftsman classes Civil . No doubt there are several books on this subject in the market, but it is a fact that no one exclusively satisfies in full, the need of the Engineering students. The scheme of my book is very simple. I have started with the working out the quantities from an elementary stage. In my experience of teaching, I have noticed that it is difficult for the beginners to jump to the estimate of a building or a culvert without having the elementary knowledge of working out detailed quantities of various items. Hence, I have begun with the simple calculations of models and junctions of walls and then have passed on to the estimates of Buildings, Roads and Culverts etc. All estimates are worked out by the method employed in the Punjab Public Works Department and the book completely covers the syllabus of Diploma and Draftsman Classes Civil . In my experience of about 32 years in the Public Works Department, both in the Punjab and outside, I have also seen that the theoretical knowledge acquired by the students in schools and colleges is not of much practical use to them when they are called upon to work in the various departments. The book aims at BRIDGING the gap between what a student knows and what he ought to know. It is primarily intended. Every effort has been made to present the matter in a simple manner. However, suggestions for the improvement of the book will be gratefully accepted. If the students face any difficulty regarding anything given in the book, the Author will welcome much queries.